This page is a translated version of the page Help:Structured Discussions/One page and the translation is 100% complete.


提示:结构式讨论以前被称为“Flow”。 一些工具和过程还在使用原来的名字。

Wikimedia Foundation wikis

Structured Discussions is only enabled on some Wikimedia wikis. Some of those wikis have it available as a Beta feature for all users. It will not be installed on any more Wikimedia wikis.

Other wikis


扩展:结构式讨论 了解更多


Sysops on wikis that have Structured Discussions installed have the right to create, move and delete Structured Discussions boards.

To activate flow, go to Special:EnableStructuredDiscussions on your wiki. Type the name of the page on the first form. The second textarea allows you to pre-fill the Board Description.

This performs the following tasks:

  • 将您之前的wikitext讨论页存档到一个子页面;
  • 在你的讨论页上创建一个结构式讨论版块。
  • 在新结构式讨论页的“关于此版块”(页面右侧的栏)里添加wikitext子页面的链接;



Page moves are done like any other page.

Deletion of a Structured Discussion Board is done like any other page. However, if you want to archive the Board, move it to a sub-page instead.


On some wikis there was previously a Beta feature that allowed users to enable Structured Discussions on their talk page. This Beta feature is no longer supported, but users who once had it enabled can deactivate it.

当您停用结构式讨论时,“Flow talk page manager”会执行以下操作:

  • 创建一个新的空白wikitext讨论页;
  • 将结构化讨论记录存档到一个子页面。 This archived page is at the following address: User talk:USERNAME/Structured_Discussions_Archive_1 .

A maintenance script exists that copies the content of a Structured Discussions board to a wikitext page.

If you need any assistance when deactivating your page, please contact us.

Probably in 2024, all Structured Discussions pages will be deactivated and converted.

Rename, delete, restore

如果您想重命名、删除或恢复一个结构式讨论的版块,请参见the Administration page






結構式討論跟隨MediaWiki的軟體相容性。如果您的瀏覽器不在“Grade A”瀏覽器名單中,結構式討論可能不為您工作。無論如何,基於安全原因,我們總是推薦您有一個與時俱進的瀏覽器。







  • 如果你在维基媒体基金会的Wiki,你可以试一试用全域账户或其他的Wiki能否使用結構式討論。检查結構式討論可用的Wiki列表并在那里尝试結構式討論。如果使用全域脚本(在你的global.js)的选项或许与之有关。
  • 创建一个新的账号以测试。不要启用过多的小工具或脚本。然后试着使用結構式討論。
  • 清空您的缓存,并尝试在結構式討論版上发布消息
  • 检查损坏的脚本


You can identify which gadget or script is not compatible by locating it. When you have found the problematic script or gadget, please contact script/gadget's author, your local script/gadget project or the administrators.

If you still have a problem, unselect all gadgets and clear all scripts from your account, save the changes, clear your cache. Then re-enable all gadgets and scripts.

If then you still have a problem, please contact the Growth team.

It is not possible to use Search to find Structured Discussions topics and contents

Special:Search page does not includes Structured Discussions topics.


Filter topics

Location of the filtering menu on a Chinese wiki.

On top of a Board is an option to filter topics.

  • "最新话题" will show you topics stored by when they have been created.
  • "最近活跃的话题" will show you topics as they have been updated, most recent first. Resolve a topic updates it.


The three-dots menu allows you to access many options: edit the topic title, the summary, resolve... (here in French).

Editing, like many other actions is accessible through the three-dots menu.

Autoconfirmed users can edit any message, to fix problems or look at the wikitext.

When a message is edited, a new entry is added to the History page. The username of the last editor who changes the message is displayed below the message itself, on the timestamp. To see the differences between the edits, click on the timestamp.

When you edit a message, all basic editing applies.

The title itself can also be edited. In the ... menu next to the topic's title, select "Edit title".

The topic title only allows wikitext markup allowed by the edit summary.[1]


Summarizing a topic will help people to understand what happened in the Topic. It can be done anytime: during the conversation to summarize what happened, or at the end after a decision is made. Summarizing the topic will be suggested when you mark a topic as resolved.

You can put links or templates in the Summary (like {{模板:参见 }} or {{模板:Tracked }}). All basic editing applies.

Logged-in users can summarize a Topic.



Resolving a topic hides all answers for that topic, and a check mark is added to the Topic title. Summarizing the topic will be suggested when you mark a topic as resolved. You can expand a resolved Topic by clicking on the Title or on the Summary. You can re-open a Topic anytime, by clicking on the Topic's menu (three dots icon). You need to reopen a topic to do any administrative actions (hide, delete, suppress).

A resolved topic is identified by a grey font color on the table of contents.

Logged-in users can resolve a topic.


If you want to only have a start-a-new-topic page, with nothing else around, use action=new-topic.


You can receive many information about Structured Discussions with the Notifications.

Notifications received

Actions with notifications

Highlight new messages

If you click on a notification for a new message, a blue highlighting will be displayed on the side of all new messages for the given Topic.

Highlight mentions or thanks

If you click on a notification for a mention or a thank on a Structured Discussions board, the message where the mention is has a green highlighting.

Actions from notifications

You can unwatch a topic from notifications. Click on the ... and then on "Stop watching activity".


You can turn off Structured Discussions notifications on your notifications preferences. Your watchlist will be still updated with a new line for every subject on a talk page you watch or a new line when someone answers a Topic you watch.


To watch a specific subject, click on the star on the top of the Topic, near of the title. It turns blue. If it is already blue, you already were watching this topic.

While watching, you will get a notification for every edit to this Topic, and a new line in your watch list.

When you create a Topic, you are auto-subscribed to this Topic.

Watch a Talk page

To watch a whole page, click on the star on the top of the page, near of the search field. It turns blue. If it is already blue, you already were watching this page.

While watching, you get a notification for every new subject posted on this talk page. You will also get a watch list entry.




Like other pages on your wiki, a Board's permalink is the URL displayed on the browser's navigation bar, or, for internal links, the page title. talk:Example and [[User talk:Example]] are both permalinks to the whole board.



If you are on a Board, the Topic's permalink can be found by clicking on the three-dots icon, on the right side. If you are on the Topic itself, then the Topic's permalink is the URL displayed on the browser's navigation bar, or by clicking on the three-dots icon.

Topic links are formatted with a random sequence of characters, their universally unique identifier (UUID). This link does not currently have a hierarchical relationship between the Board and the Topic. Example: Topic:Sojhhtquzbhj3d7q

The UUID enables a Topic's title to be changed, e.g. to make it clearer, without needing to worry about breaking any incoming links. It is also needed by some future features, where a Topic may be displayed on multiple boards, or multiple wikis. A URL using the title was not possible to create, because many topics have similar titles: "Hello", "Thank you", "I need your help", etc. We are studying a way to have more human-readable URLs, which will still include the unique ID.


A Post's permalink is reachable by clicking on the three-dots icon, on the right side of the message itself.

Post links are formatted with a Topic's permalink and an anchor to the Post itself.

示例: Topic:Sojhhtquzbhj3d7q#flow-post-sojhhtr5w6j2go86

In order to highlight a particular topic, some elements may be added by Flow to the URL you will have in your browser address bar. Copying this URL will still work.

Tip: If you include another Post's permalink in your own comment, then any user who clicks on that link will see the post highlighted by a green bar.


All groups of user rights mentioned on this document are the ones defined on

However, configuration varies by wiki, so consult Special:ListGroupRights on the wiki you're interested in.


Posts and topics can be moderated in three different ways: hide, delete and suppress.

Some users can also edit or rename a Topic or a board, or mark a topic as resolved.

The following sections mention "posts", but everything also applies to topics.

It is not possible to carry out these actions when a topic has been "Marked as resolved". You have to reopen it first.


You can edit your own posts. Autoconfirmed users can edit Structured Discussions posts by other users.


By default, any user can hide a post; it uses the flow-hide right.

A hidden post is replaced by a warning message. You can read the hidden post by clicking on the history link on the warning message. You will then access to the history page, where the message is struck through.

Anyone can unhide a post on the history page. If a post is unhidden, it becomes visible by anyone.


By default, any logged in user can mark a topic as resolved, or reopen it (making it no longer resolved).




By default, users in the sysop group can delete posts. When it is done, the post is deleted. Sysops can restore the post on the History page. 這使用flow-delete權限。

Hidden topics that haven't been replied can be successfully deleted using Special:Nuke page.


By default, users in the oversight and suppress groups can suppress posts.

When it is done, the post is oversighted. Oversighters can restore the post on the History page.



Renaming a topic will only change the topic title. It will not move the page from the board.



A user can rename a board if they have the right to create a Structured Discussions board at the destination name.

For example, if the destination is a Structured Discussions namespace, any user can move the board to there.

If a user has the "在任意位置创建结构式讨论版块" (flow-create-board) right, they can create a page working on Structured Discussions in any location; that means they can move a Structured Discussions board to any location.




Deleting a board requires the same privileges as deleting any page. When you delete a board, all topics linked to this board are inaccessible to all users, except sysops (like any deleted page). When you restore a board, all topics are visible again.


Like all pages on a wiki, it is possible to semi-protect or protect a Structured Discussions board. Blocks are also handled normally. If you block a user without selecting the "编辑自己的讨论页" option, that user will still be able to create new topics on their personal talk page.


Structured Discussions board can be moved in the same way as any other page, by visiting Special:MovePage.



  1. 如果Talk:Source存在,將其移動到存檔頁面Talk:Source/Archive(或合適之其他存檔位置)。
  2. 在一般wiki文本命名空間建立重新導向,例如在User:MyUsername/Redirect
    #REDIRECT [[Talk:Destination]]
  3. 移動User:MyUsername/RedirectTalk:Source

You can also use Special:ChangeContentModel to forcibly create a wikitext page in a Structured Discussions-default namespace, and then redirect it.


You can add categories:

  • for a Board, in the board description,
  • for a Topic, in the Summary.

Categories will work like on any other page. They will be displayed at the bottom of the Description sidebar.


It is possible to preload some contents with Structured Discussions. You can create a link with some parameters, and these parameters will preload the Title and the text fields.

To do this, you can use these two parameters on a Structured Discussions Board:

  • topiclist_preloadtitle= - will preload the Title field with the text you add after the =
  • topiclist_preload= - will preload the text field with a page (usually as subpage) that you call after the = (does not works with simple text)


If there is no content on given page, nothing is preloaded.

Current limitations

It is not possible to preload the Summary.

It is not possible to preload Templates.

It is not possible to preload simple text on the message field: topiclist_preload=Hello will not work.

It is not possible to add preloadparams .


  • 请不要翻译参数
  • Use magic words like canonicalurl or urlencode to be sure your link will work with special characters or spaces on your wiki.



The shortcuts shown below are for PC, and may be different on Mac (usually replacing Ctrl with ⌘ Cmd). You can press Ctrl+/ (⌘ Cmd+/ on Mac) from within Structured Discussions to see the latest available shortcuts on your device.

If you have ideas for new useful commands, or have noticed problems with the existing ones, please let us know on the Feedback Page.

Ctrl+B 粗体
Ctrl+I 斜体
Ctrl+K 链接
输入 [[
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+6 代码
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+5 删除线
Ctrl+, 下标
Ctrl+. 上标
Ctrl+U 下划线
Ctrl+M 移除
Ctrl+C 复制
Ctrl+X 剪切
Ctrl+V 粘贴
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+V 粘贴为纯文本
Ctrl+0 段落
Ctrl+7 预排格式
Ctrl+8 引用块
输入 :
Ctrl+1-6 标题(1-6)
输入 == 标题2
Tab ↹ 增加缩进
⇧ Shift+Tab ↹ 减少缩进
输入 *+SPACE 无序列表
输入 #+SPACE 有序列表
输入 1.+SPACE
Ctrl+Z 撤销
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+Z 重做
Ctrl+↵ Enter 保存更改
Ctrl+F 查找和替换
Ctrl+G 查找下一个
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+G 查找上一个
⇧ Shift+F3
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+X 更改书写方向
Ctrl+A 全选
Ctrl+/ 键盘快捷键
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+/
输入 <!-- 注释
输入 <hiero 象形文字
输入 <math 数学公式
输入 <chem 化学式
Ctrl+⇧ Shift+K 参考资料
输入 <ref
输入 <score ⧼score-visualeditor-mwscoreinspector-title⧽
输入 <syntax 代码块
输入 <source
输入 { | 表格
输入 { { 模板