This page is a translated version of the page Extension:Popups and the translation is 26% complete.
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मीडियाविकि एक्सटेंशन मैनुअल
OOjs UI icon advanced-invert.svg
रिलीज़ की स्थिति: स्थिर
Hovercard english.png
कार्यान्वयन स्किन
विवरण जब उपयोगकर्ता लेख लिंक और फ़ुटनोट मार्कर पर होवर करते हैं तो पॉपअप प्रदर्शित करता है
  • Prateek Saxena (user:Prtksxna),
  • Yair Rand,
  • Sam Smith,
  • Joaquín Oltra Hernández,
  • Bahodir Mansurov,
  • Jon Robson,
  • Piotr Miazga,
  • Jeff Hobson
  • WMDE Engineering
MediaWiki 1.30+
PHP 5.6+
लाइसेंस GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
उदाहरण: English Wikipedia
  • $wgPopupsVirtualPageViews
  • $wgPopupsOptInDefaultState
  • $wgPopupsRestGatewayEndpoint
  • $wgPopupsHideOptInOnPreferencesPage
  • $wgPopupsConflictingRefTooltipsGadgetName
  • $wgPopupsTextExtractsIntroOnly
  • $wgPopupsPageDisabled
  • $wgPopupsStatsvSamplingRate
  • $wgPopupsReferencePreviewsBetaFeature
  • $wgPopupsConflictingNavPopupsGadgetName
  • $wgPopupsOptInStateForNewAccounts
  • $wgPopupsGateway
  • $wgPopupsReferencePreviews
Translate the Popups extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

चेक उपयोग और संस्करण मैट्रिक्स.

मुद्दा ओपन कार्य · बग की रिपोर्ट करें

The Popups extension displays page and reference previews when hovering over a link to an article or respectively to a reference. The former consists of summaries of an article's content, the latter shows the full content of the reference.

The extension is an initiative of the Design team, inspired by the popular Navigation popups gadget. Currently this feature is available on all Wikipedias by default for logged-out users. A description of how the extension functions and more information on its use on Wikimedia projects is available at Page Previews.

संदर्भ पूर्वावलोकन सुविधा को अंततः जोड़ा गया और इसका उद्देश्य जर्मन भाषी समुदाय की तकनीकी विशलिस्ट से एक इच्छा को पूरा करना था। अधिक विस्तृत विवरण और इसके उपयोग की अधिक जानकारी Reference Previews पर उपलब्ध है।


यह एक्सटेंशन Extension:TextExtracts और Extension:PageImages पर एक कठिन निर्भरता है। बीटा सुविधाएँ पर वैकल्पिक निर्भरताएं भी हैं (यदि आप संदर्भ पूर्वावलोकन को बीटा सुविधा के रूप में सक्षम करना चाहते हैं), और Extension:EventLogging और Extension:WikimediaEvents (इंस्ट्रूमेंटेशन के लिए)।


  • Download and place the file(s) in a directory called Popups in your extensions/ folder.
  • अपनी LocalSettings.php के नीचे निम्नलिखित कोड जोड़ें:
    wfLoadExtension( 'Popups' );
  •   पूर्ण – इस बात की पुष्टि करने के लिए अपने विकी पर Special:Version पर नेविगेट करें कि एक्सटेंशन सफलतापूर्वक स्थापित हो गया है।

MediaWiki 1.25 या इससे पहले वाले उपयोगकर्ताओं के लिए:

ऊपर दिए गए निर्देश wfLoadExtension() का उपयोग करके इस एक्सटेंशन को स्थापित करने के नए तरीके का वर्णन करते हैं। यदि आपको इस एक्सटेंशन को इन पिछले संस्करणों (MediaWiki 1.25 और इससे पहले) पर इंस्टॉल करना है, तो wfLoadExtension( 'Popups' ); के बजाय, आपको यह उपयोग करने की आवश्यकता है:

require_once "$IP/extensions/Popups/Popups.php";

एक गैर-परीक्षण साइट (नियमित विकि) के लिए अंतिम लोकलसेटिंग विन्यास का उदाहरण

wfLoadExtensions( [
] );
$wgPopupsHideOptInOnPreferencesPage = true;
$wgPopupsReferencePreviewsBetaFeature = false;

Page previews API

Every project is different, and what displays in your previews is highly dependent on the content inside your wiki.

Popups extension has been optimized to work with Wikipedia-like content (e.g. wikitext).

If your wiki is using a different kind of content handler (for example as is the case for Wikibase ) it will need to provide its own API.

The API can be written in any language, but the response of the API must match the spec defined here:


Defining new APIs is out of scope for the Popups extension.

Once defined, you can configure page previews to point to your API using $wgPopupsRestGatewayEndpoint configuration option.


विकल्प: === मूल मान === प्रलेखन
$wgPopupsVirtualPageViews false Whether the extension should log virtual pageviews.
$wgPopupsHideOptInOnPreferencesPage false क्या पृष्ठ पूर्वावलोकन को सक्षम / अक्षम करने का विकल्प प्राथमिकता पृष्ठ पर छिपा होना चाहिए। कृपया ध्यान दें कि अगर पॉपअपबीटाफ़ायरचर सही हो जाता है तो यह विकल्प हमेशा छिपा रहेगा। डिफ़ॉल्ट रूप से गलत False by default.
$wgPopupsOptInDefaultState 1 डिफ़ॉल्ट पृष्ठ दृश्यता का पूर्वावलोकन करता है। बीटा सुविधा सेटिंग्स के साथ संगतता के रूप में एक स्ट्रिंग होना चाहिए For more information see टास्क T191888. This value is internally converted to the Bool type. Therefore, a value greater than or equal to 2 has the same meaning as 1.
$wgPopupsOptInStateForNewAccounts 1 Default Page Previews visibility for newly created accounts (from Q2 2018). For more information see टास्क T191888.
$wgPopupsConflictingNavPopupsGadgetName 'Navigation_popups' The local Navigation popups gadget name used as its identifier in MediaWiki:Gadgets-definition . This gadget is incompatible with page previews. The extension will disable itself for users with the gadget enabled.
$wgPopupsConflictingRefTooltipsGadgetName ReferenceTooltips The local Reference Tooltips gadget name used as its identifier in MediaWiki:Gadgets-definition . This gadget is incompatible with reference previews. Reference previews will disable itself for users with the gadget enabled.
$wgPopupsGateway 'mwApiPlain' Which gateway to use for fetching Popups data. Available options: [mwApiPlain|restbasePlain|restbaseHTML]. Full and always up to date list is available in src/gateway/page.js.
$wgPopupsRestGatewayEndpoint '/api/rest_v1/page/summary/' Specify a REST endpoint where summaries should be sourced from. समापन बिंदु Specs/Summary/1.2.0 पर कल्पना को पूरा करना चाहिए
$wgPopupsReferencePreviews true Temporary feature flag to disable reference previews during development.
$wgPopupsReferencePreviewsBetaFeature true क्या संदर्भ पूर्वावलोकन बीटा सुविधा के रूप में उपलब्ध होना चाहिए। यदि false, डिफ़ॉल्ट रूप से सभी उपयोगकर्ताओं के लिए संदर्भ पूर्वावलोकन सक्षम हैं।
$wgPopupsEventLogging false Whether we should log events. This should be used carefully alongside PopupsAnonsExperimentalGroupSize. Note if this is enabled without using that variable events will be logged for all users. Be careful! Note if this is enabled without using that variable events will be logged for all users without any sampling! Be careful!
$wgPopupsStatsvSamplingRate 0 आँकड़ों में प्रदर्शन डेटा लॉग करने के लिए नमूना दर
List of pages that should not show Popups. Includes subpages. ब्लैकलिस्ट किए गए पृष्ठ विकि के HTML कैश पॉलिसी के अधीन हैं। ब्लैकलिस्ट किए गए पृष्ठ पर एक पर्ज इस कॉन्फ़िगरेशन चर के प्रभाव को देखने के लिए आवश्यक है। प्रत्येक ब्लैकलिस्ट किए गए पृष्ठ को एक विहित नाम से परिभाषित किया जाना चाहिए, जैसे: Special:Userlogin

पृष्ठ पूर्वावलोकन सामग्री

पृष्ठ पूर्वावलोकन पॉपअप एक छवि दिखाते हैं (यदि कोई उपलब्ध है) और एक छोटा पाठ अंश।


छवि Extension:PageImages से आती है जो एक लेख के साथ जुड़े सबसे उपयुक्त थंबनेल लौटाता है। It ignores maintenance templates, stubs, flag icons etc.


The page previews can be configured with any compatible API that is compatible with the Page content service summary endpoint using $wgPopupsRestGatewayEndpoint. For third parties we encourage using the Page Content Service to enjoy using Popups with your local wiki.

You can also use the Extension:TextExtracts extension. This extension has various caveats and we do not actively support use of this API.

Reference previews content


The content in the reference preview popups is taken directly from the reference section on the page itself. No external services are involved here. If the content exceeds the popup size scrollbars are shown so everything can be looked at.

Reference types

The reference types displayed are set by using specific CSS-classes on the ‎<cite>-tag that can be used to encapsulate the content of a reference e.g. <cite class="journal">...</cite>. Currently the following types are supported: web, journal, book, news, note. Apart from that there is always a generic fallback if neither the cite tag was found nor an appropriate class was used. Please note, that it's not recommended to use the CSS-classes directly in wikitext, but rather by creating templates.


This extensions currently has only one renderer, that is for ordinary pages.

New renderers for different kind of pages, or things like references can be easily added.

One needs to create a new object with the following methods:

  • init
  • createPopup
  • getOffset
  • getClasses
  • processPopup

You can see details of these methods in ext.popups.renderer.article.js or this patch that adds a renderer for references.

Known problems

  • Users of the Translate extension should note that Page Previews requests previews in the content language of the page. If the preview contains a complete translatable block, then it will be translated. If, however, the preview contains an incomplete translateable block – because a sentence is cut off, say – then it isn't translated and will be displayed in the content language of the page. If you are observing this behavior, then you should consider marking up individual sentences in your lead section. T167852 is for a technical audience but has more information on the underlying problem.
  • Longer math formulas cutting off in preview - long math or chemical formulas (formulas wider than the preview width) display as truncated in previews. We were not able to add a gradient in order to indicate that the formula is continued on the article itself.


Why can't I copy and paste text from a preview?

At time of writing, the cons of doing so outweigh the pros. Essentially it boils down to decreasing the touch area to read the article in full. Once Page Previews is deployed on English and German Wikipedia, feel free to reopen this task and reignite the discussion, but right now we have no plans.

How can I change the image that I see on preview?

How can I remove content from a page preview?

Any element marked with the noexcerpt class will be stripped from the summary.

Where do summaries come from?

These are provided by the Summary REST API.

Why are parenthetical stripped?

There's a good discussion going on in T91344 in Phabricator. If you have any views on this or see any problems relating to this, please let us know there.

Why don't I see Popups outside of content namespaces?

Popups appear on links to pages in content namespaces only. This is a limitation of Popups; TextExtracts are available from other namespaces. You may work around this by appending more namespaces into $wgContentNamespaces .