Manuale: Come avviare MediaWiki in Windows

This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows and the translation is 33% complete.

This page's contents mainly superseded by Manual:Running MediaWiki on Windows Subsystem for Linux .

Questa pagina ti darà informazioni sull'installazione MediaWiki in un sistema Microsoft Windows usando metodi di installazione standard. In ambienti di hosting di solo Windows, per le installazioni manuali, oltre ad Apache, (WAMP stack), era consigliata la raccolta WIMP (che usa IIS), fino alla versione 1.18.

Nginx - una alternativa ad Apache e IIS - può essere utile se usi MediaWiki su altri sistemi operativi di hosting e/o utilizzi già Nginx per l'hosting interno.

Software necessario

Ottenere il software necessario

Benché non sia tanto difficile configurare questi prodotti sotto Windows, può risultare estremamente difficile installare (difficoltà che richiede 30 minuti per WIMP) e configurare Apache+MySQL+PHP singolarmente, se non hai già dimestichezza con apache/mysql/php. Under such circumstances it is highly recommended to look for a LAMP or WAMP pre-made combination which can just be installed and used. These will save you 99% of the trouble of configuring each package manually. The down-side is that some of these are trimmed down or modified versions which makes it hard to upgrade individual components, and other ones are seriously out of date.


Il più popolare di questi è XAMPP:


Microsoft Web Platform Installer can install required pre-requisites for you. See blog.


  • Bitnami è una suite gratuita di installatori compatibili con il software open source. It supports an Nginx stack [1], Microsoft WAMP [2]), a generic LAMP stack [3] and XAMPP (which it will not install itself and on which only XAMPP-specific bitnami installers work [4]). Bitnami installs MediaWiki on any of those, and they work alongside Wordpress or other software bitnami supports. See Bitnami itself for instructions [5] and updated support data. This can be a good option if you intend to use only the long term stable supported MediaWiki releases. Support for older versions is not guaranteed.





Optional Software


Diffutils (which contains diff3) can be downloaded from here, and File (file type checker) from here.

To activate the use of diffutils within MediaWiki, you have to ignore the fact that they won't be found during installation (they may actually be found if you install diff into your path) and open up LocalSettings.php to make the following changes:

- $wgDiff3 = "/usr/bin/diff3";
+ $wgDiff3 = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/diff3.exe";
- $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "file.exe -bi"; #use external mime detector (linux)
+ $wgMimeDetectorCommand = "C:/Program Files/GnuWin32/bin/file.exe -bi"; # use external mime detector

Please note that you have to replace "C:/Progra..." with the actual location where you installed the tools to.


PHP now comes with GD enabled by default which will work for thumbnailing. GD will not require any configuration or modification to be used. Therefore it's highly recommended to not install ImageMagick, since it is known to be unstable. In MediaWiki, disable ImageMagick in LocalSettings.php by setting $wgUseImageMagick to false.

Download ImageMagick on Windows. To make image thumbnailing work, you will need to open includes/Image.php, locate the line that starts with $cmd = $wgImageMagickConvertCommand ., and remove the escapeshellarg() function, then do the same to the next line, so that the command variable builds like this:

 $cmd  =  $wgImageMagickConvertCommand .
       " -quality 85 -background white -geometry {$width} ".
       ($this->imagePath) . " " .

In addition, check to be sure that the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in localsettings.php points to:

(your imagemagick folder path)/convert.exe
  • use the .exe extension! It won't work, if omitted.
  • use a path without spaces as install path for ImageMagick or use the short name of the path.

Another way to make this work is to add the ImageMagick path to your Windows PATH variable, and simply setting the $wgImageMagickConvertCommand in LocalSettings.php as follows (note that you must still modify Image.php as shown above):

$wgImageMagickConvertCommand = "convert.exe";

Make sure that the Internet Guest Account (Usually IUSR_MACHINENAME) has Read & Execute rights to the ImageMagick bin directory. Without this you might see an PHP shell execution error similar to what happens when it can't find the convert.exe file.


Inkscape can be used as an alternative SVG thumbnailing tool. Download Inkscape on Windows. Here are some example settings to enable Inkscape as the SVG thumnailer in the LocalSettings.php file:

# Image Converter
$wgSVGConverter = 'Inkscape';

$wgSVGConverters = array(
	'Inkscape' => '"/Program Files/Inkscape/inkscape.exe" --export-filename $output -w $width $input',

# Image converter path
$wgSVGConverterPath = '/Program Files/Inkscape';

Mathematics Support

Vedere Texvc#Windows.