মোবাইল গেটওয়ে/মোবাইল প্রধান পাতা বিন্যাসন

This page is a translated version of the page Mobile Gateway/Mobile homepage formatting and the translation is 22% complete.
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If the main page (homepage) of your Wikimedia project has not been formatted to be viewed on mobile devices, and you are an administrator of that project, please follow the instructions below.

দয়া করে মনে রাখবেন: হোমপেজটি সম্পাদনা করার জন্য আপনার অবশ্যই প্রশাসকের অধিকার থাকা উচিত।

ধাপ ১

প্রথমে, মোবাইল হোমপৃষ্ঠার জন্য কোন বিষয়বস্তু উপযুক্ত তা নির্ধারণ করুন।

Evaluate the page elements in the desktop version (e.g. "Picture of the Day") by asking:

  • তারা কেমন জনপ্রিয়?
  • তাদের কী নিয়মিত আপডেট করা হয়?
  • তারা কী দ্রুত পড়া জন্য উপযুক্ত?
  • তারা কী একটি মোবাইল পর্দায় সুন্দরভাবে মাপসই হবে?

Once you decide which elements make sense, proceed to Step 2.

ধাপ ২

You must be logged in and have administrative rights to do the following. On the desktop view of the homepage, click "সম্পাদনা" and find the elements you want to include in the mobile view.

Each element you want excluded from the page should be given a class "nomobile" or wrapped in an element with this class present.

<div class="nomobile"> ... </div>

What goes in between the opening and closing div tags? It will most likely be a template for the page element, such as "Picture of the Day".

Updating styles

Certain styles are not mobile friendly. For example any css rules which make use of fixed pixel size e.g. width, height, padding. If different style treatment is needed please use Extension:TemplateStyles or port these styles to MediaWiki:Common.css or MediaWiki:Mobile.css.

Some tips on common problems are addressed at Making MediaWiki Mobile Friendly .

"সংরক্ষণ" ক্লিক করুন।

আপনি প্রায় সম্পন্ন করেছেন।

ধাপ ৩

Now go to the mobile URL, which is typically languagecode.m.project.org. You can reduce the width of your desktop browser to mimic a mobile screen. How does the page look?

If you want to make changes, go back to Step 2. Keep going from Step 2 to Step 3 until you are satisfied.

এটাই!

MFSpecialCaseMainPage

When $wgMFSpecialCaseMainPage is enabled (which is disabled by default), it is possible to serve different content to mobile and desktop users. Use of this method is discouraged and deprecated as it only works on the Main Page, is a maintenance burden and should only be used as a stop-gap measure when transitioning your MediaWiki site to a mobile experience. It will be removed in 2020.

The homepages of each language version of Wikipedia and all of the other Wikimedia projects are diverse, so it is impossible to present a universal example. Nevertheless, to give some idea of how this might look on your site, here is the German version of Wikipedia: https://de.wikipedia.org/ If you click on the View source ("Quelltext anzeigen") tab next to "Lesen", you can see the wikitext and using your browser's Find feature, look for the string, "mf-".

In this case, the div tag for the mf selectors are part of larger page objects. Only someone familiar with that project's homepage formatting will understand this in detail.

এখন যান: https://de.m.wikipedia.org/

The resulting mobile page will be visible. The sections of content corresponding to the mf selectors are rendered in the mobile view.

Deprecation steps for wikis using MFSpecialCaseMainPage

MobileFrontend is in the process of deprecating the code relating to main page special casing. If you have a wiki using it you'll want to stop using it immediately. If you have any questions please don't hesitate to use the talk page!

আমি কিভাবে বলতে পারি যে আমি এটি ব্যবহার করছি ?

For projects you are users of please apply the query string "?mfnolegacytransform=1&debug=1" to your main page on mobile and compare it with the main page without the query. For example users of English Wikipedia can compare https://en.m.wikipedia.org/?mfnolegacytransform=1&debug=1 with https://en.m.wikipedia.org/. If the two pages look different you must migrate ASAP.

আমি কি করতে পারি এটা ঠিক করার জন্য ?

Assuming you do not want to do a big redesign and just want to retain the existing main page design, you can follow this guide.

Copy the main page markup into a sandbox e.g. a sub page of the user namespace. Now switch to mobile mode. Note, the mobile site can be viewed in your desktop browser, so if you can you may want to consider using the wikitext editor of the mobile site.

You'll need the TemplateStyles extension deployed on your wiki. You can see if it's installed on your wiki by visiting Special:Version. If it's not for whatever reason please request it.

To add template styles to a page add the following line to the top of your new draft page:

<templatestyles src="Template:Main Page/styles.css" />

You can now add CSS @media queries to your page by adding CSS inside Template:Main Page/styles.css to display different content to different device resolutions.

You can apply the "nomobile" class to any elements you wish to continue to hide on mobile. In some cases use of this class is the most straightforward way to update your page.

সাধারণ সমস্যাগুলি নীচে তালিকাভুক্ত করা হয়েছে:

1. Stop using tables

If your main page uses table's in any way, please remove them. There are many tutorials on the web for doing column layouts. Please put "responsive column layout" into your favorite search engine. If this is confusing, you'll probably want to seek help from a CSS expert!

DivTable converter provides a way for you to convert a table HTML to divs. You should aim to put the associated CSS in MediaWiki:Common.css. This act alone should improve your rendering in mobile greatly.

2. Review any inline styles

Search for any instances of styles which make use of the css properties "width", "float", "padding" or "margin"

উদাহরণ স্বরূপ:

<div style="float: left; width: 200px;"

Move these into a TemplateStyle. Use a class and move the css declaration to css.

<div class="main-page-box"

উদাহরণ CSS:

/* Scope your styles inside a media query. This means they will only apply on tablet or desktop.  */
@media all and ( min-width: 720px ) {
    .main-page-box {
        float: left;
        width: 200px;
    }
}

e.g. Example - note the pre tag is only included for example purposes - this should be put into a TemplateStyle.

3. Reskin for mobile

With the above steps applied your page should look no different on a desktop browser, but as you shrink the screen (horizontal width) to under 720px - the threshold you introduced in step 2 the styles should disappear. You'll want to add new styles (outside the media query you introduced in step 3). These styles will apply to mobile devices and will be overridden.

If there is any content in the page that you do not want to render in the mobile skin you should add the class "nomobile". e.g.

<div class="nomobile">This content should not show on the mobile site but it will show on the desktop site.</div>

. নতুন টেমপ্লেটটি প্রয়োগ করুন

Copy and paste the sandbox page into your Main page. Refresh the browser and verify that it works as expected on both mobile and desktop.

5. Make a site request to turn off main page special casing

If your site is now no longer using the special page casing and your site appears in this config:

https://github.com/wikimedia/operations-mediawiki-config/blob/master/dblists/mobilemainpagelegacy.dblist

You'll want to let a Wikimedia site admin know that you are ready for main page special casing to be turned off. File a Phabricator ticket using this link that links to this web page and lists your wiki.

You'll be able to tell when this has been successful if you've been using the mp- prefixes as suddenly other content will display on your mobile site!

6. Remove any mobile specific ids.

i.e. any instance of the following:

id="mp-

These are not necessary any more. Previously these would choose which content to show on mobile, but now you have a new mobile first responsive design and have disabled main they will be ignored.

e.g. This example

Quick fix (dirty)

  Warning: while hopefully obvious please test this in a safe space first such as a sandbox before applying everywhere. While this can work as a short term solution it's not advised as a long term solution.

The quickest possible fix for your wiki might be to fix the design for Minerva only by forcing horizontally stacking at the trade off of impacting the small amount of desktop Minerva users.

To see if the quick fix works for you add the following to your Main Page:

<templatestyles src="Template:Main Page/styles.css" />

and then inside Template:Main_Page/styles.css copy paste the following CSS:

body.skin-minerva table,
body.skin-minerva tr,
body.skin-minerva td,
body.skin-minerva tbody {
	display: block !important;
	width: 100% !important;
	box-sizing: border-box;
}

Please be aware that this is a quick and dirty fix, which may break more complex main pages (e.g. ones that use tables within tables), and it also doesn’t improve the current situation where the main page breaks on smaller desktop screens and wastes much space on larger mobile ones. If you really don’t have time, you can use this temporarily, but you should plan to really fix the mobile (and small-screen desktop) experience using the above size-dependent methods (or completely redesign the main page, of course). If you decide to go this way, you should make sure to test the resulting main page using mobile view.