Extensão:Babel

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Babel and the translation is 25% complete.
Manual de extensões do MediaWiki
Babel
Estado de lançamento: estável
Implementação Função do analisador
Descrição Adiciona uma função de analisador para informar os outros utilizadores sobre a proficiência do idioma e categorizar os utilizadores dos mesmos níveis e idiomas.
Autor(es) Robert Leverington (RobertLdiscussão)
Última versão Continuous updates
Política de compatibilidade Original mantém a compatibilidade com versões anteriores.
MediaWiki >= 1.40.0
Alterações à base de dados Sim
Composer mediawiki/babel
Tabelas babel
Licença GNU - Licença Pública Geral 2.0 ou superior
Transferência Incluída no «Pacote de Extensões de Idioma»
Exemplo Translatewiki.net
  • $wgBabelMainCategory
  • $wgBabelCategorizeNamespaces
  • $wgBabelDefaultLevel
  • $wgBabelCentralDb
  • $wgBabelAutoCreate
  • $wgBabelCategoryNames
  • $wgBabelAllowOverride
  • $wgBabelUseUserLanguage
Quarterly downloads 90 (Ranked 78th)
Public wikis using 2,416 (Ranked 192nd)
Traduza a extensão Babel se ela estiver disponível em translatewiki.net
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The Babel extension adds a parser function to replace the old Babel system that completely relied on templates. If an unrecognized language parameter is specified, it will see if there is an existing template with the name and include that.

On Wikimedia projects, the noun Babel (in reference to the Tower of Babel) refers to the texts on user pages aiding multilingual communication by making it easier to contact someone who speaks a certain language. The idea originated on the Wikimedia Commons and has also been implemented on many other wikis.

Instalação

  • Exporte e coloque o ficheiro, ou ficheiros, num diretório chamado Babel, na sua pasta extensions/.
    Developers and code contributors should install the extension from Git instead, using:cd extensions/
    git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/Babel
  • Acrescente o seguinte código ao fundo do ficheiro $LocalSettings:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Babel' );
    
  • Execute o script de atualização que irá criar automaticamente as tabelas da base de dados necessárias para esta extensão.
  • Configure conforme necessário.
  •   Pronto – Na página especial Special:Version da sua wiki verifique se a extensão foi instalada.
  • The CSS is located in the file resources/ext.babel.css. You can change the style as desired by overriding them in the page MediaWiki:Common.css.
  • If the CLDR extension is found language names are taken from that (where translations are unavailable), otherwise built in MediaWiki language names and English defaults are used.

Utilização

A sintaxe para a função de analisador #babel é a seguinte:

 {{#babel: babelcode1 | babelcode2 | ... }}

Add one of the following codes for each language you speak or understand, separated by |, where xx is the MediaWiki language code, ISO 639-1 code, or ISO 639-3 code for the language. The general usage of each code level is as follows:

xx-0: If you don't understand the language at all.
xx-1: Basic ability—enough to understand written material or simple questions in this language.
xx-2: Intermediate ability—enough for editing or discussions.
xx-3: Advanced level—though you can write in this language with no problem, some small errors might occur.
xx-4: "Near-native" level—although it's not your first language from birth, your ability is something like that of a native speaker.
xx-5: Professional proficiency.
xx or xx-N: Native speakers who use a language every day and have a thorough grasp of it, including colloquialisms and idioms.

To include any other template, simply add the name of the template, e.g., add User CSS if you want to include Template:User CSS. A prefix or suffix may be added to template names (e.g. User at the beginning) depending on the local configuration. This can be used to restrict the selection and reduce the length of parameters; for example CSS could include Template:User CSS if configured in such a way.

To remove the header and footer, use plain=1 as the first parameter, e.g., {{#babel: plain=1 | babelcode1 | babelcode2 | ... }}. This makes it easier to use babel with other userboxes.

Configuração

Parâmetros de configuração

Babel has several configuration parameters which can be modified in LocalSettings.php .

$wgBabelLanguageCodesCdb
(string) the path of the language code database file, the default should suffice.
$wgBabelLanguageNamesCdb
(string) the path of the language name database file, the default should suffice.
$wgBabelCategoryNames
(array of string or boolean, indexed by the strings "1", "2", … "5", "N") where each entry is the name of a category for the skill level indicated by its index, possible variable elements are: %code% (language code), %wikiname% (the name of the language in the wiki's content language), and %nativename% (the name of the language in its language). To disable adding a category for a particular level, set the corresponding value to false.
Por exemplo:
$wgBabelCategoryNames = [
	'0' => 'User %code%-0',
	'1' => 'User %code%-1',
	'2' => 'User %code%-2',
	'3' => 'User %code%-3',
	'4' => 'User %code%-4',
	'5' => 'User %code%-5',
	'N' => 'User %code%-N',
];
will use categories like "Category:User en-0" and "Category:User fr-N". The default is just "Category:Fr-N" and so on.
$wgBabelMainCategory
(string) Name of the main (non-level) category for each language, to which all users of that language are added. Set to false to disable; defaults to format "Category:Fr". It accepts the same format as $wgBabelCategoryNames above. Example:
$wgBabelMainCategory = 'User %code%';
$wgBabelDefaultLevel
(string) Default ability level to use when none is specified, should be an index from $wgBabelCategoryNames, that is one of the strings "1", "2", … "5", "N". Default is "N".
$wgBabelUseUserLanguage
(boolean) Whether to use the user interface language for the header and footer message. If false (default), it will be in the page content language. This is because using the user interface language may fragment the parser cache.
$wgBabelCategorizeNamespaces
Array of namespaces to only add automatic categorization to. For example, if $wgBabelCategorizeNamespaces = [ NS_USER ];, then Babel will only add categories to pages in the user namespace. The default is null, which means categorize all namespaces.
$wgBabelCategoryOverride
Whether to allow Babel categories to be overridden on wiki using MediaWiki:Babel-category-override
$wgBabelAutoCreate
Whether to auto-create categories.

Mensagens do sistema

Several customizations can also be made using MediaWiki namespace messages.

MediaWiki:babel-template "Template:Usuário $1"
The format of template names when one is being included.
MediaWiki:babel-portal ""
The format of the target of the link from the language code. Set to the empty string to not link the language code.
MediaWiki:Babel-autocreate-user "Babel AutoCreate"
Username to be used for autocreation of Babel related categories
MediaWiki:babel-autocreate-text-levels "Os utilizadores nesta categoria indicam que têm um nível de conhecimento $1 na língua $2."
Text to insert into auto-created categories for different language levels. You have to change this if you want them to be auto-categorized in the main category of the respective language ($wgBabelMainCategory).
MediaWiki:babel-autocreate-text-main "Os utilizadores nesta categoria indicam que têm conhecimentos da língua $1."
Text to insert into auto-created categories for non-level categories. You have to change this if you want them to be auto-categorized in a parent category for all languages.
MediaWiki:babel "Informação Babel do utilizador"
O cabeçalho da caixa babel Set to - to not display a header.
MediaWiki:babel-url "Project:Babel"
O nome da página onde a informação sobre a extensão 'babel' podem ser encontrada Set to - to display no link in the header.
MediaWiki:Babel-footer "Utilizadores por língua"
O rodapé da caixa babel Set to - to not display a footer.
MediaWiki:babel-footer-url " :Categoria:Babel - Utilizadores por língua"
A página para interligar no rodapé da caixa 'babel'
MediaWiki:Babel-category-override "$1"
Overrides any automatically-generated Babel categories. Parameters:
$1 = the category that would be generated normally.
$2 = the language code
$3 = the babel level.
Any categories overridden using this method will not be auto-created to reduce the risk from vandalism or mistaken edits to that page.

API

meta=babel (bab)

(main | query | babel)

Get information about what languages the user knows

Specific parameter:
Other general parameters are available.
babuser

User to get information about

This parameter is required.
Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, IP range and interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName")
Example:
Get the Babel information for user Example
api.php?action=query&meta=babel&babuser=Example [open in sandbox]