API:Letzte Änderungen

This page is a translated version of the page API:RecentChanges and the translation is 100% complete.
MediaWiki Version:
1.9

GET-Abfrage um die letzten Änderungen in dem Wiki auf die gleiche Art wie auf Special:RecentChanges aufzulisten.

API-Dokumentation


list=recentchanges (rc)

(main | query | recentchanges)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Enumerate recent changes.

Specific parameters:
Other general parameters are available.
rcstart

The timestamp to start enumerating from.

Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rcend

The timestamp to end enumerating.

Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rcdir

In which direction to enumerate:

newer
List oldest first. Note: rcstart has to be before rcend.
older
List newest first (default). Note: rcstart has to be later than rcend.
One of the following values: newer, older
Default: older
rcnamespace

Filter changes to only these namespaces.

Values (separate with | or alternative): -1, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 710, 711, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
rcuser

Only list changes by this user.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rcexcludeuser

Don't list changes by this user.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rctag

Only list changes tagged with this tag.

rcprop

Include additional pieces of information:

user
Adds the user responsible for the edit and tags if they are an IP. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
userid
Adds the user ID responsible for the edit. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
comment
Adds the comment for the edit. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
parsedcomment
Adds the parsed comment for the edit. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
flags
Adds flags for the edit.
timestamp
Adds timestamp of the edit.
title
Adds the page title of the edit.
ids
Adds the page ID, recent changes ID and the new and old revision ID.
sizes
Adds the new and old page length in bytes.
redirect
Tags edit if page is a redirect.
patrolled
Tags patrollable edits as being patrolled or unpatrolled.
loginfo
Adds log information (log ID, log type, etc) to log entries.
tags
Lists tags for the entry.
sha1
Adds the content checksum for entries associated with a revision. If the content has been revision deleted, a sha1hidden property will be returned.
Values (separate with | or alternative): comment, flags, ids, loginfo, parsedcomment, patrolled, redirect, sha1, sizes, tags, timestamp, title, user, userid
Default: title|timestamp|ids
rcshow

Show only items that meet these criteria. For example, to see only minor edits done by logged-in users, set rcshow=minor|!anon.

Values (separate with | or alternative): !anon, !autopatrolled, !bot, !minor, !patrolled, !redirect, anon, autopatrolled, bot, minor, patrolled, redirect, unpatrolled
rclimit

How many total changes to return.

Type: integer or max
The value must be between 1 and 500.
Default: 10
rctype

Which types of changes to show.

Values (separate with | or alternative): categorize, edit, external, log, new
Default: edit|new|log|categorize
rctoponly

Only list changes which are the latest revision.

Type: boolean (details)
rctitle

Filter entries to those related to a page.

rccontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue. More detailed information on how to continue queries can be found on mediawiki.org.

rcgeneraterevisions

When being used as a generator, generate revision IDs rather than titles. Recent change entries without associated revision IDs (e.g. most log entries) will generate nothing.

Type: boolean (details)
rcslot

Only list changes that touch the named slot.

One of the following values: main

Beispiel

GET-Abfrage

Erhalte die drei letzten Änderungen mit Größen und Markierungen

Antwort

{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "rccontinue": "20180330090522|1041353210",
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "recentchanges": [
            {
                "type": "edit",
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Histology",
                "pageid": 13570,
                "revid": 833218500,
                "old_revid": 833218201,
                "rcid": 1041353213,
                "user": "Iztwoz",
                "oldlen": 25718,
                "newlen": 25749
            }
            ...
        ]
    }
}

Beispielcode

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_recent_changes.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with
    sizes and flags

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "format": "json",
    "rcprop": "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    "list": "recentchanges",
    "action": "query",
    "rclimit": "3"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

RECENTCHANGES = DATA['query']['recentchanges']

for rc in RECENTCHANGES:
    print(str(rc['title']))

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_recent_changes.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "list" => "recentchanges",
    "rcprop" => "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    "rclimit" => "3",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["recentchanges"] as $rc ){
    echo( $rc["title"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_recent_changes.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    list: "recentchanges",
    rcprop: "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    rclimit: "3",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var recentchanges = response.query.recentchanges;
        for (var rc in recentchanges) {
            console.log(recentchanges[rc].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_recent_changes.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		list: 'recentchanges',
		rcprop: 'title|ids|sizes|flags|user',
		rclimit: '3',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var recentchanges = data.query.recentchanges,
		rc;
	for ( rc in recentchanges ) {
		console.log( recentchanges[ rc ].title );
	}
} );

Mögliche Fehler

Code Information
rcshow Incorrect parameter - mutually exclusive values may not be supplied.
rcpermissiondenied You need the patrol or patrolmarks right to request the patrolled flag.

Parameterhistorie

  • v1.24: rctoken veraltet
  • v1.15: rctitles entfernt
  • v1.14: rctitles eingeführt
  • v1.13: loginfo eingeführt

Zusätzliche Anmerkungen

  • Viele geloggte Aktionen können über dieses Modul betrachtet werden, mit Ausnahme von Kontroll -Aktionen, da diese nicht in der Tabelle der recentchanges enthalten sind.
  • Der timestamp , ab dem aufgelistet wird, darf nicht weiter in der Vergangenheit liegen als $wgRCMaxAge , welcher in Wikimedia-Wikis bei 30 Tagen liegt.
  • Neue Änderungen können in Bezug zu ihrem Zeitstempel in leicht veränderter Reihenfolge in die Tabelle recentchanges eingefügt werden. Wenn die letzten Änderungen zwei Mal hintereinander abgefragt werden, kann die zweite Antwort daher neue Änderungen enthalten, die wenige Sekunden vor der letzten Änderung der ersten Antwort eingefügt wurden. Wenn du dieses Modul wiederholt anrufst, um einen Stream der letzten Änderungen zu erhalten, solltest du in Erwägung ziehen, eine Überschneidung zwischen Abfragen einzufügen, um keine Änderungen zu verpassen.
  • Dieses Modul kann als generator benutzt werden.
  • Dieses Modul ist durch ApiQueryRecentChanges.php implementiert.

Siehe auch