সহায়:যাদুকৰী শব্দ

This page is a translated version of the page Help:Magic words and the translation is 16% complete.
PD টোকা: এই পৃষ্ঠা সম্পাদনা কৰাৰ অৰ্থ হ'ল আপুনি আপোনাৰ বৰঙণি CC0ৰ অধীনত প্ৰকাশ কৰিবলৈ সন্মত হৈছে। অধিক তথ্যৰ বাবে ৰাজহুৱা স্বত্বাধিকাৰৰ সহায় পৃষ্ঠা চাওক।

যাদুকৰী শব্দবোৰ হৈছে এনে কিছুমান শব্দৰ গোট যি বোৰ মিডিয়াৱিকিত কিছুমান মান বা সময়, ছাইটৰ বিৱৰণ বা পৃষ্ঠাৰ নাম আদি কাৰ্যৰ ফলাফল হিচাপে সংলগ্ন হৈ থাকে। हे पृष्ठ केवळ मानक जादू शब्दांचे स्पष्टीकरण देते; तांत्रिक संदर्भासाठी, Manual:Magic words पहा।

যাদুকৰী শব্দ সাধাৰণতে তিনি প্ৰকাৰৰ:

সাঁচবোৰৰ দৰে, পৰিবৰ্তনশীল আৰু পাৰজাৰ ফাংচনবোৰ subst: ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিব পাৰি। অনুবাদিত সাঁচ বা ছিষ্টেম বাৰ্তাৰ মাধ্যমেৰে ব্যৱহাৰ কৰিলেও, পৃষ্ঠা-নিৰ্ভৰশীল যাদুকৰী শব্দবোৰে "বৰ্তমান" পৃষ্ঠাখনতহে প্ৰভাৱ পেলাই বা তথ্য প্ৰকাশ কৰে (ডিফল্ট)।

আচৰণগত চাবিবোৰ

A behavior switch controls the layout or behavior of the page (if supported by the skin) and can often be used to specify desired omissions and inclusions in the content. Notably some of these are not supported by the Minerva skin.

শব্দ বিৱৰণ সংস্কৰণ
সমলৰ তালিকা
__NOTOC__ সমলৰ তালিকা (TOC) লুকুৱাই।
__FORCETOC__ সমলৰ তালিকাক তাৰ নিজৰ সাধাৰণ স্থানত ৰাখিবলৈ জোৰ কৰে (প্ৰথম শিৰোনামৰ আগত, __NOTOC__ অভাৰৰাইডিং কৰি)।
__TOC__ সমলৰ তালিকা শব্দৰ বৰ্তমান স্থানত ৰাখে‌ (__NOTOC__ অভাৰৰাইডিং কৰি)। ই কেইবাৰো ব্যৱহাৰ হ'লে সমলৰ তালিকা প্ৰথম শব্দৰ স্থানত থাকে।
__NOEDITSECTION__ শিৰোনামৰ কাষত থকা অনুচ্ছেদৰ সম্পাদনা সংযোগ লুকুৱাই ৰাখে। কোনো সাঁচৰ পৰা সৃষ্ট শিৰোনামৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত ই বিশেষভাৱে উপকাৰী: the normal wiki section-edit would in this case edit the template code, which is normally counterintuitive to the user. If a template contains multiple headings, it may be necessary to add "$noeditsection" after each heading. Use of this in a template will extend the effect to that template, the pages it's included on, and any other templates included on the same page. For a workaround, see here.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Adds a link beside the "সম্পাদনা" tab for adding a new section on a non-talk page (see Adding a section to the end).
__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Removes the link beside the "সম্পাদনা" tab on pages in talk namespaces.
__NOGALLERY__ Used on a category page, replaces thumbnails in the category view with normal links.
__HIDDENCAT__ Used on a category page, hides the category from the lists of categories in its members and parent categories (there is an option in the user preferences to show them).
__EXPECTUNUSEDCATEGORY__ Used on a category page, removes the category from Special:UnusedCategories.
Language conversion
On wikis with language variants, don't perform any content language conversion (character and phase) in article display; for example, only show Chinese (zh) instead of variants like zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, or zh_hk.
On wikis with language variants, don't perform language conversion on the title (all other content is converted).
__START__ No effect. Was used to point where database message starts after comment that should not be transcluded. r1695 অনুসৰি আঁতৰ কৰা হয় আৰু r24784 অনুসৰি সম্পূৰ্ণৰূপে আঁতৰাই পেলোৱা হয়।
__END__ Explicitly marks the end of the article, to prevent MediaWiki from removing trailing whitespace. Removed in 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Tell search engines to index the page (overrides $wgArticleRobotPolicies but not robots.txt). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
__NOINDEX__ Tell search engines not to index the page (i.e. do not list in search engines' results). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow MediaWiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "মূল শিৰোনামলৈ থকা যিকোনো পুনঃনিৰ্দেশনা নবীকৰণ কৰক" (which requires $wgFixDoubleRedirects ).
From Extensions
Extension Word Description Versions
GlobalUserPage __NOGLOBAL__ Disables the global user page. If present on the central user page, will prevent it from being displayed on remote wikis, and it also determines whether a link to a user page on remote wiki should be red or blue.
Disambiguator __DISAMBIG__ Identifies a disambiguation page.
Wikibase __EXPECTED_UNCONNECTED_PAGE__ Some wiki pages do not merit a Wikidata item, such as discussion archives, template subpages, etc. To prevent a wiki page from being listed in Special:UnconnectedPages, use this magic word anywhere on the page. Pages that don't meet Wikidata's notability criteria should not receive a Wikidata item.


Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

দিৱস আৰু সময়

The following variables return the current date and time in UTC.

Due to MediaWiki and browser caching, these variables frequently show when the page was cached rather than the current time.

The use of those variables cause pages to be cached for a more limited number of seconds. This is configured in MagicWordFactory.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{CURRENTYEAR}} ২০২২ বছৰ
{{CURRENTMONTH}} ০৫ মাহ (শুন্যযুক্ত নম্বৰ)
{{CURRENTMONTH1}} মাহ (শুন্যবিহীন নম্বৰ)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} May মাহ (নাম)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} মে' মাহ (জেনিটিভ ফৰ্ম)
{{CURRENTDAY}} ১৮ মাহৰ দিন (unpadded number)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} ১৮ মাহৰ দিন (zero-padded number)
{{CURRENTDOW}} সপ্তাহৰ দিন (unpadded number), ০ (দেওবাৰৰ বাবে) আনহাতে ৬ (শণিবাৰৰ বাবে)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} বুধবাৰ সপ্তাহৰ দিন (নাম)
{{CURRENTTIME}} ২০:৪৮ সময় (২৪-ঘণ্টা HH:mm ফৰমেটত)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} ২০ বজা (২৪-ঘণ্টা আগফালে শুণ্য নথকা)
{{CURRENTWEEK}} ২০ সপ্তাহ (সংখ্যা)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20220518204804 YYYYMMDDHHmmss সময়মোহৰ
{{CURRENTDATE}} is not a magic word but it might be a template.

The following variables do the same as the preceding ones but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}

For more thorough time formatting, or to output the current year and week with better compliance with ISO-8601, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

Technical metadata

Variable Output Description Versions
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki ৱিকিৰ ছাইট নাম ($wgSitename)।
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org ড'মিন ইউআৰএল ($wgServer)।
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org ছাবড'মিন আৰু ড'মিন নাম (সংস্কৰণ ১.১৭ মতে $wgServerNameৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰশীল নহয়)।


ৱিকিৰ ডিফল্ট ভাষাৰ দিশ (‎ বাঁও-পৰা-সোঁ ৱিকি, ‏ সোঁ-পৰা-বাঁও ৱিকি)ৰ লগত মিলা এটা ইউনিক'ড দিশ চিহ্নৰ ফলাফল দিয়ে, বহু দিশযুক্ত পাঠৰ ক্ষেত্ৰত উপকাৰী। 1.19ৰ পৰা, ই পৃষ্ঠাৰ ভাষাৰ ওপৰত নিৰ্ভৰশীল।
{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w সম্পৰ্কীয় স্ক্ৰিপ্ট পথ ($wgScriptPath)।
{{STYLEPATH}} /w/skins Relative style path ($wgStylePath).
{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.39.0-wmf.12 (036b6a4) ৱিকিৰ মিডিয়াৱিকি সংস্কৰণ।




ৱিকিৰ ডিফল্ট ইণ্টাৰফেচ ভাষা ($wgLanguageCode)।
{{PAGEID}} 510415 Returns the page identifier.
Gerrit change 9858
Returns the language of the current page. The language code that this variable returns can be converted to a language name using {{#language:...}}.
Gerrit change 330982

<translate><!--T:1--> Translated unit. Language: <tvar name=lang>{{TRANSLATIONLANGUAGE}}</tvar>.</translate>

<translate><!--T:2--> Untranslated unit. Language: <tvar name=lang>{{TRANSLATIONLANGUAGE}}</tvar>.</translate>

Translated unit. Language: en.

Not translated unit. Language: en.

Must be used in a translated page, inside ‎<translate> tags. Returns the language code of the current translation unit. In a translation page, if the unit has been translated, then it returns translation language. Else, it returns source language. The language code that this variable returns can be converted to a language name using {{#language:...}}. Should only be used by translation admins.
Gerrit change 603472
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action}} Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the current page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
{{PROTECTIONEXPIRY:action}} Outputs the protection expiry (e.g. "20160418155030", "infinity") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the current page. Returns "infinity" if not protected.
Gerrit change 255717
{{CASCADINGSOURCES}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the current page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
Latest revision to current page
{{REVISIONID}} - Unique revision ID. It is empty in preview, thus one can show an error message only in preview. May be disabled in miser mode.
{{REVISIONDAY}} 15 Day edit was made (unpadded number).
{{REVISIONDAY2}} 15 Day edit was made (zero-padded number).
{{REVISIONMONTH}} 05 Month edit was made (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 5 Month edit was made (unpadded number).
{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2022 Year edit was made.
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20220515112004 Timestamp as of time of edit.
{{REVISIONUSER}} FuzzyBot The username of the user who made the most recent edit to the page, or the current user when previewing an edit.
{{REVISIONSIZE}} 100036 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
Gerrit change 82650
Affects page content
Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes to certain parts of the title (not all) and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.

It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple displaytitles are used on one page or to make this displaytitle do nothing if a displaytitle was already specified earlier in the page.

Gerrit change 144870

(for noerror and noreplace)

Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith, John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.

(for noerror and noreplace)


Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas, dots or spaces, depending on the local language) but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → ১২,৮২,৯৩০ and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 1282930).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Variable Output Description Versions
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} ১২,৮২,৯৩০ ৱিকি পৃষ্ঠাৰ সংখ্যা।
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} ৫১,৬৬৩ लेख म्हणून पात्र ठरलेल्या सामग्री नेमस्पेसेस मधील पृष्ठांची संख्या. See Manual:$wgArticleCountMethod for details.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} ২,৮২৯ আপল'ড কৰা সমলৰ সংখ্যা।
{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} ৫১,১১,৬১২ ৱিকি সম্পাদনাৰ সংখ্যা।
{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} পৃষ্ঠা দৰ্শনৰ সংখ্যা। caching ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা ৱিকিত সাধাৰণতে ইয়াৰ কাম নাই। Gerrit change 150699ত আঁতৰ কৰা
1.14 – 1.24
{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} ১,৭৬,২০,৭৫৫ পঞ্জীকৃত সদস্যৰ সংখ্যা।
{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} ১৫১ "sysop" গোট ত থকা সদস্যৰ সংখ্যা।
{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} ১,০৭২ সক্ৰিয় সদস্যৰ সংখ্যা, Special:Statisticsত ব্যবহৃত বৈশিষ্টৰ ভিত্তিত।
[Expensive] কোনো শ্ৰেণীত থকা পৃষ্ঠাৰ সংখ্যা (উপশ্ৰেণী আৰু সমলকো সাঙুৰি)। (উদাহৰণৰ বাবে Category:Help ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হৈছে)


Respectively, the number of

  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category. (Category:Help used for demonstration)

Gerrit change 12790
Number of users in a specific group . ({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used for demonstration)
Not enabled [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions .

Page names

Variable For current page Description Versions
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/as Namespace and full page title (including all subpage levels).
{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/as Full page title (including all subpage levels) without the namespace.
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Page title of the page in the immediately superior subpage level without the namespace. Would return Title/Foo on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.
{{ROOTPAGENAME}} Magic words Name of the root of the current page. Would return Title on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.
{{SUBPAGENAME}} as The subpage title. Would return Bar on page Help:Title/Foo/Bar.

If no subpage exists the value of {{PAGENAME}} is returned.

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

Help:Magic words/as
Help:Magic words/as
Full page name of the associated subject (e.g. article or file). Useful on talk pages.
{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/as Full page name of the associated talk page.

None of these are affected by changes to the display title using {{DISPLAYTITLE:xxxx}}; the values returned are the original page title.

The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}} → Main Page
  Warning: If the page title contains any parts that are "." or "..", the magic word returns nothing.
{{PAGENAME:one/./three}} → . Nothing is returned.
  Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs T16779, T18474, T37628, T37746. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):


Note that {{PAGENAME:...}}, {{PAGENAMEE:...}} and {{urlencode:...}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.


Variable Output Description Versions
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Name of the page's namespace
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
Gerrit change 4056
Name of the associated content namespace
{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Name of the associated talk namespace

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (spaces replaced with underscores and some characters percent-encoded):


As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACENUMBER:MediaWiki}}0
  • {{NAMESPACE:MediaWiki}} (Pages in main space will return empty)
  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{ARTICLESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)


Variable Output Description Versions
{{!}} | Used to include a pipe character as part of a template argument or table cell contents. Before this was added as a magic word, many wikis implemented this by creating Template:! with | as the content.

See Help:Extension:ParserFunctions#Escaping pipe characters in tables for further explanation.

Gerrit change 136234

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the Extension:ParserFunctions . For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions .

অন্য পৃষ্ঠাৰ বাবে কাৰীকৰি মেটাডাটা

পাৰজাৰ ফাংচন ফলাফল
(মিডিয়াৱিকি পৃষ্ঠাৰ বাবে)
বিৱৰণ সংস্কৰণ
{{PAGEID: পৃষ্ঠাৰ নাম }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{PAGESIZE:page name}}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | page name}} sysop [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
{{PROTECTIONEXPIRY: action | page name}} infinity [Expensive] Outputs the protection expiry (e.g. "20160418155030", "infinity") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns "infinity" if not protected.
Gerrit change 255717
{{CASCADINGSOURCES: page name}} [Expensive] Returns the sources of any cascading protection acting on the specified page. Pages will not return their own title unless they transclude themselves.
Gerrit change 104999
{{REVISIONID: page name }} 3878227 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY: page name }} 26 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONDAY2: page name }} 26 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH: page name }} 05 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONMONTH1: page name }} 5 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONYEAR: page name }} 2020 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: page name }} 20200526133817 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
{{REVISIONUSER: page name }} Shirayuki [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
Gerrit change 76534
  • When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.

URL data

Parser function Input → Output Description Versions
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name
→ /wiki/MediaWiki
→ /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name

{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}
→ //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title, which depends on the $wgServer configuration setting for the local wiki (and so may or may not start with http(s)://). This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name

{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
→ //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

The parameter nowiki usually removes the link around the filepath (which can't be seen in this example).

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.

{{urlencode:string}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} or
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}}
→ x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}}
→ x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions
 none + 
 WIKI _ 


{{anchorencode:string}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}}
→ x_y_z_á_é
The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).


{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Usage Output Usage Output
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media {{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
(no talk page)
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.


Usage Input → Output Description Version

{{formatnum:unformatted number}}
{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → ৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
    • {{formatnum:৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১|R}}
      → 987654321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → ০০,০০১
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
      → ৯৮৭৬৫৪৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
    • Examples with Bangla locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → ৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → ৯৮৭৬৫৪৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১
      • {{formatnum:৯৮,৭৬,৫৪,৩২১.৬৫৪৩২১ |R}}
        → 987654321.654321

→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)

Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (Arabic, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers which are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.

  Warning: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

  Warning: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted). Be aware that this is more a hack than a regular way to proceed, thus the output may be not reliable.




{{#dateformat:25 dec 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 dec 2009 (your pref), 2009 Dec 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
ডিচেম্বৰ 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)

Note: In the examples above, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.
  Warning: Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).


{{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center The lowercase input.


{{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center The input with the very first character lowercase.


{{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM The uppercase input.


{{ucfirst:text tRAnSFORM}} → Text tRAnSFORM The input with the very first character uppercase.


{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz

{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz
{{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)

Inserts a string of padding characters (character chosen in third parameter; default "0") of a specified length (second parameter) next to a chosen base character or variable (first parameter). The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; i.e. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044. The padding string may be truncated if its length does not evenly divide the required number of characters.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15, all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.




{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__
{{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab
{{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Identical to padleft but adds padding characters to the right side.



Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Extension:Translate .

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Usage Input → Output Description Version
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → are
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
{{plural:-1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:-2|is|are}} → are
{{plural:0.5|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1.5|is|are}} → are
{{plural:-0.5|is|are}} → are
{{plural:-1.5|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории

{{PLURAL:3|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страницы|страниц}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the absolute value of the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7, 8, …, 18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
{{gender:username|text for every gender}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender)

A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.
Note: The first example is basically a no-op
Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined their gender, then text if user is male is returned.
A blank username field ({{gender:|) means the current user, but can be used only in interface messages (MediaWiki namespace).
A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: frja)

Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see the Transclusion modifiers section. Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see T16404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.

Transclusion modifiers

{{Page name|optional params}} usually transcludes another page, by default from the Template:namespace. These magic words modify that behavior.


For parser function #invoke, see w:Wikipedia:Lua#Running a module.