Ciclo di vita delle versioni
|Ciclo di vita delle versioni|
MediaWiki opera su un modello di sviluppo basato sull'"integrazione continua", nel quale i cambiamenti software vengono inseriti sui siti Web di Wikimedia, come ad esempio Wikipedia, su base regolare.
In teoria, le nuove versioni principali vengono rilasciate su base semestrale e i distributori di riferimento continuano a ricevere aggiornamenti di sicurezza fino a un anno dalla prima versione. A causa dei vincoli temporali e del rapido refactoring del codice sorgente, le versioni obsolete non possono venire supportate a lungo e gli aggiornamenti di sicurezza e criticità non vengono applicati alle versioni che hanno terminato il loro ciclo di vita
The release manager strongly recommends that wiki operators subscribe to the
mediawiki-announce mailing list, which receives notification of all releases, and ensure that their wiki runs the most up to date version of the software possible. These announcements are also posted to
Versioni e termine del ciclo-vita
|1.37.x||versione futura||novembre 2021||novembre 2022|
|1.36.x||future version||maggio 2021||maggio 2022|
|1.35.x (LTS)||current long-term support version||25 settembre 2020||settembre 2023|
|1.34.x||versione obsoleta||19 dicembre 2019||novembre 2020|
|1.33.x||versione obsoleta||2 luglio 2019||giugno 2020|
|1.32.x||obsolete version||11 gennaio 2019||gennaio 2020|
|1.31.x (LTS)||legacy long-term support version||14 giugno 2018||giugno 2021|
|1.30.x||versione obsoleta||12 dicembre 2017||giugno 2019|
Versions included in the above table that are marked as obsolete as well as versions not listed at all will not receive any security fixes. They may contain critical security vulnerabilities and other major bugs, including the threat of possible data loss and/or corruption. The release manager has also issued a strong recommendation that only versions listed above as “current version” or “LTS” be used in a production environment.
- Alpha development
- Release development
- Stable release
- Long-term support release
Politiche di rilascio
- Every point release will include updated i18n files as well as any bug fixes. No new features will be back-ported to point releases and support does not necessarily include bundled extensions and skins in general.
- A major release will be made every six months.
- A long term support release (LTS) will be made every two years. There will be a one-year overlap in LTS support. For example, 1.23 was supported until May 2017. 1.27 was released the year before, so that, people have it available as an LTS to move to and a year to make the transition.
- Release notes will continue to be the basis for seeing what has changed. Because of the nature of a volunteer-driven project, it isn't possible to say with any certainty what will happen in the next 6-12 months.
This timeline is a schedule for what needs to happen before the release of a new version. The date of the actual release is given here as T (for "time" of release) and the suffix -# (for “number of weeks prior to release”).
|T - 7||Announce that the release branch will be created in one week. Ask people to make sure that anything needed to complete in-progress features is merged before then. Create "MW-X.XX-release" in Phabricator.|
|T - 6||Create the branch for core and all extensions in Gerrit.|
|T - 5||Apply the X.XX-rc.0 tag and release the initial release candidate.|
|T - 4||Collect any bug reports and summarize them on the mailing list.|
|T - 3||Apply the X.XX-rc.1 tag and release the second release candidate. Any new extensions that are proposed for addition to the tarball should be in it by this point. No extension changes are made after this point.|
|T - 2||Collect any new bug reports, merge fixes, back out new, incomplete features accidentally included, apply X.XX-rc.2 tag and release third release candidate.|
|T - 1||Repeat previous step, use X.XX-rc.final to tag and release. No backports are accepted after this point.|
|T||TAG the repository with X.XX and make the release.|
Gestione ciclovita delle estensioni
Most MediaWiki installations include a significant number of extensions (Wikimedia wikis often have around 140). Managing the maintenance bug fixing of extensions and choosing the right version of an extension in cases where the HEAD development version relies on features not yet available in stable or oldstable MediaWiki core, can be challenging.
Extension maintainers are therefore strongly encouraged to maintain a git branches for each extension version corresponding a MediaWiki version.
(See Compatibility#MediaWiki extensions for details.)
For extensions hosted in Wikimedia's git repos, such branches (with names such as
REL1_30 for MediaWiki 1.30) are created automatically from master when a new MediaWiki version is branched (on the assumption that the extension master is compatible with MediaWiki master at all times).
However, it's preferable for the extension maintainer to fix bugs not only in HEAD but also in the oldstable and stable versions (by backporting the fix to the old branches if necessary).
The goal of these rules is that people or organizations installing MediaWiki can rely on installing the newest release of a version and matching extensions by a simple method, e.g. for 1.20.x core by referring to REL1_20 in git.
- Generators on WikiApiary - Statistics about the use of different versions of MediaWiki.