Help:VisualEditor/使用者指南

Help:VisualEditor
This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 59% complete.

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PD 注意:当您编辑本页面时,即代表同意以CC0协议授权您的贡献。您可以在公有领域帮助文档找到更多信息。
PD
若您想要試用 VisualEditor 而不實際編輯一篇文章,這裡有一頁可讓您無拘無束的測試。 在該頁面使用 VisualEditor 不須要帳號。

開啟 VisualEditor

要使用 VisualEditor 編輯頁面,請點選該頁面上方的 "编辑" 頁籤。

開啟頁面編輯會需要幾秒鐘的時間,若頁面內容較長則需要較久的時間。

點選 "编辑源代码" 頁籤將會開啟傳統的 wikitext 原始碼編輯器。

VisualEditor edit tab-zh-hans.png

您也可以在各章節點選 "编辑" 連結來開啟 VisualEditor。
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

入門指南:VisualEditor 工具列

VisualEditor 工具列畫面截圖
當您開始編輯時 VisualEditor 工具列會顯示在畫面上方。 其中包含幾個常件的圖示:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
撤消重做 您所做的變更。

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-zh-hans.png
Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your cursor in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "标题", and subsections are "标题2", "标题3", and so on. 文字的一般格式為 "段落"。

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-zh-hans.png

Formatting: Clicking the "A" opens a menu.

  • "粗体" 項目 (B) 會將選擇的文字變更為粗體。
  • "斜体" 項目 (I) 會將選擇的文字變更為斜體。
  • "上标" 項目 (x2) 會將選擇的文字縮小並置於較週邊文字高的位置。
  • "下标" 項目 (x2) 會將選擇的文字縮小並置於較週邊文字低的位置。
  • "删除线" 項目 (S) 會在選擇的文字上劃過一條實線。
  • "程序代码" 項目 (一組大括號: {}) 會將選擇的文字字型更改為等寬字型,並且與上下文保持間隔 (依比例)。
  • "下划线" 項目 (U) 會在選擇的文字下方增加一條實線。
  • "语言" 項目 (Aあ) 可讓您標示選擇文字的語言 (例如:日本) 與文字方向 (例如:由右至左)。
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "清除样式", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

If you have not selected any text, then when you click the "A" to open the menu, and then select an item, that formatting will apply to the text that you start typing, from wherever your cursor is located.


VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain icon is the linking tool. Clicking on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
引用 選單: "引用" 選單是用來新增內文引用 (或稱為 "註腳" 或 "參考文獻")。 使用此選單所有專案都有存取 "基本" 參考文獻格式及 "重新使用" 引用的能力。此選單同樣能讓您快速存取本地的引用樣板,若在您的 wiki 有開啟這些功能。

(在指定 wiki 加入在地引用樣板至 引用 選單的操作說明於 VisualEditor/Citation tool)


VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png
引用 button: If the citoid service is enabled on your wiki, then you will see a "引用" button instead of a 引用 menu.

The citoid service tries to fill out citation templates automatically.


VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
清單 & 縮排: 前面兩個項目可讓您將文字格式變更為 "无序列表" 或 "有序列表"。 後面兩個項目可讓您減少或增加清單項目的縮排層級。

VisualEditor Insert Menu-zh-hans.png
插入: "插入" 選單可能在某些專案會不同。 以下為 所有 可能顯示的選項清單。
  • "媒体文件" 圖示 (山景圖) 會開啟媒體對話框
  • "模板" 圖示 (一塊拼圖) 讓您可編輯樣板
  • "注释" 圖示 (對話氣泡) 可讓您插入讀者無法開到的註解,這些註解僅會在編輯模式看到並且會以驚嘆號標示。
  • The table item allows you to insert a table.
  • "图库" 圖示 (多張照片) 讓您可以插入圖庫到頁面。
  • "公式" 圖示 (Σ) 會開啟公式插入器對話框
  • "象形文字" 圖示 (一個ankh符號 - ☥) 可讓您進入象形文字插入器。 (請見下方)
  • "参考文献列表" 圖示 (三本書) 會開啟對話框讓您指定參考文獻要顯示在何處給讀者。 這在每一頁通常只需要做一次。

插入特殊字符:“特殊字符”按钮允许您插入一定数量的特殊字符。目前包括拓展拉丁字母和数学符号。 此列表也可以本地设计。详情见此
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-zh-hans.png

VisualEditor More Settings-zh-hans.png
页面选项tool允许您保存页面您的更改。在 页面选项tool 下面是用于调节页面设置的当前选项,如是否重定向、如何索引、添加、编辑或删除分类及使用“语言”列出语言链接。您还可以点击一次从可视化编辑器切换到经典的wiki文本代码编辑器。

保存更改

当您完成编辑后,点击工具栏中的蓝色“保存页面”按鈕。如果您没有做出更改,按钮会是灰色也无法被点击。 要取消您所有的编辑更改,关闭您的浏览器窗口即可。
VisualEditor toolbar actions-zh-hans.png

按下綠色的“保存页面”按鈕以打开一個小對話框,你可以在這裡添加一段精簡的編輯摘要、標示該次編輯為小修改、選擇將頁面加入您的监视列表。摘要框等價於wiki文本編輯器的摘要:。

那個數字代表編輯摘要還餘下多少字元可供填寫。在儲存您作出的更改前,也可以預覽一下更改後的樣子,類似wiki文本編輯器的"显示更改"按鈕。

“继续编辑”按鈕允許您返回編輯,因此您可容后儲存。

VisualEditor save dialog-zh-hans.png

编辑链接

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
想添加連結的話,可以按一下工具欄裡的“链接”按鈕(鎖鏈),或者使用快捷鍵 Ctrl+K(Mac的話是 Command+K)。

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "链接" button, that text will be used in creating the link. For a link that involves just one word, you can either select that word or just put the cursor within that word.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline 2.png
不管是用連結按鈕還是快捷鍵,都會出現對話框,您可以在這裡添上連結。

VisualEditor will try to help with internal links by looking for likely matches.


VisualEditor - Link editing inline box.png
Once you have entered or selected the link, you complete the linking process by pressing  Enter or by pressing the "完成" button. Your link will immediately appear on the VisualEditor page, but as with other changes to the page, it will not be saved until you save the entire page.

VisualEditor - External link.png
要链接到維基百科外的網頁,做法是类似的:选择“External link”标签,然后在框内输入链结。

VisualEditor link tool simple link.png
没有标签的外部链接就像这样:[1]。 You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by clicking on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. 在框内输入链结,并点击“完成”按钮以插入链接。

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
要修改或移除现有的链接,点击文本当中的链接,然后按下在它附近出现的「链接」按钮。您也可以点击工具栏上同样的按钮或者按下键盘上的 Ctrl+K快捷键。 When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

In the link editing dialog, you can then change where the link goes. You can also remove the link altogether by pressing the "移除" button in the lower left corner of the dialog. 您也可以在其他的視窗打開連結的目標,只要點擊MediaWiki:Visualeditor-linkinspector-open/zh鈕(您也許得先確認外部連結是否有效)。

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • press it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • press it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text

編輯參考資料

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Cite button

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "引用" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.
VisualEditor cite menu default.png

The second system has the same type of "引用" menu, but with several popular citation templates set up for quick access. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates
VisualEditor references more.png

VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png

In the third system, you again start by clicking the Cite button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full
VisualEditor Citoid Automatic tab.png

编辑现有的参考资料

To edit an existing reference, click on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "基本" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. In either case, clicking on the "Edit" button will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.
VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png

For the "基本" icon, clicking "Edit" opens the Reference dialog. To start changing the reference information, click on it.

Many wikis use templates to format references. If a template is used in your reference, then when you move your pointer over the reference information, all the information in that field will be highlighted .

If a template was used and you click on the reference information, then the 模板 icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Click on the "edit" button to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png

If what appears when you click on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then clicking "Edit" will open the template mini-editor dialog.
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png

Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content will show, initially. To add fields, click on "添加更多信息" at the bottom of the mini-editor.
VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png

完成后点击“应用更改”即可。
VisualEditor Apply Changes-zh-hans.png

重新使用现有的参考资料

If the page already contains a citation that applies to the text you want to source, then you can choose to re-use that existing citation.

要重新一個已存在的参考,将光标放置在您想要添加引用的文本,然后单击“$insert”工具栏上的“$reference”图标。

(Note: If your wiki has the third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Re-use" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Re-use" item on the "引用" menu.)

VisualEditor Cite menu re-use.png

如果这里有很多参考,你能看见一个标签为“在当前引用中搜索”的搜索栏,通过其可以只列出符合你需要的参考。选择你所需要的参考。
VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png

添加新的参考资料

如果您的 wiki 使用引用菜单,则这样添加引用很方便。(请参阅后面的使用引用菜单。)如果不是,则添加引用时要把光标放在文本中的目标位置,点击工具栏“$toolbar”中的“$reference”图标(书签).
VisualEditor references more.png

使用“基础”引用

在参考编辑器中,你能添加,修改或格式化你的引用。

你能将参考归类到一个你指定的组中,然后在“参考文献列表”工具选定只显示该组的参考项。

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png

In the Reference dialog, if you want to include a citation template, or any other template, in your new reference, click the 模板 icon (puzzle piece) in the "插入" toolbar menu within the Reference editor.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-zh-hans.png

接着,选择你需要的模板,添加并编辑它。

当您完成修改您的新模板后,点击“应用更改”返回参考编辑器,再点击“应用更改”返回您正在编辑的页面。

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png

如果页面没有包含显示参考列表,你可以添加一个到你希望其显示的位置上。

将光标移动到你希望显示参考的位置(一般在页面的底部),开启“插入”目录并点击“参考文献列表”(表示为三本书本)按钮。

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-zh-hans.png

If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed on the page at the location where you are placing the group.

参考资料列表对话框中的最后一部就是点击“插入”。

VisualEditor references list-zh-hans.png

使用标准引用模板

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "引用" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (添加引用菜单到特定维基的方法已在VisualEditor/Citation tool提供。)
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png

选择模板图标会进入可编辑所选模板的小型模板编辑器。在显示最常用模板时强烈推荐的模板会用星号标记出来,其中有些并非必须的。不会显示未使用的参数。
VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and click on the "添加更多信息" option.

Click on "插入" when you're done.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png

正在编辑图片以及其他媒体档案

编辑图片

要添加新的圖像(或其它媒體文件)至頁面中,單擊“插入”工具欄中的「媒体文件」圖標。圖像将添加到光标所在位置。
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-zh-hans.png

點擊“媒体文件”圖標,打開一個對話框,可自動搜索維基共享資源與你正在編輯的頁面有關的媒體文件。

你可以查看其他媒體文件,通過更改對話框裏的搜索框的文本。

點擊縮圖以選擇檔案。

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

After the image you selected is inserted into the page, another dialog will open. This dialog allows you to add and edit the caption of the image. The caption can contain formatting and links.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

您还可以在媒体对话框中添加替换文本标题,这样可以帮助使用屏幕阅读器或禁用图像显示的用户。
Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "高级设置" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

當你完成後,點擊“应用更改”關閉對話框並返回到頁面編輯器。
VisualEditor Apply Changes-zh-hans.png

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by clicking on the image, then clicking on the "媒体文件" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by clicking on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog.
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-en short.png

Click the "Upload" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.PNG

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.
VisualEditor - Media upload 2.PNG

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.
VisualEditor-logo.svg

编辑媒体集


To edit an existing gallery in VisualEditor, click that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, click the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you click the "完成" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not save your changes. As with other changes made using VisualEditor, you must save the entire page in order to save your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates

Starting

To add a new template to a page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and click on the "模板" icon (puzzle piece) in the "插入" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-zh-hans.png

Start typing the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, click on its name. Then click "添加模板".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

You can also edit a template that is already on the page. When you click on the template to select it, it turns blue, and a box appears with an "模板" icon (puzzle piece). Then click on the "编辑" link.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In VisualEditor, such hidden templates are shown as puzzle icons.
VisualEditor template not visible.png

When you select the icon, the context menu is displayed, and you can edit the template.
VisualEditor template not visible context menu.png

Template parameters

When you add a new template or open an existing one, VisualEditor opens the "嵌入" dialog. What you see depends upon whether VisualEditor knows extra information about that template, called TemplateDataExtension:TemplateData.

The template shown here has no TemplateData set up for it. The dialog shows a link to documentation for the template. You can read the documentation to figure out if the template has any parameters (fields), and what goes in each field. Use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.
VisualEditor template with no TemplateData.png

If a template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual (named) parameters.
VisualEditor template with TemplateData.png

For an existing template, you can edit the parameters shown in the dialog, and you can add parameters by clicking "添加更多信息", at the very bottom of the dialog.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

如果某个模板内嵌于其他模板中,则该子模板会显示在它们的参数中,通过参数字段可编辑或移除子模板。

要添加新的子模板请参照添加参数的步骤,您可能需要查阅该模板的文档以确保它支持作为子模板。

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png

Finishing

When you have finished editing a template, click "应用更改" to close the dialog and return to editing the main page.
VisualEditor Apply Changes-zh-hans.png

替换模板

当该模板需要 替换来使用时,在模板名之前添加subst:(留意需要加上半角冒号)。

Autocompletion doesn't work with subst:. If you want to use autocompletion, first find the template you are looking for, and then add subst: in front of the template name.

Then, click the green "添加模板" button.

Add any parameters as usual and click "插入".

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

You will see the template expand on the page after you click "应用更改".
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing lists

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-en.png
You can use VisualEditor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just click on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then click on one of the menu items.


VisualEditor lists 1 unordered bullet.png
VisualEditor lists 2 ordered numbered.png
Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

VisualEditor lists 3 select to indent.png
If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

VisualEditor lists 4 indentation menu.png
Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

VisualEditor lists after indenting.png
Here is the result of increased indentation.

VisualEditor lists mixed.png
You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

编辑表格

VisualEditor insert table.png
You can use VisualEditor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.


When you click on "Table", in the "插入" menu, VisualEditor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

VisualEditor empty table.png

To select a cell, click it once.
VisualEditor tables select one cell.png

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double click in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just click elsewhere.

VisualEditor tables type inside a cell.png
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VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, click on "Merge cells".
VisualEditor tables merge cells.png

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.
VisualEditor tables post-merge cell.png

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.
VisualEditor tables split cells.png

编辑分类

VisualEditor category item-zh-hans.png
To edit categories, on the "页面选项" menu, click the "分类" item.

VisualEditor category editing-zh-hans.png
Clicking on "分类" opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones, and to delete existing categories.

You also have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which determines where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".


VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "添加分类". As you type, VisualEditor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you save all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png
To remove an existing category, click on it and click on the "移除" icon (trash can) in the dialog that opens.

Clicking on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.


VisualEditor Apply Changes-zh-hans.png
Click "应用更改" when you're done editing categories to return to the page editor.

Editing page settings

VisualEditor page settings item-zh-hans.png
To edit a page's settings, click to open the "页面选项" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "页面设置" button.

VisualEditor Page Settings-zh-hans.png
The "页面设置" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

VisualEditor Page Settings Redirects-zh-hans.png
You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "重定向该页面至" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you're editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.


VisualEditor Page Settings TOC-zh-hans.png
通过选择三个之中的某个按钮,您可以设置一个页面是否显示目录。默认选项是“需要时”,表示有三个或更多标题时则显示目录。

VisualEditor Page Settings Edit Links-zh-hans.png
选中该复选框,则页面不会在每个段落标题后显示编辑链接。

VisualEditor Apply Changes-zh-hans.png
Click "应用更改" when you're done editing the 页面选项 to return to the page editor.

Editing mathematical formulae

要添加新的数学公式, 请将光标放在要插入的目标位置,在工具栏的“插入”下拉菜单中点击“公式”图标 ("Σ")。
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-zh-hans.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. VisualEditor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, click the "完成" button.
VisualEditor formula-zh-hans.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, click on it and then click on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.
VisualEditor mathematic formula inline.png

Editing poems and other special items

Some items, such as association lists, poems, and musical scores, are not yet fully supported by VisualEditor.
VisualEditor editing poem 1.png

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in VisualEditor.
VisualEditor editing poem 2.png

You can not add an automatic signature or datestamp to a page in VisualEditor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

鍵盤快捷鍵

Many editors are used to entering wikitext directly, especially bold, italics and wikilinks. Keyboard shortcuts allow to quickly insert similar formatting without having to use toolbar items. Here are the common general shortcuts in VisualEditor:

PC快捷鍵 動作 Mac快捷鍵

 Ctrl+B 粗體  Cmd+B

 Ctrl+I 斜體  Cmd+I

 Ctrl+K 添加鏈結  Cmd+K

 Ctrl+X 剪取  Cmd+X

 Ctrl+C 拷貝  Cmd+C

 Ctrl+V 貼上  Cmd+V

 Ctrl+Z 撤銷  Cmd+Z
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