This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Pywikibot/ and the translation is 45% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.


Sebelum anda menjalankan salah satu program, Anda perlu membuat berkas bernama di direktori pywikibot anda. You create it in either of two ways:

  1. Buat berkasnya secara manual. It needs at least two or three variables configured, and placed in the correct location.
  1. Run the script by entering python in a command shell, which will interactively generate the file in an interactive "wizard" style, and store it in the default configuration location.


Pywikibot looks for user-config in the following locations, in order:

  • Specified via the -dir: argument (for example: -dir:/foo/bar)
  • The content of the environment variable PYWIKIBOT_DIR
  • The current directory
  • The directory in which the file is
  • The .pywikibot directory in the application data directory (Windows) or home directory (that directory gets automatically created)

(Lihat pula: get_base_dir().)

Below are instructions for manually editing this file.

Open a text editor (e.g. Notepad in Windows) and save the text file as in the pywikibot folder.

If your language uses non-ASCII characters, you should use a Unicode-aware editor such as Notepad++ and save your user-config with Unicode encoding without BOM marks. Don't forget to insert

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

di baris pertama.

Tambahkan kode berikut ke

Kode Penjelasan
family = 'wikipedia'
mylang = 'en'

xx is the code for the language you are working on, for example 'en' is English.[1] Family is the project name.[2]

usernames['wikipedia']['en'] = 'ExampleBot'

Di berkas, anda harus menyebutkan nama pengguna botnya.

In this example, the user is working on English Wikipedia, and has created a bot account with the username "ExampleBot". [3]


authenticate['*'] = ('<consumer_key>','<consumer_secret>', '<access_key>', '<access_secret>')

This replaces password-based authentication with OAuth, which is more secure (especially for bots with shared ownership). Lihat Pywikibot/OAuth mengenai cara mendapatkan kode kunci/rahasia.


usernames['wikipedia']['de'] = 'BeispielBot'
usernames['wikipedia']['en'] = 'ExampleBot'
usernames['wiktionary']['de'] = 'BeispielBot'

Jika anda mengerjakan lebih dari satu proyek Wikimedia, anda juga dapat menambahkan beberapa nama pengguna.

(Opsional, dan jarang dipakai)

console_encoding = 'utf-8'
textfile_encoding = 'unicode_escape'

If this is the encoding used by your system. Always try without first.


sort_ignore_case = True

Some scripts may use this for sorting, e.g. Nilai bawaannya adalah False. Capitalized titles will preceed uncapitalized ones if this key is False or omitted, and capitalization will be disregarded by sorting if True.


password_file = ""

Define a password file. The lines of the file should be tuples in any of the following formats:

(code, family, username, password)
(family, username, password)
(username, password)

For BotPasswords, refer to Pywikibot/BotPasswords.

user_agent_description = "Description <>"
A free-form string that can be user to describe specific bot/tool, provide contact information, etc.

Lalu simpan lagi.


EksempelBot di no.wikipedia

mylang = 'no'
usernames['wikipedia']['no'] = 'EksempelBot'

console_encoding = 'utf-8'
use_api_login = True

ExampleBot di Commons

mylang = 'commons'
family = 'commons'
usernames['commons']['commons'] = 'ExampleBot'

console_encoding = 'utf-8'
use_api_login = True

ExampleBot di Wikidata

mylang = 'wikidata'
family = 'wikidata'
usernames['wikidata']['wikidata'] = 'ExampleBot'

console_encoding = 'utf-8'
use_api_login = True

ExampleBot di Test wiki

mylang = 'test'
family = 'test'
usernames['test']['test'] = 'ExampleBot'

ExampleBot di Test2 wiki

mylang = 'test2'
family = 'wikipedia'
usernames['wikipedia']['test2'] = 'ExampleBot'

BeispielBot on de.wikipedia and de.wikibooks, with de.wikipedia as main wiki

mylang = 'de'
usernames['wikipedia']['de'] = 'BeispielBot'
usernames['wikibooks']['de'] = 'BeispielBot'

console_encoding = 'utf-8'
use_api_login = True

Untuk wiki yng non-Wikimedia

Lihat juga

  • (the source code of the module that loads and interpretes


  1. If you want to work with more than one language, choose the most common one. You can override this on the command line by using -lang:zh parameter.
  2. Meta uses 'meta' for both language code and wiki family, Commons uses 'commons' for both, and Testwiki uses 'test' for both, the multilingual wikisource uses '-' for the language. You can override this on the command line by using -family:wikibooks.
  3. Harap diperhatikan bahwa di inang Linux/Unix, kapitalisas pada nama pengguna memiliki pengaruh! While logging in may not be an issue, testing the log in or attempting to use a bot will not use the correct cookie file and may result in anonymous access to the API. This can cause problems for private wikis that do not allow anonymous access or use third party authentication. Default usernames for mediawiki and those pulled via LDAP or other third party authentication schemes will have an uppercase character for the first letter, thus 'user' becomes 'User'.

If you need more help on setting up your Pywikibot visit the #pywikibot IRC channel connect or pywikibot@ mailing list.