Help:Tables/es

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For MediaWiki's database table structure, see Manual:Database layoutManual:Database layout

Tables may be created in wiki pages. Como regla general, es mejor evitar el uso de una tabla a menos que realmente la necesites, pues la inclusión de tablas complica la edición de la página. [1]

Sumario de formato de tablas en código wikiEdit

{| table start, required
|+ subtítulo de la tabla, opcional; sólo entre inicio de tabla y la primera fila
|- fila, opcional en la primera fila -- el software wiki lo asume en la primera fila
! encabezado de la celda, opcional. Si hay celdas consecutivas de encabezado en la misma línea, deben separarse con una marca doble (!!) o comenzar en nuevas líneas, cada una con su propia marca (!).
| table data cell, optional. i hay celdas consecutivas de datos en la misma línea, deben separarse con una marca doble (||) o comenzar en nuevas líneas, cada una con su propia marca (|).
|} table end, required
  • The above marks must start on a new line except the double || and !! for optionally adding consecutive cells to a line. However, blank spaces at the beginning of a line are ignored.
  • XHTML attributes. Each mark, except table end, optionally accepts one or more XHTML attributes. Attributes must be on the same line as the mark. Separate attributes from each other with a single space.
    • Cells and caption (| or ||, ! or !!, and |+) hold content. So separate any attributes from content with a single pipe (|). Cell content may follow on same line or on following lines.
    • Table and row marks ({| and |-) do not directly hold content. Do not add pipe (|) after their optional attributes. If you erroneously add a pipe after attributes for the table mark or row mark the parser will delete it and your final attribute if it was touching the erroneous pipe!
  • Content may (a) follow its cell mark on the same line after any optional XHTML attributes or (b) on lines below the cell mark. Content that uses wiki markup that itself needs to start on a new line, such as lists, headings, or nested tables, must be on its own new line.
    • Pipe character as content. To insert a pipe (|) character into a table, use the <nowiki>|</nowiki> escaping markup.

BásicosEdit

La siguiente tabla carece de bordes y de un buen espaciado, pero muestra la estructura de tabla en el formato wiki más simple.

You type You get
{|
|Naranja
|Manzana
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado 
|}
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

Las celdas de la misma fila pueden listarse en una línea separándolas con ||. If the text in the cell should contain a line break, use <br/> instead.

You type You get
{|
|Naranja||Apple||more
|-
|Pan||Pastel||más
|-
|Mantequilla||Ice<br />cream||and<br />more
|}
Naranja Manzana más
Pan Pastel más
Mantequilla Helado
y
más

Extra spaces within cells in the wiki markup, as in the wiki markup below, do not affect the actual table rendering.

You type You get
{|
|  Naranja || Manzana || más
|-
|   Pan || Pastel || más
|-
|   Mantequilla || Helado || y más
|}
Naranja Manzana más
Pan Pastel más
Mantequilla Helado y más

You can have longer text or more complex wiki syntax inside table cells, too:

You type You get
{|
|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, 
consetetur sadipscing elitr, 
sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, 
sed diam voluptua. 

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores
et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren,
no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum
dolor sit amet. 
|
* Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
* consetetur sadipscing elitr
* sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt
|}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet,

consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut labore et dolore magna aliquyam erat, sed diam voluptua.

At vero eos et accusam et justo duo dolores et ea rebum. Stet clita kasd gubergren, no sea takimata sanctus est Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.

  • Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet
  • consetetur sadipscing elitr
  • sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt

Table headersEdit

Table headers can be created by using "!" (exclamation mark) instead of "|" (pipe symbol). Headers usually show up bold and centered by default.

Escribes Obtienes
{|
! style="text-align:left;"| Elemento
! Amount
! Cost
|-
|Naranja
|10
|7.00
|-
|Pan
|4
|3.00
|-
|Mantequilla
|1
|5.00
|-
!Total
|
|15.00
|}
Elemento Amount Cost
Naranja 10 7.00
Pan 4 3.00
Mantequilla 1 5.00
Total 15.00

Note: When using attributes as in the heading 'Item' a vertical bar '|' is used for separation. Not an exclamation character '!'.

CaptionEdit

A table caption can be added to the top of any table as follows.

Escribes Obtienes
{|
|+Complementos alimenticios
|-
|Naranja
|Manzana
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado 
|}
Complementos alimenticios
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

class="wikitable"Edit

Basic styling (light gray background, borders, padding and align left) can be achieved by adding class="wikitable".

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
|+Complementos alimenticios
|-
|Naranja
|Manzana
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado 
|}
Complementos alimenticios
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

HTML colspan and rowspanEdit

You can use HTML colspan and rowspan attributes on cells for advanced layout.

You type You get
{| class="wikitable"
!colspan="6"|Shopping List
|-
|rowspan="2"|Bread & Butter
|Pastel
|Buns
|Danish
|colspan="2"|Croissant
|-
|Cheese
|colspan="2"|Helado
|Mantequilla
|Yogurt
|}
Shopping List
Bread & Butter Pastel Buns Danish Croissant
Cheese Helado Mantequilla Yogurt

Atributos XHTMLEdit

Puedes añadir atributos XHTML a las tablas. Consulta la información en la página de especificación de tablas de HTML 4.01 de W3C.

Atributos en las tablasEdit

Placing attributes after the table start tag ({|) applies attributes to the entire table.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center; color: green;"
|Naranja
|Manzana
|12,333.00
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|500.00
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado
|1.00
|}
Naranja Manzana 12,333.00
Pan Pastel 500.00
Mantequilla Helado 1.00

Atributos en celdasEdit

Puedes poner atributos en celdas individuales. Por ejemplo, los números suelen leerse mejor si se alinean a la derecha.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
| Naranja
| Manzana
| style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
| style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Mantequilla
| Helado
| style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Naranja Manzana 12,333.00
Pan Pastel 500.00
Mantequilla Helado 1.00

Puedes tambien usar atributos de celda cuando estás poniendo varias celdas en una sola línea. Obsérvese que las celdas se separan con || y dentro de cada celda los atributos y valores se separan con |.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
| Naranja || Manzana     || style="text-align:right;" | 12,333.00
|-
| Pan || Pastel       || style="text-align:right;" | 500.00
|-
| Mantequilla || Helado || style="text-align:right;" | 1.00
|}
Naranja Manzana 12,333.00
Pan Pastel 500.00
Mantequilla Helado 1.00

Atributos en filasEdit

Puedes poner atributos en filas individuales.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
| Naranja
| Manzana
| style="text-align:right;"| 12,333.00
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
| style="text-align:right;"| 500.00
|- style="font-style: italic; color: green;"
| Mantequilla
| Helado
| style="text-align:right;"| 1.00
|}
Naranja Manzana 12,333.00
Pan Pastel 500.00
Mantequilla Helado 1.00

Simple one-pixel table borderEdit

An example of a one-pixel table border:

Escribes Obtienes
{| border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse"
| Naranja
| Manzana
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
|}
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel

Border widthEdit

If "border-width:" has only one number, it is for all four border sides:

Escribes Obtienes
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 20px"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

If "border-width:" has more than one number, the four numbers are for top, right, bottom, left (REMEMBER this order):

Escribes Obtienes
{|style="border-style: solid; border-width: 10px 20px 100px 0"
|
Hello
|}

Hello

When there are fewer than 4 values, the value for left takes its default from the value for right, the value for bottom takes its default from the value for top, and the value for right takes its default from the value for top.

Another method to define the widths of the four sides of a cell is to use "border-left", "border-right", "border-top" and "border-bottom":

Escribes Obtienes
{|style="border-left:solid 10px black;border-right:solid 20px black;border-top:solid 30px black;border-bottom:solid 40px black;font-size:90%;font-size:90%;" align="center" 
|
Hello
|}

Hello

Notes :

  • The HTML attributes (such as "width=", "border=", "cellspacing=", "cellpadding=") do not need any length unit (the pixel unit is assumed).

The CSS style properties (which override the HTML attributes) require an explicit length unit (if the value is not 0) such as "px" for the pixel.

Con atributos HTML y estilos CSSEdit

Es posible añadir atributos de estilo CSS, con o sin otros atributos HTML.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable" style="color:green; background-color:#ffffcc;" cellpadding="10"
|Naranja
|Manzana
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado 
|}
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

AttributesEdit

Se pueden añadir atributos a los encabezados y a los subtítulos como se indica a continuación.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
|+ style="caption-side:bottom; color:#e76700;"|Complementos alimenticios
|-
|Naranja
|Manzana
|-
|Pan
|Pastel
|-
|Mantequilla
|Helado 
|}
Complementos alimenticios
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

Column widthEdit

Column width can be added as follows.

Escribes

{| style="color: black; background-color: #ffffcc; width: 85%;"
| colspan="2" | This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
|-
| style="width: 30%; background-color: white;"|
'''This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width'''
| style="width: 70%; background-color: orange;"|
'''This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)'''
|}

Obtienes

This column width is 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)
This column is 30% counted from 85% of the screen width This column is 70% counted from 85% of the screen width (and has a background color)

Accessibility of table header cellsEdit

Table header cells do not explicitly specify which table data cells they apply to (those on their right on the same row, or those below them on the same column). When the table is rendered in a visual 2D environment, this is usually easy to infer.

However when tables are rendered on non-visual media, you can help the browser to determine which table header cell applies to the description of any selected cell (in order to repeat its content in some accessibility helper) using a scope="row" or scope="col" attribute on table header cells. In most cases with simple tables, you'll use scope="col" on all header cells of the first row, and scope="row" on the first cell of the following rows:

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable"
|-
! scope="col"| Elemento
! scope="col"| Cantidad
! scope="col"| Precio
|-
! scope="row"| Pan
| 0.3 kg
| $0.65
|-
! scope="row"| Mantequilla
| 0.125 kg
| $1.25
|-
! scope="row" colspan="2"| Total
| $1.90
|}
Elemento Cantidad Precio
Pan 0.3 kg $0.65
Mantequilla 0.125 kg $1.25
Total $1.90

AlignmentEdit

Table alignmentEdit

Table alignment is achieved by using CSS. The table alignment is controlled by margins. A fixed margin on one side will make the table to be aligned to that side, if on the opposite side the margin is defined as auto. To have a table center aligned, you should set both margins to auto

For example, a right-aligned table:

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable" style="margin-left: auto; margin-right: 0px;"
| Naranja
| Manzana
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
|-
| Mantequilla
| Helado 
|}
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

And a center-aligned table:

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable" style="margin: auto;"
| Naranja
| Manzana
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
|-
| Mantequilla
| Helado 
|}
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

Table floating around textEdit

If you align a table to the right or the left side of the page, the text that comes after the table starts at the end of it, leaving an empty space around the table. You can make the text to be wrapped around the table by making the table to float around the text instead of just aligning it. This can be achieved using the float CSS attribute, which can specify where the table floats to the right side or to the left. When using float, margins doesn't control table alignment and can be used to specify the margin between the table and the surrounding text.

Escribes Obtienes
{| class="wikitable" style="float:right; margin-left: 10px;"
| Naranja
| Manzana
|-
| Pan
| Pastel
|-
| Mantequilla
| Helado 
|}

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing 
elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut 
laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi 
enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation 
ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea 
commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor 
in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, 
vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero 
eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit 
praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te 
feugait nulla facilisi.
Naranja Manzana
Pan Pastel
Mantequilla Helado

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit, sed diam nonummy nibh euismod tincidunt ut laoreet dolore magna aliquam erat volutpat. Ut wisi enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exerci tation ullamcorper suscipit lobortis nisl ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis autem vel eum iriure dolor in hendrerit in vulputate velit esse molestie consequat, vel illum dolore eu feugiat nulla facilisis at vero eros et accumsan et iusto odio dignissim qui blandit praesent luptatum zzril delenit augue duis dolore te feugait nulla facilisi.

Cell contents alignmentEdit

The alignment of cell contents can be controlled with 2 different CSS properties: text-align and vertical-align. text-align can be specified at the table, row or individual cells, while vertical-align only can be specified at individual rows or cells.

Escribes You get
{| class="wikitable"
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | A
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | B
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | C
|- style="vertical-align:middle;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | D
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | E
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | F
|- style="vertical-align:bottom;"
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:left;" | G
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:center;" | H
| style="height:100px; width:100px; text-align:right;" | I
|}
A B C
D E F
G H I

AdvertenciasEdit

Números negativosEdit

Si comienzas una celda en una nueva línea con un número negativo con un signo menos (o un parámetro que lo muestre como número negativo) la tabla puede alterarse, porque los caracteres |- se interpretarán como formato wiki para la fila de la tabla, no la celda. Para evitar esto, inserta un espacio antes del signo (| -6) o utiliza una celda en la misma línea (||-6).

CSS frente a atributosEdit

Es posible que algunos navegadores de texto muestren los bordes de la tabla de forma incorrecta si se especificaron mediante CSS al mismo tiempo que con un atributo del borde.

Common attributes for columns, column groups and row groupsEdit

The MediaWiki syntax for tables currently offers no support for specifying common attributes for columns (with the HTML element <col />), column groups (HTML element <colgroup></colgroup>) and row groups (HTML elements <thead></thead>, <tbody></tbody> and <tfoot></tfoot>). Those standard HTML elements are not accepted even in their HTML or XHTML syntax.

All the rows and cells (header or data) of the table are rendered within a single implicit row group (HTML element <tbody></tbody>) without any attributes or styles.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. Tables can be created using either XHTML table elements directly, or using wikicode formatting to define the table. Los elementos de tabla XHTML están bien descritos en varios sitios web y no se discutirán aquí. The benefit of wikicode is that the table is constructed of character symbols which tend to make it easier to perceive the table structure in the article editing view compared to XHTML table elements.