Help:Namnrymder

This page is a translated version of the page Help:Namespaces and the translation is 51% complete.
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Sidor i en MediaWiki-wiki sorteras i grupper som kallas för namnrymder som skiljer sig åt i sidans uppförande på en hög nivå. Sidor i vissa namnrymder kan också ha särskilda egenskaper eller bete sig olika när de samverkar med andra sidor.

Namnrymder indikeras i sidans titel med prefixet <namnrymd>:, så att prefixet Help: i sidans titel (Help:Namespaces/sv) indikerar att sidan ligger i namnrymden "Help". Varje namnrymd indentifieras av ett nummer och ett namn, som kan översättas och kan också ha några alias.

En sida vars titel inte inleds av av en namnrymd ligger i huvudnamnrymden. Notera däremot att kolon och prefix också kan förekomma i sidtitlar utan att vara en namnrymd: sidan Foo:Namespaces/sv är en sida som ligger i huvudnamnrymden för att namnrymden "Foo" finns inte. På liknande sätt ligger sidan Help:Foo:Namespaces/sv i namnrymden "Help".

Standardnamnrymder

Standardinstalleringen av MediaWiki innehåller sexton namnrymder som kan innehålla användargenererat innehåll; det finns också två specialnamnrymder som innehåller sidor skapade i farten av MediaWikis programvara. Standardnamnrymderna organiseras i par, vardera innehåller en subjektsnamnrymd och en diskussionsnamnrymd. Namnrymderna numreras från noll så att alla subjektsnamnrymder har jämna register och alla diskussionsnamnrymder har ojämna register.

Media

Den här namnrymden används för att direkt länka till mediefiler: länken [[Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]] länkar bara till bilden snarare en bildens beskrivningssida, som skulle vara [[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]].

Special

This namespace is used to group special pages, reports and interfaces that are generated “on demand” by MediaWiki and that are not directly editable. It is not possible to create pages in this namespace except by modifying or extending the MediaWiki software.

(Huvudnamnrymden)

The namespace that has no prefix separated by a colon. Commonly called the “main namespace” or “mainspace”. This namespace typically contains the bulk of the content pages in a wiki. This namespace generally has no special properties.

Diskussion

The “Talk” namespace is the discussion namespace attached to the mainspace. It has no special properties.

Användare

Each user has a corresponding page in the “User” namespace, which is linked to from edit histories, watchlists, recent changes, etc; wherever an individual user is uniquely identified.

This page, and subpages of it, can be used by users to record information about themselves or to test and draft new content. Pages of the form User:UserName/Foo.js or User:UserName/Foo.css can only be edited by the user themselves or by interface administrators (or administrators before MediaWiki 1.32).

Användardiskussion

This namespace is the talkspace associated with the “User” namespace. Pages in this namespace are mainly used to leave messages for particular users or inform them of discussions that may be of interest to them. To facilitate this, when a page User talk:UserName is edited, whenever the user UserName loads a page, a notice is displayed at the top of the page informing them of the edit:

This notice continues to appear until the user loads their user talk page to read the message.


  Tips till wiki-administratörer: Extensions like Echo may override this behavior.

Projekt

This namespace is normally used for meta-discussions related to the operation and development of the wiki. It automatically redirects the user to a namespace labeled after the wiki's name, example: [[Project:Licenses]] → [[Wikipedia:Licenses]].

Projektdiskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated project pages. It has no special properties.

Fil

 

The “File” namespace is used to store metadata for images, videos, sound files and other media accessed via the “Media” namespace. Each file has a corresponding page in the “File” namespace, which is often used to hold licensing data. Linking directly to a page in this namespace instead includes the media file inline in the page: [[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|right]] produces the image to the right. See Help:Bilder for more details of this link syntax.

To create an internal link to the file page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|right]] produces File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg. The standard MediaWiki installation has alias “Image” for “File” namespace – See Namespace aliases.

For linking media files directly, bypassing the description page, see Media namespace.

Fildiskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated media files. It has no special properties.

MediaWiki

The “MediaWiki” namespace is used to hold system messages and other important content. For instance, the page MediaWiki:Edit (or MediaWiki:Vector-view-edit in the default “Vector” skin) contains the text that fills the “Redigera” tab at the top of every page. If that page exists, it overrides the default content, which is “Edit.” Similarly, MediaWiki:Common.css is the system message that holds the CSS code that is loaded for all users for each page. It has the special property that the entire namespace can only be edited by users with the (editinterface) user right. Since MediaWiki 1.32, JavaScript and CSS pages needs also editinterface and (respectively) editsitejs or editsitecss rights to edit.


MediaWiki-diskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated system messages. It has no special properties.

Mall

The “Template” namespace is used to hold templates, blocks of text or wikicode that are intended to be transcluded into several other pages. To facilitate this it has the special property that it is the default namespace for transclusions: the wikicode {{Foo}} is equivalent to {{Template:Foo}}.

Malldiskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated template pages. It has no special properties.

Hjälp

The “Help” namespace is usually used to hold help files, instructions and “how-to” guides. It has no special properties. See Help namespace content.

Hjälpdiskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated help pages. It has no special properties.

Kategori

The “Category” namespace contains categories, dynamic lists of other pages. To facilitate this, linking directly to a category page does not output an inline link, but instead includes the page into the associated category page. So the code [[Category:Help]] causes a category link to appear at the bottom of the page (at the bottom in the box marked “Kategorier”). Clicking on that link takes you to the category page, where this page is visible in the category list.

To create an inline link to a category page, you need to add a colon to the front of the namespace: [[:Category:Help]] produces Category:Help. See Help:Kategorier for more details on category link syntax.

Kategoridiskussion

This is a talk namespace that is normally used for discussions related to the associated category pages. It has no special properties.

Lokalisering

Namnrymders namn och alias kan lokaliseras av utvecklare. To request the localization of namespace names, please file a MediaWiki internationalization task at Phabricator . In the description of the task, you should provide translations of all the namespaces in the table to the right, as well as any additional namespaces on your wiki (such as "Module" or "Gadget").

If the site's language is Chinese, then namespace names are translated only when the content is converted and there is no __NOTITLECONVERT__ or __NOTC__ magic words on a page.

Döpa om namnrymder

Number Kanoniskt namn Lokalt namn
-2 Media Media
-1 Special Special
0 (Main)
1 Talk Diskussion
2 User Användare
3 User talk Användardiskussion
4 Project Projekt
5 Project talk Projektsdiskussion
6 File Fil
7 File talk Fildiskussion
8 MediaWiki MediaWiki
9 MediaWiki talk MediaWiki-diskussion
10 Template Mall
11 Template talk Malldiskussion
12 Help Hjälp
13 Help talk Hjälpdiskussion
14 Category Kategori
15 Category talk Kategoridiskussion

Namespace names can be translated into languages other than English and individual namespaces can be renamed, as set by a wiki's system admins (using Namespace manager). These names are known as the 'localized' namespace names. However, all namespaces have a 'canonical name', the original English name which will work on any installation of MediaWiki. So linking to User:Foo will always locate the user page for the user foo, whether the wiki is in French (where the localized name would be Utilisateur:Foo), Russian (Участник:Foo), or Hindi (सदस्य:Foo).

The canonical namespace names are given in the table to the right along with their localized names on this wiki.

Namespace aliases

On some wikis there are also namespace aliases: alternative names that will also be resolved to the localised names. For instance, a wiki might define "T" as an alias for Template, such that typing T:Foo is equivalent to Template:Foo, saving a few characters and seconds. An actual example would be on the English Wikipedia, where "WP" is an alias for Project, which is the namespace "Wikipedia".

By default, "Image" is an alias for File, so [[Image:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]] is equivalent to [[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]].

Custom namespaces

See Manual:Using custom namespaces for more information.

Some wikis may wish to organize their content in ways that do not fit into this standard set of namespaces. A wiki may define additional namespaces to facilitate this; these namespaces behave exactly like normal namespaces, and generally have indices greater than or equal to 100. These custom namespaces generally have no special properties.

Identifiera namnrymder

Det finns ett antal sätt som namnrymder av en särskilt sida kan identifieras:

Magiska ord

Det magiska ordet {{NAMESPACE}} returnerar värdet av namnrymden sidan ligger i.

För att referera till en annan namnrymd, använd {{ns:<name>}} (t.ex. {{ns:Project}}), eller {{SUBJECTSPACE}} / {{TALKSPACE}} för att referera till namnrymden som paras med den nuvarande.

JavaScript

JavaScript-variabeln wgCanonicalNamespace innehåller namnrymdens fulla namn. Variabeln wgNamespaceNumber innehåller en numerisk förteckning över namnrymden.

CSS

The ‎<body> tag of the HTML page output is given two CSS classes that vary by namespace: A class ns-#, where # is the index of the namespace, and ns-XXX, where XXX is "subject" for all subject namespaces , "special" for pages in the Special namespace, and "talk" for talk namespaces . So CSS code such as the following can be used to change the appearance of an object based on its namespace:

.ns-subject a {   /* Almost all links on subject pages to be green. */
    color: #0f0;
}
.ns-talk a {      /* Links on talk pages to be blue. */
    color: #00f;
}
.ns-3 a {         /* and links on user talk pages to be red */
    color: #f00;
}

You can get a complete list of all namespace names of a MediaWiki installation from the Search results page Advanced tab, or from any recent changes page such as contributions or watchlist in its options box, in a drop-down list. For the system properties of each namespace, use the MediaWiki API :

API


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