API:Random

This page is a translated version of the page API:Random and the translation is 100% complete.
MediaWiki-versie:
1.12

GET request om een lijst willekeurige pagina's te bekijken.

Deze module kan worden gebruikt als een generator .

API documentatie


list=random (rn)

(main | query | random)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module can be used as a generator.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Get a set of random pages.

Pages are listed in a fixed sequence, only the starting point is random. This means that if, for example, Main Page is the first random page in the list, List of fictional monkeys will always be second, List of people on stamps of Vanuatu third, etc.

Parameters:
rnnamespace

Return pages in these namespaces only.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 710, 711, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2300, 2301, 2302, 2303, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
rnfilterredir

How to filter for redirects.

One of the following values: all, nonredirects, redirects
Default: nonredirects
rnredirect
Deprecated.

Use rnfilterredir=redirects instead.

Type: boolean (details)
rnlimit

Limit how many random pages will be returned.

Type: integer or max
The value must be between 1 and 500.
Default: 1
rncontinue

When more results are available, use this to continue.

Examples:
Return two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&list=random&rnnamespace=0&rnlimit=2 [open in sandbox]
Return page info about two random pages from the main namespace.
api.php?action=query&generator=random&grnnamespace=0&grnlimit=2&prop=info [open in sandbox]

Voorbeeld

GET request

Lijst met 5 willekeurige pagina's


Antwoord

{

"batchcomplete": "",
    "continue": {
        "rncontinue": "0.559881820010|0.559881954661|47659388|0",
        "continue": "-||"
    },
    "query": {
        "random": [
            {
                "id": 32381675,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Mallabhum Institute of Technology"
            },
            {
                "id": 25126452,
                "ns": 3,
                "title": "User talk:96.232.132.176"
            },
            {
                "id": 1440028,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Hyundai Epsilon engine"
            },
            {
                "id": 35446805,
                "ns": 15,
                "title": "Category talk:Ukrainian card games"
            },
            {
                "id": 12613,
                "ns": 0,
                "title": "Grue"
            }
        ]
    }
}

Voorbeeldcode

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    get_random.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

PARAMS = {
    "action": "query",
    "format": "json",
    "list": "random",
    "rnlimit": "5"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS)
DATA = R.json()

RANDOMS = DATA["query"]["random"]

for r in RANDOMS:
    print(r["title"])

PHP

<?php
/*
    get_random.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

$endPoint = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php";
$params = [
    "action" => "query",
    "format" => "json",
    "list" => "random",
    "rnlimit" => "5"
];

$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params );

$ch = curl_init( $url );
curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
$output = curl_exec( $ch );
curl_close( $ch );

$result = json_decode( $output, true );

foreach( $result["query"]["random"] as $k => $v ) {
    echo( $v["title"] . "\n" );
}

JavaScript

/*
    get_random.js

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

    MIT License
*/

var url = "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"; 

var params = {
    action: "query",
    format: "json",
    list: "random",
    rnlimit: "5"
};

url = url + "?origin=*";
Object.keys(params).forEach(function(key){url += "&" + key + "=" + params[key];});

fetch(url)
    .then(function(response){return response.json();})
    .then(function(response) {
        var randoms = response.query.random;
        for (var r in randoms) {
            console.log(randoms[r].title);
        }
    })
    .catch(function(error){console.log(error);});

MediaWiki JS

/*
	get_random.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Random` module: Get request to list 5 random pages.

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'query',
		format: 'json',
		list: 'random',
		rnlimit: '5'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.get( params ).done( function ( data ) {
	var randoms = data.query.random,
		r;
	for ( r in randoms ) {
		console.log( randoms[ r ].title );
	}
} );

Parameter geschiedenis

  • v1.26: Vorige limiet van %1 op rnlimit is uitgebreid naar standaard 500/5000 limieten.
  • v1.26: Verouderd rnredirect
  • v1.26: Geïntroduceerd rnfilterredir
  • v1.14: Geïntroduceerd rnredirect

Meer informatie

  • Anders dan de meeste modules in de Action API , is het standaardaantal teruggegeven pagina's 1, niet 10.
  • Pagina's worden in een vaste volgorde teruggegeven, alleen het beginpunt is willekeurig.
  • Het standaardgedrag is om pagina's uit de hele wiki te kiezen, inclusief overlegpagina's, gebruikerspagina's, enzovoort. Als u naar een vergelijkbare functionaliteit zoekt als met Special:Random, dus willekeurige artikelen, beperk rnnamespace tot 0.
  • Als het aantal pagina's minder dan rnlimit is, worden eenvoudig alle beschikbare pagina's teruggegeven. Er worden geen pagina's herhaald om tot de gestelde limiet te komen.

Zie ook