API:Resetpassword

This page is a translated version of the page API:Resetpassword and the translation is 100% complete.
Versión de MediaWiki:
1.27

Solicitud POST para restablecer la contraseña de todos los usuarios con una dirección de correo electrónico.

API Documentación


action=resetpassword

(main | resetpassword)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Send a password reset email to a user.

Parameters:
user

User being reset.

Type: user, by user name
email

Email address of the user being reset.

token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.
Examples:
Send a password reset email to user Example.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=Example&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]
Send a password reset email for all users with email address user@example.com.
api.php?action=resetpassword&user=user@example.com&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]

Ejemplo

Hacer cualquier solicitud POST es un proceso de varios pasos:

  1. Iniciar sesión, a través de uno de los métodos descritos en API:Login .
  2. GET un edit/CSRF token como muestra aquí API:Tokens


  3. Envía una solicitud POST, con el token CSRF, para restablecer la contraseña de todos los usuarios con una dirección de correo electrónico.

El código de muestra, abajo, cubre estos pasos.

Solicitud POST

Restablezca la contraseña para todos los usuarios con dirección de correo electrónico user@mediawiki.org.


Respuesta

{
  "resetpassword": {
    "status": "success"
  }

Código de muestra

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    reset_password.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: RReset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
"""
import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: Retrieve a login token
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_1)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: Send a POST request to log in. For this login
# method, obtain credentials by first visiting
# https://www.test.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manual:Bot_passwords
# See https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API:Login for more
# information on log in methods.
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "user_name",
    "lgpassword": "password",
    "format": "json",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

# Step 3: While logged in, retrieve a CSRF token
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"]

# Step 4: Send a POST request to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.

PARAMS_4 = {
    "token":CSRF_TOKEN,
    "action":"resetpassword",
    "email":"user@mediawiki.org",
    "format":"json"
    }

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_4)
DATA = R.text

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    reset_password.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
$endPoint = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
resetPassword( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

# Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all
# users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;
	
	$params4 = [
        "action" => "resetpassword",
        "email" => "user@mediawiki.org",
		"format" => "json",
		"token" => $csrftoken
	];
  
	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$response = curl_exec($ch);
	curl_close($ch);

	echo ($response);
}

JavaScript

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/
var request = require("request").defaults({jar: true}),
url = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET Request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };
    
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };
    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        resetPassword(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: Send a POST request  to reset the password for all 
// users with e-mail address user@mediawiki.org.
function resetPassword(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "resetpassword",
        email: "user@mediawiki.org",
        format: "json",
        token: csrf_token
    };
    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
    reset_password.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Resetpassword` module: Reset password for all users with an email address.

    MIT license
*/

var params = {
    action: 'resetpassword',
    email: 'user@mediawiki.org',
    format: 'json'
},
api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
console.log( data );
} );

Errores posibles

Código Info
passwordreset-invalidemail ⧼passwordreset-invalidemail⧽
passwordreset-nodata No se ha proporcionado ni un nombre de usuario ni una dirección de correo electrónico
invalidparammix Los parámetros user, email no se pueden utilizar juntos.
missingparam Uno de los parámetros user, email es necesario.

Véase también