|What collation categories use to sort with
|其他设置： 按首字母排序 | 按功能排序|
|Collation algorithm||MW version||Description|
||默认||make everything uppercase, then sort by binary value of string when stored as UTF-8. Essentially case-insensitive sort by code point.|
||MW 1.28+||Same as |
||MW 1.18+||sort by binary value of string when stored as UTF-8 (without converting to uppercase). Essentially sort by code point.|
||MW 1.17+||Unicode collation algorithm – complex, much more multilingual-friendly category collation.|
||MW 1.24-1.31 （在1.32版本中已移除）||Estonian but with W and V being considered separate letters.|
||MW 1.30-1.31 （在1.32版本中已移除）||波斯语|
||MW 1.31 （在1.32版本中已移除）||北方萨米语|
Since MediaWiki 1.18, extensions can add extra collations via the Collation::factory hook.
The value is also stored inside the categorylinks table to determine which rows need updating when the collation algorithm changes.
- After changing this option, you must run updateCollation.php to recompute sort keys for all pages, or your categories will be sorted inconsistently.
- Updating collations is slow and may take several hours on large wikis.
uca-xxcollations require the PHP intl extension.
- If you are using Varnish, Squid or file cache, you may have to purge category pages after running updateCollation.php to see the results.
- If you update or recompile your version of PHP, you must run updateCollation.php --force.
MediaWiki also supports many collations designed for specific languages.
These are based on the Unicode collation algorithm (UCA)
uca-default and have the same requirements; they are named
uca-<langcode>, where <langcode> is one of:
af, am, ar, as, ast, az, be, be-tarask, bg, bn, bn@collation=traditional, bo, br, bs, bs-Cyrl, ca, chr, co, cs, cy, da, de, de-AT@collation=phonebook, dsb, ee, el, en, eo, es, et, eu, fa, fi, fil, fo, fr, fr-CA, fur, fy, ga, gd, gl, gu, ha, haw, he, hi, hr, hsb, hu, hy, id, ig, is, it, ka, kk, kl, km, kn, kok, ku, ky, la, lb, lkt, ln, lo, lt, lv, mk, ml, mn, mo, mr, ms, mt, nb, ne, nl, nn, no, oc, om, or, pa, pl, pt, rm, ro, ru, rup, sco, se, si, sk, sl, smn, sq, sr, sr-Latn, sv, sv@collation=standard, sw, ta, te, th, tk, tl, to, tr, tt, uk, uz, vi, vo, yi, yo, zu
For example, to use a collation for Spanish, one would use the
Using these collations provides both correct sorting order for given language and proper headings for first letters of article titles. Earlier versions of MediaWiki might not support all of these language codes.
Getting new collations added
There are two parts to having a new language supported:
Note, however, that Wikimedia's production servers do not use the latest version of the ICU library. As of 2016, they use version 52.1, which supports a significantly smaller set of languages.
- It being additionally supported by MediaWiki itself (this basically requires listing the additional characters, or character groups, that are considered separate letters in the given language, in addition to the basic alphabet) – the always up-to-date list of currently supported ones is available at includes/collation/IcuCollation.php.
It might also be the case that the default ICU ordering ('uca-default' collation) orders the titles correctly, but does not correctly separate the letters – it can be used for the first step in that case.
Sometimes the letter ordering of a different language might fit yours, if they are related – a custom collation can sometimes be provided in such case (there is one for Sorani Kurdish / Central Kurdish language ('ckb') already, called
Under numeric sorting, pages will be sorted as such: 1, 2, 9, 10, 11, 20, 21, 99, 100. Under regular (non-numeric) sorting, pages will be sorted as text: 1, 10, 100, 11, 2, 20, 21, 9, 99. If numeric sorting is used, all pages starting with a number will be sorted together under a single header: "0–9". If regular sorting is used, pages starting with a number will be sorted under separate headers for whichever number each title begins with: "0", "1", "2", etc. For more information about numeric sorting, see the Unicode Technical Standard #10. To test numeric sorting, see the ICU Collation Demo. Note that numeric sorting only works for unbroken sequences of digits. Digits separated by commas, periods, or spaces are treated as separate numbers.
- MediaWiki 1.17/Category sorting - release notes about this feature from MediaWiki 1.17.
- Collation refers to how data is sorted according to its set of characters, applying defined sorts criterias (i.e. alphabetic or reverse sort, case dependent or not, etc.)