Help:Palavras mágicas

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PD Nota: Ao editar esta página, você concorda em publicar a sua contribuição no âmbito da licença CC0. Veja Páginas de ajuda de domínio público para mais informações.
PD

Palavras mágicas são sequências de texto que o MediaWiki associa com um valor de retorno ou função, como tempo, detalhes do site ou nomes de página. Esta página é sobre o uso de palavras mágicas padrão; para uma referência técnica, veja Manual:Magic words.

Existem três tipos gerais de palavras mágicas:

  • Variáveis: estas são palavras em maiúsculas, rodeadas por chaves duplas, p.ex. {{FOO}}. Como tal, eles se parecem muito com os templates.

Variáveis ​​e funções do analisador podem usar subst:, exatamente como as predefinições. Palavras mágicas dependentes de página afetarão ou retornarão dados sobre a página atual (por padrão), mesmo que a palavra seja adicionada através de um modelo de transcluídos ou incluído mensagens do sistema.

Comutadores de comportamento

Um comutador de comportamento controla o layout ou o comportamento da página e muitas vezes pode ser usado para especificar omissões e inclusões desejados no conteúdo.

Palavra Descrição Versões
Tabela de conteúdo
__NOTOC__ Esconde a tabela de conteúdo (TOC).
__FORCETOC__ Força a tabela de conteúdo a aparecer em sua posição normal (antes do primeiro cabeçalho).
__TOC__ Coloca uma tabela de conteúdo na posição atual da palavra (primordial __NOTOC__). Se for utilizado várias vezes, a tabela de conteúdo aparecerá na posição da primeira palavra.
Edição
__NOEDITSECTION__ Esconde os links da edição de seção, ao lado dos títulos. Isto é especialmente útil, onde um título é criado a partir de um modelo: a edição de seção wiki normal seria, neste caso, editar o código do modelo, que normalmente é contraditório para o usuário. Se um molde contiver múltiplas posições, pode ser necessário adicionar "__NOEDITSECTION__" após cada título.
__NEWSECTIONLINK__ Adiciona um link ao lado da aba "editar" para adicionar uma nova seção em uma página que não seja a de discussão (veja Adicionando uma seção no final).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

__NONEWSECTIONLINK__ Remove o link ao lado da aba "editar" nas páginas em namespaces de discussão.
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r47522

Categorias
__NOGALLERY__ Usado em uma página de categoria, substitui miniaturas na visualização de categoria, com links normais.
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__HIDDENCAT__ Usado em uma página de categoria, esconde a categoria a partir das listas de categorias em seus membros e categorias pai (há uma opção nas preferências de usuário para mostra-las).
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13

Conversão de idioma
__NOCONTENTCONVERT__
__NOCC__
Nas wikis com variantes de idioma, não executa qualquer conversão de linguagem de conteúdo (personagem e fase) na exibição de artigos, por exemplo, é mostrado chinês padrão (zh) em vez de variantes como zh_cn, zh_tw, zh_sg, ou zh_hk.
__NOTITLECONVERT__
__NOTC__
Nas wikis com variantes de idioma, não executa a conversão de linguagem no título (todos os outros conteúdos são convertidos).
Outros
__START__ Sem efeito.
__END__ Explicitamente marca o final do artigo, para impedir a remoção pelo MediaWiki dos espaços em branco. Removido na revisão 19213.
1.1 – 1.8
__INDEX__ Informa aos mecanismos de pesquisa para indexar a página (substitui $wgArticleRobotPolicies, e não robots.txt). Ele obedece a variável $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl.
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__NOINDEX__ Tell search engines not to index the page (i.e. do not list in search engines' results). It obeys $wgExemptFromUserRobotsControl variable.
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__STATICREDIRECT__ On redirect pages, don't allow MediaWiki to automatically update the link when someone moves a page and checks "Update any redirects that point to the original title".
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__DISAMBIG__ Marks a page as a disambiguation page and places it in Special:DisambiguationPages, and places inward links in Special:DisambiguationPageLinks. See Extension:Disambiguator. requer a extensão Disambiguator

Variáveis

Variables return information about the current page, wiki, or date. Their syntax is similar to templates. Variables marked as "[expensive]" are tracked by the software, and the number that can be included on a page is limited.

If a template name conflicts with a variable, the variable will be used (so to transclude the template Template:PAGENAME you would need to write {{Template:PAGENAME}}). In some cases, adding parameters will force the parser to invoke a template; for example, {{CURRENTDAYNAME|x}} transcludes Template:CURRENTDAYNAME, not the variable.

Data e hora

As seguintes variáveis retornam a data e hora atuais em UTC.

Due to MediaWiki and browser caching, these variables frequently show when the page was cached rather than the current time.

The date and time magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, they depend on the page content language.

Variável Saída Descrição Versões
Ano
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014 Ano
Mês
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 04 Mês (com zeros à esquerda)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} abril Mês (nome)
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} abril Mês (caso genitivo)
{{CURRENTMONTHABBREV}} abr Mês (abreviado)
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Dia
{{CURRENTDAY}} 24 Dia do mês (sem zeros à esquerda)
{{CURRENTDAY2}} 24 Dia do mês (com zeros à esquerda)
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{{CURRENTDOW}} 4 Dia da semana (sem zeros à esquerda), de 0 (para Domingo) até 6 (para Sábado)
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} quinta-feira Dia da semana (nome)
Hora
{{CURRENTTIME}} 05h57min Hora e minuto (formato 24 horas, HH:mm)
{{CURRENTHOUR}} 05 Hora (formato 24 horas, HH, com zeros à esquerda)
Outros
{{CURRENTWEEK}} 17 Semana (número)
{{CURRENTTIMESTAMP}} 20140424055734 Data e hora (formato YYYYMMDDHHmmss)
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The following variables do the same as the preceding ones, but using the site's server config or $wgLocaltimezone.

  • {{LOCALYEAR}}
  • {{LOCALMONTH}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAME}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHNAMEGEN}}
  • {{LOCALMONTHABBREV}}
  • {{LOCALDAY}}
  • {{LOCALDAY2}}
  • {{LOCALDOW}}
  • {{LOCALDAYNAME}}
  • {{LOCALTIME}}
  • {{LOCALHOUR}}
  • {{LOCALWEEK}}
  • {{LOCALTIMESTAMP}}

For more thorough time formatting, you may want to install Extension:ParserFunctions to use the #time parser function.

Metadados técnicos

Note: Revision variables return data about the latest edit to the current page, even if viewing an older version of the page.

Variável Saída Descrição Versões
Site
{{SITENAME}} MediaWiki O nome do site da wiki ($wgSitename)
{{SERVER}} //www.mediawiki.org A URL do domínio ($wgServer)
{{SERVERNAME}} www.mediawiki.org Subdomain and domain name (no longer dependent on $wgServerName as of version 1.17).
{{DIRMARK}}
{{DIRECTIONMARK}}

Outputs a Unicode directional mark that matches the wiki's default language's direction (&lrm; on left-to-right wikis, &rlm; on right-to-left wikis), useful in text with multi-directional text. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.
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{{SCRIPTPATH}} /w Endereço relativo dos scripts ($wgScriptPath)
{{STYLEPATH}} //bits.wikimedia.org/static-1.24wmf1/skins Endereço relativo dos estilos ($wgStylePath)
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{{CURRENTVERSION}} 1.24wmf1 (f57b713) A versão do MediaWiki nesta wiki
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{{CONTENTLANGUAGE}}
{{CONTENTLANG}}
en
en
A língua padrão da interface desta wiki ($wgLanguageCode)
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Página
{{PAGEID}} 76028 Retorna o identificador da página.
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Gerrit change 9858

{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:ação}} Retorna o nível de proteção (por exemplo, autoconfirmado, sysop) para uma determinada operação (por exemplo, «edit», «move») na página atual. Retorna uma string vazia se a operação não estiver protegida
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Última revisão da página atual
{{REVISIONID}} 975841 Identificador (ID) único da revisão
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{{REVISIONDAY}} 21 Dia em que a edição foi realizada (número, sem zeros à esquerda)
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONDAY2}} 21 Dia em que a edição foi realizada (número, com zeros à esquerda)
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{REVISIONMONTH}} 04 Month edit was made (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
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{{REVISIONMONTH1}} 4 Mês em que a edição foi realizada (número, sem zeros à esquerda)
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r66200

{{REVISIONYEAR}} 2014 Ano da última edição
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{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP}} 20140421170620 Data e hora da última edição
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{{REVISIONUSER}}
{{URLENCODE:{{REVISIONUSER}}|WIKI}}
Fabsouza1
Fabsouza1
The username of the user who made the most recent edit to the page, or the current user when previewing an edit.
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r48149

{{REVISIONSIZE}} 60506 The size (bytes of wikitext) of the current revision of this page
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Gerrit change 82650

Afeta o conteúdo da página
{{DISPLAYTITLE:título}} Format the current page's title header. The value must be equivalent to the default title: only capitalization changes and replacing spaces with underscores are allowed (this can be changed with $wgRestrictDisplayTitle). It can be disabled or enabled by $wgAllowDisplayTitle; disabled by default before 1.10+, enabled by default thereafter.
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{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORTKEY:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTCATEGORYSORT:sortkey}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noerror}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:sortkey|noreplace}}
Used for categorizing pages, sets a default category sort key. For example if you put {{DEFAULTSORT:Smith, John}} at the end of John Smith, the page would be sorted under "S" by default in categories. It can take a second argument of noerror or noreplace to suppress error messages when multiple defaultsortkeys are used on one page or to make this defaultsort do nothing if a defaultsort was already specified earlier in the page.
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r96767


(sem erro e sem substituição)


Estatísticas

Numbers returned by these variables normally contain separators (commas, dots or spaces, depending on the local language), but can return raw numbers with the ":R" flag (for example, {{NUMBEROFPAGES}} → 173 476 and {{NUMBEROFPAGES:R}} → 173476).

Use "|R" for magic words that require a parameter like PAGESINCATEGORY (for example {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|R}}, or {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats}} and {{PAGESINCATEGORY:Help|subcats|R}}). Also applicable to {{PAGESIZE:page name}} hereinbefore.

The number magic words are formatted in the wiki content language. Since 1.19, it depends on the page content language.

Variável Saída Descrição Versões
{{NUMBEROFPAGES}} 173 476 Número de páginas wiki
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 14 295 Number of pages in content namespaces.
{{NUMBEROFFILES}} 2 438 Número de arquivos carregados
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The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{NUMBEROFEDITS}} 1 123 835 Número de edições wiki
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r21319

{{NUMBEROFVIEWS}} Number of page views. Usually useless on a wiki using caching.
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r42721

{{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 1 481 986 Número de usuários registados
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{{NUMBEROFADMINS}} 161 Número de usuários no grupo sysop.
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{{NUMBEROFACTIVEUSERS}} 1 272 Número de usuários ativos, com base nos critérios usados na página Special:Statistics
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r47392

{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname}}
{{PAGESINCAT:categoryname}}
147
147
[Expensive] Number of pages (including subcategories and files) in the given category.
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r32932

{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|all}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|pages}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|subcats}}
{{PAGESINCATEGORY:categoryname|files}}
147
145
2
0
[Expensive] Respectively, the number of
  • all pages
  • ordinary pages (excluding subcategories and files)
  • subcategories or
  • files

in the given category.

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Gerrit change 12790

{{NUMBERINGROUP:groupname}}
{{NUMINGROUP:groupname}}
30
30
({{NUMBERINGROUP:bureaucrat}} used here)
Número de usuários em um group específico.
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r40116

{{PAGESINNS:index}}
{{PAGESINNAMESPACE:index}}
Não habilitado [Expensive] Number of pages in the given namespace (replace index with the relevant namespace index). For instance, {{PAGESINNAMESPACE:14}} will output the number of category pages. {{PAGESINNS:0}} differs from {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} in that the former includes redirects and disambiguation pages. Disabled by default, enable with $wgAllowSlowParserFunctions.
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Page names

Variable Output Description Versions
{{FULLPAGENAME}} Help:Magic words/pt-br Namespace and full page title (including all subpage levels).
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{{PAGENAME}} Magic words/pt-br Full page title (including all subpage levels) without the namespace.
{{BASEPAGENAME}} Magic words Page title of the page in the immediately superior subpage level without the namespace ("Title/foo" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").

For more complex splitting, use {{#titleparts:}} from the ParserFunctions extension.

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{{SUBPAGENAME}} pt-br The subpage title ("bar" on "Help:Title/foo/bar").
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{{SUBJECTPAGENAME}}
{{ARTICLEPAGENAME}}
Help:Magic words/pt-br
Help:Magic words/pt-br
Full page name of the associated subject (e.g. article or file). Useful on talk pages.
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{{TALKPAGENAME}} Help talk:Magic words/pt-br Full page name of the associated talk page.
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The {{BASEPAGENAME}} and {{SUBPAGENAME}} magic words only work in namespaces that have subpages enabled. See $wgNamespacesWithSubpages for information on enabling subpages.

As of 1.15+, these can all take a parameter, allowing specification of the page to be operated on, instead of just the current page:

  • {{PAGENAME:Template:Main Page}}Main Page
Warning Warning: Page titles containing certain characters, such as apostrophes ' or asterisks *, may produce unexpected results when handled with these magic words, e.g. {{PAGESINCATEGORY:{{PAGENAME}}}}. See bugs 14779, 16474 and 35628. One simple way to fix this is wrapping the pagename in #titleparts (parser function).

For example, if page name is "L'Aquila", the following code will produce the string "Numeric char encoding":

{{#switch:{{PAGENAME}}
| L'Aquila = No translation
| L = Not OK
| L&apos;Aquila = Entity escaping
| L&#39;Aquila = Numeric char encoding
}}

URL encoded page names

The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (i.e. spaces replaced with underscores and some characters HTML escaped using numeric character encoding):

  • {{FULLPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{PAGENAMEE}}
  • {{BASEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{ARTICLEPAGENAMEE}}
  • {{TALKPAGENAMEE}}

Note that {{PAGENAME}}, {{PAGENAMEE}} and {{urlencode:}} have distinct implementations. See Manual:PAGENAMEE encoding for details.

Namespaces

Variable Output Description Versions
{{NAMESPACE}} Help Name of the page's namespace
{{NAMESPACENUMBER}} 12 ID of the page's namespace
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Gerrit change 4056

{{SUBJECTSPACE}}
{{ARTICLESPACE}}
Help
Help
Name of the associated content namespace
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{{TALKSPACE}} Help talk Name of the associated talk namespace
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The following are equivalents encoded for use in MediaWiki URLs (spaces replaced with underscores and some characters percent-encoded):

  • {{NAMESPACEE}}
  • {{SUBJECTSPACEE}}
  • {{TALKSPACEE}}

As of 1.15+, these can take a full-page-name parameter and will return the requested namespace associated with that page, instead of with the current page:

  • {{NAMESPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template
  • {{TALKSPACE:Template:Main Page}}Template talk

Parameter must not be a namespace name:

  • {{SUBJECTSPACE:Help talk}}  (Empty)

Parser functions

Parser functions are very similar to variables, but take one or more parameters (technically, any magic word that takes a parameter is a parser function), and the name is sometimes prefixed with a hash to distinguish them from templates.

This page only describes parser functions that are integral to the MediaWiki software. Other parser functions may be added by MediaWiki extensions such as the ParserFunctions extension. For those see Help:Extension:ParserFunctions.

Technical metadata of another page

Parser function Output
(for page MediaWiki)
Description Versions
{{PAGEID: page name }} 1 [Expensive] Returns the page identifier of the specified page*.
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Gerrit change 76534

{{PAGESIZE: page name }}
{{PAGESIZE: page name |R}}
223
223
[Expensive] Returns the byte size of the specified page. Use "|R" to get raw (unformatted) numbers.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r33551

{{PROTECTIONLEVEL:action | page name}} autoconfirmed [Expensive] Outputs the protection level (e.g. "autoconfirmed", "sysop") for a given action (e.g. "edit", "move") on the specified page. Returns an empty string if not protected.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.21
r44683

{{REVISIONID: page name }} 740803 [Expensive] Unique revision ID of the last revision on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONDAY: page name }} 19 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONDAY2: page name }} 19 [Expensive] Day of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONMONTH: page name }} 07 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (zero-padded number as of 1.17+, unpadded number in prior versions).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONMONTH1: page name }} 7 [Expensive] Month of edit from the last revision of the specified page* (unpadded number).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONYEAR: page name }} 2013 [Expensive] Year of edit from the last revision of the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONTIMESTAMP: page name }} 20130719172435 [Expensive] Timestamp as of time of edit on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

{{REVISIONUSER: page name }} Rxy [Expensive] The username from the last revision on the specified page*.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.23
Gerrit change 76534

*When the given param is equal to the current title of the parser, the parser function will yield the previous versions on preview and on substitution, that includes empty strings when used on page creation, but using the values from the current version for page view, including viewing old revisions. In this case it is a non-expensive parser function.


URL data

Parser function Input → Output Description Versions
{{localurl:page name}}
{{localurl:page name|query_string}}
{{localurl:MediaWiki}} → /wiki/MediaWiki
{{localurl:MediaWiki|printable=yes}} → /w/index.php?title=MediaWiki&printable=yes
The relative path to the title.
{{fullurl:page name}}
{{fullurl:page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{fullurl:Category:Top level}} → //www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{fullurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}} → //www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

A protocol-relative path to the title. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes. Note: Unbracketed (plain) protocol-relative links are not automagically linked.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{canonicalurl:page name}}
{{canonicalurl:page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:interwiki:remote page name|query_string}}
{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level}}http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Category:Top_level

{{canonicalurl:Category:Top level|action=edit}}http://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Top_level&action=edit

The absolute path to the title, using the canonical URL. This will also resolve interwiki prefixes.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.18

{{filepath:file name}}
{{filepath:file name|nowiki}}
{{filepath:file name|thumbnail_size}}
{{filepath:Wiki.png}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png

{{filepath:Wiki.png|nowiki}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/mediawiki/b/bc/Wiki.png
{{filepath:Example.svg|300}} → //upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/84/Example.svg/300px-Example.svg.png

A protocol-relative path to the full size or thumbnail (1.18+) of a media file.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.12
r25854


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.18
r80813

{{urlencode:string}} (or {{urlencode:string|QUERY}})
{{urlencode:string|WIKI}}
{{urlencode:string|PATH}}
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é}} (or {{urlencode:x:y/z á é|QUERY}}) → x%3Ay%2Fz+%C3%A1+%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|WIKI}} → x:y/z_%C3%A1_%C3%A9
{{urlencode:x:y/z á é|PATH}} → x%3Ay%2Fz%20%C3%A1%20%C3%A9

Note that the default changed from |WIKI to |QUERY in 1.17; this may break templates that rely on this function.

The input encoded for use in URLs. Note that there is no urldecode function like there is in the obsolete Extension:StringFunctions.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7
r14273

(or
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.17
r64726

)
{{anchorencode:string}} {{anchorencode:x y z á é}} → x_y_z_.C3.A1_.C3.A9 The input encoded for use in URL section anchors (after the “#” symbol in a URL).
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.6
r16279


Namespaces

{{ns:}} returns the current localized name for the namespace with that index, canonical name, or local alias. Thus {{ns:6}}, {{ns:File}}, and {{ns:Image}} (an old name for the File namespace) all return "File". On a wiki where the content language is French, {{ns:Fichier}} is also valid, but {{ns:Datei}} (the localisation of "File" in German) is not.

{{nse:}} is the equivalent encoded for MediaWiki URLs. It does the same, but it replaces spaces with underscores, making it usable in external links.

Content namespaces Talk namespaces
Usage Output Usage Output
{{ns:-2}} / {{ns:Media}} Media
{{ns:-1}} / {{ns:Special}} Special
{{ns:0}} / {{ns:}} {{ns:1}} / {{ns:Talk}} Talk
{{ns:2}} / {{ns:User}} User {{ns:3}} / {{ns:User talk}} User talk
{{ns:4}} / {{ns:Project}} Project
Varies between wikis
{{ns:5}} / {{ns:Project talk}} Project talk
{{ns:6}} / {{ns:File}} or {{ns:Image}} File {{ns:7}} / {{ns:File talk}} or {{ns:Image talk}} File talk
{{ns:8}} / {{ns:MediaWiki}} MediaWiki {{ns:9}} / {{ns:MediaWiki talk}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} / {{ns:Template}} Template {{ns:11}} / {{ns:Template talk}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} / {{ns:Help}} Help {{ns:13}} / {{ns:Help talk}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} / {{ns:Category}} Category {{ns:15}} / {{ns:Category talk}} Category talk

Don't confuse localised namespaces with custom namespaces.

Formatting

Usage Input → Output Description Version
{{formatnum:unformatted number}}

{{formatnum:formatnum-formatted number|R}}
{{formatnum:unformatted number|NOSEP}}

  • Simple:
    • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
      → 987 654 321,654321
    • {{formatnum:987,654,321.654321|R}}
      → 987.654.321.654321
  • Advanced:
    • {{formatnum:{{formatnum:987654321.654321}}|R}}
      → 987654321.654321 (on any locale)
    • {{formatnum:00001}}
      → 00 001
    • Examples with Hindi locale:
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321
      • {{formatnum:987654321.654321 |NOSEP}}
        → 987654321.654321
      • {{formatnum:98,76,54,321.654321 |NOSEP|R}}
        → 98,76,54,321.654321

Unsupported:
{{formatnum:{{formatnum:987.654.321}}}}
→ 987 654 321 (e.g. with Italian locale)


Examples of wrong input (unreliable output), with or without |R:
{{formatnum:987,654.321|R}} (the least broken)
{{formatnum:987.654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987 654,321|R}}
{{formatnum:987&nbsp;654,321|R}}

Takes an unformatted number (arab, no group separators and . as decimal separator) and outputs it in the localized digit script and formatted with decimal and decimal group separators, according to the wiki's default locale.

The |R parameter can be used to reverse the behavior, for use in mathematical situations: it's reliable and should be used only to deformat numbers who are known to be formatted exactly as formatnum formats them with the wiki's locale.
Aviso Aviso: Leading zeroes are not removed, you can use {{#expr:00001}} instead if you have Extension:ParserFunctions installed.

Aviso Aviso: If you don't input numbers in the exact format required, don't expect any reliable output, especially on non-English wikis.

Aviso Aviso: The NOSEP ("no separators") parameter means that no group / decimal separators are changed; formatnum will only transform the digits themselves in languages which don't use the Hindu–Arabic numeral system. NOSEP can also prevent non-standard digit groupings you wouldn't expect.


If you really need to format (according the wiki's locale) a number in unknown input format, you could try and use formatnum two times (but not if it can have a decimal group, or its separator will be eaten or the number won't be formatted).

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7


title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.13
r32012

{{#dateformat:date}}
{{#formatdate:date}}
{{#dateformat:date|format}}
{{#formatdate:date|format}}

{{#dateformat:25 deC 2009|ymd}}
→ 25 deC 2009 (your pref), 2009 DeC 25 (default)
{{#formatdate:dec 25,2009|dmy}}
→ dec 25,2009 (your pref), 25 Dec 2009 (default)
{{#dateformat:2009-12-25|mdy}}
dezembro 25, 2009 (your pref), December 25, 2009 (default)
{{#formatdate:2009 dec 25|ISO 8601}}
→ 2009 dec 25 (your pref), 2009-12-25 (default)
{{#dateformat:25 decEmber|mdy}}
→ 25 decEmber (your pref), DecEmber 25 (default)
Note: In the example hereinbefore, "your pref" refers to your date preference on the current MediaWiki wiki only.

Formats an unlinked date based on user "date format" preference, and adds metadata tagging it as a formatted date. For logged-out users and those who have not set a date format in their preferences, dates can be given a default: mdy, dmy, ymd, ISO 8601 (all case sensitive). If only the month and day are given, only mdy and dmy are valid. If a format is not specified or is invalid, the input format is used as a default. If the supplied date is not recognized as a valid date (specifically, if it contains any metadata such as from a nested use of these or similar templates), it is rendered unchanged, and no (additional) metadata is generated.

Aviso Aviso:Although the ISO 8601 standard requires that dates be in the Gregorian calendar, the ISO parameter in this function will still format dates that fall outside the usual Gregorian range (e.g. dates prior to 1583). Also, the magic word cannot properly convert between negative years (used with ISO 8601) and years BC or years BCE (used in general writing).

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r48249

{{lc:string}} {{lc:DATA CENTER}} → data center The lowercase input.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{lcfirst:string}} {{lcfirst:DATA center}} → dATA center The input with the very first character lowercase.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{uc:string}} {{uc:text transform}} → TEXT TRANSFORM The uppercase input.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{ucfirst:string}} {{ucfirst:text TRANSFORM}} → Text TRANSFORM The input with the very first character uppercase.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.5

{{padleft:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padleft:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padleft:xyz|5}} → 00xyz
{{padleft:xyz|5|_}} → __xyz {{padleft:xyz|5|abc}} → abxyz {{padleft:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padleft:|1|xyz}} → x (first character of the string)
Inserts a string of padding characters (character chosen in third parameter; default "0") of a specified length (second parameter) next to a chosen base character or variable (first parameter). The final digits or characters in the base replace the final characters in the padding; i.e. {{padleft:44|3|0}} produces 044. The padding string may be truncated if its length does not evenly divide the required number of characters.

Only the first character of the third parameter is used in versions up to 1.12, but by version 1.15 all the characters are used.

Bug (fixed in r45734): multibyte characters are interpreted as two characters, which can skew width. These also cannot be used as padding characters.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

{{padright:xyz|stringlength}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|char}}
{{padright:xyz|strlen|string}}
{{padright:xyz|5}} → xyz00

{{padright:xyz|5|_}} → xyz__ {{padright:xyz|5|abc}} → xyzab {{padright:xyz|2}} → xyz
{{padright:|1|xyz}} → x

Identical to padleft, but adds padding characters to the right side.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.8

See also: Extension:StringFunctions.

Localization

Here are the magic words which are used as main localisation tools. Other magic words will often depend on the wiki's locale and configuration or on the chosen language: see in particular #Date and time, #Formatting, #Miscellaneous. More magic words are added by the Translate extension.

The usage of these magic words can be very complex, and the documentation is currently incomplete; there's some more info on PLURAL, GRAMMAR, GENDER.

Usage Input → Output Description Version
{{plural:2|is|are}} {{plural:0|is|are}} → are
{{plural:1*1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:21 mod 10|is|are}} → are
{{plural:{{#expr:21 mod 10}}|is|are}} → is
{{plural:1|is|are}} → is
{{plural:2|is|are}} → are
(For Russian)
{{PLURAL:5|1=Категория|Категории}}  → Категории


{{PLURAL:3|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страницы
{{PLURAL:5|страница|страниц|страницы}} → страниц

Outputs the singular form (second parameter) if the first parameter is an expression equalling one; the plural form (third parameter) otherwise. Its functioning is language-dependent.
Some language codes (ab, av, ba, bxr, ce, crh_cyrl, cv, inh, koi, krc, kv, lbe, lez, mhr, mrj, myv, ru, tt_cyrl, tyv, udm, xal) used 3 plural forms (updated 01.2014):
  • Form 1: 1, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 101, 1001, …
  • Form 2: 0, 5, 6, 7,8,...18, 19, 100, 1000, 10000, 100000, 1000000, …
  • Form 3: 2, 3, 4, 22, 23, 24, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43, 44, 52, 53, 54, 62, 102, 1002, …
{{grammar:N|noun}} Outputs the correct inflected form of the given word described by the inflection code after the colon (language-dependent). Grammar transformations are used for inflected languages like Polish. See also $wgGrammarForms.
title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.7

{{gender:username|text for unspecified}}

{{gender:Username|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}
{{gender:.|male text|female text|text for unspecified}}

(Depends on the named user's gender) A switch for the gender set in Special:Preferences.

Note: If 3rd parameter is omitted and user hasn't defined his/her gender, then text if user is male is returned. A blank first parameter ({{gender:|) means the current user. A dot username (.) means the default user gender on this wiki.

title="<translate>

The latest stable version is <tvar" style="border-color: #40C040; border-width: 5px; border-style: solid; text-align: center; padding: .1em .3em;" | 1.15
r46247

{{int:message name}} {{int:edit}}Edit
(Depends on user language; try: fr • ja)
Internationalizes (translates) the given interface (MediaWiki namespace) message into the user language. For msgnw and other transclusion magic words, see Help:Magic words#Template modifiers.

Note that this can damage / confuse cache consistency in MediaWiki 1.17 and earlier, see bug 14404.

{{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}} {{int:editsectionhint|MediaWiki}}Edit section: MediaWiki You may also use parameters with translations.
Parameters are designated in messages with: $1, $2, $3, etc.
For example, here is the message for editsectionhint: Edit section: $1
In this example, MediaWiki replaces $1.


Miscellaneous

This page is a translated version of a page Help:Magic words and the translation is 34% complete.

Last modified on 21 April 2014, at 17:06