واجهة برمجة التطبيقات:أحدث_التغييرات

This page is a translated version of the page API:RecentChanges and the translation is 100% complete.
إصدار ميدياويكي:
1.9

طلب GET يسرد قائمة بكافة أحدث التغييرات على موقع الويكي، بنفس الطريقة التي تسردها صفحة Special:RecentChanges.

توثيق واجهة برمجة التطبيقات


list=recentchanges (rc)

(main | query | recentchanges)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Enumerate recent changes.

Specific parameters:
Other general parameters are available.
rcstart

The timestamp to start enumerating from.

Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rcend

The timestamp to end enumerating.

Type: timestamp (allowed formats)
rcdir

In which direction to enumerate:

newer
List oldest first. Note: rcstart has to be before rcend.
older
List newest first (default). Note: rcstart has to be later than rcend.
One of the following values: newer, older
Default: older
rcnamespace

Filter changes to only these namespaces.

Values (separate with | or alternative): -1, -2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 710, 711, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
rcuser

Only list changes by this user.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rcexcludeuser

Don't list changes by this user.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, interwiki name (e.g. "prefix>ExampleName") and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
rctag

Only list changes tagged with this tag.

rcprop

Include additional pieces of information:

user
Adds the user responsible for the edit and tags if they are an IP. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
userid
Adds the user ID responsible for the edit. If the user has been revision deleted, a userhidden property will be returned.
comment
Adds the comment for the edit. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
parsedcomment
Adds the parsed comment for the edit. If the comment has been revision deleted, a commenthidden property will be returned.
flags
Adds flags for the edit.
timestamp
Adds timestamp of the edit.
title
Adds the page title of the edit.
ids
Adds the page ID, recent changes ID and the new and old revision ID.
sizes
Adds the new and old page length in bytes.
redirect
Tags edit if page is a redirect.
patrolled
Tags patrollable edits as being patrolled or unpatrolled.
loginfo
Adds log information (log ID, log type, etc) to log entries.
tags
Lists tags for the entry.
sha1
Adds the content checksum for entries associated with a revision. If the content has been revision deleted, a sha1hidden property will be returned.
Values (separate with | or alternative): comment, flags, ids, loginfo, parsedcomment, patrolled, redirect, sha1, sizes, tags, timestamp, title, user, userid
Default: title|timestamp|ids
rcshow

Show only items that meet these criteria. For example, to see only minor edits done by logged-in users, set rcshow=minor|!anon.

Values (separate with | or alternative): !anon, !autopatrolled, !bot, !minor, !patrolled, !redirect, anon, autopatrolled, bot, minor, patrolled, redirect, unpatrolled
rclimit

How many total changes to return.

Type: integer or max
The value must be between 1 and 500.
Default: 10
rctype

Which types of changes to show.

Values (separate with | or alternative): categorize, edit, external, log, new
Default: edit|new|log|categorize
rctoponly

Only list changes which are the latest revision.

Type: boolean (details)
rctitle

Filter entries to those related to a page.

rccontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue. More detailed information on how to continue queries can be found on mediawiki.org.

rcgeneraterevisions

When being used as a generator, generate revision IDs rather than titles. Recent change entries without associated revision IDs (e.g. most log entries) will generate nothing.

Type: boolean (details)
rcslot

Only list changes that touch the named slot.

One of the following values: main

مثال

طلب GET

احصل على آخر 3 تغييرات وكذلك حجمها والوسوم المنطبقة عليها

النتيجة

{
    "batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "rccontinue": "20180330090522|1041353210",
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "recentchanges": [
            {
                "type": "edit",
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Histology",
                "pageid": 13570,
                "revid": 833218500,
                "old_revid": 833218201,
                "rcid": 1041353213,
                "user": "Iztwoz",
                "oldlen": 25718,
                "newlen": 25749
            }
            ...
        ]
    }
}

عينة من الكود البرمجي

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_recent_changes.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with
    sizes and flags

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "format": "json",
    "rcprop": "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    "list": "recentchanges",
    "action": "query",
    "rclimit": "3"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

RECENTCHANGES = DATA['query']['recentchanges']

for rc in RECENTCHANGES:
    print(str(rc['title']))

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_recent_changes.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "list" => "recentchanges",
    "rcprop" => "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    "rclimit" => "3",
    "format" => "json"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["recentchanges"] as $rc ){
    echo( $rc["title"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_recent_changes.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    list: "recentchanges",
    rcprop: "title|ids|sizes|flags|user",
    rclimit: "3",
    format: "json"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var recentchanges = response.query.recentchanges;
        for (var rc in recentchanges) {
            console.log(recentchanges[rc].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_recent_changes.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `RecentChanges` module: Get the three most recent changes with sizes and flags

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		list: 'recentchanges',
		rcprop: 'title|ids|sizes|flags|user',
		rclimit: '3',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var recentchanges = data.query.recentchanges,
		rc;
	for ( rc in recentchanges ) {
		console.log( recentchanges[ rc ].title );
	}
} );

الأخطاء المحتملة

الكود معلومات
rcshow وسيط غير صحيحة; قد لا يتم تقديم قيم خاصة متبادلة.
rcpermissiondenied تحتاج إلى صلاحيةpatrol أو patrolmarks لطلب علم مراجع.

تاريخ المتغيرات

  • v1.24: ‏rctoken متقادم
  • v1.15: إزالة rctitles
  • v1.14: إضافة rctitles
  • v1.13: إضافة loginfo

ملاحظات إضافية

  • يمكن الاطلاع على عدة تصرفات سجل مستخدمًا هذه الوحدة البرمجية عدا تصرفات المراقبة منذ أنها ليست موجودة في جدول recentchanges .
  • لا يجوز أن يكون ختم زمني الذي تبدأ القائمة منه أكبر من $wgRCMaxAge في الماضي، وهو 30 يوم على مواقع الويكي التابعة لويكيميديا.
  • يجوز إدراج التغييرات الجديدة إلى جدول recentchanges بترتيب غير صحيح قليلًا فيما يخص ختمها الزمني. لهذا السبب، حينما تطلب أحدث التغييرات مرتين متتابعتين، يجوز أن يحتوي الرد الثاني على تغييرات حديثة مدرجة بعد بضع ثوانٍ قبل أحدث التغييرات المذكورة في الرد الأول. لو استدعيت هذه الوحدة البرمجية تكرارًا للحصول على دفق بيانات بأحدث التغييرات، فكر جديًا في إضافة مقدار من التداخل بين الطلبات حتى لا تغفل أية تغييرات.
  • يمكن استخدام هذه الوحدة البرمجية بصفة مولّد.
  • ينفذ هذه الوحدة البرمجية ApiQueryRecentChanges.php .

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