API:Blokkolás

This page is a translated version of the page API:Block and the translation is 94% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
MediaWiki-verzió:
1.12

Egy szerkesztő blokkolására vagy feloldására küldött POST kérés.

Szerkesztők blokkolása

API-dokumentáció


action=block

(main | block)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Block a user.

Specific parameters:
Other general parameters are available.
user

User to block.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, IP range and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
userid
Deprecated.

Specify user=#ID instead.

Type: integer
expiry

Expiry time. May be relative (e.g. 5 months or 2 weeks) or absolute (e.g. 2014-09-18T12:34:56Z). If set to infinite, indefinite, or never, the block will never expire.

Default: never
reason

Reason for block.

Default: (empty)
anononly

Block anonymous users only (i.e. disable anonymous edits for this IP address, including temporary account edits).

Type: boolean (details)
nocreate

Prevent account creation.

Type: boolean (details)
autoblock

Automatically block the last used IP address, and any subsequent IP addresses they try to login from.

Type: boolean (details)
noemail

Prevent user from sending email through the wiki. (Requires the blockemail right).

Type: boolean (details)
hidename

Hide the username from the block log. (Requires the hideuser right).

Type: boolean (details)
allowusertalk

Allow the user to edit their own talk page (depends on $wgBlockAllowsUTEdit).

Type: boolean (details)
reblock

If the user is already blocked, overwrite the existing block.

Type: boolean (details)
watchuser

Watch the user's or IP address's user and talk pages.

Type: boolean (details)
watchlistexpiry

Watchlist expiry timestamp. Omit this parameter entirely to leave the current expiry unchanged.

Type: expiry (details)
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the block log.

Values (separate with | or alternative): convenient-discussions, possible vandalism, repeating characters
partial

Block user from specific pages or namespaces rather than the entire site.

Type: boolean (details)
pagerestrictions

List of titles to block the user from editing. Only applies when partial is set to true.

Type: page title
Separate values with | or alternative.
Maximum number of values is 10.
Only accepts pages that exist.
namespacerestrictions

List of namespace IDs to block the user from editing. Only applies when partial is set to true.

Values (separate with | or alternative): 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 90, 91, 92, 93, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 486, 487, 710, 711, 828, 829, 1198, 1199, 2600, 5500, 5501
To specify all values, use *.
actionrestrictions

List of actions to block the user from performing. Only applies when partial is set to true.

Values (separate with | or alternative): create, move, thanks, upload
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.
Examples:
Block IP address 192.0.2.5 for three days with a reason.
api.php?action=block&user=192.0.2.5&expiry=3%20days&reason=First%20strike&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]
Block user Vandal indefinitely with a reason, and prevent new account creation and email sending.
api.php?action=block&user=Vandal&expiry=never&reason=Vandalism&nocreate=&autoblock=&noemail=&token=123ABC [open in sandbox]

Példa

Bármely POST kérés készítése többlépéses folyamat:

  1. Jelentkezz be a API:Login lapon szereplő módszerek egyikével.
  2. Szerezz tokent . Ez a token megegyezik a szerkesztési tokennel, és minden bejelentkezéskor megváltozik.
  3. Küldd el a POST kérést a tokennel együtt a szerkesztő blokkolásához.

POST-kérés

Példa egy szerkesztő 1 napos blokkolására a fióklétrehozás és e-mail-küldés letiltásával

Válasz

{
  "block": {
    "user": "Example",
    "userID": 2,
    "expiry": "2015-02-25T07:27:50Z",
    "id": "8",
    "reason": "Time out",
    "nocreate": "",
    "noemail": ""
  }
}

Mintakód blokkoláshoz

Python

#!/usr/bin/python3

"""
    block_user.py

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Block` module: sending POST request to block user
    MIT license
"""

import requests

S = requests.Session()

URL = "https://test.wikipedia.org/w/api.php"

# Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
PARAMS_0 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "type": "login",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_0)
DATA = R.json()

LOGIN_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['logintoken']

# Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
# supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
# (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
PARAMS_1 = {
    "action": "login",
    "lgname": "your_bot_username",
    "lgpassword": "your_bot_password",
    "lgtoken": LOGIN_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_1)

# Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
PARAMS_2 = {
    "action": "query",
    "meta": "tokens",
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.get(url=URL, params=PARAMS_2)
DATA = R.json()

CSRF_TOKEN = DATA['query']['tokens']['csrftoken']

# Step 4: POST request to block user
PARAMS_3 = {
    "action": "block",
    "user": "Example",
    "expiry": "2015-02-25T07:27:50Z",
    "reason": "Time out",
    "token": CSRF_TOKEN,
    "format": "json"
}

R = S.post(URL, data=PARAMS_3)
DATA = R.json()

print(DATA)

PHP

<?php

/*
    block_user.php

    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Block` module: sending POST request to block user
    MIT license
*/

$endPoint = "http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/w/api.php";

$login_Token = getLoginToken(); // Step 1
loginRequest( $login_Token ); // Step 2
$csrf_Token = getCSRFToken(); // Step 3
block( $csrf_Token ); // Step 4

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params1 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"type" => "login",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params1 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["logintoken"];
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest( $logintoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params2 = [
		"action" => "login",
		"lgname" => "bot_user_name",
		"lgpassword" => "bot_password",
		"lgtoken" => $logintoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params2 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCSRFToken() {
	global $endPoint;

	$params3 = [
		"action" => "query",
		"meta" => "tokens",
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$url = $endPoint . "?" . http_build_query( $params3 );

	$ch = curl_init( $url );

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	$result = json_decode( $output, true );
	return $result["query"]["tokens"]["csrftoken"];
}

// Step 4: POST request to block user
function block( $csrftoken ) {
	global $endPoint;

	$params4 = [
		"action" => "block",
		"user" => "ABCD",
		"expiry" => "2020-02-25T07:27:50Z",
		"reason" => "API Test",
		"token" => $csrftoken,
		"format" => "json"
	];

	$ch = curl_init();

	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_URL, $endPoint );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POST, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, http_build_query( $params4 ) );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEJAR, "cookie.txt" );
	curl_setopt( $ch, CURLOPT_COOKIEFILE, "cookie.txt" );

	$output = curl_exec( $ch );
	curl_close( $ch );

	echo ( $output );
}

JavaScript

/*  
    block_user.js
 
    MediaWiki API Demos
    Demo of `Block` module: sending POST request to block user

    MIT license
*/

var request = require('request').defaults({jar: true}),
    url = "http://dev.wiki.local.wmftest.net:8080/w/api.php";

// Step 1: GET request to fetch login token
function getLoginToken() {
    var params_0 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        type: "login",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_0 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        loginRequest(data.query.tokens.logintoken);
    });
}

// Step 2: POST request to log in. 
// Use of main account for login is not
// supported. Obtain credentials via Special:BotPasswords
// (https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Special:BotPasswords) for lgname & lgpassword
function loginRequest(login_token) {
    var params_1 = {
        action: "login",
        lgname: "bot_username",
        lgpassword: "bot_password",
        lgtoken: login_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_1 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        getCsrfToken();
    });
}

// Step 3: GET request to fetch CSRF token
function getCsrfToken() {
    var params_2 = {
        action: "query",
        meta: "tokens",
        format: "json"
    };

    request.get({ url: url, qs: params_2 }, function(error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        var data = JSON.parse(body);
        block(data.query.tokens.csrftoken);
    });
}

// Step 4: POST request to block user
function block(csrf_token) {
    var params_3 = {
        action: "block",
        user: "ABCDEF",
        expiry: "2020-02-25T07:27:50Z",
        reason: "API Test",
        token: csrf_token,
        format: "json"
    };

    request.post({ url: url, form: params_3 }, function (error, res, body) {
        if (error) {
            return;
        }
        console.log(body);
    });
}

// Start From Step 1
getLoginToken();

MediaWiki JS

/*
	block_user.js

	MediaWiki API Demos
	Demo of `Block` module: sending POST request to block user

	MIT License
*/

var params = {
		action: 'block',
		user: 'ABCD',
		expiry: '2020-02-25T07:27:50Z',
		reason: 'API Test',
		format: 'json'
	},
	api = new mw.Api();

api.postWithToken( 'csrf', params ).done( function ( data ) {
	console.log( data );
} );

Szerkesztők feloldása

API-dokumentáció


action=unblock

(main | unblock)
  • This module requires read rights.
  • This module requires write rights.
  • This module only accepts POST requests.
  • Source: MediaWiki
  • License: GPL-2.0-or-later

Unblock a user.

Specific parameters:
Other general parameters are available.
id

ID of the block to unblock (obtained through list=blocks). Cannot be used together with user.

Type: integer
user

User to unblock. Cannot be used together with id.

Type: user, by any of username, IP, Temporary user, IP range and user ID (e.g. "#12345")
userid
Deprecated.

Specify user=#ID instead.

Type: integer
reason

Reason for unblock.

Default: (empty)
tags

Change tags to apply to the entry in the block log.

Values (separate with | or alternative): convenient-discussions, possible vandalism, repeating characters
watchuser

Watch the user's or IP address's user and talk pages.

Type: boolean (details)
watchlistexpiry

Watchlist expiry timestamp. Omit this parameter entirely to leave the current expiry unchanged.

Type: expiry (details)
token

A "csrf" token retrieved from action=query&meta=tokens

This parameter is required.

Példa

POST-kérés

Example feloldása és bocsánatkérés

Válasz

{
  "id": "16",
  "user": "Example",
  "userid": 2,
  "reason": "Sorry Example"
}

Lehetséges hibák

Kód Blokkolás Információ
alreadyblocked Az általad blokkolni kívánt szerkesztő már blokkolva volt
cantblock Nincs jogosultságod felhasználók blokkolásához.
cantblock-email Nincs jogosultságod más felhasználók számára blokkolni a wikin keresztüli e-mail-küldés lehetőségét.
canthide Nincs jogosultságod felhasználónevek elrejtéséhez a blokknaplóból.
E funkciót expliciten engedélyezni kell a LocalSettings.php-ben.
invalidexpiry Érvénytelen lejárati idő
invalidip A megadott IP-cím érvénytelen
invalidrange Érvénytelen IP-címtartomány
notoken The token parameter must be set.
nouser The user parameter must be set.
pastexpiry Expiry time "$1" is in the past.
permissiondenied Nincs jogosultságod felhasználók blokkolásához.
A legtöbb wikin csak adminisztrátorok blokkolhatnak, de más wikiken szigorúbb szabályok is lehetnek.
rangedisabled Az IP-tartomány-blokkolás le van tiltva
Kód Feloldás Információ
notarget Az id vagy a user paraméter egyikét be kell állítani
notoken The token parameter must be set.
idanduser Az id és a user paraméterek nem használhatók egyszerre
blockedasrange Az „address” IP-cím a blokkolt „range” tartomány része. Az IP-címet magát nem oldhatod fel, de a teljes tartományt igen.
cantunblock A megadott blokk nem található. Lehet, hogy már fel lett oldva
permissiondenied You don't have permission to unblock users.
A legtöbb wikin csak adminisztrátorok oldhatnak fel szerkesztőket, de más wikik szabályai ettől eltérhetnek.


Paramétertörténet

  • 1.29: Bevezetve: tags
  • 1.21: Eltávolítva: gettoken.
  • 1.20: Elavult: gettoken
  • 1.18: Bevezetve: watchuser
  • 1.14: Bevezetve: allowusertalk, reblock

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