This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Pywikibot/Installation and the translation is 29% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
Тази страница ще ви помогне да започнете работа с Pywikibot - на собствения си компютър, в Toolforge или чрез PAWS:A Web Shell.

PAWS: A Web Shell е най-лесният начин да започнете работа с Pywikibot. Не е необходима инсталация и използвате уеб интерфейс за изпращане на команди.

На вашия собствен компютър

По-долу има ръководство, което ще ви помогне да настроите Pywikibot и да стартирате на вашия собствен компютър. Има четири основни стъпки в този процес:

Toolforge ви осигурява стабилна инфраструктура облак на сървърите на Уикимедия, която ви позволява да стартирате ботове непрекъснато или по график.

Инсталиране на Python

Изтегляне и инсталиране на Python от https://www.python.org/downloads/.

Ако вече имате инсталиран Python, проверете дали вашата версия е достатъчно актуална, като стартирате python --version в конзолата. To discover if Python version 3 or above is installed, run python3 --version in a console.

Ubuntu 19.04 and up comes with versions 2 & 3 installed. Python v2 runs by default using terminal command python; to use v3, use terminal command python3.

Python 3.6.1 or higher is currently required to run the bot, but Python 3.7 or higher is recommended.

On Windows please do not forget to modify PATH environment variable to make Python and pip work properly.

Инсталиране на зависимости

An additional package named requests is required to run Pywikibot. Use pip, which is included by default in all supported Python versions. Run the following command to install this package:

$ python -m pip install "requests>=2.20.1"

In addition a MediaWiki markup parser is required. Please install (at least) one of the following (or both):[1]

$ python -m pip install "mwparserfromhell>=0.5.0"
$ python -m pip install "wikitextparser>=0.47.5"

Инсталиране на Pywikibot

$ python -m pip install pywikibot

If using pip, use pwb instead of python pwb.py in examples below.

Изтеглете текущия клон на Pywikibot stable: .tar.gz, .zip.

Unpack downloaded file, for example in ~/pywikibot or C:\Users\username\pywikibot.

Alternatively, you may retrieve the latest version using git or svn client from Gerrit, see Manual:Pywikibot/Gerrit#For users . This is the recommended way for active bot operators and developers to use Pywikibot.

Other versions are available at https://pywikibot.toolforge.org/.

Updating Pywikibot

Keep your bot framework up to date. New versions are released continuously, and are available at the same location.

If you are using git or svn release, you may skip this note. Otherwise please be aware of a necessity to backup your configuration files and scripts (user-config.py, any family file, or custom script that you might have created or changed, and any current XML dump file you're using for a wiki) before installing a new release.

Unpack the new version over the old version, overwriting all files.

Configure Pywikibot

Open Terminal on Unix-like (Linux/BSD/Solaris) or Command Prompt on Windows (typically under Windows System or Accessories folders in All apps or All programs menu inside the Start menu), and change directory to where you unpacked Pywikibot:

Unix-like (Linux/BSD/Solaris):
$ cd ~/core
$ c:
$ cd "\Users\username\pywikibot"

Substitute the location to where you unpacked Pywikibot.

Continue with the following command to generate user configuration file:

$ python pwb.py generate_user_files

Follow the prompts to configure Pywikibot.

Finally run the following command to log in to your wiki:

$ python pwb.py login

Use on third-party wikis

Pywikibot is pre-configured for a large number of wikis, but possibly not for the one you want to work on. See Manual:Pywikibot/Use on third-party wikis for how to configure Pywikibot for your wiki.

More configuration options

Pywikibot provides a wide range of configuration options to change the behavior of your bot. You can change these settings in the file user-config.py. See config.py for a list of all parameters you can use.

Proxy configuration

Pywikibot relies on requests for communicating with the web. You can use HTTP_PROXY and HTTPS_PROXY environment variables to make requests use a proxy server. Refer to requests' documentation for more info.

Run a script

Pywikibot comes packaged with a large number of scripts in the scripts directory. You can run all of these using:

$ python pwb.py [name of the script]

To learn more about running basic Pywikibot scripts, see:

A list of all scripts is available at Manual:Pywikibot/Scripts and doc.wikimedia.org/pywikibot.

Other dependencies

Most scripts do not require additional packages, but a few of them will not work without. These are listed in requirements.txt together with their dependencies.

To install dependencies for some script, use pip, and run the following command:

$ python -m pip install [name of the package]

Alternatively, run the following command to install all dependencies for all scripts at once:

$ python -m pip install -r requirements.txt

If you need more help on setting up your Pywikibot visit the #pywikibot IRC channel connect or pywikibot@ mailing list.