Bantuan:VisualEditor/Panduan penggunabantuan bantuan visualkan page ini

This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 15% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
PD Catatan: Apabila anda menyunting halaman ini, anda bersetuju untuk memberi keizinan sumbangan anda tertakluk di bawah CC0. Lihat Laman Bantuan Domain Awam untuk maklumat lanjut.

Membuka VisualEditor

Untuk menyunting laman dengan VisualEditor, klik tab "Sunting" yang terdapat pada bahagian atas laman.

Membuka laman untuk penyuntingan akan mengambil beberapa saat; ia mengambil masa lebih lama jika sesebuah laman itu panjang.

Sekiranya anda klik tab "Sunting sumber" penyunting sumber wikiteks klasik akan dibuka.

Anda juga dapat membuka VisualEditor dengan klik pautan "sunting" yang terdapat pada setiap bahagian/seksyen.

Mula: Palang VisualEditor

Screenshot of the visual editor's toolbar
Palang VisualEditor dapat kelihatan pada bahagian atas skrin apabila anda mula menyunting dengan VisualEditor. Ia menampilkan beberapa ikon biasa:

Buat asal dan Buat semula suntingan yang telah anda lakukan.

Headings pull-down menu: allows you to change how the paragraph is formatted. To change the style of a paragraph, put your cursor in the paragraph and select an item in this menu (you don't have to highlight any text). Section titles are formatted "Judul", and subsections are "Subjudul 1", "Subjudul 2", and so on. The normal format for text is "Perenggan".

Formatting: Pressing the "A" opens a menu.

  • The "Tebal" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Condong" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superskrip" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subskrip" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Garis lorek" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Kod komputer" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Garis bawah" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Bahasa" item (文A) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (), called "Buang", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

If you have not selected any text, then when you press the "A" to open the menu, and then select an item, that formatting will apply to the text that you start typing, from wherever your cursor is located.

Linking tool: The chain icon is the linking tool. Pressing on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

Petik menu: The "Petik" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to basic reference formatting and the ability to reuse citations by using this menu.

Petik button: If the Citoid service and/or citation tool is enabled on your wiki, you will see a Petik button instead of a Petik menu.

Instructions for adding local citation templates to the "Manual" tab at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)

Instructions for enabling the Automatik tab are available at Enabling Citoid on your wiki

The citoid service tries to fill out citation templates automatically.

Senarai & inden: Ikon dua pertama masing-masing membolehkan anda untuk membuat senarai bernombor ataupun peluru. Dua ikon terakhir membolehkan anda meningkat ataupun mengurangkan tahap inden kandungan.

Media, rujukan & transklusi: Setiap ikon membuka dialog tertentu:
  • Ikon "Imej dan media" (gambar gunung) membuka dialog media.
  • The "Templat" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Table" item allows you to insert a table.
  • The "Komen" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode, where they are indicated by an exclamation mark icon. In edit mode, pressing on the exclamation mark icon allows you to edit or delete the comment.
  • The "Hieroglif" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Code block" item allows you to insert code.
  • The "Musical notation" item allows you to insert a musical notation.
  • The "Galeri" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Math formula" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Graph" item allows you to insert a graph.
  • The "Tandatangan anda" item allows you to insert a signature that you use on the project. It will be greyed out (not selectable) when you are editing a type of page (a "namespace"), such as an article, where signatures should not be inserted.
  • Ikon "Senarai rujukan" (tiga buku) membuka dialog bagi memaparkan rujukan.

Special character insertion: The "Aksara khas" (Ω) icon is next to the "Sisipkan" menu. When pressed, it displays a dialog showing many special characters. By pressing on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, diacritics, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)

The Edit notices button displays any notices for the page.

The Pilihan laman menu is to the left of the Terbit perubahan button and the Tukar editor menu. On this menu there is a button to open an Pilihan dialog with the following (left side) tabs:
  • Kategori allows you to add categories to this page and to adjust how the page is sorted, when displayed within a category by setting a different index to sort with.
  • Tetapan halaman allows you to make the page a redirect and adjust options of this redirect, to adjust settings regarding the displaying of the Table of Contents, to disable the edit links next to each heading, and to define the page as a disambiguation page.
  • Tetapan selanjutnya allows you to adjust the settings regarding indexation of the page by search engines, showing a tab to add a new section, and the displayed title.
  • Bahasa shows a list of pages in other languages that are linked to that page.
  • Templat yang digunakan shows a list of links to each template used on this page.

The tabs of the Pilihan dialog are also displayed in the Pilihan laman menu and can be opened by clicking on it. Furthermore the Pilihan laman menu contains the items Paparkan sebagai kiri-ke-kanan or Paparkan sebagai kanan-ke-kiri and the item Cari dan gantikan, which opens a bar, where you can insert words or regular expressions you are searching for and those to replace them with, together with several buttons for options.

The Tukar editor button is next to the Terbit perubahan button. It allows you to switch to the wikitext editor.

Menyimpan perubahan

When you are finished editing, press the blue "Terbit perubahan" button in the toolbar. If you have made no changes, the button will be disabled (grayed out). To cancel all your editing changes, close your browser window, or press the "Baca" tab above the edit toolbar.

Memetik butang hijau "⧼Visualeditor-toolbar-savedialog⧽" akan membuka sebuah dialog yang akan membolehkan anda memasukkan ringkasan ringkas tentang tindakan anda, menanda suntingan anda sebagai suntingan kecil, dan membolehkan anda untuk memantau suntingan terhadap laman pada masa hadapan.

Nombor menandakan ruang yang masih terdapat dalam ringkasan suntingan anda. Anda juga dapat melihat perubahan yang anda lakukan bagi memastikan semuanya berfungsi dengan betul sebelum menyimpan perubahan yang anda buat.

The "Sambung menyunting" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can publish all of your changes later.

Menyunting pautan

Pautan boleh ditambah dengan ikon "Pautan" (rantai) pada palang, ataupun dengan menggunakan jalan pintas Ctrl+K (atau ⌘ Command+K pada Mac).

If you select (highlight) text and then press the "Pautan" button, that text will be used in creating the link. For a link that involves only one word, you can either select that word or just put the cursor within that word.

Sama ada anda menggunakan butang ataupun jalan pintas, sebuah dialog akan dibuka yang akan membolehkan anda menaip pautan. VisualEditor akan mencuba membantu dengan pautan dalaman (pautan kepada laman-laman lain Wikipedia) dengan melihat sama ada terdapat perkara yang sepadan sambil anda menaip.

The link tool will try to help with internal links by searching for likely matches. Sebaik sahaja anda memasukkan atau memilih pautan, anda boleh tekan ↵ Enter, memetik di luar kotak, ataupun menetik ikon tutup (<). Pautan anda akan dipaprkan pada laman VisualEditor, akan tetapi ia tidak akan disimpan sehinggalah anda menyimpan laman.

Untuk memaut ke laman web di laman web lain, prosesnya serupa: Pilih tab "Pautan luar", dan masukkan URL di dalam kotak.

External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by pressing on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and press the "Siap" button to insert the link.

Untuk menukar ataupun membuang pautan, petik pautan pada teks, dan kemudian petik ikon "Pautan" yang kelihatan berhampirannya. Anda juga boleh memetik ikon yang sama pada palang atau menggunakan jalan pintas kekunci Ctrl+K. When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

Anda boleh sunting sasaran pautan atau membuangnya dengan memetik ikon 'Buang' (tong sampah) pada sudut atas kanan dialog. You can also open the link's target in another window by pressing on the copy of the link in the dialog box. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • Pressing it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • Pressing it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text.

To edit the link label of an existing link, press within the link label and type the new one. But if you want to replace the entire label, please note:

  • If you have selected (highlighted) the entire link label, the link will be deleted by typing any key.
  • To edit the link label directly without deleting it, put the cursor within that link label, use the backspace and delete keys (no more than necessary), and a narrow blue link area will remain there. Now you may type in the new label for the kept link.
  • You can also link to categories, files and more.

Menyunting rujukan

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Automatik tab

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "Petik" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.

In the second system, you again start by pressing the Petik button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes several popular citation templates set up for quick access in the "Manual" tab. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates

In the third system, you again start by pressing the Petik button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service under the Automatic tab. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full

Menyunting rujukan sedia ada

To edit an existing reference, press on it where it appears in the text (usually as a bracketed number). You will see either a "Rujukan" icon (bookmark) or an icon (and name) for the template that was used to create this reference. In either case, pressing on the "Sunting" button will open a dialog where you can edit the reference.

For the "Rujukan" icon, pressing "Sunting" opens the reference dialog. To start changing the reference information, press on it.

Banyak wiki menggunakan templat untuk memformat rujukan mengijut piawai tertentu. Anda akan nampak ini jika anda menyunting rujukan sedia ada; kandungannya akan berwarna biru apabila anda memilihnya.

If a template was used and you press on the reference information, then the Templat icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Press on the "Sunting" button to edit the content of the template in the template editor dialog.

If what appears when you press on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then pressing "Sunting" will open the template editor dialog.

Inside the template editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content will show, initially. To add fields, press on "Add" at the bottom of the editor.

Petik "Gunakan perubahan" ("Apply changes") apabila sudah selesai.

Mengguna rujukan sedia ada

If the page already contains a citation that applies to the text you want to source, then you can choose to re-use that existing citation.

Bagi mengguna semula rujukan sedia ada, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia kelihatan dalam teks, dan petik ikon "Rujukan" icon (tanda buku) pada palang.

(Note: If your wiki has the second or third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Guna semula" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Guna semula" item on the "Petik" menu.)

Jika terdapat banyak rujukan, anda boleh menggunakan palan gelintar (dilabel "Apa yang mahu anda rujuk?") ("What do you want to reference?") untuk hanya memaparkan rujukan yang sepadan dengan teks yang dipilih.

Menambah rujukan baharu

Untuk menambah rujukan baru, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia kelihatan dalam teks, dan petik ikon "Rujukan" icon (tanda buku) pada palang. Then click "Asas".

Using the "Asas" citation

Shown here is what you will see if you select the basic references item. Anda dapat menambah, menyunting dan memformat petikan anda dalam penyunting rujukan.

Anda boleh memasukkan rujukan ke dalam kumpulan tertentu; ini digunakan bagi memaparkan kumpulan-kumpulan rujukan dengan alat "Senarai rujukan".

Sekiranya anda menambah rujukan baru dan anda juga mahu memasukkan templat bersama-samanya, petik ikon Transklusi (kepingan susun suai gambar) ("Transclusion" dalam gambar sebelah) pada palang penyunting rujukan.

Kemudian, cari tempat yang anda mahu guna, dan tambah serta suntingnya seperti mana yang anda lakukan untuk rujukan sedia ada.

Petik butang "Kenakan perubahan" ("Apply changes") untuk pulang kepada penyunting rujukan, dan petik "Kenakan perubahan" sekali lagi untuk pulang kepada laman.

Jika tidak ada senarai rujukan pada laman (misalnya, anda menambah rujukan pertama pada laman), anda perlu menambah rujukan itu agar teks rujukan anda dapat dipaparkan.

Letakkan kursor pada tempat di mana anda mahu rujukan dipaparkan (lazimnya pada bahagian bawah laman) dan petik ikon "Senarai rujukan" ("References list" dalam gambar bersebelahan) (tiga buah buku) untuk menambahnya.

Sekiranya anda memcipta kumpulan rujukan, anda boleh menentukan kumpulan dalam dialog ini bagi memilih rujukan yang berkaitan dengannya.

The final step in the References list dialog is to press "Sisipkan".

Using standard cite templates

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "Petik" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)

Pressing on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template editor and press on the "Add" option.

Press on "Sisipkan" when you are done.

Editing images and other media files

Menyunting imej

Untuk menambah imej (ataupun fail media lain) pada laman, petik ikon "Media" pada palang (gambar gunung).

Memetik ikon "Imej dan media" akan membuka dialog yang secara automatik akan menggelintar Wikimedia Commons untuk fail-fail media berkaitan dengan laman yang sedang anda sunting.

Anda dapat mencari fail media lain dengan menukar teks dalam kotak gelintar dialog.

Petik lakaran kecil bagi memilih fail.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

Dialog media membolehkan anda untuk menambah (dan sunting) kapsyen, yang boleh mengandungi pemformatan dan pautan.

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Tetapan selanjutnya" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.

Apabila sudah selesai, petik "Gunakan perubahan" bagi menutup dialog dan pulang kepada laman penyunting.

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by pressing on the image, then pressing on the "Imej dan media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by pressing on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog, or by dragging and dropping a file into the editor, or by pasting an image from your clipboard.

Press the "Muat naik" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box. If you dragged and dropped an image directly into the editor, or pasted one from your clipboard, this tab will open automatically.

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.

Editing media galleries

To add a new gallery, press the "Galeri" icon (a set of photos) on the "Sisipkan" menu. (If you don't see this icon on that menu, then your local wiki has decided to delay implementing this functionality in the visual editor.)

To edit an existing gallery in the visual editor, press that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, press the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you press the "Siap" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not publish your changes. As with other changes made using the visual editor, you must publish the entire page in order to publish your work.

Editing templates

The powerful MediaWiki template system lets you insert dynamic content, text from other pages, and much more. For a detailed explanation and examples, see the Templates help page.

In the VisualEditor you can search for a relevant template, add an invocation or transclusion on the page you’re editing and, if needed, add custom content using parameters.

Insert new template

Bagi menambah templat baru, letakkan kursor anda di tempat di mana anda mahu ia dimuatkan, dan petik ikon "Transklusi" (kepingan susun suai gambar) pada palang. Then open the Sisipkan menu and select " Templat". Alternatively, type two curly brackets {{ to open the same dialog.
Find the template you want to insert by typing either its name or a relevant keyword. Results containing the search term in either the name or description will display in a dropdown. This should help you find a relevant template, even if you don’t know its exact name.

If you’re having trouble finding the kind of template you want by using keywords, you can look on other wiki pages with similar content and view or edit the page source to see which templates are in use. When you find the desired template’s name, you can type it into this field to insert it here.

Screenshot of the template search field in the Visual Editor

You can also edit a template that’s already on a page. When you select the template you want to edit, it turns blue, and a box appears displaying " Templat". Then select the "Sunting" link or double click on the template itself to open the template.
Screenshot of the VisualEditor interface with a template selected

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In the visual editor, such hidden templates are still shown so that you can click and edit or delete them. The name of the template will be shown next to the puzzle icon and both will be grayed out.
Screenshot of hidden templates in the Visual Editor interface

Template parameters

You’ll see this dialog box when you’re adding a new template or editing one already in place. What you see in the box depends on whether the template in question contains TemplateData , helpful metadata added by other editors to make it easier to edit templates in the Visual Editor.

When a template contains TemplateData, the VisualEditor can use it to present annotated fields for you to fill in.

For templates that have some community-provided TemplateData, the VisualEditor displays a list of the named parameters and, often, descriptions and instructions explaining the meaning and required format for each parameter’s values.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Template parameters in the Visual Editor interface

You can disable any optional parameter (which have blue checkboxes on the left side). If a parameter’s checkbox is grayed out and not clickable, the template requires that parameter, so it can’t be disabled.

When you insert a new template, you may find that some optional parameters are pre-selected. That means the author(s) of the template recommends the use of those parameters. It’s best to review all parameters that will be used in a template to ensure you understand their use.

Clicking an unchecked parameter adds it to the template. Clicking a parameter that’s already been added takes you to the parameter’s input field.

Some template parameters will show as “deprecated”. Don’t use deprecated parameters when inserting a template; they’re only visible to you because those parameters are in use on older pages where this template was included.

Screenshot of template parameters in the Visual Editor interface
Interface for adding more parameters to a template in the VisualEditor

Adding undocumented parameters

If you’re inserting or editing a template whose author hasn’t laid out its parameters in TemplateData, it has what we call “undocumented” or “unnamed parameters”. In these cases, you should consult the page for the template itself. There you can learn how to correctly employ and work with all of the template’s parameters. This includes learning the exact names of the parameters as written by the template author.

If you find in the documentation that the template expects parameters without names, fill in numbers as placeholders for the parameter names using the undocumented parameter input, then add text to the values you want to provide as you normally would.


  • first unnamed parameter: “1”
  • first unnamed parameter’s value: “en_US”
  • second unnamed parameter: “2”
  • second unnamed parameter’s value: “yes”

If you accidentally include nonexistent, misspelled or erroneous parameters, the values you enter for those parameters won’t show up on the page you’re editing.

Screenshot of a template missing TemplateData
Template without TemplateData in the Visual Editor

Autogenerated parameters

In this example, the template in question lacks TemplateData but it was possible to autogenerate the parameters. This means that the undocumented parameters have already been added for you, but the names may not be easily understandable and the dialog cannot display any directions or descriptions. As a result the dialog box provides a link to the template’s documentation, which should help you deduce and fill in the template’s various parameters.

Editing multi-part template content

During editing, you may open template content consisting of multiple templates or a single template linked to some wikitext. This differs from the nested templates described below. In this case, the templates are better visualized as being stacked or connected.

This content often contains “unbalanced templates,” templates which are incomplete on their own and need to be paired with some wikitext or another template in order to function.

These related pieces of template content must be created in wikitext, but can be edited in the VisualEditor. In these cases you will see a notice at the top of the dialog to signal the situation and a specialized toolbar will be visible at the bottom of the sidebar. There you can use the icon buttons to add additional templates, additional wikitext, delete elements or change their order.

Screenshot of the interface to edit multi-part template content in the VisualEditor
Editing multi-part template content in the VisualEditor

Nested templates

Templates can include other templates as the value for parameters. You’ll recognize it when you see a parameter whose value contains the double curly braces ( {{ }} ) denoting a template.

The VisualEditor can’t present this template within a template (a nested template) using the editor’s easy-to-use interface, so if you want to nest a template yourself, you’ll need to understand how to add the template by hand in wikitext into the appropriate parameter field.

Screenshot of the VisualEditor template interface showing an embedded template
Embedded template in the VisualEditor

Completing your edit

When you have finished editing a template, you can click "Gunakan perubahan". Then you can preview your edit and make sure it looks the way you want and expect.

You may also see an error message, which (like the other TemplateData mentioned above) is community-provided content and may vary in usefulness. You may need to consult the template’s own documentation to get to the bottom of some errors. If you’re still having trouble, consider posting about your problem on the template’s talk page.

Removing a template

To remove a template in the VisualEditor, click the template box. Press the "Delete" or "Backspace" key on your keyboard. The template will disappear from the page.
Screenshot of the button to remove a template
Removing a template in the VisualEditor

Editing on mobile

When editing a template on a page using the VisualEditor on a mobile device, you’ll see that the sidebar starts out hidden. You can make it visible by pressing the “Show/hide options” button.
Screenshot of editing a template on a mobile device
Editing a template on mobile in the VisualEditor

Menggantikan templat

When you insert a template in a wiki page, its content and appearance are reevaluated every time the page loads, based on the template code and the values of its parameters. This means if someone updates the code of a template, then every page which uses that template will also get updated when they publish.

There’s another, much less common way to use templates, though, and that’s to substitute a template. Doing this permanently includes the template content just as it appears at the moment you insert it. It will not update if the template code is later changed.

Most users won’t ever need to resort to substitution. Substitution is typically only useful when you need to capture the exact appearance of one version of a template, such as when content is under development and needs evaluation.

To substitute a template in the VisualEditor, insert a template using the name syntax subst:<template name>. (Autocomplete doesn’t work in this case.) Then press the blue “Add template” button.

When you’re finished, press “Insert”, which will insert the template content as you see it.

Screenshot of editor using SUBST to add a template
Adding a template using SUBST in the VisualEditor

Editing lists

You can use the visual editor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just press on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then press on one of the menu items.

Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

Here is the result of increased indentation.

You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

Editing tables

You can use the visual editor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.

When you press on "Table", in the "Sisipkan" menu, the visual editor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

To select a cell, press it once.

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double press in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just press elsewhere.

You can add, move or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, press on "Merge cells".

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.

Menyunting kategori

Menu "Pilihan laman" membolehkan akses kepada butang "Kategori".

Butang "Kategori" membuka dialog yang menyenaraikan kategori sedia ada dan membenarkan anda untuk menambah kategori baharu.

You also have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which determines where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Tambah kategori". As you type, the visual editor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you publish all your editing changes.)

Untuk membuang kategori sedia ada, petik ikon "Buang" (tong sampah) pada dialog.

Pressing on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

Petik "Gunakan perubahan" apabila anda sudah selesai menyunting kategori untuk pulang kepada penyunting laman.

Mengubah tetapan halaman

To edit a page's settings, press to open the "Pilihan laman" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Tetapan halaman" button.

The "Tetapan halaman" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Lencongkan laman ini ke" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you are editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

Anda boleh mengubah paparan Jadual Isi Kandungan dalam halaman dengan memilih salah satu daripada tiga butang yang berikut. Pilihan asali ialah "Jika perlu" yang memaparkan Jadual Isi Kandungan jika terdapat tiga tajuk ke atas.

You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

Press "Gunakan perubahan" when you are done editing the Pilihan laman to return to the page editor.

Editing maps

You can add and change maps. See Help:VisualEditor/Maps .

Menyunting formula matematik

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and press on the "Math formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Sisipkan" menu on the toolbar.

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. the visual editor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, press the "Sisipkan" button.

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, press on it and then press on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.

Editing musical scores

To add a new musical notation to a page, place your cursor where you want the musical notation to be inserted. Then, from the "Insert" menu on the toolbar, press the "Musical notation" option.

To edit an existing musical notation on the page, double press on it.

This will open the "Musical notation" dialog. Here the notation can be edited by scale, either in ABC or in Lilypond format. You can also link the notation to an audio or MIDI file. Once you are finished, press the "Done" button to close the dialog and publish your changes.

Menyunting puisi dan lain-lain perkara istimewa

Sesetengah perkara seperti puisi dan skor muzik belum disokong oleh VisualEditor. Sehingga itu, anda perlu menyunting wikiteks sumber secara langsung jika anda ingin menyunting atau menambah perkara-perkara berkenaan.

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in the visual editor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

Switching between the visual and wikitext editors

To switch from the visual editor to the wikitext editor, press the [[ ]] button on the far right of the toolbar.

You'll see a diff. (If you pressed on "Discard edits", you'll just see wikitext, ready to edit with the wikitext editor.)

Scroll down, and you'll see the wikitext editing area.

You can also switch from the wikitext editor to the visual editor. To do that, press the pencil icon on the far right of the toolbar.

Jalan pintas kekunci

Ramai penyunting sudah biasa menyunting secara langsung, terutamanya teks tebal, condong dan juga pautan wiki ("wikilinks").Jalan pintas kekunci membolehkan sisipan format tanpa perlu memetik butang palang. Jalan pintas yang sering dijumpai dan yang digunakan penyunting-penyunting lain, berfungsi dengan VisualEditor.

Jalan pintas PC Tindakan Jalan pintas Mac

Ctrl+B Tebal ⌘ Cmd+B

Ctrl+I Condong (Italik) ⌘ Cmd+I

Ctrl+K Masukkan pautan ⌘ Cmd+K

Ctrl+X Kerat ⌘ Cmd+X

Ctrl+C Salin ⌘ Cmd+C

Ctrl+V Tampal ⌘ Cmd+V

Ctrl+Z Undur kembali ⌘ Cmd+Z