Extension:OAuth

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:OAuth and the translation is 32% complete.
混同しないでください: Extension:OATHAuthまたは Extension:WSOAuth.
MediaWiki 拡張機能マニュアル
OOjs UI icon advanced-invert.svg
OAuth
リリースの状態: 安定
実装 利用者識別 , 利用者権限 , API
説明 利用者が自分の代わりに MediaWiki 操作 API を使用する別のアプリケーション ("consumer") を安全に認可できるようにする。
最新バージョン 1.1.0 (continuous updates)
互換性ポリシー MediaWikiとともにリリースされるスナップショット。 master には後方互換性がありません。
MediaWiki >= 1.38.0
データベースの変更 はい
Composer mediawiki/oauth
テーブル oauth_accepted_consumer
oauth_registered_consumer
ライセンス GNU 一般公衆利用許諾書 2.0 以降
ダウンロード
ヘルプ Help:OAuth
  • $wgOAuth2PublicKey
  • $wgOAuthGroupsToNotify
  • $wgMWOAuthRequestExpirationAge
  • $wgOAuth2RefreshTokenTTL
  • $wgMWOAuthCentralWiki
  • $wgOAuth2PrivateKey
  • $wgMWOAuthSecureTokenTransfer
  • $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients
  • $wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource
  • $wgOAuth2GrantExpirationInterval
  • $wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs
  • $wgMWOAuthSessionCacheType
  • $wgMWOauthDisabledApiModules
  • $wgOAuth2EnabledGrantTypes
  • $wgMWOAuthReadOnly
  • $wgOAuthSecretKey
  • mwoauthproposeconsumer
  • mwoauthupdateownconsumer
  • mwoauthmanageconsumer
  • mwoauthsuppress
  • mwoauthviewsuppressed
  • mwoauthviewprivate
  • mwoauthmanagemygrants
translatewiki.net で翻訳を利用できる場合は、OAuth 拡張機能の翻訳にご協力ください

使用状況とバージョン マトリクスを確認してください。

Vagrant role oauth
問題点 未解決のタスク · バグを報告


The OAuth extension implements an OAuth server in MediaWiki that supports both the OAuth 1.0a and OAuth 2.0 protocol versions. It allows third party developers to securely develop applications ("consumers"), to which users can give a limited set of permissions ("grants"), so that the application can use the MediaWiki action API on the user's behalf.


If you're attempting to develop an application that uses OAuth on a wiki, see OAuth for Developers. この拡張機能がインストールされているウィキでOAuth対応のツールを使おうとしている場合は、OAuth を参照してください。

要件

  • OAuthは一時的なトークンとセッションのためにオブジェクトキャッシュに依存しています。 This should work as long as cache configuration settings are sane. (Older versions required Memcached explicitly.)
  • 現在、MySQLとSQLiteのデータベースバックエンドのみをサポートしています。
  • If the MediaWiki installation is private (i.e. users need to log in to have read access), Special:OAuth will need to be added to the white list.

インストール

  • Vagrant を使用している場合は、vagrant roles enable oauth --provisionでインストールしてください。
手動インストール

MediaWiki 1.24以前を稼働させている利用者へ:

上記の手順では、wfLoadExtension()を使用してこの拡張機能をインストールする新しい方法を記載しています。 この拡張機能をこれらの過去のバージョン (MediaWiki 1.24以前) にインストールする必要がある場合は、wfLoadExtension( 'OAuth' );の代わりに以下を使用する必要があります:

require_once "$IP/extensions/OAuth/OAuth.php";

利用者権限

権限 説明
mwoauthproposeconsumer 新しいコンシューマーを提案
mwoauthupdateownconsumer 自身が制御できるOAuthコンシューマーを更新
mwoauthmanageconsumer OAuthコンシューマーを管理
mwoauthsuppress OAuthコンシューマーを秘匿
mwoauthviewsuppressed 秘匿されたOAuthコンシューマーを閲覧
mwoauthviewprivate 非公開OAuthデータを閲覧
mwoauthmanagemygrants OAuth付与を管理

To assign a permission to some group, for example to sysops, you add following line to LocalSettings.php:

$wgGroupPermissions['sysop']['mwoauthproposeconsumer'] = true;

設定

変数名 既定値 説明
$wgMWOAuthCentralWiki false Wiki ID of OAuth management wiki. On wiki farms, it makes sense to set this to a wiki that acts as a portal site, is dedicated to management, or just handles login/authentication. It can, however, be set to any wiki in the farm. For single-wiki sites or farms where each wiki manages consumers separately, it should be left as false.
$wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs false (廃止予定) Use $wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource instead

Whether shared global user IDs are stored in the oauth tables. On wiki farms with a central authentication system (with integer user IDs) that share a single OAuth management wiki, this must be set to true. If wikis have a central authentication system but have their own OAuth management, then this can be either true or false. Otherwise it should always be set to false. Setting this to true requires CentralIdLookup or an MWOAuth aware authentication extension. This value should not be changed after the fact to avoid ambigious IDs. Proper user ID migration should be done before any such changes.

$wgMWOAuthSharedUserSource null Central ID provider when sharing OAuth credentials over a wiki farm

Source of shared user IDs, if enabled. If CentralIdLookup is available, this is the $providerId for CentralIdLookup::factory(). Generally null would be what you want, to use the default provider. If that class is not available or the named provider is not found, this is passed to the OAuthGetUserNamesFromCentralIds, OAuthGetLocalUserFromCentralId, OAuthGetCentralIdFromLocalUser, OAuthGetCentralIdFromUserName hooks. This has no effect if $wgMWOAuthSharedUserIDs is set to false.

$wgMWOAuthRequestExpirationAge 2592000 (30 days) Seconds after which an idle request for a new Consumer is marked as "expired"
$wgMWOAuthSecureTokenTransfer true Require SSL/TLS for returning Consumer and user secrets. This is required by RFC 5849, however if a wiki wants to use OAuth, but doesn't support SSL, this option makes this configuration possible. This should be set to true for most production settings.
$wgOAuthSecretKey $wgSecretKey A secret configuration string (random 32-bit string generated using "base64_encode(random_bytes(32))") used to hmac the database-stored secret to produce the shared secrets for Consumers. This provides some protection against an attacker reading the values out of the consumer table (the attacker would also need $wgOAuthSecretKey to generate valid secrets), and some protection against potential weaknesses in the secret generation. If this string is compromised, the site should generate a new $wgOAuthSecretKey, which will invalidate Consumer authorizations that use HMAC/shared secret signatures instead of public/private keys. Consumers can regenerate their new shared secret by using the "Reset the secret key to a new value" option under Special:MWOAuthConsumerRegistration/update. If null, the value is set to $wgSecretKey.
$wgOAuthGroupsToNotify [] The list of user groups which should be notified about new consumer proposals. Setting this will only have an effect when Echo is installed.
$wgMWOauthDisabledApiModules [] List of API module classes to disable when OAuth is used for the request
$wgMWOAuthReadOnly false Prevent write activity to the database. When this is set, consumers cannot be added or updated, and new authorizations are prohibited. Authorization headers for existing authorizations will continue to work. Useful for migrating database tables
$wgMWOAuthSessionCacheType $wgSessionCacheType The storage mechanism for session data. If null, it defaults to $wgSessionCacheType.
$wgOAuth2EnabledGrantTypes
[
"authorization_code",
"refresh_token",
"client_credentials"
]
List of OAuth2 grants that client applications can be allowed to use. Actual grants client application will be allowed to use can be any subset of grants listed here. Grants, other than the ones listed here, are considered legacy grants, and are not supported by this extension
$wgOAuth2PrivateKey "" Private key or a path to the private key used to sign OAuth2 JWT being transmitted. See the OAuth 2.0 Server documentation for how to generate the keys.
$wgOAuth2PublicKey "" Public key or a path to the public key used to verify OAuth2 resource requests.
$wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients true Controls whether clients are required to send code challenges with OAuth2 requests. This only applies to non-confidential clients.
$wgOAuth2GrantExpirationInterval "PT1H" Controls validity period for access tokens. Does not apply to owner-only clients, whose access tokens are always non-expiring. Accepts ISO 8601 durations or can be set to "infinity" or false for non-expiring tokens.
$wgOAuth2RefreshTokenTTL "PT1M" Controls validity period for refresh tokens. Accepts ISO 8601 durations or can be set to "infinity" or false for non-expiring tokens.

OAuth 2.0 REST endpoints

The following REST endpoints are provided for OAuth 2.0 interaction

パス 説明 許容されるパラメーター Allowed method
/oauth2/authorize Used for retrieving authorization code when using authorization_code grant.
名前 必須かどうか 説明
response_type はい
client_id はい
redirect_uri いいえ if present, must match the URI that was set when client was registered exactly
scope いいえ
state いいえ
code_challenge いいえ required if $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients is true
code_challenge_method いいえ required if $wgOAuth2RequireCodeChallengeForPublicClients is true
GET
/oauth2/access_token Used for requesting access tokens
名前 必須かどうか 説明
grant_type はい type of grant used
client_id いいえ
client_secret いいえ required if client is confidential
redirect_uri いいえ if present, must match the URI that was set when client was registered exactly
scope いいえ
code いいえ required if authorization_code grant is used
refresh_token いいえ required if refresh_token grant is used
code_verifier いいえ
POST
/oauth2/resource/{{type}} Used for retrieving protected resources using the access token issued previously.

Currently, two resource types can be retrieved using this endpoint, by replacing {{type}} placeholder with the type key:

  • profile - retrieve the user profile of the user that is represented by the access token used to make the request - usually used for logging users in on 3rd party websites using MediaWiki
  • scopes - retrieve all scopes client (application) is allowed to use with the current access token
No parameters are allowed, apart from the {{type}} parameter that is included in the path GET/POST
/oauth2/client Lists OAuth 1.0a or 2.0 clients for the logged-in user. Authentication can be achieved over CentralAuth or by including an access token in the authorization header.
レスポンスの例
{
  "clients": [
    {
      "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
      "name": "TestFromCurl1807",
      "version": "2.0",
      "email": "admin@example.com",
      "callback_url": "http://example.com",
      "scopes": [
        "authonly"
      ],
      "registration": "20200818230806",
      "stage": 0,
      "oauth_version": 2,
      "description": "foo",
      "allowed_grants": [
        "authorization_code"
      ],
      "registration_formatted": "23:08, 18 August 2020"
    }
  ],
  "total": 1
}
  • oauth_version (省略可能) - either 1 (to return only OAuth 1.0a clients) or 2 (to return only OAuth 2.0 clients). 既定値: 2
  • Pagination parameters
    • limit (省略可能) - maximum number of clients to return. 既定値: 25
    • offset (省略可能) - number of clients to skip before returning the first result. 既定値: 0
GET
/oauth2/client/{client_key}/reset_secret Resets a client secret. For owner-only clients, this endpoint also resets the access token.
レスポンスの例
{
  "name": "Example",
  "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "secret": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "access_token": "xxxxxxxxxx"
}
名前 必須かどうか 説明 既定
client_key はい client identifier
reason いいえ string containing the reason for resetting the secret. ''
POST
/oauth2/client Creates an OAuth 2.0 client.
レスポンスの例
{
  "name": "Example",
  "client_key": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "secret": "xxxxxxxxxx",
  "access_token": "xxxxxxxxxx"
}
名前 必須かどうか 説明 既定
name はい client name
description はい client description
email はい contact email
is_confidential はい set to true if the client is confidential; set to false for public clients like mobile and desktop apps
grant_types はい OAuth 2.0 grant types used by the client, one or more of the following: authorization_code, refresh_token, client_credentials
scopes はい OAuth 2.0 scopes, either mwoauth-authonly, mwoauth-authonlyprivate or the set of applicable grants
version いいえ client version. 1.0
wiki いいえ applicable project. * for all wikis
owner_only ? set to true for a client used only by the creating user
callback_url いいえ Return URL for authorizing users. ''
callback_is_prefix いいえ set to true to allow the client to specify a callback in requests and use the callback URL as a required prefix. false
POST
If OAuth credentials are shared over a wiki farm, make sure that real names are used/hidden consistently across all wikis (using $wgHiddenPrefs ). 実名が隠されているウィキでは、どの情報が共有されるかを伝えるOAuth許可要求メッセージは実名に言及しないので、その場合、OAuth消費者がまだその情報を取得できる他のウィキが存在しないはずです。

実験用RESTエンドポイント

実験的なRESTエンドポイントを有効にするには、$wgRestAPIAdditionalRouteFiles 設定変数をLocalSettings.phpに追加してください。

$wgRestAPIAdditionalRouteFiles[] = "$wgExtensionDirectory/OAuth/experimentalRoutes.json";

関連項目

  • Extension:OAuthAuthentication – あなたのwikiがExtension:OAuthを実行している他のwikiに認証を委譲できるようにするMediaWiki拡張機能です。
  • Extension:OATHAuth - A similarly named extension which implements a second authentication factor using OATH-based one-time passwords.
  • Extension:WSOAuth A MediaWiki extension that lets your wiki delegate authentication to any OAuth provider using PluggableAuth, including a wiki that is running Extension:OAuth.
  • oauthclient-php A client library for OAuth consumers.