Extensão:Interwiki

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Interwiki and the translation is 82% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Esta extensão acompanha o MediaWiki 1.21 ou superior. Logo, não é necessário baixá-la novamente. No entanto, ainda é necessário seguir as outras instruções fornecidas.
Manual de extensões do MediaWiki
Interwiki
Estado da versão: estável
Implementação Página especial
Descrição Adiciona uma página especial que permite visualizar e manipular a tabela interwiki
Autor(es) Stephanie Amanda Stevens, SPQRobin
Última versão 3.2 (2019-07-15)
MediaWiki 1.36+
Modifica o banco
de dados
Não
Licença GNU GPL (Licença Pública Geral) 2.0 ou superior
Download
Exemplo Ver Extension:Interwiki/Sites using this extension
  • $wgInterwikiViewOnly
  • InterwikiCentralDB
interwiki
Quarterly downloads 99 (Ranked 57th)
Public wikis using 4,929 (Ranked 181st)
Para traduzir a extensão Interwiki, verifique sua disponibilidade no translatewiki.net
Problemas Tarefas em aberto · Relatar um bug

A extensão Interwiki adiciona a página Special:Interwiki ao MediaWiki , a qual permite visualizar e editar a tabela interwiki , além de apresentar um registro de alterações à tabela.

Esta extensão funciona com a variável $wgInterwikiCache . Alterações feitas com ele na tabela interwiki podem afetar o comportamento de ambos transclusão e interwiki links .

A lista exibida na página Special:Interwiki é idêntica à API api.php?action=query&meta =siteinfo&siprop=interwikimap, exceto que o campo iw_api não é disponibilizado.

Instalação

  • Baixe e coloque o(s) arquivo(s) num diretório chamado Interwiki na sua pasta extensions/.
    Developers and code contributors should install the extension from Git instead, using:cd extensions/
    git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/Interwiki
  • Adicione o seguinte código ao final do seu arquivo LocalSettings.php :
    wfLoadExtension( 'Interwiki' );
    // Para dar a permissão aos sysops de editar os dados interwiki
    $wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['interwiki'] = true;
    
    // Para criar um novo grupo de usuários que possam editar os dados interwiki
    // (burocratas podem adicionar usuários ao grupo)
    # $wgGroupPermissions['developer']['interwiki'] = true; // remova a cerquilha (#) para ter efeito
    
  •   Concluído – Navegue à página Special:Version em sua wiki para verificar se a instalação da extensão foi bem sucedida.
  • A configuração embutida no MediaWiki não concede permissões a nenhum grupo de usuários. Logo, será necessário adicionar a configuração manualmente, caso contrário ninguém poderá editar os interwikis.
  • Para permitir a transclusão a partir de outros sítios, será necessário habilitar $wgEnableScaryTranscluding .
  • To disable adding prefixes through the Special:Interwiki interface, set $wgInterwikiViewOnly to true.
O rótulo dessa extensão na lista de páginas especiais não é o seu nome. The entry in the list is defined by the interwiki message item defined per locale in SpecialInterwiki.i18n.php. Its value is Ver e editar dados de interwikis.

Configurando links interlinguísticos

To set up interlanguage links using this extension, make sure that $wgInterwikiMagic is set to true and $wgHideInterlanguageLinks is set to false (they are like this by default, you don't need to change them usually). The $wgInterwikiViewOnly also needs to be set to false (which it is by default). Then go to Special:Interwiki as a user with the ability to edit interwikis. That is controlled by the interwiki permission, and by default, no user group has this permission, so it needs to be added to a user group with, e.g.

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['interwiki'] = true;

Once on Special:Interwiki, you can either click the "Add an interwiki or language prefix" link at the top of the table, or click the "Edit" or "Delete" links in the table row of an existing interwiki prefix.

Choosing to add or edit an interwiki prefix will take you to a separate page with a form with various fields to be filled. The main fields are "name", which is the prefix that would be used for the links, and "URL", where you put the full URL pattern. For example, setting name=foowiki and URL=http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/$1 would make [[foowiki:Blah]] point to http://fr.foowiki.tld/wiki/Blah.

There are also two checkboxes labeled "Forward" and "Transclude". See Manual:Interwiki table for a full explanation of the forward (iw_local) and transclude (iw_trans) bits.

In brief:

  • Enabling forwarding ('local' true) is normally done between all languages and projects in the same group, as it allows a link to any one of the languages to be used as a gateway to the others. The English-language Wikipedia, for instance, sets the 'local' bit true for all of the other-language Wikipedias and for projects like commons:, wikinews: or wikivoyage:. A user on a wiki outside Wikipedia where the wikipedia: interwiki prefix points to en.wikipedia.org could create a link like wikipedia:fr:Encyclopédie. That link goes initially to "fr:Encyclopédie" on the English-language Wikipedia. The en.wikipedia server immediately recognises fr: as a 'local' interwiki link, so replies with a redirect to la Wikipédia where fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopédie displays the requested French-language Wikipédia page [[Encyclopédie]] et voilà.
  • Enabling transclusion is rarely done, as it allows an article on one wiki to use templates from some other wiki. This is referred to as 'scary transclusion' as it will cause problems if the other wiki changes the template unexpectedly. A few wiki farms use this to create one 'central wiki' with various templates which are made available to other wikis in the same farm. If you don't need this, don't enable it.

Interwikis globais

Since version 3, Interwiki supports defining a global/central database and pulling defined interwikis from there as well as from the local table. This functions essentially as a table merge, with local interwiki definitions overriding central. Language links are not pulled from the central table; these are set up as local-only due to a central table likely serving more than one project (with each having its own languages).

The central table is the interwiki table of the central wiki. This means that as far as the central wiki is concerned, it is basically just a normal non-global setup. There are therefore no special rights associated with the central (global) table, though it is likely you may want to be more picky about how you assign the 'interwiki' edit right on this wiki.

  • This was decided by looking at current possible use cases (ShoutWiki's hub, Uncyclomedia's central wiki, and Meta-Wiki) where the central wiki isn't going to have anything extra anyway.
  • This might change in the future, but anything more intelligent will require schema updates.
  • This probably doesn't work with table prefixes because of how the table is accessed.

To set up a central interwiki table, simply provide the name of the database of the wiki you want to use:

// To enable pulling global interwikis from a central database
$wgInterwikiCentralDB = 'mw_central';

Replace 'mw_central' with the name of the database.

For those using table prefixes here is an alternative solution for "pool_example_wiki" tables.

$wgSharedDB = 'example_wiki'; # The $wgDBname for the wiki database holding the main interwiki table
$wgSharedPrefix = 'pool_'; # The $wgDBprefix for the database. Defaults to the prefix of the current wiki if not specified
$wgSharedTables = ['interwiki'];

URLs Relativo ao protocolo

You can use protocol-relative URLs (PRURLs), so that users accessing your wiki over either HTTP or HTTPS can uses that same protocol to access interwiki links. To use a PRURL, first ensure the destination server supports HTTPS; if it does, then simply remove the https: portion of the URL in the link table. For example, change

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/$1

to:

//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/$1