API:Resetpassword

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MediaWiki sürümü:
1.27

E-posta adresine sahip tüm kullanıcılar için parolayı sıfırlamak için POST isteği.

API belgesi


action=resetpassword

(main | resetpassword)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Send a password reset email to a user.

Parameters:
user

User being reset.

Type: user, by user name
email

Email address of the user being reset.

token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.
Examples:
Send a password reset email to user Example.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=Example&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]
Send a password reset email for all users with email address user@example.com.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=user@example.com&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]

Örnek

Herhangi bir POST isteği yapmak çok adımlı bir işlemdir:

  1. API:Oturum aç üzerinde açıklanan yöntemlerden biriyle oturum açın.
  2. API:Tokens burada gösterildiği gibi bir GET düzenlemesi/CSRF anahtarı


  3. E-posta adresine sahip tüm kullanıcılar için parolayı sıfırlamak üzere CSRF jetonuyla bir POST isteği gönderin.

Aşağıdaki örnek kodlar bu adımları kapsar.

POST isteği

user@mediawiki.org e-posta adresine sahip tüm kullanıcılar için parolayı sıfırlayın.


Yanıt

{
  "resetpassword": {
    "status": "success"
  }

Örnek kod

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    reset_password.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: RReset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
"""
import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a POST request to log in. For this login
# method, obtain credentials by first visiting
# https://www.test.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual:Bot_passwords
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "user_name",
    "lgpassword": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.

PARAMS_4 = {
    "token":CSRF_TOKEN,
    "action":"resetpassword",
    "email":"user@mediawiki.org",
    "format":"json"
    }

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.text

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    reset_password.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
resetPassword( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

# Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;
	
	$params4 = [
        "action" => "resetpassword",
        "email" => "user@mediawiki.org",
		"format" => "json",
		"token" => $csrftoken
	];
  
	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$response = curl_exec($ch);
	curl_close($ch);

	echo ($response);
}

JavaScript

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
var request = require("request").defaults({jar: true}),
url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET Request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };
    
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        resetPassword(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all 
// users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "resetpassword",
        email: "user@mediawiki.org",
        format: "json",
        token: csrf_token
    };
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/

var params = {
    action: 'resetpassword',
    email: 'user@mediawiki.org',
    format: 'json'
},
api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
console.log( data );
} );

Olası hatalar

Kod Bilgi
passwordreset-invalidemail ⧼passwordreset-invalidemail⧽
passwordreset-nodata Ne bir kullanıcı adı ne de bir e-posta adresi verildi
invalidparammix Parametreleri user, email birlikte kullanılamaz.
missingparam user, email parametrelerden biri gerekli.

Ayrıca bakınız