This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Cognate and the translation is 15% complete.
发行状态: 稳定版
实现 数据库
描述 Link different language versions of a page by using the page title.
作者 Gabriel Birke, Addshore
最新版本 Continuous updates
兼容性政策 快照跟随MediaWiki发布。 master分支不向后兼容。
MediaWiki 1.29+
许可协议 GNU通用公眾授權條款2.0或更新版本
  • $wgCognateNamespaces
  • $wgCognateReadOnly
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The Cognate extension creates a central store where the page titles for a group of sites are stored. It can then generate interwiki links across wiki projects in cases where the titles are the same. It was developed to solve the "Centralize interwiki language links for Wiktionary" task.

"Cognate" is a linguistic concept, referring to words in different languages developed from the same origin. This means that this extension is misnamed—since this extension links pages with the same title across wikis, a proper name would be “Homograph”.

  • Page titles are the same across languages (with some simple normalization applied).
  • Pages should not contain inter language links in wikitext as these will override the link provided by Cognate.
  • Unexpected hash conflicts are unlikely but could occur, and would result in unexpected language links.


Title Normalization

Very simple title normalization (reduction to ASCII) occurs within the extension. This can be seen in the StringNormalizer class.

Initially the amount of normalization is very small. Requests can be made to expand this and will be added on a case by case basis.

String Normalized Notes
Hello… Hello... The raw string contains an ellipsis character. This is normalized to three . characters
lepelle’ lepelle' The normalized string has a normalized apostrophe.

Title Hashing

Titles are hashed using sha256. This can be seen in the StringHasher class.

Part of the hash is then stored in the database in a BIG_INT field for efficient lookups.

There are roughly 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 possible values.

String Hash Int
A 559AEAD08264D5795D3909718CDD05ABD49572E84FE55590EEF31A88A08FDFFD 6168500820899059065
Foo 1CBEC737F863E4922CEE63CC2EBBFAAFCD1CFF8B790D8CFD2E6A5D550B648AFA 2071311921841431698
1234567890 C775E7B757EDE630CD0AA1113BD102661AB38829CA52A6422AB782862F268646 -4074095513246505424

Matching Hashes

As titles that require links are assumed to be the same post normalization, they will result in the same hash and thus the same Int stored in the database.

Some sample data might look as follows when loading the "Foo..." page on enwiktionary.

Wiki 标题 Hash Int Normalized Hash Int 注释
enwiktionary Foo... 395730596998145766 395730596998145766 Matched row
frwiktionary Foo… -7435652355441782233 395730596998145766 Matched row, even though the pre normalized title includes the ellipsis character.
dewiktionary Foo... 395730596998145766 395730596998145766 Matched row
arwiktionary Foo 2071311921841431698 2071311921841431698


It is possible to overwrite the automatic links provided by Cognate, simply by adding one or more interwiki links in the page.

That also means that to make Cognate work when the extension is deployed, the pages should not contain inter language links in their wikitext.



The extension can be tested on beta wiktionary sites:

These sites are linked together using the Cognate extension with added interwiki sorting provided by the InterwikiSorting extension.


  • 下载文件,并将其放置在您extensions/文件夹中的Cognate目录内。
    开发者和代码贡献人员应从Git安装扩展,输入:cd extensions/
    git clone
  • 将下列代码放置在您的LocalSettings.php 的底部:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Cognate' );
    # Settings used in WMF production
    # Use the external cluster 'extension1' and dbname 'cognate_wiktionary'
    $wgCognateDb = 'cognate_wiktionary';
    $wgCognateCluster = 'extension1';
    # Only work on the main namespace
    $wgCognateNamespaces = [ 0 ];
  • 运行更新脚本,它将自动创建此扩展必须依赖的数据库表。
  •   完成 – 在您的wiki上导航至Special:Version,以验证已成功安装扩展。
  • Populate the sites table by running the populateCognateSites.php maintenance script. Sites must already exist in the MediaWiki sites table with the correct groupings.
php ./maintenance/populateCognateSites.php --site-group=wiktionary
  • Populate the page and title tables by running the populateCognatePages.php maintenance script.
php ./maintenance/populateCognatePages.php