Project:Aide Domaine Public/exporter

This page is a translated version of the page Project:PD help/export and the translation is 100% complete.

Cette page existe pour discuter le processus pour créer/structurer et maintenir l'espace de noms Aide: sur, et en particulier sur pouvoir l'exporter sous une forme utilisable par d'autres wikis. Ceci est une solution proposée, et des retours sont bienvenus. Il y a sans doute d'autres méthodes que nous pourrions utiliser - s'il vous plaît, utilisez la page de discussion pour parler d'alternatives, ou créez de nouvelles pages si vous voulez présenter des proposition en détail (plutôt que de mettre des propositions parallèles sur la même page).

As it will still be a while before a robust export process is made available, you may want to investigate a method of mirroring the current help namespace. Ceci est moins flexible mais c'est une bonne méthode de remplacement pour rendre opérationnel nom d'utilisateur espace de noms aide: .


  • To provide public domain help content for the MediaWiki software
  • The help should be available in as many languages as possible
    • Our mechanism should be able to scale to hundreds of languages.
  • To have a simple set of guidelines for people creating the help content
    • As few rules as possible.
  • To automate the process of converting the on-wiki help content into downloadable files, ready for import.
    • A secondary aim might be to have an automated script to import the files too
  • To make the help content available in the following forms:
    • Single language, in the main (localised) Help: namespace.
    • All languages combined (a mirror of Help: on
    • Multiple arbitrary languages, one in the main Help: namespace, the rest as sub-pages (as per
    • With or without images (though this could be tricky).

Règles pour l'espace de noms Aide:

Il a été proposé que l'ensemble suivant de règles soit utilisé pour écrire de la documentation d'aide dans l'espace de noms Aide: . Elles sont séparées et en plus de toute règle d'édition ou de style qui pourrait aussi être adoptée.

  • All main pages contain English content only.
  • All non-English pages are sub-pages of the English equivalent. E.g. Help:Contents (English), Help:Contents/fr - French (not Help:Sommaire, Aide:Sommaire or Help:Sommaire/fr).
    • Help pages may not contain sub-pages that are not language sub-pages.
  • Language sub-pages should be named using the appropriate language code, as defined in ··. See Project:Languages#Language_codes for full details.
  • All links within the Help: namespace should be to pages in the same language even if that page doesn't exist yet.
  • Links to other pages on the wiki (non-PD Help) are allowed (but are discouraged).
  • Interwiki links are allowed (but are discouraged).
  • Links to external sites are allowed (but are discouraged).
  • A template will be created that will perform the following functions, which should be placed at the top of each page (the template will not be created until this whole process is finalised):
    • Display the PD help notice
    • Create links to all other language-versions of the page.
    • Add the page to the appropriate help category.
    • Display the 'correct' page title (what it would be called in that language). This will be passed as an argument to the template.
  • Any templates that will be required in the exported help pages must be defined in the Help: namespace (and should be in the format Help:t:TemplateName/OptionalLanguageCode.
    • Any templates that are only used on and which should not be exported should be placed in the standard Template namespace.
  • Help: pages may be placed in categories. Category names that begin 'Help:' will be exported, any others will not.
    • The rules here also apply to all categories that begin 'Help:'.
  • No extension-specific markup (including from the ParserFunctions extension) should be included in the Help: namespace.
  • All wiki markup and other MW features used in the Help: namespace must work on the 3 most recent major versions (e.g. if the last release was 1.7.1 then all pages should work on 1.7.x, 1.6.x and 1.5.x)
    • Wiki text or features that do not work on older versions than the above are discouraged, but allowed.

Idées d'Implémentation


Les dumps seront dans le format d'exportation standard MediaWiki. Les dumps suivants seront disponibles:

  • A single dump containing all languages. This will mirror the current Help: namespace.
  • Individual dumps for each language, ready to be imported to the main Help: namespace.
  • Individual dumps for each language, ready to be imported into appropriate sub-pages within the Help: namespace.

Nous devons aussi considérer la gestion des images.

Exporter les données

Exporting the data will be an automated process, that will create the above dumps from the pages in the Help: namespace. The format of the exported code is already defined (it is the standard export format generated by Special:Export). The program checks all pages in the namespace and adds them to the appropriate language file, with the following modifications to the wiki text:

  • All template inclusions that do not start Help: are removed.
  • All interwiki links are expanded to full URLs, using the data in the interwiki table.
  • All internal links that do not point to the Help: namespace are rewritten as full URLs pointing to
  • All internal links within the help namespace are left as they are, with the following exceptions:
    • If exporting the English pages as sub-pages, all pages are rewritten from [[Help:Name]] to [[Help:Name/en]]
    • If exporting non-English pages as main pages, all pages are rewritten from [[Help:Name/lang]] to [[Help:Name]]
    • The same translation is performed on template inclusions within the Help: namespace.
    • The log will contain warnings about help pages that link to other-language pages, but these will not be modified.
  • Category links that do not begin 'Category:Help:' are removed.
  • Links to our special template (which will have a pre-defined name) will be changed to link to an alternative template that is simply displays the 'correct' name of the page.
    • These names have not been finalised, and there will be multiple versions of the templates (one for each language). Example: {{HelpTitle/fr|Aide:Sommaire}} might become {{Help:t:HelpTitle/fr|Aide:Sommaire}}.

A dump is made for each language as a 'main' page and as a 'sub-page'. In addition the English 'main' pages and all the other sub-pages are combined into the single complete dump.

The following points should also be noted:

  • Help talk: is not exported.
  • Only the most recent version of a page is exported - the history is not exported.
    • Blank pages are not exported.
    • Redirects to pages outside of the Help: namespace are not exported (these are generally pages which have been moved)
      • Useful redirects within the Help: namespace will be kept, so that they can be exported too. Redirects that result from a page move and which are not useful should be deleted.
      • We should standardize soft redirects, so the scripts can recognize those, as well. (please expand on this...)
  • Page author is 'MediaWiki default' (as per default interface messages).
  • The edit summary is 'Imported from MWURL', where MWURL is a clickable link to the original page source.
    • Note that this assumes the required entry is in the interwiki table, since we need the [[syntax]] to make the link.
  • The edit date is the date of export (though ideally it will be the date of import to the target wiki).

All categories that begin 'Help:' are also exported, using the same rules as above.


Rather than dumping and importing as real articles, another approach would be to use the API to fetch (and then locally cache) the documentation/help. (a bit like InstantCommons), with the difference that they are still editable (a bit like MediaWiki:-messages: while non-existent they show the default ('s current content), once edited/created the edit page starts with the current content from and once saved they are static.. And they can be deleted at any time to serve the default. This also makes updating from our a lot easier.

Redirects on could solve "Native language for page title". i.e. would fetch if Help:Hilfe_mir is a redirect to Help:Help_me/de.

Something that should be thought about though is different releases. i.e. if ForeignHelp would come into existence and a 1.17 wiki is using it. What if 1.18 comes out and we update help pages, etc. A possible solution would be to use subpages for versioning (the way jQuery UI used to do it). So the English version of Help:Contents would instead be at: "Help:1.17/Contents" or "Help:Contents/1.18/en".

Other considerations

Native language for page title

It would be good to have the main pages named in the appropriate language when imported into the new wiki. In order for this to be feasible, we will also require an import script to do whatever conversions are required in order to make this work. Without an import script we should stick to the above method of page naming otherwise it will not be possible to 'add' a language to a wiki. However, once this is implemented, it should be possible to achieve a fully-flexible naming system on target wikis without altering the layout of


If we are automating the dump process, we probably need some way of flagging 'safe' (non-vandalised) copies of the help content. We should not be hosting dumps that contain vandalism - it will damage our reputation to provide downloadable help files that say "FSDF YOU'RE GAY." This could be done by installing the Flagged Revisions extension.

External links

  • bugzilla:59883 — Create maintenance script to import the contents of the Help namespace from or another wiki