This page is a translated version of the page Manual:MySQL and the translation is 41% complete.
Manual:Contenido MediaWiki database layout MySQL/es

The MySQL and MariaDB database engines are the most commonly-used database backends for MediaWiki. Since MariaDB is the relational database management system used by the Wikimedia Foundation websites, it is well-supported in MediaWiki.

See Compatibility#Database for a list of supported versions.

Conexión a MySQL/MariaDB

 mysql -u wikiuser -p wikidb

Change wikiuser and wikidb to the username and database name for your wiki ($wgDBuser and $wgDBname ). Cambia wikiuser y wikidb por los nombres de usuario y de base de datos de tu wiki ($dbuser y $dbname). Cuando sea necesario, escribe tu contraseña.


$ mysql -u root -p wikidb
Enter password: 
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 150
Server version: 5.6.24-0ubuntu2 (Ubuntu)

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.



Más información: Manual:Installing MediaWiki#Create a database

Básicamente, si MySQL o MariaDB están instalados, el script de instalación puede crear una base de datos para ti. Just supply the script with your mysql root password (by default blank).

  Advertencia: Dejar la contraseña de root en blanco puede comprometer seriamente la seguridad de la instalación de MediaWiki. You should modify the password if you haven't already.

If you are installing MediaWiki on an ISP server, you might have to share a db with some other applications, which increases the risk of a conflict between database tables required by MediaWiki with pre-existing tables. To solve this problem you can instruct MediaWiki to use a table prefix, so that all tables of MediaWiki begin with this prefix. Alternatively, if your ISP allows, use different databases for each application that resides on the server.


Multiple maintenance scripts are included in the /maintenance/ directory of your MediaWiki installation. Some of these scripts are provided to refresh parts of the database as one-time operations.

Import database

Más información: Manual:Importing XML dumps

Export database

Más información: Manual: Hacer una copia de seguridad de un wiki

Véase también

Enlaces externos