Manual:Running MediaWiki on Red Hat Linux

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IntroductionEdit

This article gives detailed instructions for people who want to run MediaWiki on Red Hat Enterprise Linux or a RHEL-rebuild distribution such as CentOS or Oracle Linux.

Prerequisites: Quick Installation of Apache, MySQL and PHPEdit

The major difficulties to installing MediaWiki lie in the correct installation of Apache, MySQL and PHP. You can install the three packages separately from your Red Hat or via any third party compilation and packaging effort, with a good tutorial on setting up a so-called LAMP environment.

Otherwise, you can use the xampp which contains all three of these, properly configured for use by MediaWiki. See apachefriends.org FAQ.

Install operating system packagesEdit

Since MediaWiki 1.31 PHP ≥ 7.0 is needed and since MediaWiki 1.35 PHP ≥ 7.3 is needed, see Compatibility#PHP. These PHP versions are not available in standard Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7 repositories, so you have to use Software Collections ('sclo') to install PHP ≥ 7. Please note that these only exist for 64bit (x86_64) RHEL; 32bit RHEL7 does not officially exist anyway.

For Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 7 with sclo: use the mysql fork 'mariadb' instead of mysql:

Keep in mind that when using httpd24 from Software Collections ('sclo'), web server's root is under /opt/rh/httpd24/root and not under default /var/www/html. As for php73, its root is under /opt/rh/rh-php73/root.

yum install centos-release-scl
yum install httpd24-httpd rh-php73 rh-php73-php rh-php73-php-mbstring rh-php73-php-mysqlnd rh-php73-php-gd rh-php73-php-xml mariadb-server mariadb 

For Red Hat Enterprise Linux version 8: RHEL8 includes PHP 7.2 by default so the standard PHP is fine for MediaWiki 1.31-1.34. For MediaWiki ≥ 1.35, you can switch to the PHP 7.4 stream:

dnf module reset php
dnf module enable php:7.4
dnf install httpd php php-mysqlnd php-gd php-xml mariadb-server mariadb php-mbstring php-json

Database (MySQL) post-install configurationEdit

For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and 8: Start MariaDB and secure it:

systemctl start mariadb
mysql_secure_installation

Log into MySQL client:

mysql -u root -p

At the database prompt, Create the wiki user:

CREATE USER 'wiki'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'THISpasswordSHOULDbeCHANGED';

Create the database:

CREATE DATABASE database_name;

For example:

CREATE DATABASE wikidatabase;  

Grant privileges to newly created DB:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wikidatabase.* TO 'wiki'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

To confirm that it was created:

SHOW DATABASES;

To display what has been granted:

SHOW GRANTS FOR 'wiki'@'localhost';
exit

Remember the 'wiki' password for MySQL that you create here. You will need it when setting up the wiki database.

Autostart webserver and database daemons (services)Edit

Start Apache and MySQL on boot. For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and 8:

systemctl enable mariadb
systemctl enable httpd

For Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 with sclo:

systemctl enable mariadb
systemctl enable httpd24-httpd.service

Download MediaWikiEdit

Install MediaWiki tarball ("sources")Edit

You can install MediaWiki directly from the MediaWiki web site (recommended), see below for installing pre-built packages from EPEL.

Download MediaWiki directly (the current version as of this writing, may have changed since) in some directory of your choice. You should have (or create) an ordinary, non-privileged user account on the Red Hat server. Substitute that username in the following command:

cd /home/username wget https://releases.wikimedia.org/mediawiki/1.37/mediawiki-1.37.0.tar.gz # Download the GPG signature for the tarball and verify the tarball's integrity: wget https://releases.wikimedia.org/mediawiki/1.37/mediawiki-1.37.0.tar.gz.sig gpg --verify mediawiki-1.37.0.tar.gz.sig mediawiki-1.37.0.tar.gz

Install with a symlink for easy upgrading. Note that the ordinary user account name is substituted into the argument to the "tar" command below. Running as the root user, at the shell prompt, type:

cd /var/www tar -zxf /home/username/mediawiki-1.37.0.tar.gz ln -s mediawiki-1.37.0/ mediawiki

ConfigureEdit

Webserver (Apache) post-install configurationEdit

Setting up Apache can be done in numerous ways according to your preferences. In this example I simply change Apache to look at /var/www by default, so the link to the wiki will be http://server/mediawiki. This is convenient for running more than one site on the server. If you only need mediawiki running on the server, change instances of /var/www below to /var/www/mediawiki (Also it works with: /var/www/mediawiki-1.37.0). Open /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf and search for and change these three lines:

DocumentRoot "/var/www"
<Directory "/var/www">     <-- this is the SECOND "<Directory" entry, not the 'root' one
DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var index.php

Changing the /var/www to /var/www/mediawiki assumes you did the following:

cd /var/www ln -s mediawiki-1.37.0/ mediawiki chown -R apache:apache /var/www/mediawiki-1.37.0

Also it works with:

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/mediawiki

Restart Apache

service httpd restart

Firewall configurationEdit

You also want to open ports in your firewall.

On RHEL 7 and 8, use firewall-cmd:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-service=https
systemctl restart firewalld

Security (selinux) configurationEdit

On a default Red Hat (or CentOS) install, the selinux package will be installed and enabled. You can check this using this command:

getenforce

If the command displays "enforcing" then you must either disable selinux (not recommended), or set the correct selinux context for the MediaWiki files, running these commands as root:

restorecon -FR /var/www/mediawiki-1.37.0/
restorecon -FR /var/www/mediawiki

You can check for the correct context with

ls -lZ /var/www/

The media directories and links should have this context:

system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0

(alternative) Disabling security (selinux)Edit

If you are determined to disable selinux (instead of configuring it properly as detailed above), go to

cd /etc/selinux

and modify config

vi config

making SELINUX either "permissive" or "disabled."

I also had to create a link to /usr/share/mediawiki-1.37.0/load.php in my /var/www/mediawiki directory and change the ownership on the /usr/share/mediawiki-1.37.0 directory to apache.apache.

Final commentsEdit

And you're good to go. Point a browser at http://servername/mediawiki and follow the instructions.

ReferencesEdit

https://php.net/install.apache2