This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Interwiki and the translation is 100% complete.
此扩展随附于MediaWiki 1.21及更高版本。 因此您无需另外下载。 但是,您仍需遵循此页面提供的其他使用说明。
发行状态: 稳定版
实现 特殊页面
描述 添加一個特殊頁面以查看和操作跨wiki数据表
作者 Stephanie Amanda Stevens, SPQRobin
最新版本 3.2 (2019-07-15)
MediaWiki 1.36+
许可协议 GNU通用公眾授權條款2.0或更新版本
示例 参见Extension:Interwiki/Sites using this extension
  • $wgInterwikiViewOnly
  • InterwikiCentralDB
季度下載量 107 (Ranked 58th)
正在使用的公开wiki数 4,929 (Ranked 181st)
問題 开启的任务 · 报告错误

Interwiki 扩展将"Special:Interwiki"页面添加到 MediaWiki ,以查看和编辑 interwiki 表,以及使用它所做的任何操作的日志。

它适用于 $wgInterwikiCache 变量。 与之相关的跨wiki表更改会影响transclusion interwiki links 的行为。

"Special:Interwiki" 的列表与 API api.php?action=query&meta =siteinfo&siprop=interwikimap 相同,只是 iw_api 字段不可用。


  • 下载文件,并将其放置在您extensions/文件夹中的Interwiki目录内。
    开发者和代码贡献人员应从Git安装扩展,输入:cd extensions/
    git clone
  • 将下列代码放置在您的LocalSettings.php 的底部:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Interwiki' );
    // 授予管理员权限以编辑跨维基数据
    $wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['interwiki'] = true;
    // 创建一个可以编辑跨维基数据的新用户组
    // (行政员可以将用户添加到该组)
    # $wgGroupPermissions['developer']['interwiki'] = true; // 如果需要激活上一行命令,删除#
  •   完成 – 在您的wiki上导航至Special:Version,以验证已成功安装扩展。
  • MediaWiki 自带的配置不会授予任何用户组权限。 因此,您需要自己添加配置,否则没有人能够编辑跨维基数据。
  • 要启用来自其他站点的嵌入,您需要启用 $wgEnableScaryTranscluding
  • 要禁用通过 Special:Interwiki 接口添加前缀,请将 $wgInterwikiViewOnly 设置为 true
这个扩展在特殊页面列表中的条目不是扩展的名称。 列表中的条目由 SpecialInterwiki.i18n.php 中每个语言环境定义的 interwiki 消息项定义。 它的值为查看和编辑跨wiki数据


To set up interlanguage links using this extension, make sure that $wgInterwikiMagic is set to true and $wgHideInterlanguageLinks is set to false (they are like this by default, you don't need to change them usually). The $wgInterwikiViewOnly also needs to be set to false (which it is by default). Then go to Special:Interwiki as a user with the ability to edit interwikis. That is controlled by the interwiki permission, and by default, no user group has this permission, so it needs to be added to a user group with, e.g.

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['interwiki'] = true;

Once on Special:Interwiki, you can either click the "Add an interwiki or language prefix" link at the top of the table, or click the "Edit" or "Delete" links in the table row of an existing interwiki prefix.

Choosing to add or edit an interwiki prefix will take you to a separate page with a form with various fields to be filled. The main fields are "name", which is the prefix that would be used for the links, and "URL", where you put the full URL pattern. For example, setting name=foowiki and URL=http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/$1 would make [[foowiki:Blah]] point to http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/Blah.

There are also two checkboxes labeled "Forward" and "Transclude". See Manual:Interwiki table for a full explanation of the forward (iw_local) and transclude (iw_trans) bits.

In brief:

  • Enabling forwarding ('local' true) is normally done between all languages and projects in the same group, as it allows a link to any one of the languages to be used as a gateway to the others. The English-language Wikipedia, for instance, sets the 'local' bit true for all of the other-language Wikipedias and for projects like commons:, wikinews: or wikivoyage:. A user on a wiki outside Wikipedia where the wikipedia: interwiki prefix points to could create a link like wikipedia:fr:Encyclopédie. That link goes initially to "fr:Encyclopédie" on the English-language Wikipedia. The en.wikipedia server immediately recognises fr: as a 'local' interwiki link, so replies with a redirect to la Wikipédia whereédie displays the requested French-language Wikipédia page [[Encyclopédie]] et voilà.
  • Enabling transclusion is rarely done, as it allows an article on one wiki to use templates from some other wiki. This is referred to as 'scary transclusion' as it will cause problems if the other wiki changes the template unexpectedly. A few wiki farms use this to create one 'central wiki' with various templates which are made available to other wikis in the same farm. If you don't need this, don't enable it.


Since version 3, Interwiki supports defining a global/central database and pulling defined interwikis from there as well as from the local table. This functions essentially as a table merge, with local interwiki definitions overriding central. Language links are not pulled from the central table; these are set up as local-only due to a central table likely serving more than one project (with each having its own languages).

The central table is the interwiki table of the central wiki. This means that as far as the central wiki is concerned, it is basically just a normal non-global setup. There are therefore no special rights associated with the central (global) table, though it is likely you may want to be more picky about how you assign the 'interwiki' edit right on this wiki.

  • This was decided by looking at current possible use cases (ShoutWiki's hub, Uncyclomedia's central wiki, and Meta-Wiki) where the central wiki isn't going to have anything extra anyway.
  • This might change in the future, but anything more intelligent will require schema updates.
  • This probably doesn't work with table prefixes because of how the table is accessed.

To set up a central interwiki table, simply provide the name of the database of the wiki you want to use:

// To enable pulling global interwikis from a central database
$wgInterwikiCentralDB = 'mw_central';

Replace 'mw_central' with the name of the database.

For those using table prefixes here is an alternative solution for "pool_example_wiki" tables.

$wgSharedDB = 'example_wiki'; # The $wgDBname for the wiki database holding the main interwiki table
$wgSharedPrefix = 'pool_'; # The $wgDBprefix for the database. Defaults to the prefix of the current wiki if not specified
$wgSharedTables = ['interwiki'];

协议相对 URL

You can use protocol-relative URLs (PRURLs), so that users accessing your wiki over either HTTP or HTTPS can uses that same protocol to access interwiki links. To use a PRURL, first ensure the destination server supports HTTPS; if it does, then simply remove the https: portion of the URL in the link table. For example, change$1