Docker/Hub

Docker maintains a list of official images which "are a curated set of Docker repositories hosted on Docker Hub." These images are official to Docker not to MediaWiki. The images meet Docker's best practices of what they believe makes a good base image, it does not fulfill all of the roles and capabilities that MediaWiki has to offer. The image intentionally includes only the minimal amount of software necessary to run MediaWiki. It is designed to be extended from rather than used directly.

The MediaWiki image can be found at:

https://hub.docker.com/_/mediawiki

The source code can be found at:

https://github.com/wikimedia/mediawiki-docker

When changes are made to this git repository, they must be deployed to Docker hub by modifying the configuration file in their repository:

https://github.com/docker-library/official-images/blob/master/library/mediawiki

Using on a single web serverEdit

A multi-server environment should use Kubernetes instead of Docker Compose. In fact, it may be better for a single server to use microk8s than Docker Compose (although for users operating in virtual machines, such as libxen or qubes appVM's, microk8s may not run well or at all).

Quick StartEdit

  1. Install Docker
  2. Install Docker Compose
  3. Create a folder for your project.
  4. Create a docker-compose.yml with the sample contents.
  5. Run docker-compose up -d.
  6. After running the installer, add the LocalSettings.php file and mount it into the container by uncommenting the relevant line in your docker-compose.yml.

Initial docker-compose.ymlEdit

This sample assumes you will use a SQLite database. This makes MediaWiki available on port 80.

version: '3.2'
services:
  web:
    image: mediawiki
    ports:
      - 80:80
    volumes:
      # - ./LocalSettings.php:/var/www/html/LocalSettings.php
      - database:/var/www/data
      - images:/var/www/html/images
volumes:
    database:
    images:

Using for MediaWiki DevelopmentEdit

Quick StartEdit

  1. Install Docker
  2. Install Docker Compose
  3. Create a folder for your project.
  4. Create a docker-compose.yml with the sample contents.
  5. Clone MediaWiki in a subfolder called html.
  6. Install the PHP dependencies by running docker run --rm --interactive --tty --volume $PWD/html:/app composer install or composer install -d ./html if you have composer installed.
  7. Disable OPCache
  8. Run docker-compose up

Sample docker-compose.ymlEdit

This sample assumes you will use a SQLite database. This makes MediaWiki available on port 8888.

version: '3.2'
services:
  web:
    image: mediawiki
    ports:
      - 8888:80
    volumes:
      - ./html:/var/www/html:cached
      - database:/var/www/data
volumes:
    database:

Disabling OPCacheEdit

Create a .htaccess file in the web root, typically html/.htaccess with the following content:

php_flag opcache.enable Off

Adding a Database ServerEdit

This is a more complex example with an attached MariaDB server. MediaWiki should be configured to reach the database server at the database hostname.

version: '3.2'
services:
  web:
    image: mediawiki
    links:
      - database
    volumes:
      - images:/var/www/html/images
      - ./LocalSettings.php:/var/www/html/LocalSettings.php
  database:
    image: mariadb
    environment:
      MYSQL_DATABASE: 'my_wiki'
      MYSQL_USER: 'wikiuser'
      MYSQL_PASSWORD: 'example'
      MYSQL_RANDOM_ROOT_PASSWORD: 'yes'
    volumes:
      - database:/var/lib/mysql
volumes:
  database:
  images: