Tillägg:Interwiki

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Interwiki and the translation is 55% complete.
Other languages:
Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Türkçe • ‎français • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎svenska • ‎سنڌي • ‎中文 • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어
Detta tillägg följer med i MediaWiki 1.21 och framåt. Därav behöver du inte ladda ner det igen. Du behöver däremot fortfarande följa de angivna instruktionerna.
Manual för MediaWikitillägg
OOjs UI icon advanced.svg
Interwiki
Utgivningsstatus: stabil
MediaWiki extension Interwiki.png
Genomförande Speciasida
Beskrivning Lägger till en specialsida för att visa och manipulera interwikitabellen.
Författare Stephanie Amanda Stevens, SPQRobin
Senaste versionen 3.1 (2018-06-07)
MediaWiki 1.28+
Förändringar i databasen Nej
Licenser GNU General Public License 2.0 eller senare
Ladda ner
Exempel Se Extension:Interwiki/Sites using this extension
  • $wgInterwikiViewOnly
  • InterwikiCentralDB
interwiki
Översätt tillägget Interwiki om det finns tillgängligt på translatewiki.net
Kontrollera användning och versionsmatris.
Ärenden Öppna ärenden · Rapportera en bugg

Tillägget Interwiki lägger till sidan Special:Interwiki till MediaWiki , för att visa och redigera interwiki -tabellen och för att logga ändringar gjorda med den.

Sedan Interwiki-versionen 2.1, fungerar den med $wgInterwikiCache och CSS:en använder ResourceLoader .

Listan över Special:Interwiki är identisk med API:n action=query&meta =siteinfo&siprop=interwikimap, förutom att iw_api -fältet inte är tillgängligt längre.

Ladda ner

The extension can be retrieved directly from Git [?]:

  • Browse code
  • Some extensions have tags for stable releases.
  • Each branch is associated with a past MediaWiki release. There is also a "master" branch containing the latest alpha version (might require an alpha version of MediaWiki).

Extract the snapshot and place it in the extensions/Interwiki/ directory of your MediaWiki installation.

If you are familiar with git and have shell access to your server, you can also obtain the extension as follows:

cd extensions/
git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/Interwiki.git

Installation

  • Ladda ner och placera filen/filerna i en katalog som heter Interwiki i din extensions/-mapp.
  • Lägg till följande kod längst ner i dina LocalSettings.php:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Interwiki' );
    // För att ge någon administratorrättigheter att redigera interwikidata.
    $wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['interwiki'] = true;
    
    // För att skapa en ny användargrupp som kan redigera interwikidata.
    // (byråkrater kan lägga till användare i den här gruppen)
    # $wgGroupPermissions['developer']['interwiki'] = true; // delete the comment indicator # as appropriate
    
  •   Klart – Ta dig till Special:Version på din wiki för att bekräfta att tillägget har installerats ordentligt.

För användare som kör MediaWiki 1.24 eller äldre:

Instruktionerna ovan beskriver det nya sättet att installera tillägget med wfLoadExtension(). Behöver du installera tillägget på en äldre version (MediaWiki 1.24 eller äldre), så behöver du, istället för wfLoadExtension( 'Interwiki' );, använda:

require_once "$IP/extensions/Interwiki/Interwiki.php";
  • The configuration that comes with MediaWiki will not grant permission to any user group. Thus, you will need to add the configuration yourself or no one will be able to edit interwikis.
  • To enable transclusion from other sites, you'll need to enable $wgEnableScaryTranscluding.
  • To disable adding prefixes through the Special:Interwiki interface, set $wgInterwikiViewOnly to true.
This extension's entry in the list of Special pages is not the name of the extension. The entry in the list is defined by the interwiki message item defined per locale in SpecialInterwiki.i18n.php. Dess värde är Visa och redigera interwikidata.

Setting up interlanguage links

To set up interlanguage links using this extension, make sure that $wgInterwikiMagic is set to true and $wgHideInterlanguageLinks is set to false (they are like this by default, you don't need to change them usually). Then go to Special:Interwiki as a user with the appropriate permissions. For example, if the French version of your wiki was located at http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/, you could add http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/$1 to the interwiki table with values trans 0 and local 0. Then the interlanguage link to the French version would work, but a #REDIRECT to a French-language page from a page in some other language would be refused.

See Manual:Interwiki table for a full explanation of the forward (iw_local) and transclude (iw_trans) bits.

In brief:

  • Enabling forwarding ('local' true) is normally done between all languages and projects in the same group, as it allows a link to any one of the languages to be used as a gateway to the others. The English-language Wikipedia, for instance, sets the 'local' bit true for all of the other-language Wikipedias and for projects like commons:, wikinews: or wikivoyage:. A user on a wiki outside Wikipedia where the wikipedia: interwiki prefix points to en.wikipedia.org could create a link like wikipedia:fr:Encyclopédie. That link goes initially to "fr:Encyclopédie" on the English-language Wikipedia. The en.wikipedia server immediately recognises fr: as a 'local' interwiki link, so replies with a redirect to la Wikipédia where fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopédie displays the requested French-language Wikipédia page [[Encyclopédie]] et voilà.
  • Enabling transclusion is rarely done, as it allows an article on one wiki to use templates from some other wiki. This is referred to as 'scary transclusion' as it will cause problems if the other wiki changes the template unexpectedly. A few wiki farms use this to create one 'central wiki' with various templates which are made available to other wikis in the same farm. If you don't need this, don't enable it.

Global interwikis

Since version 3, Interwiki supports defining a global/central database and pulling defined interwikis from there as well as from the local table. This functions essentially as a table merge, with local interwiki definitions overriding central. Language links are not pulled from the central table; these are set up as local-only due to a central table likely serving more than one project (with each having its own languages).

The central table is the interwiki table of the central wiki. This means that as far as the central wiki is concerned, it is basically just a normal non-global setup. There are therefore no special rights associated with the central (global) table, though it is likely you may want to be more picky about how you assign the 'interwiki' edit right on this wiki.

  • This was decided by looking at current possible use cases (ShoutWiki's hub, Uncyclomedia's central wiki, and Meta-Wiki) where the central wiki isn't going to have anything extra anyway.
  • This might change in the future, but anything more intelligent will require schema updates.
  • This probably doesn't work with table prefixes because of how the table is accessed.

To set up a central interwiki table, simply provide the name of the database of the wiki you want to use:

// To enable pulling global interwikis from a central database
$wgInterwikiCentralDB = 'mw_central';

Replace 'mw_central' with the name of the database.

For those using table prefixes here is an alternative solution for "pool_example_wiki" tables.

$wgSharedDB = 'example_wiki'; # The $wgDBname for the wiki database holding the main interwiki table
$wgSharedPrefix = 'pool_'; # The $wgDBprefix for the database. Defaults to the prefix of the current wiki if not specified
$wgSharedTables = ['interwiki'];

Protocol-relative URLs

MediaWiki supports protocol-relative URLs (PRURLs), from MediaWiki 1.18+. With a PRURL, a user accessing a page over http or https uses the same scheme to access the interwiki link. To use a PRURL, first ensure the destination server supports HTTPS; if it does, then simply remove the http: portion of the URL in the link table. For example, change

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/$1

to:

//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/$1