Open main menu

Uncedo:Uhlelo oluBonakalayo/IsiKhokelo soMsebenzisi

< Help:VisualEditor
This page is a translated version of the page Help:VisualEditor/User guide and the translation is 8% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎Bahasa Melayu • ‎Basa Sunda • ‎Bikol Central • ‎Cebuano • ‎Cmique Itom • ‎Cymraeg • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎Fiji Hindi • ‎Frysk • ‎Ilokano • ‎Interlingue • ‎Jawa • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎Malagasy • ‎Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄ • ‎Napulitano • ‎Nederlands • ‎Oromoo • ‎Picard • ‎Scots • ‎Tagalog • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎Tûnsî • ‎Türkçe • ‎Yorùbá • ‎Zazaki • ‎asturianu • ‎azərbaycanca • ‎bosanski • ‎català • ‎dansk • ‎eesti • ‎emiliàn e rumagnòl • ‎español • ‎euskara • ‎français • ‎furlan • ‎føroyskt • ‎galego • ‎hrvatski • ‎isiXhosa • ‎italiano • ‎latviešu • ‎lietuvių • ‎magyar • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎shqip • ‎slovenčina • ‎slovenščina • ‎suomi • ‎svenska • ‎čeština • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ • ‎български • ‎македонски • ‎русский • ‎саха тыла • ‎српски / srpski • ‎татарча/tatarça • ‎українська • ‎հայերեն • ‎ייִדיש • ‎עברית • ‎العربية • ‎تۆرکجه • ‎سنڌي • ‎فارسی • ‎پښتو • ‎मराठी • ‎संस्कृतम् • ‎हिन्दी • ‎অসমীয়া • ‎বাংলা • ‎মেইতেই লোন্ • ‎ਪੰਜਾਬੀ • ‎ଓଡ଼ିଆ • ‎தமிழ் • ‎తెలుగు • ‎ಕನ್ನಡ • ‎മലയാളം • ‎ไทย • ‎မြန်မာဘာသာ • ‎ქართული • ‎ភាសាខ្មែរ • ‎中文 • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어

| =

PD Xa uEditor lepage,uye uvume ukudlulisa umyalezo ngaphantsi kweCC0.bona[[Special:MyLanguage/Project:PD help|Public Domain Help pages ] ukuze ufumane umyalezo ofanelekileyo

| #default=

 Template loop detected: Template:PD Help Page/xh
If you would like to try the visual editor without editing an article, here is a page where you can freely test it. You don't need an account to use the visual editor on that page.

Ukuvula uHlelo oluBonakalayo

Ukuhlela iphepha usebenzisa uHlelo oluBonakalayo, cofa kwi "Tshintsha" thebhu ekumantla wephepha.

Kuya kuthatha imizuzu embalwa ukuba livuleke iphepha ukuze lihlelwe, kwaye iya kuba midana xa iphepha lilide kakhulu.

Ukucofa kwi "Edit source" thebhu kuya kuvula iwikitext ekhethekileyo yohlelo lobhalo ngqangi.

You can also open the visual editor by pressing on the "tshintsha" link on each section.
VisualEditor - Section edit links-en.png

Getting started: the visual editor's toolbar

Ithulibha yoHlelo oluBonakalayo
Ithulibha yoHlelo oluBonakalayo ibonakala kumantla weskhrini xa uqala ukuhlela ngoHlelo oluBonakalayo.Kubandakanya iiayikhoni eziqhelekileyo:

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Undo-redo.png
Ukwenza kunye nokuNgenzi utshintsho olwenzileyo.

VisualEditor Toolbar Headings-xh.png
Izihlokoimenyu eyehlayo: ikuvumela ukuba utshintshe inqanaba lesicatshulwa sentloko. Umgangatho wecandelo lwezihloko "sisiHloko". The normal format for text is "Paragraph".

VisualEditor Toolbar Formatting-xh.png

Formatting: Pressing the "A" opens a menu.

  • The "Bold" item (B) bolds the selected text.
  • The "Italic" item (I) italicizes the selected text.
  • The "Superscript" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly higher than the surrounding text.
  • The "Subscript" item (x2) causes the selected text to appear smaller than surrounding text and to be slightly lower than the surrounding text.
  • The "Strikethrough" item (S) adds a solid bar through the selected text.
  • The "Computer code" item (a set of curly brackets: {}) changes the font of the selected text to a monospaced font, which sets it apart from surrounding (proportionally spaced) text.
  • The "Underline" item (U) adds a solid line beneath the selected text.
  • The "Language" item (文A) allows you to label the language (for example, Japanese) and direction (for example, right-to-left) of the selected text.
  • The final item (VisualEditor MediaWiki theme clear icon bitmap.png), called "Remove", removes all character formatting from the selected text, including links.

If you have not selected any text, then when you press the "A" to open the menu, and then select an item, that formatting will apply to the text that you start typing, from wherever your cursor is located.

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Linking tool: The chain icon is the linking tool. Pressing on it (usually after selecting some text) opens the link dialog.

VisualEditor - Cite Pulldown.png
Cite menu: The "Cite" menu is used to add inline citations (also called "footnotes" or "references"). All projects have access to basic reference formatting and the ability to reuse citations by using this menu. It also gives users quick access to local citation templates, if these are enabled on their wiki.

(Instructions for adding local citation templates to the Cite menu at a specific wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)

VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png
⧼citoid-citefromidtool-title⧽ button: If the citoid service is enabled on your wiki, then you will see a ⧼citoid-citefromidtool-title⧽ button instead of a Cite menu.

The citoid service tries to fill out citation templates automatically.

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-xh.png
Uluhlu & nobothoko:Iiayikhoni ezimbini zokuqala zikuvumela ukuba wenze amanani okanye uluhlu lweebhulethi, ngokwahlukahlukeneyo. Ezokugqibela zikuvumela ukuba wonyuse okanye unciphise inqanaba lokubothoka entweni.

VisualEditor Insert Menu-xh.png
Insert: I "Insert" yehla kwithulibha yoMhleli wokuBonakalayo ekhokelela kukhetho olwahlukeneyo lokucima okongezelelweyo kunye nokhetho lwamanyathelo, kubandakanya izingqinisiso ezongezelelweyo kunye neethempleyiti zokuphetha. Ayilulo lonke olu khetho lusebenzayo ngaku.
  • I "Media" ayikhoni (umfanekiso weentaba) ivula uku zedayalog ye-media.
  • The "Template" icon (a puzzle piece) allows you to edit templates.
  • The "Table" item allows you to insert a table.
  • The "Comment" item (a speech balloon) allows you to insert comments that are not visible to readers; these comments can be seen only when in edit mode, where they are indicated by an exclamation mark icon. In edit mode, pressing on the exclamation mark icon allows you to edit or delete the comment.
  • The "Hieroglyphs" icon (an ankh symbol - ☥) allows you to enter the hieroglyphics inserter. (See below.)
  • The "Code block" item allows you to insert code.
  • The "Musical notation" item allows you to insert a musical notation.
  • The "Gallery" icon (a set of photos) allows you to insert a gallery to the page.
  • The "Math formula" icon (Σ) opens the formula inserter dialog.
  • The "Graph" item allows you to insert a graph.
  • The "Your signature" item allows you to insert a signature that you use on the project. It will be greyed out (not selectable) when you are editing a type of page (a "namespace"), such as an article, where signatures should not be inserted.
  • The "References list" icon (three books) opens a dialog in which you can specify where references will be displayed to the reader. Usually this needs to be done only once on a page.

Special character insertion: The "Special character" (Ω) icon is next to the "Insert" menu. When pressed, it displays a dialog showing many special characters. By pressing on a specific character, you place it into the text. These special characters include some standard symbols, diacritics, and mathematical symbols. (This list may be customized locally. See VisualEditor/Special characters for instructions.)
VisualEditor Toolbar SpecialCharacters-xh.png

VisualEditor toolbar edit notices icon.png
The Edit notices button displays any notices for the page.

VisualEditor More Settings-xh.png
The Page options menu is to the left of the Publish changes button and the Switch editor menu. On this menu there is a button to open an Options dialog with the following (left side) tabs:
  • Categories allows you to add categories to this page and to adjust how the page is sorted, when displayed within a category by setting a different index to sort with.
  • Page settings allows you to make the page a redirect and adjust options of this redirect, to adjust settings regarding the displaying of the Table of Contents, to disable the edit links next to each heading, and to define the page as a disambiguation page.
  • Advanced settings allows you to adjust the settings regarding indexation of the page by search engines, showing a tab to add a new section, and the displayed title.
  • Languages which shows a list of pages in other languages that are linked to that page.
  • Templates used shows a list of links to each template used on this page.

The tabs of the Options dialog are also displayed in the Page options menu and can be opened by clicking on it. Furthermore the Page options menu contains the button View as right-to-left and the button Find and replace which opens a dialog where you can insert characters, terms or Regular expressions you are searching for and those to replace them with, together with several buttons for options.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching square brackets icon.png
The switch to source editing button is next to the Publish changes button. It allows you to switch to the wikitext editor.

Publishing changes

Xa ugqibile ukuhlela cofa iqhosha "Publish changes" eliluhlaza kwithulibha. To cancel all your editing changes, close your browser window, or press the "Funda" tab above the edit toolbar.

Pressing the blue "Publish changes" button opens a dialog. You can then enter a brief summary of your actions, mark your edit as minor, and/or add the page to your Endizibukeleyo. The box for the summary is the equivalent of the Isishwankathelo: field in the wikitext editor.

You can also review your changes using the "Review your changes" button to confirm that they will function as intended before saving your changes. This is similar to the "Gcina Utshitshi" button in the wikitext editor.

The "Resume editing" button returns you to the page you were editing. You can publish all of your changes later.

VisualEditor save dialog-xh.png

Editing links

VisualEditor - Toolbar - Linking.png
Iilinki zingongezwa nge "Link" ayikhoni (iilinki ngokulikhonkco) kwithulibha, okanye ngokusebenzisa indlela emfutshaneiqhosha+lokuLawula (okanye iqhosha+lokuYalela kwi-Mac).

Ukuba ukhetha umbhalo okanye ubeka ikhesa yakho egameni, ngokucofa i "Link" qhosha liya kufaka ilinki kula mbhalo.

VisualEditor-link tool-search results-xh.png
Nokuba usebenzisa iqhosha okanye indlela emfutshane, idayalog iya kuvuleka idayalog onokuyibhala kwilinki. Umhleli wokuBonakalyo uya kuzama ukuncedisa ngeelinki zangaphakathi(iilinki kwamanye amaphepha e-Wikipedia) ngokujonga okunokuthi kuhambelane njengokuba uqala ukubhala.

The link tool will try to help with internal links by searching for likely matches.

VisualEditor link tool 2015.png
Emva kokungenisa okanye ukukhetha ilinki, ungacofa u Ngena, cofa ngaphandle kwebhokisi, okanye ucofe iayikhoni yokuvala(<). Ilinki yakho iya kubonakala kwiphepha loMhleli wokuBonaklayo, kodwa ayiyi kugcina ngaphandle kokuba uye wagcina kwiphepha.

VisualEditor-link tool-external link.png
Ukudibanisa iphepha lewebhu ngaphandle kwe-Wikipedia, inkqubo iyafana;ngena nje kwilinkiebaleni kwayeiya kongezeleka njenge "linki yangaphandle".

VisualEditor link tool simple link.png
External links without labels look like this: [1]. You can add these by placing your cursor away from any word (e.g., after a space). Open the link tool by pressing on the button or pressing the shortcut keys. Type the URL in the box, and press the "Done" button to insert the link.

VisualEditor-context menu-link tool.png
Ukutshintsha okanye ukususa ilinki ebisele ikho, cofa umbhalo kwilinki, emva koko ucofe i"Link" ayikhoni ebonakala ecaleni kwayo. Ungacofa iayikhoni efanayokwithulibha okanye usebenzise i iQhosha+lokuLawula ndlela emfutshane yekhobhodi ngelixa ukuyo. . When a link is selected, it appears as blue framed.

Emva koko ungahlela ugxilo lwelinki, okanye ulususe kuphele ngokucofa iayikhoni ka'Susa'(itoti ebotyobotyo)phezulu ngasekunene kwikona yedayalog. You can also open the link's target in another window by pressing on the copy of the link in the dialog box. (You might want do this to check if an external link is valid.)

If you want to exit the link label (the text displayed as a link) or continue to write after this link, you can press :

  • Pressing it once will escape the link editing dialog and put your cursor at the end of the element linked (blue framed, to edit this element)
  • Pressing it twice will put the cursor after the element linked, ready to type the rest of your text.

To edit the link label of an existing link, press within the link label and type the new one. But if you want to replace the entire label, please note:

  • If you have selected (highlighted) the entire link label, the link will be deleted by typing any key. You may link it from start.
  • To keep the link directly, you may press within that link label, use backspace and delete key without pressing it once more than necessary, and a narrow blue link area will remain there. Now you may type in the new label for the kept link.
  • You can also link to categories, files and more.

Ukuhlela ungqinisiso

For further information, see Help using citation templates or Help using citoid's Cite button

Determining which system is in place

Your wiki may use one of three footnote systems. The one shown on the right is the simplest system, where the "Cite" menu does not include any citation templates. If your wiki uses this system, then everything you need to know about footnotes is on this page.
VisualEditor cite menu default.png

The second system has the same type of "Cite" menu, but with several popular citation templates set up for quick access. If your wiki uses this system, then you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Templates
VisualEditor references more.png

VisualEditor citoid Cite button.png
In the third system, you again start by pressing the Cite button. Then a dialog box opens, which includes an automatic citation process using the citoid service. If your wiki uses this system, you will find more details at Help:VisualEditor/User guide/Citations-Full
VisualEditor Citoid Automatic tab.png

Ukuhlela ungqinisiso okusele kukho

Ukuhlela ungqinisiso esele lukho, cofa kulo kumbhalo, kwaye ucofe kwi "Referenceerence" ayikhoni (isalathisi sencwadi)ebonakala ecaleni kwawo, okanye kulo ukwithulibha.
VisualEditor - Editing references 1.png

Ukucofa kwiayikhoni yoNgqinisiso kuvula idayalog ebandakanya umhleli omncinci, apho unokuhlela umbhalo wongqinisiso.

Ii-wikis ezininzi zisebenzisa ukwenziwa bukhulu kobungqinisiso. Uya kuqaphela oku xa uhlela ungqinisiso esele likhona olu mxholo walo osuka ujike ube luhlaza xa ulukhetha.

If a template was used and you press on the reference information, then the Template icon (puzzle piece) will appear with some information. Press on the "edit" button to edit the content of the template in the template mini-editor dialog.

VisualEditor - Editing references 6.png

If what appears when you press on a reference is an icon for a standard template for citations (an example is at right), then pressing "Edit" will open the template mini-editor dialog.
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Web.png

Inside the template mini-editor, you can add or remove types of information or change current content. Only fields (template parameters) that have content will show, initially. To add fields, press on "Add more information" at the bottom of the mini-editor.
VisualEditor - Editing references 5.png

Press on "Apply changes" when you are done.

Re-using an existing reference

If the page already contains a citation that applies to the text you want to source, then you can choose to re-use that existing citation.

To re-use an existing reference, place your cursor in the body of the text where you want to add a new reference (number) for that citation. Then press on the "Re-use reference" item from the "Cite" menu.

(Note: If your wiki has the third footnote system described above, you'll see a "Re-use" tab, in a dialog, instead of a "Re-use" item on the "Cite" menu.)

VisualEditor Cite menu re-use.png

In the Reference dialog, look at the list for the reference you want to reuse, and select it. If there are many references, you can use the search box (labeled "Search within current citations") to list only those references that include certain text.
VisualEditor - Editing references 18.png

Adding a new reference

To add a citation using the "Cite" menu, place your cursor where you want to add it in the text. Then select the appropriate citation type in the menu.
VisualEditor references more.png

Using the "Basic" citation

Shown here is what you will see if you select the basic references item. In the Reference editor, you can add your citation, including formatting.

You can make the reference belong to a given group, although normally this is left blank. (This option is used to display groups of references with the "References list" tool.)

VisualEditor - Editing references 20.png

In the Reference dialog, if you want to include a citation template, or any other template, in your new reference, press the Template icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" toolbar menu within the Reference editor.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-xh.png

Then, look for the template you want to use, add it and edit it as you would any other template. (See the Editing templates section, below, if you need more information about templates.)

Cofa kwi "Apply changes" ukubuyela kungqinisiso lomhleli, kwaye "Apply changes" kwakhona ukubuyela ephepheni.

VisualEditor - Editing references 9.png

Xa kungekabihko luhlu lwezingqinisiso ephepheni (umzekelo, xa usongeza ungqinisiso lokuqalalwephepha), kufuneka ukongeze ngendlela apho umbhalo wakho wongqinisiso uza kuthi ubonakale.

Beka ikhesa apho ufuna ukuba lubonakale khona ungqinisiso (ngesiqhelo kudla ngokuba semazantsi ephepha), kwaye ucofe "References list" iayikhoni (iincwadi ezintathu)ukuyongeza.

VisualEditor References List Insert Menu-xh.png

If you are using several groups of references, which is relatively rare, you can specify the group in this dialog. Only the references that belong to that group will be displayed on the page at the location where you are placing the group.

The final step in the References list dialog is to press "Insert".

Using standard cite templates

Your local wiki may have added extra citation templates to the "Cite" menu. If so, you have quick access to the most-used citation templates for your wiki. (Instructions for adding extra citation templates to your local wiki are available at VisualEditor/Citation tool .)
VisualEditor - Editing References - Cite Pulldown.png

Pressing on a template icon such as "Cite book" will take you into the template mini-editor for that template. Important information fields may be marked with an asterisk. While the most common fields will be shown, not all of them are required.
VisualEditor - Editing references - Cite book required fields.png

To add more parameters, scroll down in the template mini-editor and press on the "Add more information" option.

Press on "Insert" when you are done.

VisualEditor - Editing references - Add parameter.png

Editing images and other media files

Editing images

Ukongeza umfanekiso omtsha(okanye olunye uhlobo lwefayile ye-media) ephepheni, cofa i"⧼umhleli wokubonakalayo-iqhosha ledayalog-imedia-itiphu yesixhobo⧽" ayikhoni (umfanekiso weentaba) kwi the "⧼ooui-itoolbar-ngakumbi⧽" menyu eyehlayo. Umfanekiso uya kongezwa naphi na apho ikhoyo ikhesa
VisualEditor Media Insert Menu-xh.png

Ukucofa i "Media" ayikhoni kuvula idayalog ezikhangelelayo ngokuzenzekelayo okuqhelekileyo kwiifayile ze-Wikimedia ezihambelana nephepha alihlelayo.

Ungajonga ezinye iifayile ze-media ngokutshintsha umbhalo kwiibhokisi zedayalog zokukhangela.

Cofa kwingxelo encitshisiweyo ukuze ukhethe ifayile.

This places the image onto the page you are editing.

VisualEditor - Media editing 2.png

Idayalog ye-media ikuvumela ukuba wongeze (uhlelo) intloko, enokuba nokumila nobukhulu bencwadi kunye neelinki.
VisualEditor - Media editing 6.png

The media dialog also allows you to add alternative text captions, to help users who use screen readers, or who have disabled image display.
VisualEditor - Media editing 7.png

You can also set various parameters for the image in the "Advanced settings" window. These include the alignment, the type, and size of the image.
VisualEditor - Media editing 8.png

Xa ugqibile, cofa"⧼umhleli wokubonakalayo-idayalog-inyathelo-liyasetyenziswa⧽" ukuvala idayalog kwaye ubuyele kwiphepha lomhleli.

For an existing image, you can add or edit a caption or other settings by pressing on the image, then pressing on the "Media" icon that appears below the picture.

You can resize an existing image by pressing on it, then moving the resize icon (the two-headed arrow on one or both bottom corners).

You can also drag and drop an image to a place higher or lower on the page.

VisualEditor - Media editing 3.png

Uploading images

You can upload images from a tab in the media dialog, or by dragging and dropping a file into the editor, or by pasting an image from your clipboard.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.png

Press the "Upload" tab and select an image from your computer. You can type the file name, or drag an image into the box. If you dragged and dropped an image directly into the editor, or pasted one from your clipboard, this tab will open automatically.
VisualEditor - Media upload 1.png

You need to describe the image and add categories to it so that other people can find it.
VisualEditor - Media upload 2.png

The image will be inserted into the page when you are done.

Editing media galleries

To add a new gallery, press the "Gallery" icon (a set of photos) on the "Insert" menu. (If you don't see this icon on that menu, then your local wiki has decided to delay implementing this functionality in the visual editor.)
VisualEditor - Gallery1.png

To edit an existing gallery in the visual editor, press that gallery. Then, near the bottom of the gallery, press the gallery icon (a set of photos). This brings up the gallery editor, with the full list of images included in the gallery.
VisualEditor - Gallery2.png
The gallery editor is currently a simple box that allows you to edit existing galleries using wikitext markup. To add a new image to an existing gallery, type the file name, followed by a bar (|) and the caption for that image. You must put each image in the gallery on its own line. You can also edit this list to remove or rearrange images or to change captions.

When you press the "Done" button, you will exit the gallery editor. You should then see your changes, with the gallery as it will now appear to readers.

Remember that exiting the gallery editor does not publish your changes. As with other changes made using the visual editor, you must publish the entire page in order to publish your work.

VisualEditor - Gallery3.png

Editing templates


To add a new template to a page, place your cursor where you want the template to be inserted, and press on the "Template" icon (puzzle piece) in the "Insert" menu.
VisualEditor Template Insert Menu-xh.png

Start typing the name of the template you want to insert. When you see it on the list, press on its name. Then press "Add template".
VisualEditor - Template editing 4.png

Ungahlela iithempleyiti ezisele zilungile ephepheni nzokuzikhetha (zijika zibe luhlaza), kwaye ucofe kwi "Template" ayikhoni (isiqwenga ze-puzzle) ebonakalayo, okanye le ikwithulibha.
VisualEditor - Template editing 1.png

Some templates are not visible to someone reading a page. In the visual editor, such hidden templates are shown as puzzle icons. The name of the template will be shown next to the puzzle icon.
VisualEditor template not visible.png

When you select the icon, the context menu is displayed, and you can edit the template.
VisualEditor template not visible context menu.png

Template parameters

When you add a new template or open an existing one, the "Transclusion" dialog is shown. The contents depends upon whether the template has been documented using the new TemplateData system or not.

The template shown here has no TemplateData set up for it. The dialog therefore provides a link to documentation for the template. By visiting the documentation you should be able to figure out if the template has any parameters (fields), and what goes in each field. Use numbers as the name for each nameless parameter. The first un-named parameter is named 1, the second is named 2, and so forth.
VisualEditor template with no TemplateData.png

If a template has been updated to contain TemplateData information, then the dialog will show a list of individual (named) parameters.
VisualEditor template with TemplateData.png

Ungongeza iipharamitha okanye uhlele ezi sele zidwelisiwe.
VisualEditor - Template editing 3.png

Xa ithempleyiti ibeleke kwezinye iithempleyit, ezi thempleyitana ziya kubonakala njengeepharamitha. Zingahlelwa okanye zisuswe ngokucofa igama le thempleyitana.

Iithempleyitana ezintsha zongezwe ngokulandela amanyathelo okongeza ipharamitha. Ungadinga ukujonga ukubhalwa kwethempleyiti ukuqinisekisa ukuba iithempleyitana zixhasiwe.

VisualEditor - Template editing 5.png


When you have finished editing a template, press "Apply changes" to close the dialog and return to editing the main page.

Substituting templates

When a template must be substituted, type subst: (colon included) before the template's name.

Ukugqiba ngokwakho akusebenzi ngeekhowudi ze subst:; xa ufuna ukugqiba ngokwakho, yongezasubst: kuphela emva kokufumana ithempleyiti obuyikhangela.

Emva koko, cofa iqhosha "Add template" eliluhlaza.

Add any parameters as usual and press "Insert".

VisualEditor - Template editing 7.png

Awuyi kuyibona ithempleyiti isanda ephepheni ngexesha lolu lingo.
VisualEditor - Template editing 8.png

Editing lists

VisualEditor Toolbar Lists and indentation-xh.png
You can use the visual editor to create lists, or to change the format of an existing list. There are two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

To start a new list, just press on one of the two menu items shown here. Or, if you already have typed the list (on separate lines), select (highlight) the list you have typed, then press on one of the menu items.

VisualEditor lists 1 unordered bullet.png
VisualEditor lists 2 ordered numbered.png
Shown here are examples of the two types of lists: unordered (bullet) and ordered (numbered).

VisualEditor lists 3 select to indent.png
If you want to change the indentation level of part of an existing list, select the part of the list that you want to change.

VisualEditor lists 4 indentation menu.png
Then use the menu, or press the Tab key. (The Tab key increases indentation; use the shift key plus the Tab key to decrease indentation)

VisualEditor lists after indenting.png
Here is the result of increased indentation.

VisualEditor lists mixed.png
You can even mix ordered (numbered) and unordered (bullet) lists, if the list items have different indentations.

Editing tables

VisualEditor insert table-xh.png
You can use the visual editor to insert and change tables.

You can even import a table by dragging a comma-separated value (.csv) file from your computer into the main editing window.

When you press on "Table", in the "Insert" menu, the visual editor inserts a blank four-by-four table.

Now the "Table" menu is available. From that menu, you can add a caption to the top of the table.

VisualEditor empty table.png

To select a cell, press it once.
VisualEditor tables select one cell.png

To edit the contents of the cell (for example, to add content or to correct a spelling error), double press in the cell. Or you can select the cell and then press Return.

To end your editing of a cell, just press elsewhere.

VisualEditor tables type inside a cell.png

VisualEditor table editing add and remove columns.png
You can add or delete a column or a row.

You can merge cells: Select them, then from the Table menu, press on "Merge cells".
VisualEditor tables merge cells.png

If you merge cells, only the text in one cell is kept; any text in the other cells is deleted when you merge the cells. If you decide that you wanted some or all of the text that was deleted, use the Undo button, move or copy the text you want, then merge the cells again.
VisualEditor tables post-merge cell.png

You can also split cells that were previously merged. All the content that was in the merged cell will remain in the first cell when you do the split. You can then cut and paste text to other cells, if you want.
VisualEditor tables split cells.png

Ukuhlela iikhathegori

VisualEditor category item-xh.png
To edit categories, on the "Page options" menu, press the "Categories" item.

Pressing on "Categories" opens a dialog that lists existing categories and allows you to add new ones, and to delete existing categories.

You also have the option of setting or changing the general (default) sorting key, which determines where the page appears when listed with other pages in the same category.

For example, the default sorting key for the article "George Washington" is "Washington, George". In the category "Presidents of the United States", the article is listed under the letter "W", not the letter "G".

VisualEditor - Category editing 3.png
To add a category for a page, type the name of the category into the field "Add a category". As you type, the visual editor will search for possible matching, existing categories. You can either select an existing category, or you can add a category that doesn't yet have its own category page. (Until that category page is created, your new category will show as a red link after you publish all your editing changes.)

VisualEditor - Category editing 2.png

Ukususa ikhathegori esele ikho, cofa kuyo uphinde ucofe kwi "Remove" ayikhoni (itoti ebubuvuvu) kwidayalog evulekayo.

Pressing on a category also allows you to specify a sorting key for that specific category. Such a sorting key overrides the default sorting key.

Cofa "Apply changes"

Editing page settings

VisualEditor page settings item-xh.png
To edit a page's settings, press to open the "Page options" menu, in the toolbar, and select the "Page settings" button.

The "Page settings" button opens a dialog that shows several options.

You can make a page a redirect to another page by checking the "Redirect this page to" checkbox, and then typing the name of the page to which you want to send the reader who tries to go to the page that you are editing.

At the bottom is the option to prevent page renames from updating this redirect. This is very rarely used.

You can change whether the page shows a Table of Contents by selecting one of these three buttons. The default option is "If needed", which shows a Table of Contents if there are three or more headings.

You can make a page not show edit links next to each section header by checking this checkbox.

Press "Apply changes" when you are done editing the Page options to return to the page editor.

Editing maps

Visual editor showing editing an existing map.jpg
You can add and change maps. See Help:VisualEditor/Maps .

Editing mathematical formulae

To add a new mathematical formula to the page, place your cursor where you want it to be inserted, and press on the "Math formula" icon ("Σ") in the "Insert" menu on the toolbar.
VisualEditor Formula Insert Menu-xh.png

A window will open in which you can type the formula, using LaTeX syntax. the visual editor will update the formula as you type it, so you can see how it will look as you make changes. Once you are happy with the formula, press the "Done" button.
VisualEditor formula-xh.png

To edit an existing mathematical formula on the page, press on it and then press on the "Σ" icon that appears. This will open up the formula window, where you make changes.
VisualEditor - editing existing mathematical formula.png

Mathematical formulae can be placed inline or centered as a block.
VisualEditor mathematic formula inline.png

Editing musical scores

To add a new musical notation to a page, place your cursor where you want the musical notation to be inserted. Then, from the "Insert" menu on the toolbar, press the "Musical notation" option.

To edit an existing musical notation on the page, double press on it.


This will open the "Musical notation" dialog. Here the notation can be edited by scale, either in ABC or in Lilypond format. You can also link the notation to an audio or MIDI file. Once you are finished, press the "Done" button to close the dialog and publish your changes.

Ukuhlela ifomula yemathematika kunye nezinto ezithile ezikhethekileyo

Ezinye izinto, ezinje ngeegalari zemifanekiso, ifomula yemathematika kunye amanqaku omculo awaxhaswa nguMhleli wokubonakalayo. De abe ayaxhaswa, kufuneka uhlele ubhalo ngqangilwe-wikitext ngokuthe ngqo xa ufuna ukutshintsha okanye ukongeze ezi.

VisualEditor editing poem 1.png

In most cases, the existing items can be edited, but new ones cannot be inserted in the visual editor.

Until they are fully supported, you can copy an existing one from another page, or edit the source wikitext directly.

VisualEditor editing poem 2.png

Switching between the visual and wikitext editors

To switch from the visual editor to the wikitext editor, press the [[ ]] button on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor toolbar Page options - Switch to wikitext - Save.png

If you've done any editing, you'll be asked whether you want to keep your changes. Normally you'll press on "Keep changes".

VisualEditor bi-directional switching to wikitext.png

You'll see a diff. (If you pressed on "Discard changes", you'll just see wikitext, ready to edit with the wikitext editor.)

Scroll down, and you'll see the wikitext editing area.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching diff before wikitext.png

You can also switch from the wikitext editor to the visual editor. To do that, press the pencil icon on the far right of the toolbar.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching pencil icon in wikitext.png

After you press the pencil icon, if you've done any editing you'll be asked whether you want to keep your changes. If you press "Keep changes", you'll go to the visual editor. If you press "Discard changes", you'll be asked to confirm that is what you want to do (press on "Leave Page" to confirm) before the visual editor will start.

VisualEditor bi-directional switching to visual editing.png

Iindlela ezimfutshane zekhibhodi

Abahleli abaninzi basetyenziselwa ukungena kwi-wikitext ngokuthe ngqo, ngakumbi ungqindilili, bukekela, no-wikilinks. Iindlela ezimfutshane zekhibhodi zikuvumela ukuba ungenise ngokukhawulezaukucima okuyeleleneyo ngaphandle kokucofa amaqhosha ethulibha. Iindlela ezimfutshane eziqhelekileyo ngokubanzi, kunye nezo zisetyenziswa ngabanye ngabahleli, ziyasebenza kuMhleli wokuBonakalayo.

Indlela emfutshane ye-PC Inyathelo Indlela emfutshane ye-Mac

Ctrl+B Ngqindilili Cmd+B

Ctrl+I Bukekela Cmd+I

Ctrl+K Ngenisa ilinki Cmd+K

Ctrl+X Susa Cmd+X

Ctrl+C Kopa Cmd+C

Ctrl+V Ncamathisela Cmd+V

Ctrl+Z Sukwenza Cmd+Z