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Manlibro:Etendaĵoj

This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Extensions and the translation is 34% complete.
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Development Tag extensions Manlibro:Sintaksanalizilaj funkcioj Hooks Special pages Manlibro:Etosoj Manlibro:Magiaj vortoj API Content models

Etendaĵoj ebligas agordadon de la aspekto kaj funkcioj de MediaVikio.

While some extensions are maintained by MediaWiki developers, others were written by third-party developers. As a result, many have bugs, and they are not all guaranteed to be compatible with each other. Some are unmaintained; not all extensions work on all versions of MediaWiki. Use any extension, especially those tagged as insecure, at your own risk. If you are using an extension that requires patches to the core software, be sure to backup your database. This helps avoid the risk of breaking your wiki.

Tipoj de etendaĵoj

  Sintaksanalizilaj etikeoj

Parser tags extend the built-in wiki markup with additional capabilities, whether simple string processing, or full-blown information retrieval.


Lernu plu pri sintaksanalizilaj etikedoj

  Sintaksanalizilaj funkcioj

Parser functions are special wiki markup syntax that can 'interact' with other wiki elements in the page, and give a specific output.


Lernu plu pri sintaksanalizilaj funkcioj

  Hokoj

Hooks allow custom code to be executed when some defined event (such as saving a page or a user logging in) occurs.


Lernu plu pri hokoj

  Specialaj paĝoj

Special pages are pages that are created by the software on demand to perform a specific function.


Lernu plu pri specialaj paĝoj

  Etosoj

Skins allow users to customize the look and feel of MediaWiki.


Lernu plu pri etosoj

  Magiaj vortoj

Magic words are a technique for mapping a variety of wiki text strings to a single ID that is associated with a function.


Lernu plu pri magiaj vortoj

  API

MediaWiki provides an action API, a web service that allows access to some wiki-features like authentication, page operations, and search.


Lernu plu pri la API de MediaVikio

  Paĝaj enhavmodeloj

The ContentHandler introduced in MediaWiki 1.21 makes it possible for wiki pages to be composed of data other than wikitext, such as JSON or Markdown.


Lernu plu pri enhavmodeloj

  Aŭtentokontrolo

MediaWiki provides SessionManager and AuthManager, two authentication-related frameworks to enhance security via custom authentication mechanisms.


Lernu plu pri aŭtentokontrolo

Browsing extensions

You can browse Category:Extensions by category to see the full range of extensions that have already been written. For information on installing these extensions or writing your own, see below.

Checking installed extensions

Only someone with administration access to the filesystem (and often the database too) on a server can install extensions for MediaWiki, but anyone can check which extensions are active on an instance of MediaWiki by accessing the Special:Version page. Ekzemple, ĉi tiuj etendaĵoj estas aktivaj en la anglalingva Vikipedio.

Instali etendaĵon

MediaWiki is ready to accept extensions just after installation is finished. To add an extension follow these steps:

  1. Antaŭkomence
    Many extensions provide instructions designed for installation using unix commands. You require shell access (SSH) to enter these commands listed on the extension help pages.
  2. Elŝutu vian etendaĵon.
    Extension Distributor helps you to select and download most of the popular extensions.
    Extensions are usually distributed as modular packages. They generally go in their own subdirectory of $IP /extensions/. A list of extensions stored in the Wikimedia Git repository is located at git:mediawiki/extensions. Some extensions don't use version control and are not recommended.
    Some extensions are also available in bundles, composer or package repositories.
  3. Instalu vian etendaĵon..
    At the end of the LocalSettings.php file, add:
    wfLoadExtension( 'ExtensionName' );
    
    This line forces the PHP interpreter to read the extension file, and thereby make it accessible to MediaWiki.
    Some extensions can conflict with maintenance scripts, for example if they directly access $_SERVER (not recommended).
    In this case they can be wrapped in the conditional so maintenance scripts can still run.
if ( !$wgCommandLineMode ) {
   wfLoadExtension ( 'ExtensionName' );
}
The maintenance script importDump.php will fail for any extension which requires customized namespaces which is included inside the conditional above such as Extension:Semantic MediaWiki , Extension:Semantic Forms .
Ensure that required permissions are set for extensions!
While this installation procedure is sufficient for most extensions, some require a different installation procedure. Check your extension's documentation for details.
If you want to alter configuration variables in LocalSettings.php, you have to do this typically after including the extension. Otherwise defaults defined in the extension will overwrite your settings.

Ĝisdatigi etendaĵon

Some extensions require to be updated whenever you update MediaWiki, while others work with multiple versions. To upgrade to a new version of an extension:

  1. Download the new version of the extension
  2. Replace all the extension files in the extension/ExtensionName directory with the new files. Do not remove the extension configuration present in LocalSettings.php
  3. If the extension requires changes to the MediaWiki database, you will need to run the Update.php maintenance script. Most extensions will mention if this script needs to be run or not. (Perform backup of your data before executing the script). If you don't have command line access, you can also use the web updater.
These instructions cover 99% of extensions. If the specific extension you are upgrading has instructions that differ from these, you should probably follow the specific extension's instructions

Malinstali etendaĵon

Remove the line from LocalSettings.php with the extension name to uninstall it:

wfLoadExtension( 'ExtensionName' );
  • You must remove any lines pertaining to the configuration of the extension.
  • If the extension provides any database changes, you must run update.php to remove them.

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