Extensions FAQ

MediaWiki extensions

Where can I find a list of installed extensions? edit

The Special:Version page on each wiki contains a list of extensions that have registered themselves with the MediaWiki software. All extensions can be installed without showing up on Special:Version, if the developer does not include the correct code to list it there.

How do I enable an extension? edit

For most extensions, copy the extension PHP file (or directory) to your extensions/ folder and add the following statement to your LocalSettings.php , with ExtensionName being the filename of your extension, such as MyExtension.php.

require_once "extensions/ExtensionName/ExtensionName.php";

Since 1.25 (2015), there is a new way of installing extensions, which works with extensions that support extension registration. The equivalent for the extension above would be:


Some extensions, however, have additional steps and/or different installation procedures. Some extensions will contain a text-file named README (sometimes INSTALL) that will have more detailed information about that extension.

See also: Manual:Extensions#Installing an extension

How do I write my own extension? edit

See Manual:Developing extensions .

How do I disable caching for pages using my extension? edit

If you're writing e.g. special page:

global $wgOut;

For parser tag hooks:

function wfSomeHookFunction( $parser, $foo, $bar ) {

In case your extension output is only dependent on some option or user context and not time, you can still let it get cached by the parser cache but make sure it's marked as one output variant (of many possible). Use the PageRenderingHash hook to influence the cache hash accordingly.

{{note|1=In older versions of MediaWiki, you would use $parser->disableCache() to disable caching, but this was deprecated in MW 1.28 and removed altogether in MW 1.35.)

How do I render wikitext in my extension? edit

Special pages edit

When rendering output that will not be subject to parser cache, such as on a special page

global $wgOut;
$wgOut->parse( $text );

where $text is the wikitext to be parsed.

Parser hooks edit

See Manual:Tag extensions#How do I render wikitext in my extension?

How do I enable searching in my extension's output (dynamic content)? edit

You can't. Dynamic content can not be included in a static index.

How can I avoid modification of my extension's HTML output? edit

See Manual:Tag extensions#How can I avoid modification of my extension's HTML output?

How can I pass XML-style parameters in my extension tag? edit

See Manual:Tag extensions#How can I pass XML-style parameters in my extension tag?

Extensions and Templates edit

See Manual:Tag extensions#Extensions and Templates

"NaodW..." or "UNIQ..." edit

Your extension (or another one installed) might be using parse() function instead of recursiveTagParse(). Then change it to recursiveTagParse (using the parser given in parameter or $wgParser).

How can I determine in my extension, if an article is protected or not? edit

Use the Title class and the isProtected( ) method, e.g.

function extensionFunction() {
   # Assume $title is the title object
   if( $title->isProtected( 'edit' ) ) {
      # Protected from editing, do things
   } else {
      # Not protected from editing

What permissions do I apply to the extensions folder? edit

All the scripts in the /wiki structure need to be readable and executable by the user that PHP runs as. All perms are usually 755 and owner/group being a different user. The LocalSettings.php file is created by the script on setup and so will be an example to set the rest by.

How do I get my extension to show up on Special:Version? edit

See Manual:Developing extensions#Registering features with MediaWiki