Gitistä lataaminen

This page is a translated version of the page Download from Git and the translation is 34% complete.

Git on hajautettu versionhallintajärjestelmä. Se antaa sinun ladata uusimman version lähdekoodista kaikkien haarojen ja merkityiden versioiden kanssa.

You should download from Git if you are a developer and want to submit patches.

Jos et halua kehittää MediaWikiä, vaan haluat vain asentaa MediaWikin ja/tai laajennuksia, sinun kannattaa ladata tar-pallo Git-asennuksen sijaan.

Katso Git saadaksesi lisätietoja, erityisesti avustusten tekemiseen. Alla on pikaohjeita muutamiin yleisiin tehtäviin.


Git täytyy olla asennettuna ennen kuin voit käyttää sitä. Tapoja asentaa Git on useita riippuen käyttöjärjestelmästäsi. Seuraa Gerrit/Tutorial#Set up Git -ohjetta tai käytä lempihakukonettasi.

On suositeltavaa, mutta ei vaadittua, että Composer on asennettuna kolmannen osapuolen kirjastojen lataamista ja asentamista varten.

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin lataamisessa


Voit ladata MediaWiki-ytimen ja kaikki Wikimedia Foundationin klusterille asennetut laajennukset ja muitakin gerrit :issä olevia laajennuksia Gitin avulla.

The first step is to clone the MediaWiki core repository. This will take a while.

Lataa kehittämiseen

MediaWikin viimeisin kehitysversio on 'master'-haarassa.

Tarkista ensin, että sinulla on kehittäjätili, jotta sinulla on ssh-käyttäjänimi.

Then, in a terminal window, enter the following command to clone the repository:

git clone mediawiki

Tämä kloonaa koko MediaWiki-ydinkoodivaraston master-haaraan synkronoituna alihakemistoon nimeltä mediawiki.

To install into a different directory, change that in the command line (for more info refer to these docs). Once the repository is cloned, you can switch to different branches or tags. The development branch, master, is the cutting-edge, developer version of MediaWiki; you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

Lataa vakaa haara

If you do not want to develop software patches but want to anonymously clone the stable release branch 1.41, use this command instead:

git clone --branch REL1_41 mediawiki

If you have a slow internet connection and want to reduce the number of revisions that are cloned, add --depth=1 to the git clone command.

MediaWiki-tunnisteet (vakaa versio)

Alternatively, specific stable versions of MediaWiki are tracked using 'tags'. These are analogous to the tarball releases. Currently, these are 1.41.0 (stable), 1.39.6 (LTS) and 1.39.6 (legacy LTS).

You can see all available tags with:

git tag -l | sort -V

To use a specific tag, e.g. the latest stable release:

git checkout 1.41.0

Update the Git submodules

The branches and tags have a bunch of Git submodules in them, for commonly-used extensions and skins and for the vendor/ directory. The master branch does not have these. To update the submodules, run:

cd mediawiki
git submodule update --init --recursive

Ulkoisten kirjastojen noutaminen

MediaWiki uses Composer to manage external PHP libraries, all of which end up in the vendor/ directory in your MediaWiki directory.

To install these needed libraries, you have a choice:

  • Download and install the composer PHAR, optionally rename the composer.phar file as instructed for your OS, and then run composer update --no-dev from your MediaWiki directory. This is the recommended approach.
    • If the default PHP CLI version does not match the web server's PHP version, specify it with e.g. php7.4 composer.phar update --no-dev.
  • Or, if you don't want to use Composer or if you want to use the exact same set of vendor libraries as used on the WMF production cluster, you can instead create a vendor/ directory inside the core folder of your MediaWiki installation:

git clone

    • Note that if any of your extensions have their own Composer requirements, then you cannot use this option.

Prior to MediaWiki 1.25, external libraries were kept in the core repository, and no package manager was required.

Pitäminen ajan tasalla

If you're using a particular branch or the development version ("master" branch) of MediaWiki, picking up the latest changes is relatively easy. Change into your MediaWiki clone directory and issue this command:

git pull

All of the latest changes for the branch you are using will be applied.

The new version of core may require newer versions of extensions and skins, so you must go into each extension and skin directory and update it with a command like git pull --recurse-submodules.

You also need to update vendor/ with any newer versions of required libraries. This often means running the following Composer command, but see #Fetch external libraries above for more details:

composer update --no-dev

After updating/upgrading the code and required libraries you should run the MediaWiki update.php command-line script to update database tables as needed:

php maintenance/update.php

If you use MediaWiki-Vagrant , it offers a single command, vagrant git-update, that performs all these steps.

Eri versioon vaihtaminen

Kaikkia versioitamme seurataan haaroina (branch) tai tunnisteina (tag). Vaihtaaksesi toiseen versioon (esimerkiksi master-haarasta eri haaraan tai versioon) sinun täytyy vain vaihtaa haaraa (checkout) haluamaasi haaraan tai tunnisteeseen kloonaamastasi MediaWiki-hakemistosta.

git checkout <haaran nimi>


git checkout <tunnisteen nimi>

The changes will be applied automatically and you will be all set to go.

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin lisäosien lataamisessa

Lisäosan lataaminen

In the next commands, replace ‎<EXT> with the name of the extension you want to download, without spaces. For Extension:TitleKey , it would be TitleKey. (case sensitive!)

Download and clone an extension from Git:

With your developer account, use these commands to get the master branch:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone<EXT>

To clone and checkout a stable release branch instead, use these commands:

cd /path/to/extensions
git clone<EXT> --branch REL1_41

You can view extension source code in Gerrit's gitiles application, and at the URL:<EXT>/+/HEAD

Kaikkien lisäosien lataaminen

If you prefer to have all MediaWiki extensions that are at checked out to your machine, enter the following:

git clone

Or, to checkout stable releases branch instead, use this command:

git clone --branch REL1_41

After running the git clone command, continue with these commands:

cd /path/to/extensions
git submodule update --init --recursive

At any time, to update all extensions to their latest versions of that branch, enter:

cd /path/to/extensions
git pull
git submodule update --init --recursive

To change to a different branch, such as after a new release:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b REL1_40 origin/REL1_40 || :'

Remember that you should only use versions of extensions from the same release as that version of MediaWiki and each other.

To track the master branch:

git submodule foreach 'git checkout -b origin/master || :'

Please note that you should not use master code for production under any circumstances as it is not considered stable.

If you only need a read-only checkout (for instance to grep or analyse all MediaWiki code), you can use the shared MediaWiki checkout on Labs, without downloading anything on your machines.

Remove an extension

  1. Remove the "require_once …" or "wfLoadExtension( … )" from LocalSettings.php
  1. Remove any line referencing the extension in composer.local.json (usually in the "extra → merge-plugin → include" section)
  1. Remove the extension's directory in install-dir/extensions/

Gitin käyttäminen MediaWikin teemojen lataamisessa

MediaWiki 1.24 and later don't include skins in the Git download.

Follow the exact same procedure as for extensions (described in the previous section), but using skins rather than extensions in all URLs and paths.

Detailed installation instructions are available on each skin's page here on, for example see Skin:Vector#Installation. Instructions for all other skins are analogous.

Katso myös


The Revision as of 14:26, 21 March 2019 changed the standard of linking to