Bantuan:Pranala

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Outdated translations are marked like this.
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Ada lima jenis pranala hiperteks di MediaWiki:

  1. Pranala internal ke halaman lain di wiki yang sama (biasa disebut "pranala wiki")
  2. Pranala luar ke halaman di situs web lain
  3. Pranala luar ke halaman internal di wiki yang sama
  4. Pranala interwiki ke situs web lain menggunakan prefiks khusus yang sudah didaftarkan
  5. Pranala interbahasa ke wiki lain yang didaftarkan sebagai versi bahasa lain dari wiki yang sekarang

Tolong perhatikan bahwa daftar ini tidak termasuk pranala kategori dan pranala berkas, yang masing-masing digunakan untuk menaruh halaman ke dalam kategori dan menampilkan gambar atau berkas media lain.

Pranala internal

Untuk membuat sebuah pranala internal ke sebuah halaman di wiki yang sama (sebuah "pranala wiki"), guanakn markah wiki tanda kurung siku ganda, [[seperti ini]]. Ketika Anda mempratayang atau menyimpan pengubahan Anda, Anda akan melihat sebuah pranala yang bisa diikuti ke halaman target. Jika halaman tersebut ada pranalanya akan berwarna biru (seperti kata "membuat" dalam kalimat pertama paragraf ini); jika halamannya tidak ada, pranalanya berwarna merah (jadi pranala [[seperti ini]] ditampilkan seperti ini). Perhatikan bahwa warnanya bisa berbeda apabila skema warna dari wiki telah dibuah dari yang standar. Note that the colors could be different if the color scheme of the wiki has been changed from the default. Mengikuti sebuah "pranala merah" ke halaman yang tidak ada (tidak peduli apakah pranalanya sebenarnya merah) biasanya akan membolehkan pengguna membuat halaman tersebut.

Untuk memarkahi string teks manapun (tidak harus sebuah judul halaman) sebagai pranala, gunakan satu karakter "garis vertikal" atau "pipa", seperti ini [[Help:Categories|pranala kategori]] yang menghasilkan pranala kategori.

Huruf pertama dari target pranala biasanya tidak peka kapital (kecuali wikinya diatur agar tidak demikian), jadi pranala bisa dikapitalisasi ataupun tidak (jadi How to contribute dan how to contribute tidak ada bedanya). Namun, kapitalisasi setiap huruf berikutnya harus sama persis dengan halaman target (jadi How to contribute dan How To Contribute tidaklah sama). Spasi dalam judul halaman bisa direpresentasikan sebagai garis bawah (jadi How to contribute dan How_to_contribute tidak dianggap beda), tapi menggunakan garis bawah di pranala membuatnya bisa dilihat di teks halaman (tapi ini bisa dihilangkan menggunakan "pipa").

Jika judul halaman yang Anda tautkan adalah halaman yang sedang Anda sunting, hasilnya bukan merupakan sebuah pranala melainkan teks tebal (contohnya, di halaman ini markah [[Help:Links/id]] menghasilkan Help:Links/id). Jika Anda mencoba membuat pranala wiki ke halaman yang sedang Anda sunting, Anda mungkin ingin mentautkannya ke bagian tertentu atau ke sebuah jangkar dalam halaman tersebut; lihat contoh di bawah.

MediaWiki menggunakan tabel basis data pagelinks untuk melacak pranala internal.

Nama/Deskripsi Sintaks Hasil
Pranala internal
[[Main Page]]

[[Help:Contents]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)]]

Main Page

Help:Contents

Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

Pranala dengan pipa
[[Help:Editing pages|editing help]]

Pranala ke bagian/jangkar di dalam halaman target.

[[Help:Editing pages#Preview|previewing]]

Pranala berpipa ke sebuah jangkar di halaman yang sama

[[#See also|different text]]

Lihat pula meta:Help:Piped link.

editing help

previewing

different text

Pipe trick
[[Manual:Extensions|]]

[[User:John Doe|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)|]]

[[Extension:DynamicPageList (disambiguation)|]]

Perubahan yang dilakukan oleh trik pipa bisa menghasilkan teks yang sama untuk tujuan pranala yang berbeda, seperti yang bisa dilihat di contoh DynamicPageList.

Extensions

John Doe

DynamicPageList

DynamicPageList

Pranala pengakhir kata
[[Help]]s

[[Help]]ing

[[Help]]ers

[[Help]]almostanylettersyoulikehere

[[Help]]BUTnotalways

Mengikuti "aturan linktrail" yang dilokalisasi untuk setiap bahasa.

Helps

Helping

Helpers

Helpalmostanylettersyoulikehere

HelpBUTnotalways

Menghindari pranala pengakhir kata
[[Help]]<nowiki />ful advice

[[wikipedia:GNU General Public License|GPL]]<nowiki />v3

Helpful advice

GPLv3

Pranala ke sebuah jangkar di halaman yang sama
[[#See also]]

Jangkar diberikan secara otomatis ke heading bagian dan ke atas ([[#top]]) halaman.

#See also
Membuat jangkar untuk pranala yang akan datang
<div id="Unique anchor name 1">optional text</div>

<span id="Unique anchor name 2">optional text</span>

Masing-masing ditampilkan block-level dan inline. Melakukan ini memungkinkan [[#Unique anchor name 1]] di halaman yang sama atau [[Help:Links/id#Unique anchor name 1]] di halaman yang berbeda. Jangan tulis "optional text" bila menginginkan jangkar yang tidak terlihat.

Membuat jangkar di heading bagian

==<span id="Alternate Section Title"></span>Section heading==

Perhatikan penempatannya. Ini harus memakai tag "span", bukan "div". (Jangkar seperti ini memungkinkan suatu bagian diganti namanya tanpa merusak pranala yang akan datang.)

optional text

optional text

Section heading
Pranala ke jangkar di halaman lain
[[Help:Images#Supported media types for images]]
Help:Images#Supported media types for images
Pranala ke halaman pembicaraan dari halaman yang sekarang
[[{{TALKPAGENAME}}|Discussion]]

Lihat pula Bantuan:Kata ajaib#Nama halaman

Discussion
Pranala ke subhalaman
[[/example]]

Cara singkat untuk mengetik [[Help:Links/example|/example]]. Lihat pula Bantuan:Subhalaman .

/example
Pranala ke subhalaman tanpa tanda garis miring di depannya
[[/example/]]

Cara singkat untuk mengetik [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example
Pranala ke subhalaman dari halaman induk untuk halaman yang sekarang. Hanya bisa digunakan di subhalaman.
[[../example2]]

Cara singkat untuk mengetik [[Help:Links/example2|example2]] apabila Anda mempos pranalanya di halaman [[Help:Links/example|example]].

example2
Pranala ke halaman kategori yang bisa dilihat
[[:Category:Help]]

Tanpa tanda titik dua di depannya, pranalanya tidak akan terlihat dan halamannya malah akan diletakkan ke dalam kategori; ini adalah kesalahan yang sering terjadi. Lihat pula Bantuan:Kategori .

Category:Help
Pranala ke gambar atau berkas media yang bisa dilihat

File:Example.jpg

file label

Media:Example.jpg

file label

Pranala ke halaman yang berbeda-beda tergantung pembacanya (halaman pengguna, dll.)
[[Special:MyPage]]

[[Special:MyTalk]]

[[Special:Preferences]]

Special:MyPage

Special:MyTalk

Special:Preferences

Pranala internal ke revisi tertentu
[[Special:PermanentLink/2393992]]

Nomor revisi bisa ditemukan di riwayat penyuntingan masing-masing halaman. (Sangat sering dilihat pranala ke revisi tertentu diimplementasikan sebagai pranala luar karena juga mudah menyalin seluruh URL untuk membuat pranala luar.)

Special:PermanentLink/2393992
Pranala internal ke sebuah "beda"
[[Special:Diff/2393992]]

[[Special:Diff/2390639/2393992]]

Secara bawaan (seperti dalam contoh pertama), akan ditampilkan perubahan sejak revisi sebelumnya. Lihat pula komentar dari entri sebelumnya.

Special:Diff/2393992

Special:Diff/2390639/2393992

Pengalihan
#REDIRECT [[Main Page]]

Sebaiknya merupakan baris pertama dan satu-satunya di suatu halaman. Lihat Pengalihan .

  Main Page

Pranala luar

Untuk membuat sebuah pranala luar, biasanya ke laman di situs web lain, kemas URL yang diikuti spasi dan teks pranala menggunakan tanda kurung siku tunggal (lihat contoh di bawah). Ketika Anda menyimpan atau mempratayang halaman, Anda akan melihat pranala yang ditampilkan sedikit berbeda dari pranala internal. Mungkin warnanya yang berbeda dan/atau diikiuti dengan ikon tanda panah untuk menunjukkan bahwa pranalanya mengarah ke situs lain.

Deskripsi Anda mengetik Hasilnya
Pranala luar dengan teks pranala yang ditentukan
[https://mediawiki.org MediaWiki]
MediaWiki
Pranala luar berangka
[https://mediawiki.org]

Ini yang akan terjadi apabila Anda tidak menentukan teks pranalanya. Beberapa pranala jenis ini dalam halaman yang sama akan diberi angka yang berurutan. Multiple links of this type on the same page are numbered sequentially.

[1]
Pranala luar polos
https://mediawiki.org

URL yang diawali dengan "http://" dan "https://" secara otomatis ditautkan, meskipun tidak menggunakan tanda kurung.

https://mediawiki.org
Menghindari URL yang ditautkan secara otomatis
<nowiki>https://mediawiki.org</nowiki>
https://mediawiki.org
Pranala luar relatif-protokol
[//en.wikipedia.org Wikipedia]

[//en.wikipedia.org //en.wikipedia.org]

Pranalanya adalah HTTP atau HTTPS tergantung protokol halaman yang sedang dibaca (bisa jadi berbeda untuk pengguna yang berbeda). Ini hanya didukung di dalam tanda kurung siku [ ]. Menggunakan "//en.wikipedia.org" saja tidak menghasilkan pranala.

Wikipedia

//en.wikipedia.org

Pranala luar ke server yang sekarang
https://{{SERVERNAME}}/pagename
https://www.mediawiki.org/pagename
Pranala luar ke hos lain dengan nama halaman
https://google.com/search?q={{PAGENAMEE}}

Lihat pula: nama halaman yang dikode URL, Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding

https://google.com/search?q=Links
Pranala mailto
[mailto:info@example.org email me]
email me
Mailto dinamakan dengan baris dan tubuh subjek
[mailto:info@example.org?Subject=URL%20Encoded%20Subject&body=Body%20Text info]
info
URI kustom
[skype:echo123 call me]

URI manapun yang Anda ingin tambahkan perlu dideklarasikan terlebih dahulu melalui $wgUrlProtocols . (Contoh ini tidak dinyalakan di MediaWiki.org)

[skype:echo123 call me]

Email links use mailto: before the address. They're written like this: [mailto:anyone@example.org address name] (resulting in address name). If there's no name, the address is automatically numbered, like this: [mailto:anyone@example.org] becomes [2]. Addresses without square brackets won't be linked, e.g., anyone@example.com. You can also add a CC using [mailto:anyone@example.org?cc=anyone2@example.org address name] (resulting in address name). To add a subject, use [mailto:me@me.com?subject=Me] "

Pranala luar ke laman internal

Untuk menambahkan sebuah pranala ke halaman di wiki yang sama menggunakan parameter kueri URL, Anda mungkin perlu menggunakan sintaks pranala luar.

Deskripsi Anda mengetik Hasilnya
Pranala luar ke laman penyuntingan dari halaman yang sekarang
[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]

[{{fullurl:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|action=edit}} Edit this page]

Lihat pula Bantuan:Kata ajaib#Data_URL dan Pranala luar di atas.

Edit this page

Edit this page

Pranala luar ke laman penyuntingan dari halaman yang sekarang, dan ditampilkan menyerupai dengan pranala internal
<span class="plainlinks">[https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Help:Links&action=edit Edit this page]</span>

Kelas plainlinks bisa digunakan dalam kasus di mana Anda ingin membuat pranala luar terlihat seperti pranala internal, dengan menyembunyikan ikon yang biasanya muncul setelahnya.

Edit this page

The arrow icon

Some skins add an arrow icon after each external link by default. However, this can be avoided by using class="plainlinks". For instance:

  • [http://a a] gives a
  • <span class="plainlinks">[http://a a]</span> gives a

Using Linksearch

Special:Linksearch is a built-in tool that helps find pages linked to a specific URL. By using the externallinks table, it generates a comprehensive list of page names where the link originates, along with the complete target link for each source page. You can search in all namespaces or just one. It supports wildcard (*) use, so you can search by top-level domain (e.g. [3]), second-level domain (e.g. [4]), etc. or refine your search by specifying parts of the URL e.g. [5].

Notes:

  • Avoid including "http://".
  • The program might not return any results if there is a colon in the URL.
  • MediaWiki page names in URLs should have underscores instead of spaces. The Linksearch function also requires underscores in URLs.
  • Linksearch is sensitive to capitalization, multiple underscores, and the use of "index.php". It may not find alternative URLs even if they lead to the same target. Therefore, when creating an external link, it's best to use the canonical form of the URL. If the address bar displays a modified URL after following a link, update the URL in the link accordingly for optimal use of Linksearch.
  • The list is sorted by URL, using standard page name order. Note that an underscore, unlike a blank space, is alphabetically positioned between "Z" and "a".

Normally, internal links within a project are easy to spot and useful for finding related pages. But when there's a mix of internal and external links, it can be tricky to track backlinks, it necessitates the use of both "Help:What links here" and "Linksearch". However, for links to specific sections or anchors, it's possible to include both an internal link and, with CSS styling using "display=none" an external link to provide backlink.

External links are better than interwiki links. With Linksearch, you can even find backlinks to specific sections or anchors. So, combining both internal and external links while hiding the external ones "<span style="display:none">http://...</span>", gives us the best of both worlds.

Limitations

  1. External links doesn't support Word-ending links.
  2. External links doesn't count toward Special:WhatLinksHere (What links here).

Pranala interwiki

Pranala interwiki adalah pranala mirip-internal ke situs lain (yang tidak harus merupakan sebuah wiki, meskipun namanya demikian). Contohnya, Anda bisa membuat pranala ke artikel https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower dengan mengetik [[wikipedia:Sunflower]] atau, di wiki ini, [[w:Sunflower]]. Keduanya akan menghasilkan pranala wikipedia:Sunflower. Ini bekerja karena dari bawaannya MediaWiki mengatur wikipedia: sebagai "prefiks interwiki" yang berubah menjadi https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ ketika digunakan di dalam [[ ]]. (Ini mungkin tidak bekerja jika pengurus wiki Anda mengubah pengaturannya.) Tidak seperti pranala internal, pranala interwiki tidak menggunakan pendeteksi keberadaan halaman, jadi sebuah pranala interwiki akan tampak biru meskipun halamannya tidak ada di wiki yang dituju.

Seperti pranala laman internal, Anda bisa membuat pranala berpipa, dengan label pranala yang berbeda, misalnya [[wikipedia:Sunflower|big yellow flower]] adalah pranala big yellow flower dan [[wikipedia:Sunflower|]] pranala Sunflower.

Pada dasarnya, pranala interwiki merupakan kependekan dari pranala internal panjang yang biasa digunakan. Pranala yang serupa bisa dibuat dengan [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunflower big yellow flower].

Perincian lebih lanjut bisa dilihat di Manual:Interwiki dan m:Help:Interwiki linking. Wiki Anda mungkin memiliki halaman Special:Interwiki yang mendaftarkan prefiks interwiki yang didukungnya; ini daftar interwiki default. Anda bisa mengubah tabel $1 di situs Anda. Your wiki may have a Special:Interwiki page listing the interwiki prefixes it supports; here is the default interwiki list. You can edit the interwiki table on your site.

Pranala interbahasa

Jika wiki Anda memiliki versi berbahasa lain, Anda bisa menemukan pranala interbahasa di sidebar, di bawah kotak perkakas di bagian yang berjudul "bahasa lain."

Dalam markah wiki sebuah pranala interbahasa terlihat sama dengan pranala interwiki, tapi berperilaku seperti pranala kategori dalam artian cara ditampilkannya berbeda. Jika pranala kategori ditampilkan di daftar khusus di bawah halaman (biasanya), pranala interbahasa ditampilkan di daftar khusus di [[|Special:MyLanguage/sidebar|sidebar]] halaman (atau di tempat lain, tergantung konfigurasi wiki dan kulit yang digunakan).

Tujuan dari pranala interbahasa adalah untuk menautkan halaman-halaman dengan topik yang sama dalam bahasa yang berbeda. Untuk membuat pranala interbahasa, ketika [[prefiks bahasa:nama halaman]] di mana pun di halaman (sebaiknya di paling bawah, seperti pranala kategori); prefiks bahasa adalah prefiks yang ditetapkan di wiki Anda untuk versi bahasa lainnya (biasanya kode bahasa ISO 639-1). Pranala interbahasa bersifat sepihak, pranalanya tidak mengarah kembali dari halaman yang ada di bahasa lain. Untuk kebutuhan itu, pranala balik yang serupa perlu diletakkan di sana pula. Ini tidak bekerja seperti "Sunting interwiki" yang ada di bagian bahasa lain di versi bahasa Wikipedia. Tapi ini bisa digunakan di seluruh ruang nama, termasuk 'Pengguna:' yang menunjuk ke halaman profil di bahasa lain.

Jika Anda ingin membuat pranala interbahasa tampil di lokasi tertentu dalam bagian konten halaman dan bukannya di sidebar, tambahkan sebuah tanda titik dua sebelum prefiks bahasanya:

[[:en:Sunflower]]en:Sunflower

Ketika sebuah pranala tergolong interwiki dan interbahasa, urutannya adalah wikipedia:en:Sunflower.

Untuk informasi lebih lanjut, lihat $meta.

A piped link is an internal link or interwiki link where the 'target page name' of the link and its 'label' are both specified.

This is useful in cases where the user wants to values of 'target page name' and 'label' to be different. This also enables linking a contextually relevant word or phrase within the text of a page rather than using the generic value "see also". The wording does not need to match the name of the target page. Depending on the preferences set for the current user and a supported browser, you can still see the link target: when you hover your cursor over the link, the name shows up in a pop-up window and is also shown in the status bar.

For example:

[[coffeehouse setup|Get Piping Hot Coffee Here!]]

will show: Get Piping Hot Coffee Here!

Let's take another example: [[help:Piped link|piped link]] will be displayed as piped link. This can be done when context makes it clear that the page being linked to is in the help namespace. The piped link is a better way of doing this, rather than mistakenly linking to piped link which might be a disambiguation page or not exist.

Fun Fact: The term piped refers to the use of the pipe character "|", which in this context is used to separate the more descriptive description from the actual name of the linked page.

The Pipe character was named after an alternative use of it; see Pipe (computing).

Using a redirect as an alternative

An alternative way is to use redirect pages.

To create Get Piping Hot Coffee Here!, use [[Get Piping Hot Coffee Here!]] and make it redirect to coffeehouse setup (please note: unlike above, what pops up when you point at the link, depending on your browser's support, is the text that is already shown).

It is convenient if the redirect is already there or will also be of use elsewhere. However, there are a few drawbacks.

  • the popup does not show the destination page
  • "Related changes" shows the changes in the redirect page not the redirect target
  • the redirect message that is shown on the target page slightly clutters it

Using a piped link and a redirect together, it is possible to provide information in the hover box that is not the name of the linked page, for example, the value of a unit in terms of other units. In that case, it is possible to make a page whose page name is the information that you'd like in the link title, and which redirects to the page with a more appropriate name.

For example, the page w:30.48 cm redirects to w:Foot (unit).

Pipe trick

If the part after the "|" in a piped link is left empty, it is converted to an abbreviated form of the page name on the left, based on the following rules:

  1. Any word that is before the first colon (:), as well as the colon character itself, is removed. This word may or may not be a 'namespace' prefix (such as "Help:") or an 'interwiki' prefix (such as "commons:"). If the name of the page is preceded by a colon (:), "first" refers to "first after this".
  2. If there is some text in the parentheses at the end, then it will be removed.
  3. If there are no parentheses, but there is a comma (,) character, the comma and everything after it is removed.
  4. Note that this does not work for sections/anchors as [[Help:Piped_link#Pipe_trick|]] outputs [[Help:Piped_link#Pipe_trick|]].

Similar to using the three or four tildes when signing on Talk pages, and using 'subst', in a preview, the result shows up in the preview itself, but the conversion in the edit box is not shown yet. Click on the "Show changes" option to see the change in the wikitext.

Examples
  • [[Help:Template|]] is converted to [[Help:Template|Template]], which is shown as Template
  • [[Music: My life|]] is converted to [[Music: My life| My life]], which is shown as My life - although "Music:" itself is not a namespace (therefore the space after the colon character is not automatically removed), however, the shortcut works anyway
  • [[w:en:Pipe (computing)|]] is converted to [[w:en:Pipe (computing)|en:Pipe]], which is shown as en:Pipe.
  • [[commons:Boston, Massachusetts|]] is converted to [[commons:Boston, Massachusetts|Boston]], which is shown as Boston.
  • [[w:{{{1}}}|]] does not give [[w:{{{1}}}|{{{1}}}]], and calling the template with a value of parameter 1 gives a working link, but in the case of substitution only.
  • [[w:en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|]] does not give [[w:en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}]] and [[m:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|]] does not give [[m:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|{{FULLPAGENAME}}]]
  • [[Wikipedia:Village pump (technical)#Pipe trick|]] is not converted, so it does not give a working link.
This wikitext Produces
* [[project:a (b)|]]
* [[w:project:a (b)|]]
* [[:de:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wiktionary:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wiktionary:de:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wikibooks:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wikiquote:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wikisource:project:a (b)|]]
* [[wikisource:project:a (b)#c|]]
* [[w:en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|]] [[w:en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|en:{{FULLPAGENAME}}]]
* [[m:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|]] [[m:{{FULLPAGENAME}}|{{FULLPAGENAME}}]]
* a
* project:a
* project:a
* project:a
* de:project:a
* project:a
* project:a
* project:a
* [[wikisource:project:a (b)#c|]]
* [[w:en:Help:Links/id|]] en:Help:Links/id
* [[m:Help:Links/id|]] Help:Links/id
Category tag

Since the sortkey syntax of the category is similar to a piped link, the pipe trick also works for category tags, even though technically, it is not useful there.

Limitation

  • [[Help:L{{tc}}k|]] using template:tc is not converted, so the result is rendered as [[Help:Link|]] which is not as a working link. This is because like substitution, the pipe trick expansion occurs before ordinary expansion of the templates, etc. The pipe trick does not work if the linked page includes invalid characters. Therefore, while ordinarily the acceptability of the target page name is assessed after template expansion, the pipe trick expansion judges it before that. The braces are therefore considered invalid characters in the page name. Instead, a template can be used like template:pipe trick: {{pipe trick|Help:|L{{tc}}k}} which renders as Link.

Inverse pipe trick

On page "A (c)", [[|b]] is converted to [[b (c)|b]] automatically.

Similarly, on page "A, c", [[|b]] is converted to [[b, c|b]] automatically.

Anchors

Linking to an anchor

Links in the format [[#anchor_name]] will direct to the first matching anchor on the page, typically corresponding to the first identical section heading.

You can add an [[#anchor_name]] to a link, directing it to the first matching section heading (or anchor) on the named page:

[[Help:Editing#Advanced editing]]

https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Editing#Advanced_editing

Using an automatic anchor

Section headings serve as anchors, using the heading text as the anchor name. If there are multiple sections with identical headings, each subsequent occurrence is appended with "_2", "_3", etc.

The anchor #toc links to the page's table of contents, except when there's a section titled "toc."

A manual anchor

Manually-set anchors are beneficial for linking to "unlinkable" elements such as tables (titles or cells) or sections of plain text. For instance, in the External links to internal pages section above, although the column text "Description" resembles a (minor) heading, it is not.

There are several methods to set an anchor at any position:

  • The "anchor" template, if it exists on your wiki, specified as {{Anchor }}, offers a standardized method to create anchor points. Place the template where you want, using the syntax {{Anchor|Name_of_Anchor}}. For instance, {{Anchor|Description}} is placed in the "Description" column of the table below the "External links to internal pages" section. Clicking on #Description links to that anchor point created on the table. The anchor is only visible via the source code.
  • Use the generic anchor tag <span id="anchor_name">some text</span> with optional text for visible anchors. For hidden anchors, omit the text. To point to the anchor use [[#anchor_name]].
  • Avoid using manual HTML headings like <h2>Editing Instructions</h2>. This text serves as an anchor_name.
  • In certain instances, adding an ID attribute similar to HTML within a Wiki-element is necessary. Take, for instance, the table mentioned earlier, titled External links to internal pages:
border="1" class="wikitable" id="You type"
  • A top of a page can be accessed using the reserved term [[#top]].

See also Help:Section#Linking sections using an arbitrary id.

Using Linksearch anchors

As mentioned above, if external link style is used, e.g. [6], we can use Special:Linksearch: [7].

When using Linksearch, it's helpful to add leading zeros to numerical anchor names to prevent unintended matches. For example, instead of searching for "1", use "01" to avoid including "10". This practice is seen in w:Portal:Current events/DateHeader2. Similarly, if there are anchors like "a" and "ab", using "_a" can distinguish them in search results.

Anchorencode

The #anchorencode parser function encodes input to use as an anchor. For example, to external link to #Using linksearch anchors above, you would use https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Links#{{anchorencode:Using Linksearch anchors}}, which resolves to https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Help:Links#Using_Linksearch_anchors

Subpage feature

MediaWiki has a subpage feature that may or may not be active depending on the project and namespace. If it's activated, the following rules apply; otherwise, "A/b" is simply a standalone page with that name.

A page's tree structure is formed using forward slashes in page names: A/b is considered a subpage of A, making A the parent of A/b; additionally, A/b/c is a subpage of A/b; meanwhile, A/a, A/b, and A/c are categorized as sibling pages.

The subpage body automatically displays links to all parent pages without needing specific wikitext. These links appear even if the parent page doesn't exist. However, if any ancestor page in the sequence is missing, the chain of links will stop before that point. Additionally, the capitalization of letters after the forward slash in the page name matters, meaning "/subpage" and "/Subpage" refer to different pages.

The functions, What links here and [Help:Related changes|]] do not consider these automatically generated links."

When the subpage feature is enabled within a namespace, any forward slash in a page's name automatically creates a subpage structure, regardless of whether it was intended or not.

You can find a list of subpages using Special:PrefixIndex.

Using variables

When utilizing the subpage feature within namespace A on page A:B/c/d, {{BASEPAGENAME}} shows B/c while {{SUBPAGENAME}} shows d.

Within a subpage hierarchy, you can utilize the following relative links:

  • [[../]] links to the parent page of the current subpage. For example, on page A/b, it takes you to page A, and on page A/b/c, it directs you to page A/b.
  • [[../../]] links to the grandparent page of the current subpage. For example, on page A/b/c, it points to page A.
  • [[../s]] links to a sibling page of the current subpage. For example, on page A/b, it leads to page A/s.
  • [[../../s]] links to an "uncle" page of the current subpage. For example, on page A/b/c, it points to page A/s.
  • [[/s]] links direct to a subpage. On page A, it functions similarly to [[A/s]]. However, linking from a namespace with an enabled subpage feature to a main namespace page starting with "/" requires a workaround: adding a colon before the page name.

Relative links remain functional even when all pages within a hierarchy are renamed to reflect a change in the root's name, even if the root becomes a child of a new parent. Users with the appropriate permissions, such as administrators and those with the move-subpages right, have the option to move both the main page and its subpages during a renaming process.

Learn more about subpages at w:Wikipedia:Subpages. See examples at Help:Link/example and Help:Link/example/example2

Subpage activation

This feature is only enabled in namespaces specified in the $wgNamespacesWithSubpages configuration setting, either its default namespaces, or any additional namespaces set in LocalSettings.php

Character conversion

The guidelines outlined in m:Help:Page name state that in wiki and interwiki links, conversions are made to non-literal characters automatically. For example,"[[Help:Page%20name]]" will display as "m:Help:Page name". Conversely, external links operate oppositely; literal characters are transformed into non-literal characters. For example, browsers typically convert ".../wiki/!" to ".../wiki/%21".

Applying a code like %70 to a redirect deactivates it, even though the link remains accessible from the redirect page. To ensure a successful redirect, the redirect page displays the canonical form of the target, unlike the preview page which shows the link in its regular format.

Miscellaneous

  • Related changes
  • Backlinks, Linksearch
  • When you include a space after the pipe symbol ([[main Page| ]]), the outcome can vary depending on the browser. In some cases, it might only display a space (" "), without creating a clickable link. However, it's still recognized as a link by the "what links here" feature.

In certain web browsers, when you place the cursor over a link, a tooltip may appear, displaying the content of the link's HTML title attribute. MediaWiki assigns different values to this attribute depending on the type of link: for internal wikilinks, it displays the page name and (page does not exist), if the page does not exist; for interwiki links, it displays the page name with a prefix; and for external links, it displays the URL.

The browser might also display similar information in its status bar, possibly showing which section it belongs to.

Using a piped link , even if it isn't clicked, can help clarify acronyms (like displaying "neutral point of view" as NPOV) or adding annotations. Hover boxes can also be created without links, you can customize the hover box content using markup like [[Link title|<span title="hoverbox">Display text</span>]].

You cannot include a title attribute directly within the href element for external links. Nevertheless, you can achieve a similar outcome by using a span element instead, like this: [http://www.example.com <span title="hover text on external link">www.example.com web site</span>] :
www.example.com web site

The MediaWiki API allows users to retrieve all links from a page. For example, you can utilize the API query called API:Links to achieve this.

Linking to a page from an image

You can utilize images to direct users to other pages. For further details, refer to the guidance on utilizing an image to link to a specific page in the help section.

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