Zgodność

This page is a translated version of the page Compatibility and the translation is 20% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

MediaWiki strives to maintain broad compatibility between versions, and with a range of current and legacy software. At the same time, the constantly-evolving codebase and features of the latest MediaWiki development mean that it is not possible to maintain compatibility with legacy software indefinitely.

If you wish to suggest a change to what MediaWiki supports, you can file a request for comment on Phabricator.

These sections provide an overview of the software required on the server to run MediaWiki.

PHP

Najnowsza wersja MediaWiki (1.36) działa na każdej wersji od PHP 7.3.19/7.4.3 do $2.

For upcoming versions, see Support policy for PHP .

HHVM support was dropped in MediaWiki 1.34. You are strongly advised against using it.

MediaWiki nie jest kompatybilne z PHP w wersjach od 7.3.0 - 7.3.18 oraz 7.4.0 - 7.4.2 w związku z błędem w oprogramowaniu przetwarzającym język PHP. Zamiast tego użyj PHP 7.3.19+ lub 7.4.3+. Zobacz zadanie T246594, aby uzyskać więcej informacji.
MediaWiki is not compatible with PHP 8 yet. See task T248925 for more information.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 master
 7.4.3+
 7.3.19+
 7.2.x 
 7.1.x 
 7.0.x 
 5.6.x 
 5.5.9+ 
 5.5.0–5.5.8 
 5.4.x 
 5.3.3+ 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 master
 5.3.2 
 5.2.3+ 
 5.1.x 
 5.0.x 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 master

Baza danych

MediaWiki jest kompatybilny z różnymi serwerami baz danych, ale największe wsparcie jest dla MySQL (MariaDB również może być stosowana).

Using any other database software is not recommended for production use. Support differs from MediaWiki version to MediaWiki version and ranges from dubious to stable. MediaWiki provides database abstraction layers for PostgreSQL and SQLite, which are generally well-maintained.

Since version 1.36, MediaWiki only commits to supporting upgrades from two major long term support releases (LTS) ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps.
Uwaga Uwaga: Od wersji MediaWiki 1.34 nie wspieramy już wykorzystania Oracle i Microsoft SQL Server . Zalecamy z nich już nie korzystać.
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 master
 MySQL 5.5.8+
 MySQL 5.0.3+  
MySQL 4.x 
MySQL 3.x 
 SQLite 3+
 PostgreSQL 9.4+
 PostgreSQL 9.2+  
 PostgreSQL 8.3+  
 PostgreSQL 8.1 
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 master

Upgrade

Since MediaWiki 1.36, it only commits to supporting upgrades from two LTS releases ago (see phab:T259771). Upgrades from older versions of MediaWiki will have to be performed in multiple steps. This means that if you want to upgrade to 1.36 from 1.23 or earlier, you'll first have to upgrade your 1.23 wiki to 1.27 (or 1.35), and, from 1.27 (or 1.35), you'll be able to upgrade to 1.36.

Serwer WWW

MediaWiki jest zasadniczo kompatybilne z większością serwerów internetowych, które mogą się działać w oparciu o kompatybilną wersję PHP. Apache jest najczęściej używany i przetestowany. Nginx is a good choice as well.

Rozszerzenia MediaWiki

As long as an extension is properly maintained (which you can see at the top of the infobox on its description page), the master branch of the extension should be compatible with the master branch of MediaWiki. For determining compatibility with older MediaWiki versions, there are the following common policies used by extensions:

  • master (key: master): the master branch of the extension is compatible with both current and older versions of MediaWiki.

Back-compatibility hacks are added to the extension source code as needed.

  • release branches (key: rel): For every MediaWiki release, there is a corresponding branch in the extension.

So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.36, you should use the REL1_36 branch of the extension.

So e.g. if you use MediaWiki 1.35, you should use the REL1_35 branch of the extension. If you use a non-LTS version of MediaWiki, usually you will need to use the extension's branch for the previous LTS version. For instance, MediaWiki 1.34 wikis using a ltsrel extension would usually use the REL1_31 branch of that extension. However, there is no guarantee of compatibility.

The compatibility policy field of the Extension infobox tells which policy is used by a given extension. Use the respective keys indicated above to specify the information.

Some extensions may have more specific compatibility policies, for instance:

Przeglądarki

Informacje ogólne

There is an ever-growing number of different web browsers in the world.

Too many to actively test and support each one. Aby oprowadzić po naszych doświadczeniach związanych ze wsparciem przez przeglądarki, wyróżniliśmy trzy poziomy wspierania. Each tier represents a different category of browsers.

Modern (Grade A)

This group represents the highest level of support (also known as Grade A). Features take advantage of capabilities in modern browsers, while allowing a graceful fallback for older browsers. All features provided by the software (whether or not in a degraded form) must work in these browsers.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and actively tested against. Problems users perceive in these browsers are addressed with high priority.

Basic (Grade C)

This group is provided the core functionality of the MediaWiki platform (also known as Grade C). Our HTTP responses are compatible with these browsers (e.g. HTTP features we rely on, character encoding, and image formats used by the content; must work in these browsers). In the front-end this means content is presented in a readable manner, and to some extent user actions can be performed, but these browsers do not get JavaScript features.

Browsers in this category are known (listed below) and identified via a feature test suite and a user agent filter in the startup module.

Unknown (Grade X)

Ta grupa (znana też jako Grade X) reprezentuje wszystkie inne przeglądarki. Obejmuje przeglądarki, które nie są już rozwijane lub przeglądarki niewystarczająco popularne, aby warto było rozwijać oprogramowanie pod ich potrzeby.

Do tej kategorii należą przeglądarki nie zawarte na żadnej innej grupie.

Problems users perceive in these browsers only are given low priority, or not supported at all.

MediaWiki handles these browsers the same as Modern (Grade A) browsers and they are thus assumed to be capable. This principle provides various important benefits:

  • New or unsupported versions of modern browsers may temporarily be considered Unknown if they are not yet tested against by us. Treating Unknown browsers as capable ensures optimal user experience in these browsers.
  • Users of new and evolving browsers are given a chance to have a modern experience.
  • Users of less popular browsers based on, or derived from, known modern browsers are not negatively impacted (e.g. Iceweasel).

In practice the only difference between Unknown and Modern browsers is that we don't actively test against Unknown browsers.

These browsers are given the full feature set, which means HTTP, HTML, CSS and JS feature may or may not be compatible with these browsers, and may or may not be affected by measures (e.g. fallback CSS for newer CSS features) intended for Grade C browsers. In particular, JavaScript will be disabled if no support for features MediaWiki uses is found.

Special treatment for IE11

Starting in March of 2021, new JavaScript features on any Wikimedia project will not be supported on IE11, as documented at Compatibility/IE11 . This is the beginning of downgrading this browser to Basic (Grade C) support.

Browser support matrix

The principles and different grades described above apply to MediaWiki core and extensions alike. The support matrix below applies these grades in the context of MediaWiki core, Wikimedia Foundation infrastructure, and any MediaWiki extensions that decide to follow it. Individual extensions may have their own support matrix distributing browsers among the different levels of support. See also Browser usage breakdown dashboard.

Browser support matrix stan na marzec 2021 p · o · e
Browsers Chrome Firefox Opera Edge Edge Legacy Internet Explorer Safari iOS Android
Modern (Grade A) Current and previous version (2021) None 11+ (2013)[1][2][3][4] 9.1+[5] 9+[5] 4.3+[5]
Basic (Grade C) 31+ (2013)[6] 27+ (2014)[6] 18+ (2013)[6] 79+ (2020) 12+(2015) 9+ (2011)[7][6] 9.1+ (2015)[6] 9+ (2015)[6] 4.3+ (2013)[7][6]
Unknown (Grade X) All other browsers

Mobile

The Web team at the Wikimedia Foundation applies a narrower support matrix for mobile-specific skins e.g. Minerva and/or extensions designed only to run on mobile devices e.g. Rozszerzenie:MobileFrontend . The support matrix is compiled from the data provided by the analytics user agent breakdown dashboard. Where browser usage is over 5%, a modern experience (Grade A) is supported. Basic support (Grade C) is provided for anything over 0.1% during the previous 12 months. In mobile we strive to provide a Grade B. Users of grade B may or may not get JavaScript and we do not test to the same level as A, thus we prioritize bug fixes lower.

Modern support browser list on MobileFrontend is defined in .browserlistsrc file.

Anything absent in the list or older is considered a basic supported browser.

Uwagi

  1. As of MediaWiki 1.24, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 6 and 7 has been disabled. gerrit:152072, gerrit:152128, Wikitech-ambassadors message
  2. As of MediaWiki 1.27, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 8 has been disabled. gerrit:252383, Wikitech-ambassadors message
  3. As of MediaWiki 1.29, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 9 has been disabled along with other non-ES5 browsers. T128115
  4. As of MediaWiki 1.31, JavaScript for Internet Explorer 10 has been disabled. T187869
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 As of MediaWiki 1.36, Modern support is removed for Android 4.1-4.2, iOS 6.1-8, and Safari 5.1-8. T266866
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 As of MediaWiki 1.36, Basic support is removed for Firefox 3-26, Internet Explorer 8, Safari 3-8, iOS (Safari) 5-8, Android 3.0-4.2, Chrome 1-30, and Opera 15-18. T248061, T262946, T266866
  7. 7.0 7.1 As of MediaWiki 1.35, Basic support is removed for Internet Explorer 6-7 and Android 2. T232563, T249788

Zobacz też