Návod: Seznam funkcí MediaWiki

This page is a translated version of the page Manual:MediaWiki feature list and the translation is 27% complete.
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This page contains a list of features that are built into the MediaWiki software. Whether you should use MediaWiki for your own wiki depends on what kind of website you want to run with it. Wikipedia's software has many useful features that grew out of the needs of the users and the ideas of the developers -- but features also mean complexity.

Before you decide to use MediaWiki, please take a look at other Wiki engines (see this list or this comparison) and see if one of them might meet your requirements better.

Requests for new features should be submitted to Phabricator.

Do I want MediaWiki?

MediaWiki software and extensions have features and benefits, strengths and weaknesses, pros and cons, and in spite of anyone's intended purposes, MediaWiki software and extensions can be used for unique, clever, inventive purposes unforeseen by the original programmers or other installers. Here is a brief list of MediaWiki features and benefits. If you develop an equivalent list of your own goals and resources, you can compare this list to your list and see where there's a match, or mismatch. Need more help deciding? There are open discussion groups on the web, and "talk" discussion pages behind each main MediaWiki page where you can seek connection with other people's experiences.

Sample feature list from pages 13-14, in the book "MediaWiki Administrators' Tutorial Guide: Install, manage, and customize your MediaWiki installation" by Mizanur Rahman, 2007 http://www.packtpub.com/
MediaWiki feature MediaWiki Benefit Your goals Your resources
Easy Navigation: Easy to contribute without much training ... ... ...
Editing, Formatting, and Referencing: Manage and find content ... ... ...
Look and feel change: Customizable to your preferences ... ... ...
File uploading: Content management and sharing ... ... ...
Multilanguage support: UTF-8 support allows one piece of software to author for all languages ...    
User Management: Access and security control ...    
Syndication: Share your site info ...    
... more ... ... ... ...

Please enhance and expand the above table's features and benefits to assist visitors to best know what they are getting into. Thanks!

One recurring problem is that system administrators decide to create a wiki, without taking into account many issues. After filling out the previous table, ask yourself the following questions, to see if a wiki is the right software for you:

  1. What is my site's intended purpose?
    Wikis are ideal for collaborative editing and creation of content; they are not very well suited for other purposes, like blogging. Consider whether a wiki is an adequate option for your goals.
  2. How many users will this wiki be exposed to?
    With a few exceptions, installing wiki software is unnecessary when there is a very small group of people interested in editing the wiki. The larger the user base, the higher the probability a wiki makes more sense for you.
  3. How many active editors do I expect to edit my wiki?
    Wikis, due to their open nature, require some maintenance. The larger the editor base, the more hands available to perform those maintenance tasks.
  4. What can I do with MediaWiki?
    MediaWiki is an extremely versatile wiki engine; it is relatively easy to install, but more importantly, allows for the use and creation of extensions. To umožňuje, aby jste si svou instalaci MediaWiki snadno přizpůsobil, pokud znáte jazyk PHP. Se správnou motivací může být MediaWiki „zneužito“ k prakticky čemukoliv.
  5. Is MediaWiki right for me?
    MediaWiki má svá omezení. Výraznějším omezením je, že MediaWiki není zamýšlen jako systém pro kontrolu přístupu. MediaWiki raison d'etre is to provide open content; while recent versions have a much stronger security model, there are still significant gaps in individual-based security access.

Jak mám nakonfigurovat MediaWiki?

Pokud jste se rozhodli, že MediaWiki je skutečně vhodným řešením, je třeba zvážit ještě více věcí.

These questions will hopefully help you decide how to configure your wiki in a way that will allow you to minimize issues in the longer term:

  1. Kdo má mít možnost číst mou wiki?
    In spite of all the issues with individual-based page restrictions, MediaWiki can be configured to restrict or allow access to everyone. So, ask yourself whether you want everyone in the Internet to see the contents of your wiki, or if you want to restrict that privilege to those users who have created accounts in your wiki.
  2. Kdo bude editovat mou wiki?
    Možná nejběžnější otázkou je, zda chcete povolit všem upravit vaši wiki, podobně jako funguje Wikipedie. MediaWiki allows for fine-grained writing restrictions; you can allow unregistered users to edit talk pages, for example, but only allow users with accounts older than a certain amount of time to edit your content pages. You can restrict editing to sysops, or even to a custom user group you create and delegate.
  3. Who do I want creating an account on my wiki?
    Depending on some of the answers to the questions above, you may want to decide to restrict who can create accounts in a wiki. Můžete dovolit komukoli vytvořit účty; nebo můžete toto oprávnění dát jen administrátorům, kteří by pak byli zodpovědní za vytváření účtů pro nové uživatele podle takových pravidel, jaké určíte.
  4. What powers do I want each user group to have?
    Jednou z nejdůležitějších otázek, na které musíte odpovědět, je tato. Granting or removing privileges to a group can be extremely controversial in a large wiki, so having a good idea of what each user should be able to do is critical. Do you want unregistered users to create pages? Chcete, aby registrovaní uživatelé vytvářeli stránky? Do you want wiki administrators to be able to block and delete pages, or do you want to extend more privileges to them? Who is responsible for granting more privileges? Who is responsible for removing them? Who do you want to have more fine-grained powers, such as oversight, checkuser, and rollback?
    See Manual:User rights and Help:User rights management for more ideas and information.
  5. Which extensions should I install?
    With a few exceptions, extensions are easy to add, whether it be while installing the wiki, or after a couple of years of the wiki being run.
  6. Do I need to manage structured data?
    For managing structured data within MediaWiki, several dedicated extensions exist.

With those answers, you should be able to configure the most critical aspects of your wiki. You can proceed to beginning the installation process in your operating system.

Look and feel

  • Links with shortcuts, arrangement depends on skin.
  • Skins - Different ways to present the site
    • Monobook, a modern skin with accesskeys and tooltips.
    • Vector, an even more modern skin with easier to read text, large amount of content space, and has an extension of the same name that adds drop down functionality to the menus.
    • Chameleon - a popular and highly customizable skin that uses Bootstrap 4. This way MediaWiki can be used for responsive, mobile-first projects.
  • User styles: Users can adapt the look and feel of the site through custom CSS on their user pages.
  • "Stub" threshold: Users can see links to articles below a certain size rendered in a different color.
  • Printable versions of articles can be generated.
  • Auto-number headings in an article (optional).
  • Intra-page Anchors (automatically generated for headings, and also with <div id="tagname">...</div>).
  • Automatically generate a table of contents for long articles (optional).
  • Automatically turn ISBN numbers into links to an editable list of booksellers.
  • XHTML- or HTML5-compatible output (or darn close to it), tidy integration.

Multimedia and extensions

  • File upload feature allows to upload graphics or sound files, see Special:Upload to see in operation, and Uploading files for description. Uploaded files are listed on Recent Changes and they are also logged on Special:Log/upload.
  • Mathematical formulas using LaTeX syntax: see texvc
  • Automatic resizing of images using ImageMagick or libgd, simple syntax for image captions and image alignment
  • WikiHiero for Egyptian hieroglyphs (needs separate installed components)
  • Graph - for any kinds of charts (needs separate installed components)

Keeping track of edits

  • Watchlist Every page has a link "Watch this article for me". Pomocí sledovaných stránek sledujte změny článků, které jste označili za zajímavé; sledované stránky jsou také tučně uvedeny v posledních změnách.
  • User contributions in the sidebar of each user page list all articles the user has worked on, according to the database.
  • Extended recent changes with dynamic collapsing of edits to the same article and quick links to diff the edit, show the article history, show the user page, show the user talk page, or block the user (for sysops)
  • "Related changes": View a filtered version of Recent Changes to the pages linked from the current page.
  • Side-by-side diffs - the diffs are shown side-by-side, and changed portions of lines are highlighted, making it much easier to see what's what. Additionally, a diff is shown during an edit conflict so you can see exactly what you need to reintegrate.
  • Real names - Users can (optionally) specify a "real name" they want to use for author credits.
  • On-page credits. Administrators can enable an on-page paragraph giving credit to editors who've worked on a page.

Structures and syntax

  • Ve výchozím nastavení je povoleno pouze omezené použití HTML. Existuje možnost povolit plné využití HTML.
  • Editace syntaxe založená na UseMod, s podporou míchání syntaxe wiki a HTML. Only free links are supported for linking, not CamelCase (deliberate design decision).
  • Namespaces allow content separation (to address the namespace, use the [[Special:MyLanguage/Namespace:Page title]] syntax).
    • Discussion (Talk:) pages are separate from article pages, "meta" project pages can be separated from content pages, image pages are used for image descriptions.
    • MediaWiki: namespace contains all user interface texts, so that they can be edited like any other wiki page
    • Template: namespace for custom messages. Templates may contain string variables which are replaced with certain values passed to the template from the calling page.
  • Transclusion of arbitrary pages in any namespace: {{:Page Name}}. See Templates
  • Word-extension linking: If you include a link of the form [[Special:MyLanguage/war]]s, or [[Special:MyLanguage/war]]time, the system will automatically display it as if you had typed [[Special:MyLanguage/war|wars]] or [[Special:MyLanguage/war|wartime]], respectively, saving some typing.
  • Parenthetical hiding ("pipe tricks") If you include a link of the form [[Special:MyLanguage/kernel (mathematics)|]], the parenthetical portion will be hidden in the link: kernel. This is useful for disambiguating different meanings of a word without making linking too difficult or cluttering up the text of articles. This also works with cropping out namespaces when you want a cleaner-looking link: [[Special:MyLanguage/Wikipedia:Copyrights|]] becomes Copyrights
  • Link to individual sections of an article, e.g. Manual:MediaWiki feature list/cs#Editing (these links may become invalid if sections are retitled or removed.)
  • Support for subpages (link to "Foo/Bar" from "Foo" by just typing "/Bar", "Foo/Bar" contains a backlink to "Foo"), these can be enabled or disabled by namespace (e.g., Wikipedia currently supports subpages on discussion pages, to make archiving easy, and on user pages, to give users space for personal pages)
  • Special keywords for inserting dynamic data such as the name of the current page, the current date, the number of articles, etc.
  • Multiple Categories can be assigned to any page, including categories themselves, creating a hierarchy of categories. Category pages automatically list all pages assigned to them, including sub-categories. Categories allow classification and hierarchical browsing of the content.

Editing

  • Section editing - Uživatelé mohou povolit možnost, která jim umožní upravovat jednotlivé části článku (oddělené nadpisy) namísto načítání celého článku.
  • Edit toolbar (JavaScript-based) for formatting text as bold, italic etc. (fully works in Mozilla and IE, other browsers use it to show the syntax, but cannot format text inside the text area because their JavaScript implementation does not support it). Pokud je JavaScript zakázán, panel nástrojů se nezobrazí.
  • Shrnutí editace které se zobrazí v části „Poslední změny“. Will be prefilled with section title when section editing.
  • Double click editing: Users can enable an option that allows them to edit articles by double clicking them.
  • Zobrazení Náhledu editace (lze zobrazit před nebo po editačním poli)
  • Řešení editačních konfliktů (stránka je jedním uživatelem změněna, zatímco ji jiný uživatel stále upravována a následně uložena). MediaWiki sloučí změny automaticky, pokud je to možné, a jinak vyžaduje, aby uživatel provedl manuální sloučení.
  • Mark edits as minor; users can decide to hide such edits from the Recent Changes list. Only signed in users can mark edits as minor.

Spam a vandalismus

Diskuse

  • Diskusní stránky: Každý uživatel (včetně každého anonymního uživatele) a každý článek má přidruženou stránku, na které mohou další uživatelé psát zprávy. These are separate namespaces (see above), "Talk:" and "User talk:".
  • Message notification (user gets a "You have new messages" notice if someone else has edited their user discussion page); this also works for anonymous users, but not for shared IP users
  • Automatic signature: Just type three tildes (~) when you edit, and on saving the page, it will be replaced with your user name and a link to your user page. Pokud použijete čtyři vlnovky, přidá se také aktuální datum. Mainly intended for Talk pages.
  • Podpora odesílání e-mailů uživatelům prostřednictvím wiki rozhraní (e-mailová adresa se uživateli nezobrazuje)

Podpora více jazyků

Backend

  • Database-driven (MySQL/MariaDB, PostgreSQL, and SQlite are supported)
  • Parser caching: rendered pages are cached to reduce redundant processing
  • Output caching: complete page output can be optionally saved as static HTML files for serving to other clients; support for Squid proxies
  • Přihlašování je založené na cookies, ale úprava stránek je povolena i anonymním uživatelům
  • Všechny revize článku jsou uloženy (volitelně komprimované)
  • RSS syndication available for many special pages, such as Special:Newpages and Special:Recentchanges
  • RDF metadata

Práva

  • Různá práva Different rights pro anonymní uživatele, přihlášeni uživatelé, sysops, byrokraté a vývojáři.
  • Přihlášení uživatelé mohou:
    • přesouvat a přejmenovávat stránky
    • nahrávat soubory
    • mít a používat seznam sledovaných
    • označovat úpravy jako „malé editace“ (např. oprava překlepů)
  • Správci mohou:
    • zamknout stránky proti editaci
    • smazat a obnovit stránky
    • upravovat zamčené stránky
    • zablokovat IP adresu
    • Pokud je tato možnost povolena, zakazovat uživatele podle uživatelského jména
  • Byrokraté mohou:
    • povýšit uživatele na správce
    • přejmenovat uživatele
    • přidělovat uživatelům příznak robota
  • Vývojáři mohou:
    • uzamknout databáze
    • provádět různé údržbové činnosti
  • Další nastavení oprávnění: (např. jen registrovaní mohou editovat) se dá nastavit.

Search and Queries

  • Fultextové vyhledávání
  • "Go" button allows direct viewing of a specified article's contents (tries near match if no exact hit)
  • Co odkazuje sem: zobrazení seznamu stránek, které odkazují na současně zobrazenou stránku (zpětné odkazy)
  • Speciální stránky s přehledy
    • New pages: List of newly created articles
    • Ancient pages: Articles sorted by timestamp, ascending
    • List of images
    • List of users
    • Site statistics
    • Orphaned articles (articles that have no links pointing to them)
    • Orphaned images
    • Popular articles (articles by number of visits, works only if counters are enabled)
    • Most wanted articles (non-existent articles sorted by number of links pointing to them)
    • Short articles
    • Long articles
    • List of all pages by title
  • Query API - allows scripted access to various metadata

Misc.

  • Random article display function
  • Users can configure their timezone, which is used on all report timestamps
  • The attributes of many report pages (number of results etc.) can be set in the user preferences

Empty set of help pages

Note that the files in the installation contain many links pointing to documents that are not included in the download. Most important is the empty set of help files, which will be needed by any new user of the site. To remedy these broken links, you must either (a) export from this site or manually copy and modify help pages to your installation or (b) modify the installation's parameters to change the help link targets to this site, either of which may require a substantial time investment.

Coming soon