Manual:Gerir dados no MediaWiki

This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Managing data in MediaWiki and the translation is 5% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

MediaWiki foi criado para gerir principalmente a informação textual e faz isto muito bem. Contudo, o único modo de estruturar o conteúdo é através de Ajuda:Espaços Nominais (este artigo está no "Manual" de 'Espaço Nominal'), Ajuda:Subpáginas ou nas Ajuda:Categorias (este artigo foi colocado na "$4").

Se deseja gerir os dados estruturados no MediaWiki, por exemplo, uma data ou um número, existem várias abordagens diferentes, geridas por extensões dedicadas.

As diferenças e semelhanças das mais comuns são mostradas na tabela a seguir:

Funcionalidade
Semantic MediaWiki

Wikibase

Extensão:Cargo
VisualData
Main usecase Managing data within a MediaWiki installation, based on Semantic Web standards. Powering Wikidata. Managing data within a MediaWiki installation. Managing data within a MediaWiki installation based on JSON-schema.
Approach Data (properties) are annotated within regular wikitext or by templates. With the datatype "reference", properties can be used to describe items using statements.[1] Properties are defined and used to describe Items using statements. Data is stored in database tables, with each table corresponding to a template. Data are stored in a dedicated slot with JSON content model
Available since 2005 2012 2015 2022 (formerly known as PageProperties )
Active installations 1000s[2] 100s[3][4][5] 100s[6] n/a (new extension or unknown)
Community 145+ developers[7] 172+ developers[8] 63+ developers[9] (main developer)
Storage MediaWiki database, Elasticsearch, 5 different SPARQL stores[10] MediaWiki database, Elasticsearch, SPARQL store (Blazegraph for wikidata.org) MediaWiki database (or a separate database)[11] MediaWiki database
Property definition By typing wikitext. Properties can be invented freely. They will be of datatype page by default and can be defined later. Datatypes can be changed any time. Properties have to be defined before usage and can not be changed easily.[12] Instead of using properties, data tables are defined with a predetermined (but reconfigurable) set of fields per table. Properties are defined through one or more json-schema defined through a SchemaBuilder
Value declaration Inline ([[MyProperty::MyValue]]) or with templates. Form-based data entry with Page Forms . Wikibase default form-like input interface. With parser functions in templates. Form-based data entry with Page Forms . Inline or popup OOUI forms automatically generated from JSON-schemas
Predefined data types 18[13] 17[14][15] 18 4 (basic JSON-schema types) + 15 string formats
Property management type definitions, constraint schemas, ontology import custom, or import of Wikidata ontology Instead of using properties, data tables are defined with a predetermined (but reconfigurable) set of fields per table. through a graphical interface (dedicated SchemaBuilder )
Page names and internal linking Pages have normal names and can be linked to with their names. Page names are stored with their Q-numbers (displaying labels in available languages). Internal linking must be done to the Q-number; you cannot link to a label. Pages have normal names and can be linked to with their names. Schemas are stored in a dedicated namespace and JSON-data in a dedicated slot associated to wiki articles. JSON-data can be accessed through an extension of the wiki interface
Inline queries yes, with parser functions no (external SPARQL queries); planned
supported via third-party extension LinkedWiki
yes, with parser functions yes, with parser functions
External querying yes, with either an API or SPARQL querying (available through special extensions such as RDFIO and LinkedWiki) yes, with SPARQL Query service yes, with an API yes, with an API (not yet documented)
Result formats[16] ~ 75[17] no native result display; data may be visualized via:
  • Query Service or other external tools
  • on wiki data access via LUA (no query support)
~ 25[18] 6 (table, datatables, json, jsonraw, query, template)
Development GitHub Gerrit Gerrit Gerrit
Complementary extensions 28[19] ~ 51[20], e.g. Semantic Result Formats , Semantic Bundle , Semantic Scribunto ~12[21], e.g. Wikibase Client , WikibaseLexeme , Query Service 2 (Page Forms, Page Schemas). Cargo provides some or all of the functionality of Semantic MediaWiki, Semantic Result Formats, Maps, Semantic Drilldown, Semantic Compound Queries, Semantic Internal Objects and Semantic Scribunto.[22] Extension:ContactManager

Alternative comparisons

References

See also

  • Multi-Content Revisions - Ability to manage different independent content objects on the same wiki page by a technology change to the back-end of MediaWiki.
  • DynamicPageList Allows to extract data from pages.
  • WikiDB Provides database features, somewhat similar to semantic properties.
  • JsonConfig store JSON (including tabular and map data) in wiki pages, and allow accessing them via Lua; no query support
  • External Data - access data from external URL, local file, and SQL or MongoDB database (which may contain data from non-MediaWiki websites)
  • Structured data across Wikimedia ongoing (as of 2021) project for improving structured data support in MediaWiki
  • Category:Data management extensions