Kiterjesztés:CheckUser

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:CheckUser and the translation is 28% complete.
MediaWiki-kiterjesztések kézikönyve
OOjs UI icon advanced-invert.svg
CheckUser
Kiadási állapot: stabil
CheckUser1.png
Megvalósítás Speciális lap , Felhasználóazonosítás , API , Hook , Adatbázis
Leírás CheckUser function allows a user with permissions to check which IPs are used by a given username and which usernames are used by a given IP, without having to run queries directly against the database by hand.
Szerző(k) Tim Starling, Aaron Schulz
Legfrissebb verzió 2.5 (continuous updates)
Kompatibilitási irányelv Snapshots releases along with MediaWiki. Master is not backward compatible.
MediaWiki 1.27+
PHP 5.4+
Adatbázis-változtatások Igen
Táblák cu_changes
cu_log_event
cu_private_event
cu_log
Licenc GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Letöltés
  • $wgCheckUserGBtoollink
  • $wgCheckUserCAMultiLock
  • $wgCheckUserLogSuccessfulBotLogins
  • $wgCheckUserLogLogins
  • $wgCUPublicKey
  • $wgCheckUserCAtoollink
  • $wgCUDMaxAge
  • $wgCheckUserCIDRLimit
  • $wgCheckUserMaxBlocks
  • $wgCheckUserCommentMigrationStage
  • $wgCheckUserForceSummary
  • $wgCheckUserEnableSpecialInvestigate
  • $wgCheckUserLogAdditionalRights
  • $wgCheckUserInvestigateMaximumRowCount
  • $wgCheckUserActorMigrationStage
  • $wgCheckUserLogReasonMigrationStage
  • $wgCheckUserTemporaryAccountMaxAge
  • $wgCheckUserEventTablesMigrationStage
  • $wgCheckUserMaximumRowCount

  • checkuser
  • checkuser-log
  • investigate
Quarterly downloads 284 (Ranked 35th)
Public wikis using 4,936 (Ranked 20th)
Fordítsd le a(z) CheckUser kiterjesztést, ha elérhető a translatewiki.net oldalon
Problémák Nyitott feladatok · Hibajelentés
Ez a lap a kiterjesztésről szól. A Wikimédia Alapítvány IP-ellenőrzési irányelvét itt találod.

CheckUser is an extension that allows a user (with the checkuser permission) to check which IP addresses are used by a given username and which usernames are used by a given IP, without having to run queries directly against the database by hand. A kiterjesztés minden Wikimédia-wikin telepítve van.

Letöltés

Ez a kiterjesztés elérhető közvetlenül Gitről [?]:

  • Böngészd a forrást
  • Bizonyos kiterjesztések rendelkeznek címkékkel a stabil kiadásokhoz.
  • Minden ág egy adott MediaWiki-kiadáshoz tartozik. Van egy „master” ág is, ami a legfrissebb alfaverziót tartalmazza (igényelheti a MediaWiki egy alfaverzióját).

Bontsd ki a letöltött fájlt a MediaWiki-telepítésed extensions/CheckUser/ könyvtárába.

Ha ismered a gitet és van shell-hozzáférésed a szerverhez, így is beszerezheted a kiterjesztést:

cd extensions/ git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/CheckUser.git

Telepítés

A kiterjesztés a GNU Általános Nyilvános Licenc 2.0 vagy újabb alatt áll. The software is provided as-is. Updates will be made according to the needs of Wikimedia wikis; or where critical vulnerabilities are discovered.

Létező wikin

Alapok

  • Ha telepítettél más kiterjesztéseket a php maintenance/update.php futtatása nélkül, először futtasd.
  • Töltsd le a kiterjesztés fájljait, és mentsd el az extensions/ mappán belüli CheckUser könyvtárba.
  • Csak Gitről telepítés esetén futtasd a Composert a PHP-függőségek telepítéséhez a composer install --no-dev parancs kiadásával a kiterjesztés könyvtárában. (Lásd a task T173141 lapot a lehetséges problémákért.)
  • Add hozzá az alábbi kódot a LocalSettings.php fájlod aljára:
    wfLoadExtension( 'CheckUser' );
    
  • Futtasd le a frissítőszkriptet, ami automatikusan létrehozza a kiterjesztés által igényelt táblákat az adatbázisban.
  • Configure as required.
  •   Kész – A Special:Version oldalon ellenőrizheted, hogy a kiterjesztés ténylegesen feltelepült-e.


When installing from Git, please note that this extension requires Composer .

So, after installation from Git change to the directory containing the extension e.g. "../extensions/CheckUser/" and run composer install --no-dev, or when updating: composer update --no-dev.

Alternatively as well as preferably add the line "extensions/CheckUser/composer.json" to the "composer.local.json" file in the root directory of your wiki like e.g.

{
	"extra": {
		"merge-plugin": {
			"include": [
				"extensions/CheckUser/composer.json"
			]
		}
	}
}

Telepítés parancssor nélkül

Sok tárhelyszolgáltató nem engedélyezi a közvetlen shell-hozzáférést, de engedélyezi a cron feladatok futtatását (pl. a cPanel webinterfészen keresztül). Ebben az esetben ideiglenes cron feladat létrehozásával is futtatható a php /path/to/install.php parancs (a /path/to helyett az aktuális telepítési útvonalat kell megadni). If you are using a remote server and do not have command prompt access (nor cron job solution is suitable for you), but do have access through phpMyAdmin, substitute these steps for step #2 above:

  1. Choose and download the tables_generated.sql file from the CheckUser/schema folder. Navigate in to the folder of the DB you are running to find the files.
  2. A phpMyAdminban válaszd ki baloldalt a wikidhez tartozó adatbázist.
  3. A következő képernyőn kattints a lap tetején lévő "Import/Importálás" fülre.
  1. At "Location of the text file", choose one of the files, select compression "None", and click the bottom "Go" button.
  1. If your phpMyAdmin screen has only a text field and no text file chooser, click the "SQL" button in the left-side column, under the phpMyAdmin logo, and click the "import files" tab in the new window that opens.
  1. Ismételd meg mindezt a második fájllal

Új wikin

Hajtsd végre az egyes pontot, majd futtasd a MediaWiki telepítőjét. Ha bepipálod a jelölőnégyzetet, a telepítő automatikusan telepíti a kiterjesztést.

Using Mediawiki-Docker

Follow the steps in MediaWiki-Docker/Extension/CheckUser to install this extension inside a MediaWiki Docker instance.

Beállítás

This tool migrates recent changes data to a separate tables, and adds to that when new entries are added. If $wgPutIPinRC was previously set to false, there will be no initial data to search but new edits will fill in as soon as the extension is set up.

After you run the queries, you can reduce $wgRCMaxAge to make recentchanges shorter, without affecting checkuser. Use $wgCUDMaxAge to set how far back checkuser data can go, in seconds.

The CheckUser-specific setting $wgCheckUserCIDRLimit determines the largest range that can be checked in a single check. Its format is the same as $wgBlockCIDRLimit . The default limit is /32 for IPv6 checks and /16 for IPv4 checks.

To enable Special:Investigate, set $wgCheckUserEnableSpecialInvestigate to true in LocalSettings.php.

IP-ellenőrök kinevezése

To grant the right to use the Check User function, a user with user rights management must go to Special:UserRights and enter the user's name in the box, then select the option "checkuser". Once this is done, Special:CheckUser and Special:CheckUserLog will show up in Special:SpecialPages page for that user.

To turn on user rights management for sysops, put the following into LocalSettings.php:

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['checkuser'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['checkuser-log'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['investigate'] = true;

To only allow the adding and removing of the checkuser permission, use the following instead:

$wgAddGroups['sysop'][] = 'checkuser';
$wgRemoveGroups['sysop'][] = 'checkuser';

Beállítás

A extension.json fájl beállításai
paraméter alapértelmezett megjegyzés
$wgCUDMaxAge 7776000 How long to keep CU data (in seconds)? (default = 3 months)
$wgCheckUserMaxBlocks 200 Mass block limits
$wgCheckUserForceSummary false Set this to true if you want to force checkusers into giving a reason for each check they do through Special:CheckUser. (Not very useful, given that checkusers could simply give a summary such as "they need to be checked" or "I feel like it" and the software would not know.)
$wgCheckUserCIDRLimit [ 'IPv4' => 16, 'IPv6' => 32 ] Shortest CIDR limits that can be checked in any individual range check
$wgCUPublicKey '' Public key to encrypt private data that may need to be read later. Generate a public key with something like:

openssl genrsa -out cu.key 2048; openssl rsa -in cu.key -pubout > cu.pub and paste the contents of cu.pub here

$wgCheckUserCAMultiLock false This can be used to add a link to Special:MultiLock by CentralAuth to the Special:CheckUser's mass block form. This requires the CentralAuth extension to be installed on the wiki. To enable this, set this to an array with a central wiki's database name and an array with the name(s) of the global group(s) to add the link for. For example:
$wgCheckUserCAMultiLock = [
    'centralDB' => 'metawiki',
    'groups' => [ 'steward' ]
];
$wgCheckUserCAtoollink false Since 77360f1cf1d2. This adds a link to central wiki Special:CentralAuth to the Special:CheckUser's "Get users" results. This requires the CentralAuth extension to be installed on the wiki. To enable this, set this with a central wiki's database name. For example:
$wgCheckUserCAtoollink = 'metawiki';
$wgCheckUserGBtoollink false Since 77360f1cf1d2. This adds a link to local or central wiki Special:GlobalBlock to the Special:CheckUser's "Get users" results. This requires the GlobalBlocking extension to be installed on the wiki. To enable this, if a $wgConf is configured, set this to an array with a central wiki's database name and an array with the name(s) of the local (or global if you have CentralAuth installed) group(s) to add the link for. For example:
$wgCheckUserGBtoollink = [
	'centralDB' => 'metawiki',
	'groups' => [ 'steward', 'staff' ]
];
$wgCheckUserEnableSpecialInvestigate false Since 57dcfe46d2e4. This enables Special:Investigate, an updated version of Special:CheckUser that allows checking for multiple user accounts and IP addresses within one investigation.
$wgCUPublicKey '' Used with an associated private key to encrypt certain data that is not shown to CUs but stored in the cu_changes or cu_private_event table. Currently this is only the recipients of emails. Without a valid public key the data will not be stored.
$wgCheckUserLogLogins false Whether CheckUser should log login attempts (both successful and not) in the checkUser table.
$wgCheckUserLogSuccessfulBotLogins true Whether CheckUser should store successful login attempts to accounts with the bot user group if $wgCheckUserLogLogins is set to true. Only is used if $wgCheckUserLogLogins is true
$wgCheckUserMaximumRowCount 5000 The maximum number of results that can be returned by Special:CheckUser. Before MediaWiki 1.39, in the 'Get edits' and 'Get IPs' results having over 5000 results would return the results in a different format. From MediaWiki 1.39 this is the maximum number of results to show by page and more can be generated using the paging links
$wgCheckUserInvestigateMaximumRowCount 25000 Similar to $wgCheckUserMaximumRowCount, but for Investigate

Special:CheckUser usage

Alap interfész

  1. In the user field, type in the username (without the User: prefix), IP address, or CIDR range.
    • IP: any IPv4 or IPv6 address.
    • CIDR: you can check a range of IP addresses by appending the CIDR prefix (by default, up to /16 for IPv4 (65,536 addresses), up to /64 for IPv6 (~1.8446*1019 addresses) before gerrit:7352, up to /48 for IPv6 (~1.2089*1024 addresses or 65536 /64s - controlled by $wgCheckUserCIDRLimit in the latest version) after revision 7352, and up to /32 (65536 /48's) after phab:rECHU9d7c239bf88866eca577f3241194d440f94fa014).

For notation, see Segítség:Tartományblokkok .

    • XFF: you can check a client IP address provided by X-Forwarded-For headers by appending /xff (for example, 127.0.0.1/xff).
  1. Select the information you want to retrieve.
    • IP-címek keresése - returns IP addresses used by a registered user.
    • Szerkesztések lekérése - returns all edits and logged actions made by users using an IP address or range specified in the target field, or if the target is a user all edits and logged actions by that user.
    • Felhasználók keresése - returns user accounts that have edited from an IP or range.
  1. In the "Ok:" field, type in the reason you are accessing the confidential data.

Try to succinctly summarise the situation (for example, "cross-wiki spam"); this will be logged in a log visible only to users with the checkuser-log permission.

A kinyert információ

Egy tipikus naplóbejegyzés a következőképpen néz ki:


  1. Example user agent

This is formatted to fit a lot of information into a format that can very easily be listed and skimmed, but is difficult to read unless you know what the information provided is. The information is laid out as follows:

  • felhasználónév (user links) (time period when they edited from the given IP or range) [number of edits from the IP or range]
    1. IP address edited from XFF: XFF information provided (can be spoofed)

Each IP/XFF combination used to edit is listed, in order of use.

The last ten user agents (browser, operating system, system language, and versions) for each user for edits made in the IP or range are listed afterwards.

XFF-formátum

XFF (X-Forwarded-For) headers indicate the series of IP addresses used from the user's computer (first) to the last proxy server. In case of Wikimedia, the last proxy server is one of the Wikimedia proxies (listed under $wgCdnServersNoPurge in the Wikimedia configuration file).

Ebben az esetben:

aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa XFF: 10.4.46.42, 127.0.0.1, aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa, 208.80.152.46

  • az első két cím (10.4.46.42, 127.0.0.1) csak a belső hálózatról érhető el,
  • a harmadik cím (aaa.aaa.aaa.aaa) a felhasználó nyilvános „arca”, ami lehet DSL-, vagy betárcsázós kapcsolat, illetve vállalati átjáró (de valószínűleg anonimizáló szolgáltatás vagy zombiszerver),
  • az utolsó cím (208.80.152.46) a Wikimédia-squidek egyike (sq36.wikimedia.org).

MediaWiki configuration settings $wgUsePrivateIPs , $wgCdnServers , $wgCdnServersNoPurge and extensions using the IsTrustedProxy hook (such as Extension:TrustedXFF ) change the way an actual IP address used to attribute edits is selected.

Personal tool links

When you get results from Special:CheckUser you can add personal user tool links via two interface messages:

Special:Investigate usage

Basic usage

  1. Go to Special:Investigate.
  1. In the Usernames and IP addresses field, type in up to 10 targets, which may be usernames (without the User: prefix), IP addresses, or CIDR ranges.
  2. In the Reason field, enter the reason you are accessing the confidential data, as described in the Special:CheckUser instructions above; this will be logged in a log visible only to users with the investigate permission.

For advanced feature usage, see Help:Special Investigate.

Customizing tool links

As with Special:CheckUser, links to external tools can be customized.

The links are defined in the checkuser-investigate-compare-toollinks message. This message is parsed to find links, which are added to the menu in the IPs and user agents tab.

API

A CheckUser egy API-t is biztosít.

api.php?action=query&list=checkuser&curequest=userips&cutarget=Jimbo_Wales
api.php?action=query&list=checkuser&curequest=edits&cutarget=127.0.0.1/16&xff=1&cureason=Some_check
api.php?action=query&list=checkuserlog&culuser=WikiSysop&cullimit=25
api.php?action=query&list=checkuserlog&cultarget=127.0.0.1&culfrom=20111015230000