This page is a translated version of the page Skin:Vector and the translation is 23% complete.
This skin comes with MediaWiki 1.17 and above. Thus you do not have to download it again. Allerdings müssen die folgenden Anweisungen trotzdem beachtet werden.
MediaWiki-Skins-Handbuch - Kategorie
OOjs UI icon layout-ltr.svg
Freigabestatus: stabil
Compatibility policy Snapshots releases along with MediaWiki. Master is not backwards compatible.
Composer mediawiki/vector-skin
Lizenz GNU General Public License 2.0 oder neuer
Übersetze den Vector skin wenn es auf verfügbar ist
Prüfe die Benutzungs- und Versionsmatrix.
Vagrant role vector
Probleme : Offene Aufgaben · Einen Fehler melden

Vector ist ein Skin für MediaWiki, das 2010 als Nachfolger von MonoBook zum Standard geworden ist.

In den vergangenen Jahren machte das Skin eine Reihe von Veränderungen durch, z.B. den Wechsel zu Mustache und die Ergänzung einiger neuer Features. Die jüngeren lassen sich über einen Feature-Switch steuern, so das Benutzer weiterhin auf das althergebrachte Layout zugreifen können.

In 2021, as part of the MediaWiki 1.36-1.38 releases it will see incremental updates as part of the work done by the Lesen/Web/Desktopverbesserungen initiative. At the end of the project, the 2010 version and 2021 versions will be split into two separate skins.


  • Wenn du Vagrant verwendest, installiere mit vagrant roles enable vector -p

Manuelle Installation

  • Die Erweiterung herunterladen und die Datei(en) in ein Verzeichnis namens Vector im Ordner skins/ ablegen.
  • Ergänze folgenden Code am Ende deiner LocalSettings.php:
wfLoadSkin( 'Vector' );
  •   Erledigt - Navigiere zu Special:Version in deinem Wiki, um zu überprüfen, ob der Skin erfolgreich installiert ist.

Für Benutzer, die MediaWiki 1.24 oder frühere Versionen nutzen:

Die obigen Anweisungen beschreiben die neue Art der Installation von Skins unter Verwendung von wfLoadSkin(), verfügbar seit MediaWiki 1.25. Wenn du den Skin in früheren Versionen installierst, musst du anstelle von wfLoadSkin( 'Vector' ); Folgendes verwenden:

require_once "$IP/skins/Vector/Vector.php";

(Um einen Skin auf einem früheren Release zu betreiben, musst du womöglich die Version, die für diesen Release getaggt ist, von Special:SkinDistributor herunterladen.)

Standardskin für ein Wiki bestimmen

Eine Voreinstellung auf das Vector Skin für neue Benutzer eines Wiki kann mit der Einstellung $wgDefaultSkin in der LocalSettings.php zum kleingeschriebenen Skin-Namen getroffen werden:

$wgDefaultSkin = 'vector';
// uncomment the following line to restore "classic" Vector appearance.
// $wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '1';



MediaWiki Version:

Restore the default “legacy” Vector look or use the modern Vector work being created as part of Lesen/Web/Desktopverbesserungen .

$wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '1';


Watch and unwatch as an icon rather than a link.

  • Supported Values:
    • trueuse an icon watch/unwatch button
    • false

use watch/unwatch text link

$wgVectorUseIconWatch = true;


MediaWiki Version:

Experimental setting to make Vector a responsive skin that adapts to mobile phones. Not actively being tested or used in production (yet) but relatively stable and false by default.

  • Supported Values:
    • trueUse responsiveness to improve usability in narrow viewports
    • falseNo responsiveness

Note in the 1.36 release, the meaning of this flag has changed and apply to only the newest iteration of Vector, and will require the following configuration:

$wgVectorResponsive = true;
$wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '2';

wgVectorPrintLogo (< 1.36, removed in 1.36)

MediaWiki Version:

Logo used in print styles. Keys are 'url', 'width', 'height' (in pixels). Note that this solution only works correctly if the image pointed to by 'url' is an SVG that does not specify width and height attributes, or its width and height match the corresponding variables below. Alternatively, a PNG or other type of image can be used, but its dimensions also need to match the corresponding variable below. That in turn may result in blurry images, though.

In 1.36, please use Manual:$wgLogos

$wgVectorPrintLogo = [
	'url' => '',
	'width' => 174,
	'height' => 27


Basic features of the Vector skin
  • Reduced clutter, primarily by reducing the number of lines on screen
  • More prominent placement of the search portal
  • Visual separation of the content-action and namespace links, the former of which being divided into view tabs and action menu items
  • Automatic increase/decrease of margins throughout the user interface based on browser size
  • Use of a star icon for watch and unwatch actions
Added features of the Vector extension (some of these features have later been merged into the Vector skin or into the MediaWiki Core or have been removed)
  • Simplified search portal, including suggestions
  • Collapsible navigation portals
  • Alert when leaving an edit page without saving
  • Automatic hiding of tabs that do not fit on screen
Experimental Vector extension features
  • Simplified footer content
  • Search box expands on focus
  • Section edit links are moved to be directly next to heading instead of on the right, and use an icon
CollapsibleNav support via CollapsibleVector extension


On updating to 1.36

MediaWiki Version:

In MediaWiki 1.36 the appearance of Vector will be modernized in line with Lesen/Web/Desktopverbesserungen . To opt out of these changes please add the following to your LocalSettings.php:

$wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '1';

Collapsible navigation

The collapsible navigation portals are now provided by the CollapsibleVector extension which will have to be installed additionally.

Experimental smartphone and tablet design

Vector will work on many mobile devices, but it is not fully optimized for mobile devices. As we approach the 1.36 release, Vector has been optimized to work with most tablets and an experimental mobile mode is available. In the upcoming 1.36 users will be able to enable a responsive mode using the following configuration:

$wgVectorResponsive = true;
$wgVectorDefaultSkinVersion = '2';

Vector currently has a poor implementation of responsive web design, in which the #right-navigation buttons might overlap the #left-navigation buttons due to width shortage, with no fallback icons like on Skin:Monobook , Skin:MinervaNeue and Skin:Timeless viewed on narrow displays.

In addition, the left side bar navigation links inside #mw-panel, as well as the top links inside #p-personal, move to the bottom of the page on narrow displays, beneath the content area, requiring the user to scroll to the bottom before being able to access it.

History of the skin

Vector became default skin in 2010 (MediaWiki 1.17 , git #2833b07a), succeeding MonoBook. Es wurde in 2009 als Teil der Arbeit von Wikipedia Usability Initiative erstellt. In 2021, as part of the MediaWiki 1.36 release it will see an update as part of the work done by the Reading/Web/Desktop Improvements initiative.

Vector provides a number of usability improvements over its predecessor MonoBook. It was the first skin to separate the flat level content_actions into the categorized content_navigation.

At the beginning the basic functionality was included in the core skin, while some of Vector's special features were handled by a separate extension (Extension:Vector ). The extension has since been merged into the skin itself.

Dark mode customizations

Many solutions relying on MediaWiki:Common.css exist to support a dark version of the skin, including Skin:Vector/DarkCSS and Skin:Vector/Wikipedia-userstyle-dark-minimum. An alternative skin to Vector exists that allows you to install as a separate skin at Skin:DarkVector.

Note all of these are supported by third parties, not the Wikimedia Foundation.

Siehe auch