Nápověda:Odkazy

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Na MediaWiki existuje pět typů odkazů:

  1. Interní odkazy na jiné stránky ve wiki
  2. Externí odkazy na jiné webové stránky
  3. Externí odkazy na interní stránky ve wiki
  4. Interwiki odkazy na jiné webové stránky registrované na wiki předem
  5. Interjazykové odkazy na jiné webové stránky registrované jako ostatní jazykové verze wiki

Interní odkazy

Pro přidání interního odkazu vložte jméno cílové stránky ve dvojitých hranatých závorkách. Když editovanou stránku uložíte, uvidíte nový odkaz odkazující na cílovou stránku. Pokud cílová stránka už existuje bude její jméno zobrazené modře, pokud ne, červeně. Je-li cílová stránka totožná s editovanou stránkou, místo odkazu bude text v závorkách zobrazen tučně. (Pokud opravdu potřebujete aby stránka odkazovala sama na sebe, použijte kotvu (viz níže), nebo [[#top|current page]], což vždy odkazuje na začátek zobrazené stránky.)

The first letter of the target page is usually case-insensitive, unless configured otherwise by wiki admins, meaning links can be capitalized or not. The case of every subsequent letter must match exactly. Spaces in the page title may be represented as underscores (i.e., typing an underscore in a link will have the same effect as typing a space), but using underscores in links is not recommended since they will be visible in the page text (this can be prevented by using a pipe; again, examples are shown below).


Popis Napíšete Dostanete
Interní odkaz
[[Main Page]]

[[Help:Contents]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)]]
Main Page

Help:Contents

Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

Piped link
[[Help:Editing pages|editing help]]

[[Help:Editing pages#Preview|previewing]]

See also meta:Help:Piped link

editing help

previewing

Pipe trick
[[Manual:Extensions|]]

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party)|]]

The pipe trick quickly makes shorter link text, but could be confusing in circumstances like the DynamicPageList link examples.

Extensions

John Doe

DynamicPageList

DynamicPageList

Word-ending links
[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere

[[Help]]BUTnotalways

Follows so-called "linktrail rules" localised per each language.

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpalmostanylettersyoulikehere

HelpBUTnotalways

Avoiding word-ending links
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

Přesměrování
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

Viz. také Nápověda:Přesměrování

Main Page
Internal link to an anchor
[[#See also]]

Section headings and the top of the page are automatically anchored.

#See also
Internal link to an anchor from different text
[[#See also|different text]]
different text
Setting an internal link anchor
<div id="Unique anchor name 1">optional text</div>

<span id="Unique anchor name 2">optional text</span>

Rendered block-level and inline, respectively. Omit the "optional text" for an invisible anchor.

optional text

optional text

Setting an anchor in a section heading

==<span id="Alternate Section Title"></span>Section heading==

Note the placement; this must be a "span" tag. (Used to avoid breaking incoming links when a section is retitled.)

Section heading
Internal link to an anchor at another page
[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images
Interní odkaz na diskuzní stránku dané stránky
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

See also Help:Magic words#Page names

Discussion
Interní odkaz na podstránku
[[/example]]

Zkratka pro [[Help:Links/example|/example]]. Viz. také Help:Subpages.

/example
Interní odkaz na podstránku bez lomítka na začátku
[[/example/]]

Shortcut for [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
Interní odkaz na kategorii
[[:Category:Help]]

See also Help:Categories

Category:Help
Interní odkaz na obrázek, nebo jiný soubor
[[:File:example.jpg]]

[[:File:example.jpg|this example]]

[[media:example.jpg]]

See also Help:Images. Note that using the "media:" prefix links directly to the uploaded file.

File:example.jpg

this example

media:example.jpg

Interní odkaz na stránku uživatele
[[Special:MyPage]]
Special:MyPage
Interní odkaz na diskuzní stránku uživatele
[[Special:MyTalk]]
Special:MyTalk

Externí odkazy

To add an external link, enclose the URL followed by space and the name of the page you want to link to in single square brackets. When you save the page, you'll see the new link pointing to your page, with an arrow icon after it to show that it was coded with single bracket external link syntax, and thus may lead to another site.

Popis Napíšete Dostanete
Externí odkaz
https://mediawiki.org

URLs beginning with "http://" and "https://" are automatically linked. To prevent this, see How to avoid auto-links below.

https://mediawiki.org
Externí odkaz s odlišným textem
[https://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
MediaWiki
Očíslovaný externí odkaz
[https://mediawiki.org]
[1]
External links with file icons
[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.avi video]

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.ogg sound]

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.pdf document]

See #External link icons for currently supported icons and extensions.

video

sound

document

Protocol-relative external link
[//en.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]

[//en.wikipedia.org //en.wikipedia.org]

The link will be HTTP or HTTPS depending on the protocol of the current page. This is only supported inside square brackets [ ]. Note that //en.wikipedia.org by itself does not make a link.

Wikipedia

//en.wikipedia.org

External link to the same host
https://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
https://www.mediawiki.org/pagename
External link to other host passing the pagename
https://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}

See also: URL encoded page names, PAGENAMEE encoding

https://google.com/search?q=Links
Mailto link
[mailto:info@example.org email me]
email me
Mailto named with subject line and body
[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
info
Custom URI
[skype:echo123 call me]

Any URI you wish to add needs to be first declared through $wgUrlProtocolsManual:$wgUrlProtocols.

[skype:echo123 call me]

(Disabled on mediawiki.org)

Externí odkazy na interní stránky

Pokud chcete přidat odkaz na stránku na té samé wiki za použití URL query parametrů, budete zřejmě muset použít syntaxi externího odkazu.

Popis Napíšete Dostanete
External link to the current page's edit page
[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

See also Help:Magic_words#URL_data and External links above.

Edit this page

Edit this page

External link to the current page's edit page, and styled to look like an internal link
<span class="plainlinks">[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>

The plainlinks class can be used in cases where you want an external link to look like an internal one, by suppressing the icon that normally appears after it.

Edit this page

External link icons

Some MediaWiki installations are set up to use special icons to denote external links to specific file types or using specific protocols. None of these special icons are enabled here on MediaWiki.org, but we present them here for the sake of completeness.

Test link Icon Trigger
[2]   http://, gopher://, [//]
[3]   https://
[4]   mailto:
[5]   news://
[6]   ftp://
[7]   irc://
[8]   .ogg, .mid, .midi, .mp3, .wav, .wma
[9]   .ogm, .avi, .mpeg, .mpg
[10]   .pdf, .pdf#, .pdf?

Jak se zbavit automatických odkazů

When you put a URL on a wiki page, it will be automatically converted into an external link, like this:

https://mediawiki.org

To avoid that effect, put the URL between <nowiki> tags, like this:

<nowiki>https://mediawiki.org</nowiki>

To get this:

https://mediawiki.org

Odkazy Interwiki

Interwiki links are links with the internal link markup to a website registered in advance. For example, you can link to the article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower by typing [[wikipedia:Sunflower]], which will result in a link wikipedia:Sunflower. This works because by default MediaWiki configures wikipedia: as an "interwiki prefix" that turns into http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ when used inside [[ ]]. (It may not work if the admin of your wiki has changed the setting.) Unlike internal links, interwiki links do not use page existence detection, so an interwiki link will appear blue even if the page does not exist on the remote wiki.

Similar to internal page links, you can create piped links, with alternate link label, e.g. [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] is the link big yellow flower and [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] is the link Sunflower.

Basically, interwiki links are abbreviations for commonly-used longer external links. A very similar link could be created as [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower].

More details are at Manual:Interwiki and m:Help:Interwiki linking. Your wiki may have a Special:Interwiki page listing the interwiki prefixes it supports; here is the default interwiki list. You can edit the Manual:Interwiki table on your site.

Mezijazykové odkazy

If your wiki has other language versions, you may find “interlanguage links” in the sidebar, just below toolbox in a section titled “in other languages.”

Interlanguage links behave similarly to interwiki links (or category links), except that they appear as a list in the sidebar and not within the content of the page (or below it in the categories bar). To create an interlanguage link to the corresponding page in another language, type [[language prefix:pagename]] anywhere in the page (preferably at the bottom, like category links); the language prefix is the prefix specified at your wiki for the other language version (typically the ISO 639-1 language code). The interlanguage link is unilateral, it does not point back from that page in the other language. For that purpose, an equivalent back-link needs to be placed there as well. It does not work like the "Edit links" in the languages section of Wikipedia-language versions. But it can be used across all name spaces, including 'User:' to point to ones other profiles in other languages.

If you want to make the interlanguage link appear at a specific place in the content of the page rather than in the sidebar, add a colon before the language prefix:

[[:en:Sunflower]]en:Sunflower

Pokud je odkaz zároveň mezijazykový a interwiki, musí vypadat nějak takto: wikipedia:en:Sunflower

For more information, see m:Help:Interlanguage link.

Viz též