Ajuda:Extensió:Translate/Traducció fora de línia

This page is a translated version of the page Help:Extension:Translate/Off-line translation and the translation is 21% complete.

Aquesta pàgina explica com traduir fora de línia. Si esteu interessat en això, probablement ja sabeu què son els fitxers Gettext PO. Per aquesta raó, només parlarem de com usar-los aquí en un wiki amb l'extensió Translate. En cas contrari, esteu probablement més interessat en el tutorial de com traduir en línia.

Donat el cas, és possible que no vulgueu utilitzar la interfície web si teniu una connexió a internet molt lenta o limitada o teniu eines de treball sense connexió de les que no en podeu prescindir. Tingueu en compte, però, que l'extensió Translate està concebuda com un procés de col·laboració. Això vol dir que no heu de tenir els fitxers fora de línia durant molt temps, i sempre s'ha de descarregar el nou fitxer, just abans de començar a traduir. En cas contrari podria entrar en conflicte amb altres traductors que treballen al wiki.


You can download any message group as Gettext PO file by choosing the export for off-line translation task in Special:Translate. Some sites might have disabled this task. You should check any local guides how to process these files before you start.

Although some message groups might have an export option, which exports translations in the native format of that group, and that format could be Gettext, those are not the files that can be used for off-line translation!

The files are standard Gettext PO files with some extra information. The header contains some extra fields shown below; the msgctxt for each message contains an identifier that the Translate extension needs. Some editors are known to strip either the header comments or the msgctxt lines, so start with a small file to make sure that your editor does not remove these ― it's not funny to realize the editor was buggy after translating hundreds of messages that you cannot import back into the online system! The message documentation is exported as translation comments.

Important header fields:

"X-Language-Code: nl\n"
"X-Message-Group: ext-abc\n"

In this example, "ext-abc" is the name of the message group. For translatable pages, the corresponding message group has the name "page-" + the page name (i.e. for the page "Example", the header would contain the line "X-Message-Group: page-Example\n").

Example entry in a GetText .po file, translated here from English (on the "msgid" line) to German (on the "msgstr" line) :

#. [Wiki] This text is used on the history tab.
#. [Wiki] 

msgctxt "history_short"
msgid "History"
msgstr "Versionsgeschichte"

Notice the line starting by msgctxt: it briefly explains the context of usage for the message given in the next msgid line. Such msgctxt line is optional but recommended. After importing the .po file, this contextual text will be made visible to users of the Translate UI on the wiki, and it should be kept or updated when needed.


There is no need to translate the file completely. Uploading partially translated message groups is perfectly fine. There are two ways to import these files.

The users with correct user rights can use Special:ImportTranslations to upload and import the translations. The special page processes the file, shows the changes and lets the user import them. For large files with lots of changes the importing might take multiple steps, as the processing time is limited.

Importing can also be done using a command line script in Translate/script/poimport.php. It's less flexible but can import everything in one go. It also needs intervention from someone with shell access to the server.

The way how imports of off-line translations are handled (or not) depends on your wiki.

Editors Gettext

Here are some tools you can use to edit the files off-line.

Available for all platforms supporting the wxWidgets toolkit, tested on Unix with GTK+ and Windows.
WARNING: make sure you are using version 1.4.2 or above, otherwise "msgctxt" lines are dropped and your work cannot be processed.
Can be used in the GNOME desktop environment on Unix and Linux platforms.
Uses the KDE 4 Desktop Environment on all platforms supporting it. Has a user wiki and online handbook
Translate Toolkit
Toolkit written in the python programming language which must be installed as well, usable on all platforms. Supports several other file formats as well.
Multi-format translation tool based on the toolkit above. Currently working in Windows and Linux.
Free tool for professional translators written in Java, requires Java installed; available on all platforms. Supports a variety of other file formats, glosssaries, fuzzy matching, and translation memories.
Eazy PO
Small program, runs on Windows, no installation required.
Gorm PO file editor
Small powerful program, runs on Windows, no installation required, version 1.0 fails on msgctxt tags.
Better PO Editor
Available as source code for Windows, BSD, Unix, Linux, Mac OS X. Includes spell checker and Google Translate suggestions.
Usable as a plugin in the Eclipse IDE under Linux, Windows and MAC OS X; embeds various tools.