Giao diện:Vector

This page is a translated version of the page Skin:Vector and the translation is 16% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
This skin comes with MediaWiki 1.17 and above. Thus you do not have to download it again. However, you still need to follow the other instructions provided.
MediaWiki skins manual - category
OOjs UI icon layout-ltr.svg
Release status: stable
Compatibility policy Snapshots releases along with MediaWiki. Master is not backwards compatible.
Composer mediawiki/vector-skin
License GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Translate the Vector skin if it is available at
Check usage and version matrix;
Vagrant role vector
Issues : Open tasks · Report a bug

Vectơ là một giao diện cho MediaWiki chính thứ từ 2010 ($1, $2), nối tiếp giao diện MonoBook.

In recent years the skin underwent a number of technical changes, e.g. the switch to Mustache to support the construction of Skin:Vector/2022 as part of the work done by the Đọc/Web/Cải thiện phiên bản máy tính initiative.

Cài đặt

  • Nếu đang dùng Vagrant , cài đặt bằng vagrant roles enable vector -p

Cài đặt thủ công

  • Tải và đặt (các) tệp trong một thư mục với tên Vector trong thư mục skins/ của bạn.
  • Thêm mã sau vào dưới cùng tệp LocalSettings.php của bạn:
wfLoadSkin( 'Vector' );
  •   Xong - Chuyển tới Special:Version trên wiki của bạn để xác nhận skin được cài đặt thành công.

Dành cho những người đang dùng MediaWiki 1.24 trở xuống:

Những chỉ dẫn bên trên diễn tả cách mới để cài skin sử dụng wfLoadSkin(), từ phiên bản MediaWiki 1.25. Nếu bạn muốn cài đặt skin trong những phiên bản cũ hơn, thay vì wfLoadSkin( 'Vector' );, bạn cần dùng:

require_once "$IP/skins/Vector/Vector.php";

(Để chạy một skin trong phiên bản cũ hơn, bạn có thể phải tải phiên bản của nó gắn với phiên bản tương ứng từ Special:SkinDistributor.)

Setting the default skin to Vector

A default skin should be set for new users of a wiki by setting the variable $wgDefaultSkin in LocalSettings.php to the lowercase skin name specified in the skin file:

$wgDefaultSkin = 'vector';
// uncomment the following line to restore "classic" Vector appearance.
// $wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '1';

Cấu hình


  • Xem và mở dưới dạng một biểu tượng thay vì một liên kết.
  • Supported Values:
    • trueuse an icon watch/unwatch button
    • falseuse watch/unwatch text link
$wgVectorUseIconWatch = true;

wgVectorResponsive (< 1.36)

Phiên bản MediaWiki:

Experimental setting to make Vector a responsive skin that adapts to mobile phones. Not actively being tested or used in production (yet) but relatively stable and false by default.

  • Supported Values:
    • trueUse responsiveness to improve usability in narrow viewports
    • falseNo responsiveness

Note as of 1.36 this experimental feature flag no longer works in the default Vector skin. Those looking for a responsive Vector skin can use #New Vector skin in 1.36+ at their own risk.

wgVectorPrintLogo (< 1.36, removed in 1.36)

Phiên bản MediaWiki:

Logo used in print styles. Keys are 'url', 'width', 'height' (in pixels). Note that this solution only works correctly if the image pointed to by 'url' is an SVG that does not specify width and height attributes, or its width and height match the corresponding variables below. Alternatively, a PNG or other type of image can be used, but its dimensions also need to match the corresponding variable below. That in turn may result in blurry images, though.

In 1.36, please use Manual:$wgLogos

$wgVectorPrintLogo = [
	'url' => '',
	'width' => 174,
	'height' => 27


Basic features of the Vector skin
  • Reduced clutter, primarily by reducing the number of lines on screen
  • More prominent placement of the search portal
  • Visual separation of the content-action and namespace links, the former of which being divided into view tabs and action menu items
  • Automatic increase/decrease of margins throughout the user interface based on browser size
  • Use of a star icon for watch and unwatch actions
Added features of the Vector extension (some of these features have later been merged into the Vector skin or into the MediaWiki Core or have been removed)
  • Simplified search portal, including suggestions
  • Collapsible navigation portals
  • Alert when leaving an edit page without saving
  • Automatic hiding of tabs that do not fit on screen
Experimental Vector extension features
  • Simplified footer content
  • Search box expands on focus
  • Section edit links are moved to be directly next to heading instead of on the right, and use an icon
CollapsibleNav support via CollapsibleVector extension

Ghi chú

Collapsible navigation

The collapsible navigation portals are now provided by the CollapsibleVector extension which will have to be installed additionally.

Smartphone and tablet design

Vector will work on many mobile devices, but it is not fully optimized for mobile devices. This will be rectified in the new version of Vector that is currently in development: #New_Vector_skin_in_1.36+_2.

History of the skin

Vector became default skin in 2010 (MediaWiki 1.17 , git #2833b07a), succeeding MonoBook. It had been created in 2009 as part of the work done by the Wikipedia Usability Initiative . In 2021, as part of the MediaWiki 1.36 release it will see an update as part of the work done by the Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements initiative.

Vector provides a number of usability improvements over its predecessor MonoBook. It was the first skin to separate the flat level content_actions into the categorized content_navigation.

At the beginning the basic functionality was included in the core skin, while some of Vector's special features were handled by a separate extension (Extension:Vector ). The extension has since been merged into the skin itself.

Dark mode customizations

Many solutions relying on MediaWiki:Common.css exist to support a dark version of the skin, including Skin:Vector/Wikipedia-userstyle-dark-minimum. An alternative skin to Vector exists that allows you to install as a separate skin at Skin:DarkVector.

Note all of these are supported by third parties, not the Wikimedia Foundation.

Xem thêm

New Vector skin in 1.38+

Phiên bản MediaWiki:

In MediaWiki 1.38 a new variant of Vector Giao diện:Vector/2022 was made available part of Đọc/Web/Cải thiện phiên bản máy tính .