확장기능:OAuth

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:OAuth and the translation is 1% complete.
Not to be confused with Extension:OATHAuth or Extension:WSOAuth.
미디어위키 확장 기능 설명서
OAuth
출시 상태: 안정
구현 User identity , User rights , API
설명 사용자들은 미디어위키 Action API를 사용하는 다른 프로그램(이하 사용자)에서 안전하게 인증할 수 있습니다.
만든 이 Aaron Schulz, Chris Steipp, Brad Jorsch, Robert Vogel, Dejan Savuljesku
최신 버전 1.1.0 (continuous updates)
호환성 정책 스냅샷은 미디어위키와 함께 릴리스됩니다. Master is not backward compatible.
MediaWiki >= 1.42
데이터베이스 변경
Composer mediawiki/oauth
테이블 oauth_accepted_consumer
oauth_registered_consumer
라이선스 GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
다운로드
도움말 도움말:OAuth
  • $wgOAuth2PublicKey
  • $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients
  • $wgMWOAuthCentralWiki
  • $wgMWOAuthSecureTokenTransfer
  • $wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource
  • $wgOAuth2GrantExpirationInterval
  • $wgOAuthAutoApprove
  • $wgMWOauthDisabledApiModules
  • $wgOAuth2EnabledGrantTypes
  • $wgMWOAuthNonceCacheType
  • $wgOAuthGroupsToNotify
  • $wgMWOAuthRequestExpirationAge
  • $wgOAuth2RefreshTokenTTL
  • $wgMWOAuthSessionCacheType
  • $wgMWOAuthReadOnly
  • $wgOAuth2PrivateKey
  • $wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs
  • $wgOAuthSecretKey

  • mwoauthproposeconsumer
  • mwoauthupdateownconsumer
  • mwoauthmanageconsumer
  • mwoauthsuppress
  • mwoauthviewsuppressed
  • mwoauthviewprivate
  • mwoauthmanagemygrants
Quarterly downloads 85 (Ranked 64th)
Public wikis using 982 (Ranked 246th)
OAuth 확장 기능 번역 (translatewiki.net에서 가능한 경우)
Vagrant 역할 oauth
이슈 미해결 작업 · 버그 보고

The OAuth extension implements an OAuth server in MediaWiki that supports both the OAuth 1.0a and OAuth 2.0 protocol versions. It allows third party developers to securely develop applications ("consumers"), to which users can give a limited set of permissions ("grants"), so that the application can use the MediaWiki action API on the user's behalf.

If you're attempting to develop an application that uses OAuth on a wiki, see OAuth for Developers. If you are trying to use an OAuth-enabled tool on a wiki which has this extension installed, see OAuth .
  • OAuth relies on the object cache for temporary tokens and sessions. This should work as long as cache configuration settings are sane. (Older versions required Memcached explicitly.)
  • Currently, only MySQL and SQLite database backends are supported
  • If the MediaWiki installation is private (i.e. users need to log in to have read access), Special:OAuth will need to be added to the white list.

Installation


Vagrant 설치:

  • Vagrant 를 사용하고 있는 경우에는, vagrant roles enable oauth --provision로 설치해주세요

To assign a permission to some group, for example to sysops, you add following line to LocalSettings.php:

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['mwoauthproposeconsumer'] = true;

Configuration

Parameters

Variable name Default value Description
$wgMWOAuthCentralWiki false Wiki ID of OAuth management wiki. On wiki farms, it makes sense to set this to a wiki that acts as a portal site, is dedicated to management, or just handles login/authentication. It can, however, be set to any wiki in the farm. For single-wiki sites or farms where each wiki manages consumers separately, it should be left as false.
$wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs false (구식화됨) Use $wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource instead

Whether shared global user IDs are stored in the oauth tables. On wiki farms with a central authentication system (with integer user IDs) that share a single OAuth management wiki, this must be set to true. If wikis have a central authentication system but have their own OAuth management, then this can be either true or false. Otherwise it should always be set to false. Setting this to true requires CentralIdLookup or an MWOAuth aware authentication extension. This value should not be changed after the fact to avoid ambigious IDs. Proper user ID migration should be done before any such changes.

$wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource null Central ID provider when sharing OAuth credentials over a wiki farm

Source of shared user IDs, if enabled. If CentralIdLookup is available, this is the $providerId for CentralIdLookup::factory(). Generally null would be what you want, to use the default provider. If that class is not available or the named provider is not found, this is passed to the OAuthGetUserNamesFromCentralIds, OAuthGetLocalUserFromCentralId, OAuthGetCentralIdFromLocalUser, OAuthGetCentralIdFromUserName hooks. This has no effect if $wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs is set to false.

$wgMWOAuthRequestExpirationAge 2,592,000 (30 days) Seconds after which an idle request for a new Consumer is marked as "expired"
$wgMWOAuthSecureTokenTransfer true Require SSL/TLS for returning Consumer and user secrets. This is required by RFC 5849, however if a wiki wants to use OAuth, but doesn't support SSL, this option makes this configuration possible. This should be set to true for most production settings.
$wgOAuthSecretKey $wgSecretKey A secret configuration string (random 32-bit string generated using "base64_encode(random_bytes(32))") used to hmac the database-stored secret to produce the shared secrets for Consumers. This provides some protection against an attacker reading the values out of the consumer table (the attacker would also need $wgOAuthSecretKey to generate valid secrets), and some protection against potential weaknesses in the secret generation. If this string is compromised, the site should generate a new $wgOAuthSecretKey, which will invalidate Consumer authorizations that use HMAC/shared secret signatures instead of public/private keys. Consumers can regenerate their new shared secret by using the "Reset the secret key to a new value" option under Special:MWOAuthConsumerRegistration/update. If null, the value is set to $wgSecretKey.
$wgOAuthGroupsToNotify [] The list of user groups which should be notified about new consumer proposals. Setting this will only have an effect when Echo is installed.
$wgMWOauthDisabledApiModules [] List of API module classes to disable when OAuth is used for the request
$wgMWOAuthReadOnly false Prevent write activity to the database. When this is set, consumers cannot be added or updated, and new authorizations are prohibited. Authorization headers for existing authorizations will continue to work. Useful for migrating database tables
$wgMWOAuthSessionCacheType $wgSessionCacheType The storage mechanism for session data. If null, it defaults to $wgSessionCacheType.
$wgOAuthAutoApprove [] Allows automatic immediate approval of low-risk apps. In the form of [ 'grants' => [ 'grant1', 'grant2', ... ] ]
$wgOAuth2EnabledGrantTypes
[
"authorization_code",
"refresh_token",
"client_credentials"
]
List of OAuth2 grants that client applications can be allowed to use. Actual grants client application will be allowed to use can be any subset of grants listed here. Grants, other than the ones listed here, are considered legacy grants, and are not supported by this extension
$wgOAuth2PrivateKey "" Private key or a path to the private key used to sign OAuth2 JWT being transmitted. See the OAuth 2.0 Server documentation for how to generate the keys.
$wgOAuth2PublicKey "" Public key or a path to the public key used to verify OAuth2 resource requests.
$wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients true Controls whether clients are required to send code challenges with OAuth2 requests. This only applies to non-confidential clients.
$wgOAuth2GrantExpirationInterval "PT1H" (1 hour) Controls validity period for access tokens (stored in the cache configured in MWOAuthSessionCacheType). Does not apply to owner-only clients, whose access tokens are always non-expiring. Accepts ISO 8601 durations or can be set to "infinity" or false for non-expiring tokens.
$wgOAuth2RefreshTokenTTL "P1M" (1 month) Controls validity period for refresh tokens (stored in the cache configured in MWOAuthSessionCacheType). Accepts ISO 8601 durations or can be set to "infinity" or false for non-expiring tokens.

User rights

Right Description
mwoauthproposeconsumer 새 OAuth 컨슈머 제안
mwoauthupdateownconsumer 내가 제어할 수 있는 OAuth 컨슈머 업데이트
mwoauthmanageconsumer OAuth 컨슈머 관리
mwoauthsuppress OAuth 컨슈머 억제
mwoauthviewsuppressed 표시하지 않은 OAuth 컨슈머 보기
mwoauthviewprivate 비공개 OAuth 데이터 보기
mwoauthmanagemygrants OAuth 부여 관리

Endpoints

OAuth 2.0 REST endpoints

The following REST endpoints are provided for OAuth 2.0 interaction

Path Description Allowed parameters Allowed method
/oauth2/authorize Used for retrieving authorization code when using authorization_code grant.
Name Required? Description
response_type Yes
client_id Yes
redirect_uri No if present, must match the URI that was set when client was registered exactly
scope No
state No
code_challenge No required if $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients is true
code_challenge_method No required if $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients is true
GET
/oauth2/access_token Used for requesting access tokens
Name Required? Description
grant_type Yes type of grant used
client_id No
client_secret No required if client is confidential
redirect_uri No if present, must match the URI that was set when client was registered exactly
scope No
code No required if authorization_code grant is used
refresh_token No required if refresh_token grant is used
code_verifier No
POST
/oauth2/resource/{{type}} Used for retrieving protected resources using the access token issued previously.

Currently, two resource types can be retrieved using this endpoint, by replacing {{type}} placeholder with the type key:

  • profile - retrieve the user profile of the user that is represented by the access token used to make the request - usually used for logging users in on 3rd party websites using MediaWiki
  • scopes - retrieve all scopes client (application) is allowed to use with the current access token
No parameters are allowed, apart from the {{type}} parameter that is included in the path GET/POST
/oauth2/client Lists OAuth 1.0a or 2.0 clients for the logged-in user. Authentication can be achieved over CentralAuth or by including an access token in the authorization header.
Response example
{
  "clients": [
    {
      "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
      "name": "TestFromCurl1807",
      "version": "2.0",
      "email": "admin@example.com",
      "callback_url": "http://example.com",
      "scopes": [
        "authonly"
      ],
      "registration": "20200818230806",
      "stage": 0,
      "oauth_version": 2,
      "description": "foo",
      "allowed_grants": [
        "authorization_code"
      ],
      "registration_formatted": "23:08, 18 August 2020"
    }
  ],
  "total": 1
}
  • oauth_version (optional) - either 1 (to return only OAuth 1.0a clients) or 2 (to return only OAuth 2.0 clients). Default: 2
  • Pagination parameters
    • limit (optional) - maximum number of clients to return. Default: 25
    • offset (optional) - number of clients to skip before returning the first result. Default: 0
GET
/oauth2/client/{client_key}/reset_secret Resets a client secret. For owner-only clients, this endpoint also resets the access token.
Response example
{
  "name": "Example",
  "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "secret": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "access_token": "xxxxxxxxxx"
}
Name Required? Description Default
client_key Yes client identifier
reason No string containing the reason for resetting the secret. ''
POST
/oauth2/client Creates an OAuth 2.0 client.
Response example
{
  "name": "Example",
  "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "secret": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "access_token": "xxxxxxxxxx"
}
Name Required? Description Default
name Yes client name
description Yes client description
email Yes contact email
is_confidential Yes set to true if the client is confidential; set to false for public clients like mobile and desktop apps
grant_types Yes OAuth 2.0 grant types used by the client, one or more of the following: authorization_code, refresh_token, client_credentials
scopes Yes OAuth 2.0 scopes, either mwoauth-authonly, mwoauth-authonlyprivate or the set of applicable grants
version No client version. 1.0
wiki No applicable project. * for all wikis
owner_only ? set to true for a client used only by the creating user
callback_url No Return URL for authorizing users. ''
callback_is_prefix No set to true to allow the client to specify a callback in requests and use the callback URL as a required prefix. false
POST
If OAuth credentials are shared over a wiki farm, make sure that real names are used/hidden consistently across all wikis (using $wgHiddenPrefs ). On wikis where real names are hidden, the OAuth permission request message that tells the user which information is shared does not mention the real name, so in that case there should not be any other wiki where the OAuth consumer may still get that information from.

See also

  • Extension:OATHAuth - A similarly named extension which implements a second authentication factor using OATH-based one-time passwords.
  • Extension:WSOAuth A MediaWiki extension that lets your wiki delegate authentication to any OAuth provider using PluggableAuth, including a wiki that is running Extension:OAuth.
  • oauthclient-php A client library for OAuth consumers.