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PD توجه: هرگدر این صفحه ره در-چینّی، یعنن که موافقت هاکردنی که شمه کار ره CC0 مجوز جه تنک هاکنیم. تونّی کپی‌هاکردنِ قوانینِ راهنما ره هارشین که ویشته دونین. PD

این صفحه کامل یاد دِنه که چتی ونه عکس ره ویکی دله کار بی‌یلین. اول شما یا اتی کارور، ونه اتا عکس ره بار بی‌یلین (آپلود هاکنین) تا تونین ونجه استفاده هکنین.

عکس‌هایی که معمولاً مدیاویکی سِرور دله بار بی‌یشت بَینه، ظارا وشون پیشوند نوم File: هسته. (بنشنه Image: ره هم استفاده هکردن) اتی جایگزین فضای‌نوم هم Media: هسته که بنشنه ونجه اصلی مدیایِ فایل ِلینک هدائن وسه استفاده هکردن. (اینتی دیگر تیسا عکس و فیلم دیار بونه و وه ره ویکی‌ئونِ صفحه دله سراق ندنه)

ملزومات

پیش از این که شما بخائین عکس‌ها ره شه صفحه دله دینگنین، ونه شمه ویکیِ مدیر اجازه هاده عکس بار بی‌یشت بوو و اتا کارور عکس ره بار بی‌یله مدیرون تونه اینتی هم تنظیم هکنن که شمه ویکی دله فایل‌هایی که اتی خارجی تلمبار (مخزن) دله کته، سراق هدا بوو. ویکی‌مدیایِ تلمبار اتا اینتی چی هسته که ویکی‌پدیائون دله استفاده بونه. For server side image resizing it is necessary to have a scaler configured (such as GD2, ImageMagick, etc.).

فورمت‌هایی که پشتیبونی وونه

اینان فورمت‌ها ره ویکی دله پشتیبونی کِمبی و باقیِ فورمت‌ها ونه دَکِش بوون.

  • .jpg یا .jpeg - بیت‌مپ ِعکس که JPEG ِاستاندارد فورمت دله انبس‌بئی بوو (اینتا فورمت خله عکس‌ها وسّه بتتر هسته)
  • .png - بیت‌مپ ِعکس که پورتابل نِتوورک گرافیکز ِفورمت دله دوو (W3 Consortium میّن‌بئی جه)
  • .gif - بیت‌مپ ِعکس که گرافیکز اینترچینج فورمت هدار بوئه.
  • .webp - WebP supports both lossy and lossless compression while reducing image size by up to 45%.

باقیِ فورمت‌هایی که ویکی‌مدیا دله استفاده بونه و باقیِ جائون فعال وونه (شاید بعضی گدر لازم بوئه که پیش‌فرضِ حالت جه در بئه)

  • .svg - ریج‌ریج عکس که إسکالیبل وِکتور گرافیکز فورمت دله دوون (W3 Consortium میّن‌بئی جه) Manual:Image Administration#SVG ره هارشین
  • .tiff - تگ‌بئی عکس ِفورمت ویشته عکس‌هایی که خله زیاد رزولیشن دارنه وسه استفاده بونه. ویشته گدر Extension:PagedTiffHandler جه کار بزه وونه.
  • .ogg, .oga, .ogv - Ogg چن‌رسانه‌ای (فیلم و صدا وسه) اتا عکس فورمت نی‌یه، ولی ونه واری عمل کنده. ویشته گدر Extension:TimedMediaHandler جه کار بزه وونه.
  • .pdf - چن‌صفحه‌ای سند که پورتابل داکیومنت فورمت داره (اول Adobe میّن‌بئی جه بوئه) ویشته گدر Extension:PdfHandler همراهی استفاده بونه
  • .djvu - چن‌صفحه‌ای بیت‌مپ سند که DejaVu فورمت داره (ویشته گدر، کتابون ِاسکن‌بئی فایل هستنه) Manual:How to use DjVu with MediaWiki ره هارشین.
    فقط اتا تینار صفحه ره .pdf یا .djvu فایل جه آن‌واحد دیار کنده

باقی فورمت‌ئون هم شاید پشتیبونی بوون، ولی وشون ره احتمال دارنه که صفحات دله درستی سراق ندن.

اتا تینار عکس کار بزوئن

نحو

اتا کامل فرمول که عکس ره ویکی دله سراق هدائن وسه، استفاده کمبی:

[[File:filename.extension|options|caption]]

اینتا فرمول دله، جایی که بنویشتوئه «options» تونده خالی بوئه یا چنتا ویژگی ره تعیین هاکردن و وشون ره بلند خط (|) سیوا هکردن:

  • فورمت ِآپشن: اینتا گزینه تونده border, یا frameless (یا بدون قاب), frame (یا قاب یا framed) و یا thumb (یا thumbnail، بنداگشتی، انگشتدان) بوئه. Note: border can be used in combination with frameless but will be ignored if used with one of the other options.
  • Controls how the rendered image is formatted and embedded in the rest of the page.
  • قایدهی ِآپشن: که تونده اتا از این گزینه‌ها جه پر بوو:
    • {اتا عدد}px — این فرمول جه تونّی عکس ِقایده ره میّن هکنین. این روش باعث وونه شمه عکس فلان پیکسل عرض جه دیار بوو ولی ونه ارتفاع تونده هرچی بوئه. (فقط کامل-عددون ِمقدار قابل قبول هستنه و اعشاری نتونده بوئه. یا عدد و "px" وسط نَوِنه فاصله دوو یا نهایتاً اتا خالی‌فاصله (اسپِیس) دوو؛ ویشته نوونه. جای "px" فارسی و مازرونی ویکی‌ها دله بنشنه "پیکسل" هم بنویشتن.)
    • x{اتا عدد}px — این فرمول جه تونّی عکس ِبلندی ره میّن هکنین. این روش باعث وونه شمه عکس فلان پیکسل ارتفاع جه دیار بوو ولی ونه عرض تونده هرچی بوئه. فقط کامل-عددون ِمقدار قابل قبول هستنه و اعشاری نتونده بوئه. یا ارتفاعِ عدد و "px" وسط نَوِنه فاصله دوو یا نهایتاً اتا خالی‌فاصله (اسپِیس) دوو؛ ویشته نوونه.
    • {ات‌عدد عرض‌سه}x{‌ات‌عدد ارتفاع‌سه}px — این روش جه توننی هم ارتفاع و هم عرض ره محدود دارین. فقط کامل-عددون ِمقدار قابل قبول هستنه و اعشاری نتونده بوئه. یا عدد و "px" وسط نَوِنه فاصله دوو یا نهایتاً اتا خالی‌فاصله (اسپِیس) دوو؛ ویشته نوونه. جای "px" فارسی و مازرونی ویکی‌ها دله بنشنه "پیکسل" هم بنویشتن.
    • upright** upright — این گزینه اگه دوو، کارورِ ترجیحات ره اِشنه و ونه دِلِوِس عکس قایده ره سِراق دِنه. (این روش عکس‌هایی که وشون بلندی زیاد هسته و عرض کم‌ئه، وسّه بدرد خرنه) This option is often useful for images whose height is larger than their width. Requires either thumb or frameless. اگه |upright=1.0| بی‌یلین، عکس ره کارورِ پیش‌فرضِ عکسونِ قایده سِراق دِنه. |upright=2.0| گزینه باعث وونه عکس دِ برابر اون‌چی کارورِ پیش‌فرض هسته، دیار بوو.
    عکس همیشک شه تناسب ره حفظ دارنه.
    عکس اگر تفکیک‌پذیر فورمت نداره، شاید ونه سایز کمتر بوو، ولی ویشتر نوونه؛ مثلاً، بیت‌مپ ِفورمت‌ها تفکیک‌پذیر نینه.
    upright بی‌یشتن مساوی ِعلامت ره نیاز ندارنه، یعنن |upright 2.0| هم |upright=2.0| دستوری، عمل کنده.
    زمونی که ونه دله قایده یا مساویِ علامت ره نی‌یلینی (|upright| واری)، پیش‌فرض |upright=0.75| دستوری وونه (اگرچه |upright=| همون |upright=1.0| واری‌ئه)
    پیش‌فرضِ اندازه‌یِ گت‌ترین حالت بستگی دارنه که فورمت چچی بوئه و عکسِ ابعاد چه تناسبی دارن.
  • افقی تراز ِآپشن: اینتا گزینه جاسر تونده left (چپ), right (راست), center (وسط) یا none (هیچ) بئه. اگه چنتا این گزینه‌ها ره باهم بی‌یلین، فقط اولین مورد ره اجرا کنده.
    افقی تراز تعیین کنده که عکس مقاله‌یِ بنویشته‌ئونِ کِمین سمت دوو و پیش‌فرضِ مقدار ندارنه.
  • عمودی تراز ِآپشن: تونده این گزینه‌ها جه بوئه: baseline, sub, super, top, text-top, middle, bottom, text-bottom
    عمودی تراز تعیین کنده که عکسی که خط‌دله دره و شناور نی‌یه، شه جیرنویس یا جورنویس همراهی، کِمین سمت دوو (عمودی تراز پیش‌فرض middle یعنن میونه هسته).
  • لینک ِآپشن: تونده اتا از اینان گزینه‌ها بوئه:
    • link={target} — Allows to change the target (to an arbitrary page title, or URL) of the generated link, activable on the rendered image surface; e.g. [[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=http://www.wikipedia.org]] renders as   (external link), or [[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=MediaWiki]] renders as   (internal link).
    • link= (خالی مقدار جه) — اگه لینک جلوی ره خالی بی‌یلی، (MediaWiki 1.14+) اتا عکس ره سراق دنه که ونه سر هرچی بزنی، هچّی وا نوونه؛ [[File:Example.jpg|20px|link=]] واری که بصورت   دیار بونه.
    اگه اتا خالی فضا (اسپیس) link و مساوی‌علامتِ میون دوو، هرچی ونه جلو بنویسین ره عکس جیرنویس (=کپشِن) درنظر گیرنه.
    بعضی اچ‌تی‌ام‌ال کاراکترون، %22 یا " واری، تونده باعث بوون که شمه لینک عمل نکنه و جیرنویس (کپشِن) بوو (phabricator:T306216 ره هارشین)
    ! for MW 1.24 and lower: If you set |link=| (empty), then no title will be rendered. (See phabricator:T23454.)
  • بعضی دیگر آپشن‌ها که خاصِ کاربرد دارننه:
    • alt={alternative text} — (MediaWiki 1.14+) اتا جایگزین متن ره عکس وسّه یلنه (اچ‌تی‌ام‌ال دستوری هسته که ویژگی alt="..." دارنه، عنصر ‎<img /> ره عمل یارنه) این ویژگی باعث وونه که اگر ات نفرِ اینترنت کُند بی‌یه یا قِد نداشته که عکس ره بالا بَکشه، این متن بجای عکس سراق هدا بونه. اینتی مخاطب ره حالی بونه که چچی عکس اونجه دیّه.
    اگه اتا خالی فضا (اسپیس) alt و مساوی‌علامتِ میون دوو، هرچی ونه جلو بنویسین ره عکس جیرنویس (=کپشِن) درنظر گیرنه.
    • page={number}** $1={ات‌عدد} — اگه اتا پی‌دی‌اف یا دژاوو فایل (که کتاب و مقاله و... هستنه) ره کار زننی، شاید بخائین که اتا خاصِ صفحه‌یِ عکس ره قرار هادین که اینتا آپشن تونده شما ره تن بئه.
    • thumbtime={number}Renders a thumbnail from the video at the specified timestamp in seconds or MM:SS or HH:MM:SS format (only applicable when showing a video file).
    • start={number}When video playback is started it will start at the specified timestamp in seconds or MM:SS or HH:MM:SS format (only applicable when showing a video file).
    • mutedWhen media playback is started, audio will be muted.
    • loopMedia will loop continuously. (only applies to audio and video)
    • lossy={false} — (PagedTiffHandler ) For using PNG instead of JPG thumbnails for Tiff images
    • class={html class} — (MediaWiki 1.20+)** ‎<span>...‎</span>={html class} — ($2) اینتا آپشن کلاس تعریف کنده (این ویژگی خله اچ‌تی‌ام‌ال class="..." ره موندنه که تونده ‎<img /> ره عمل بیاره).
Default behavior since MediaWiki 1.40, optional since MediaWiki 1.36.[1] Previously the class was applied directly to the ‎<img /> element.[2]
    • lang={language code} — (MediaWiki 1.22+) ** $1={زوونِ کد} — ($2) عکس‌هایی که svg فورمت دارنه و وشون دله متن بنویشت هسته، شاید زوون‌های مختلف جه بوئن و اینتا آپشن تونده انتخاب هکنه که کِمین زوونِ متن عکس دله دوو. پیش‌فرض در نظر گیرمی که اگه اینتا آپشن ره پر نکردنی، عکس دله اون ویکیِ زوون انتخاب بوو.

اگه اتا پارامتر دیّه که اینان پارامترها واری نیّه، اینتی درنظر گیرمی که وه اتا عکس ِجیرنویس یا کپشِن هسته. اگه چنتا جیرنویس عکس وسّه بی‌یلین که سیوا-سیوا بوئن، سیستم آخرین پارامتر ره عکسِ بِن سراق دِنه. جیرنویس متنی هسته که وقتی thumb (بندانگشتی) و frame (قاب) ره انتخاب هکرد بوئین، عکسِ بِن نمایش هدا بونه ولی اگه فورمت‌های دیگر انتخاب بئی بون، وقتی ماؤس ره وَرنی عکسِ سَر، اتا پچیک جعبه دله جیرنویسِ بنویشته دیار وونه. زمونی که عکس thumb (بندانگشتی) و frame (قاب) فورمت دله دوو، جیرنویس دله تونده لینک یا دیگر قالب‌بندی‌ها استفاده بوون. مدیاویکیِ په‌روو ویکی‌ها این اجازه ره دارنه که شه محلی ویکی دله، شه وسّه جدیدِ آپشن هم تعریف هکنن.

اگر زمونی عکس حالت thumb (بندانگشتی) و frame (قاب) نداره و ونه سر 'alt' هم تعیین نیی بوئه، این حالت جیرنویس تبدیل به alt وونه و عکسِ بَدِل سراق هدا بونه.

زمونی که عکس وسّه هیچ قایده و اندازه‌ای نی‌یشت بوئین، فایلِ اصلی قایده جه صفحه دله سراق هدا بونه. این حالت دله، ممکن هسته که عکس خله گت بوئه و صفحه جه بریم دربزنه. بیش از این خانی دونین، phab:T113101 صفحه ره بخوندین.


قالب

این جدول تموم حالت‌هایی که عکس تونده سراق هدا بوو ره نشون دِنه:

When the height of an image in thumbnail is bigger than its width (i.e. in portrait orientation rather than landscape) and you find it too large, you may try the option upright=N, where N is the image's aspect ratio (its width divided by its height, defaulting to 0.75). The alternative is to specify the desired maximum height (in pixels) explicitly.

Note that by writing thumb={filename}, you can use a different image for the thumbnail.

قایده و قاب

فورمت‌های مختلف دله، اندازه یا قایده تونده تغییر هاکنه، اینتی که اینجه وینّی:

  • این‌که هر گدر ونه قایده ره میّن نکرد بوئین چتی بونه وسّه، قالب ره بالاته بخوندین.
  • When the format is not specified, or only bordered, the size can be both reduced and enlarged to any specified size.
  • In the examples below, the original size of the image is 400×267 pixels.
  • An image with frame always ignores the size specification; the original image will be reduced if it exceeds the maximum size defined in user preferences, and the page information will display a Linter error.
  • The size of an image with thumb or frameless can be reduced, but cannot be enlarged beyond the original size of the image.
Format Reduced Enlarged
(not specified)
[[File:example.jpg|50px]]

 

[[File:example.jpg|500px]]

 


border
[[File:example.jpg|border|50px]]

 

[[File:example.jpg|border|500px]]

 


frame
[[File:example.jpg|frame|50px]]
 
[[File:example.jpg|frame|500px]]
 


thumb
[[File:example.jpg|thumb|50px]]
 
[[File:example.jpg|thumb|500px]]
 


frameless
[[File:example.jpg|frameless|50px]]

 

[[File:example.jpg|frameless|500px]]

 

Horizontal alignment

Note that when using the frame or thumb[nail] formats, the default horizontal alignment will be right for left-to-right languages, and left for right-to-left languages.

Description You type You get
no horizontal alignment specified, or default alignment
Rendered as a floating block: no
Rendered inline: yes
... text text text
[[File:example.jpg|100px|caption]]
text text text ...
... text text text

  text text text ...

specify horizontal alignment as: none
Rendered as a floating block: no
Rendered inline: no
... text text text
[[File:example.jpg|none|100px|caption]]
text text text ...
... text text text
 
caption

text text text ...

specify horizontal alignment as: center
Rendered as a floating block: no
Rendered inline: no
... text text text
[[File:example.jpg|center|100px|caption]]
text text text ...
... text text text
 
caption

text text text ...

specify horizontal alignment as: left
Rendered as a floating block: yes
Rendered inline: no
... text text text
[[File:example.jpg|left|100px|caption]]
text text text ...
... text text text
 
caption

text text text ...

specify horizontal alignment as: right
Rendered as a floating block: yes
Rendered inline: no
... text text text
[[File:example.jpg|right|100px|caption]]
text text text ...
... text text text
 
caption

text text text ...

Vertical alignment

The vertical alignment options take effect only if the image is rendered as an inline element and is not floating. They alter the way the inlined image will be vertically aligned with the text present in the same block before and/or after this image on the same rendered row.

Note that the rendered line of text where inline images are inserted (and the lines of text rendered after the current one) may be moved down (this will increase the line-height conditionally by additional line spacing, just as it may occur with spans of text with variable font sizes, or with superscripts and subscripts) to allow the image height to be fully displayed with this alignment constraint.

Toggle source code view
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|top]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-top:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-top]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-top]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sup>super:</sup> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|super]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|super]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''baseline:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|baseline]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|baseline]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
<sub>'''sub:'''</sub> [[File:Example.jpg|20px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|sub]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|sub]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''default:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px]][[File:Example.jpg|40px]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''middle:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|middle]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|middle]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''text-bottom:''' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|text-bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|text-bottom]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>
 
<p style="border:1px solid #AAA;padding:0;font-size:150%;line-height:2">
<span style="background:#FFF;color:#000;text-decoration:overline"><u><del>text</del>
'''bottom:'' [[File:Example.jpg|20px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|40px|bottom]] [[File:Example.jpg|100px|bottom]]
<del>text</del></u></span></p>

To show the alignment result more clearly, the text spans are overlined and underlined, the font-size is increased to 200%, and the paragraph block is outlined with a thin border; additionally images of different sizes are aligned:

text top:       text

text text-top:       text

text super:       text

text baseline:       text

text sub:       text

text default:       text

text middle:       text

text text-bottom:       text

text bottom:       text

Notes:

  1. The "middle" vertical alignment position of the image (which is also the default) usually refers to the middle between the x-height and the baseline of the text (on which the vertical middle of the image will be aligned, and on which usually the text may be overstroke), but not to the middle of the line-height of the font-height that refers to the space between the "text-top" and "text-bottom" positions ; the font-height excludes:
    • the additional line separation spacing normally divided equally into two line-margins (here 0.5em, according to line-height set to 200%) above and below the font-height).
    • the additional line spacing which may be added by superscripts and subscripts.
  1. However, if the image height causes its top or bottom position to go above or below the normal full line-height of text, the middle position will be adjusted after the increasing the top and/or bottom line-margins so that the image can fit and align properly, and all images (including those with smaller heights) will be vertically centered on the adjusted middle position (for computing the effective line-height, the text of each rendered row with the larger font-height will be considered).
  1. The "text-top" and "text-bottom" alignment positions also excludes the extra line spacing added by superscripts and subscripts, but not the additional line-spacing defined by the line-height.
  1. The "top" and "bottom" alignment positions take into account all these extra line spacings (including superscripts and subscripts, if they are present in a rendered line span).

When the image alignment constrains the image to grow above or below the normal line-spacing, and the image is not absolutely positioned, the image will cause the "top" and "bottom" positions to be adjusted (just like superscripts and subscripts), so the effective line-height between rendered lines of text will be higher.

  1. The "underline", "overline" and "overstrike" text-decoration positions should be somewhere within these two limits and may depend on the type and height of fonts used (the superscript and subscript styles may be taken into account in some browsers, but usually these styles are ignored and the position of these decorations may not be adjusted); so these decorations normally don't affect the vertical position of images, relatively to the text.

Stopping the text flow

On occasion it is desirable to stop text (or other inline non-floating images) from flowing around a floating image. Depending on the web browser's screen resolution and such, text flow on the right side of an image may cause a section header (for instance, == My Header ==) to appear to the right of the image, instead of below it, as a user may expect. The text flow can be stopped by placing <div style="clear: both"></div> before the text that should start below the floating image. (This may also be done without an empty line by wrapping the section with the floating images with <div style="overflow: hidden"></div>, which clears all floats inside the div element.)

All images rendered as blocks (including non-floating centered images, left- or right-floating images, as well as framed or thumbnailed floating images) are implicitly breaking the surrounding lines of text (terminating the current block of text before the image, and creating a new paragraph for the text after them). They will then stack vertically along their left or right alignment margin (or along the center line between these margins for centered images).

The following table shows how to alter the link target (whose default is the image description page) or how to remove it. Changing the link does not alter the format described in the previous sections.

Warning:

The licencing requirements on your wiki may not allow you to remove all links to the description page that displays the required authors attributions, the copyrights statements, the applicable licencing terms, or a more complete description of the rendered image (including its history of modifications).
If you change or remove the target link of an image, you will then have to provide somewhere else on your page an explicit link to this description page, or to display the copyright and author statement and a link to the applicable licence, if they are different from the elements applicable to the embedding page itself.
Your wiki policy may restrict the use of the alternate link parameter, or may even enforce a prohibition of alternate link parameters for embedded media files (in which case, the link parameter will be ignored), or may only accept them after validation by authorized users or administrators.


It's easy to make a gallery of thumbnails with the ‎<gallery> tag. The syntax is:

<gallery>
File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language
File:file_name.ext|caption|alt=alt language
{...}
</gallery>

Note that the image code is not enclosed in brackets when enclosed in gallery tags.

Captions are optional, and may contain wiki links or other formatting.

The words "center", "left", and "right" used as captions cause false-positive Linter errors. See task T275074 for details.

Some of the parameters controlling thumb output can also be used here, specifically the ones that modify the file (as opposed to ones that control where in the page the image falls). For example, with multi-paged media like pdfs, you can use code like page=4 and with videos you can use thumbtime=10.

The File: prefix can be omitted. However, it is helpful to include it as an aid for quickly locating image specifiers in the wikitext (for example, when cleaning up page layout).

For example:

<gallery>
File:Example.jpg|Item 1
File:Example.jpg|a link to [[Help:Contents]]
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg|alt=An example image. It has flowers
File:Example.jpg|''italic caption''
File:Example.jpg|Links to external website|link=https://example.com
File:Example.jpg|link=w:Main_Page|Internal link
Example.jpg|on page "{{PAGENAME}}"
File:Using Firefox.pdf|page=72
</gallery>

is formatted as:

mode parameter

MediaWiki version:
1.22

Starting in 1.22 a mode parameter is available, taking options as follows:

  • traditional is the original gallery type used by MediaWiki.
  • nolines is similar to traditional, but with no border lines.
  • packed causes images to have the same height but different widths, with little space between the images.

The rows in this responsive mode organize themselves according to the width of the screen.

  • packed-overlay shows the caption overlaid on the image, in a semi-transparent white box.
  • packed-hover is similar to packed-overlay, but with the caption and box only showing up on hover.
  • slideshow creates a slideshow of the images.

For example:

<gallery mode="packed-hover">
Image:Astronotus_ocellatus.jpg|''[[commons:Astronotus ocellatus|Astronotus ocellatus]]'' (Oscar)
Image:Salmonlarvakils.jpg|''[[commons:Salmo salar|Salmo salar]]'' (Salmon Larva)
Image:Georgia Aquarium - Giant Grouper.jpg|''[[commons:Epinephelus lanceolatus|Epinephelus lanceolatus]]'' (Giant grouper)
Image:Pterois volitans Manado-e.jpg|''[[commons:Pterois volitans|Pterois volitans]]'' (Red Lionfish)
Image:Macropodus opercularis - front (aka).jpg|''[[commons:Macropodus opercularis|Macropodus opercularis]]'' (Paradise fish)
Image:Canthigaster valentini 1.jpg|''[[commons:Canthigaster valentini|Canthigaster valentini]]'' (Valentinni's sharpnose puffer)
Image:Flughahn.jpg|[[Image:POTY ribbon 2007.svg|25px]] ''[[commons:Dactylopterus volitans|Dactylopterus volitans]]'' (Flying gurnard)
Image:Fishmarket 01.jpg|''[[commons:Semicossyphus pulcher|Semicossyphus pulcher]]'' (California Sheephead)
Image:Pseudorasbora parva(edited version).jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pseudorasbora parva|Pseudorasbora parva]]'' (Topmouth gudgeon)
Image:MC Rotfeuerfisch.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Pterois antennata|Pterois antennata]]'' (Antennata Lionfish)
Image:Cleaning station konan.jpg|''[[commons:Novaculichthys taeniourus|Novaculichthys taeniourus]]''
Image:Synchiropus splendidus 2 Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Synchiropus splendidus|Synchiropus splendidus]]'' (Mandarin fish)
File:Psetta maxima Luc Viatour.jpg|''[[commons:Psetta maxima|Psetta maxima]]'' (Turbot)
File:Australian blenny.jpg|''[[commons:Category:Ecsenius|Ecsenius axelrodi]]''
</gallery>

Gives (mode: packed-hover):

Examples of the other modes:

mode="traditional"

mode="nolines"

mode="packed"

mode="packed-overlay"

mode="packed-hover"

MediaWiki version:
1.28

mode="slideshow"

The gallery tag itself takes several additional parameters, specified as attribute name-value pairs:

<gallery {parameters}>
{images}
</gallery>
  • caption="{caption}": (caption text between double quotes for more than a word) sets a caption centered atop the gallery. Only plain text may be used in the caption; formatting, templates and the like will not work.
  • widths={width}px: sets the (max) widths of the images; the default value is 120px.

(It has no effect if mode is set to one of the following: packed, packed-overlay, packed-hover, slideshow.) Note the plural: widths.

  • heights={heights}px: sets the (max) heights of the images; the default value is 120px.

(It has no effect if mode is set to slideshow.)

  • perrow={integer}: sets the number of images per row.

(It has no effect if mode is set to one of the following: packed, packed-overlay, packed-hover, slideshow.) 0 means automatically adjust based on width of screen.

  • showfilename={anything}: Show the filenames of the images in the individual captions for each image (1.17+).
  • mode={traditional|nolines|packed|packed-hover|packed-overlay|slideshow}: See section above (1.22+; 1.28+ for "slideshow").
  • showthumbnails: For "slideshow" mode only, display the strip with image thumbnails below the slideshow by default (1.29+).
  • Any html attribute allowed on a <ul> tag (e.g. id, title, class)
The widths and heights parameters are taken more as suggestions than strict values for packed (and related) modes. Packed modes will adjust the width of images in order to make each row the same length.
Example 1

Syntax:

<gallery widths=300px heights=200px>
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum
File:Example.jpg|Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consetetur sadipscing elitr, sed diam nonumy eirmod tempor invidunt ut
</gallery>

Result:

Example 2

Syntax:

<gallery widths=60px heights=60px perrow=7 caption="sunflowers are groovy">
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
File:Example.jpg
</gallery>

Result:

Row of images that will wrap to browser width

One way that works for a row of images with varying widths is not to use "thumb" or "left" or "none". If "thumb" is not used (and thus no captions) a row of images will wrap to the browser width. If necessary, narrow the browser window to see the images wrap to the next row.

[[File:Example.jpg|220px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|100px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|150px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|250px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|200px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|50px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|220px]]
[[File:Example.jpg|175px]]

               

To wrap images of varying widths with captions it is necessary to use div HTML for an unordered list. Along with style="display: inline-block;". For more info and ideas see: Give Floats the Flick in CSS Layouts.

<div><ul> 
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>
</ul></div>
  •  
    Caption 1
  •  
    Caption 2
  •  
    Caption 3
  •  
    Caption 4
  •  
    Caption 5
  •  
    Caption 6
  •  
    Caption 7
  •  
    Caption 8

To align the top edge of images add the vertical-align command

<div><ul> 
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 1]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|100px|Caption 2]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|150px|Caption 3]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|250px|Caption 4]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|200px|Caption 5]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|50px|Caption 6]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|220px|Caption 7]] </li>
<li style="display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;"> [[File:Example.jpg|thumb|none|175px|Caption 8]] </li>
</ul></div>
  •  
    Caption 1
  •  
    Caption 2
  •  
    Caption 3
  •  
    Caption 4
  •  
    Caption 5
  •  
    Caption 6
  •  
    Caption 7
  •  
    Caption 8

Some wiki farms do not have all gallery options (such as "widths"). Also, sometimes one wants varying widths for images in a row. Outside of a gallery, or the div HTML, it is impossible to have individual captions for images in a row of images that will wrap to the browser width. Try it and see. Nothing else using wikitext works correctly. Images will either overlap stuff on the right, or force a horizontal scroll bar.

Using a left float ("left") for some images, combined with "none" for some of the images, will not work consistently either, especially if there is also a right sidebar of images. Weird things will occur. At narrower browser or screen widths an image out of the row may appear far down the page after the end of the right sidebar of images.

By default an image links to its file description page. The "link=" option modifies this behavior to link to another page or website, or to turn off the image's linking behavior.

Alternatively, you can create a text link to a file description page or to the file itself. See Help:Linking to files .

Use "link=" option to link image to another page or website:

Clicking on the below image will take you to MediaWiki:

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=MediaWiki]]

 

Clicking on the below image will take you to example.com:

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=http://example.com]]

 

Use "link=" option with no value assigned to turn link off entirely; the below image is not a link:

[[File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|50px|link=]]

 

Add : as a prefix to the link you need to create.

[[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]]

File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

[[:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg|Wiki]]

Wiki

Directly linking to an image

The above examples link to the image's description page. To directly link to an image, the pseudo-namespace Media: can be used on MediaWiki pages:

[[Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg]]

Media:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

Another possibility is to use the Special:Redirect/file page (or its alias Special:Filepath). Unlike the above example, you can link to it from external websites as well as from MediaWiki pages.

[[Special:Redirect/file/Wikipedia.png]]

The parameters height and width can also be added to return a specific size of the image. The image aspect ratio is always preserved.

https://www.mediawiki.org/w/index.php?title=Special:Redirect/file/Wikipedia.png&width=100&height=100

Obtaining the full URL of an image

To obtain the full path of an image (without going through redirects as shown above), some Magic words can be used.

{{filepath:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg}}

Becomes:

//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

In the event that this is used from a template where the File: namespace needs to be removed, {{PAGENAME}} can do so:

{{filepath:{{PAGENAME:File:MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg}}}}

Becomes:

//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dd/MediaWiki-2020-logo.svg

Files at other websites

You can link to an external file available online using the same syntax used for linking to an external web page. With these syntaxes, the image will not be rendered, but only the text of the link to this image will be displayed.

[http://url.for/some/image.png]

Or with a different displayed text:

[http://url.for/some/image.png link text here]

Additional MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS formatting (for inline elements) is permitted in this displayed text (except for embedded links that would break the surrounding link):

[http://www.example.com/some/image.png Example '''<del>rich</del>''' ''<ins>link text</ins>'' here.]

which renders as:

Example rich link text here.

If it is enabled on your wiki (see Manual:$wgAllowExternalImages ), you can also embed external images. To do that, simply insert the image's URL:

http://url.for/some/image.png

Embedded images can be resized by the CSS transform property. They also may be formatted by surrounding MediaWiki markup or HTML/CSS code.

If this wiki option is not enabled, the image will not be embedded but rendered as a textual link to the external site, just like above, unless the site's Manual:$wgAllowExternalImagesFrom has a value.

See also