Manuel:Importer les dumps XML

This page is a translated version of the page Manual:Importing XML dumps and the translation is 33% complete.

This page describes methods to import XML dumps. XML Dumps contain the content of a wiki (wiki pages with all their revisions), without the site-related data. A XML dump does not create a full backup of the wiki database, the dump does not contain user accounts, images, edit logs, etc.

The Special:Export page of any MediaWiki site, including any Wikimedia site and Wikipedia, creates an XML file (content dump). See meta:Data dumps and Manuel:DumpBackup.php . XML files are explained more on Help:Export.

Comment importer ?

Il existe plusieurs méthodes pour importer les dumps XML.

Importer des dumps XML très gros (tels que la Wikipedia anglophone)

Guide to Importing the English Wikipedia XML File

Importing the English Wikipedia files can be a complex task, but with the right approach, it can be achieved reliably. This guide outlines the process using the importDump.php script located in the maintenance folder of your MediaWiki installation.

Prepare your environment

Before starting the import process, ensure that your server meets the necessary requirements, including sufficient disk space and system resources.

Obtain the Wikipedia XML Dump

The English Wikipedia XML dump can be downloaded from the Wikimedia Foundation's website. At the time of this writing, the file size is approximately 91GB.

Importing the XML Dump

There are several methods to import the XML dump into your MediaWiki installation:

a. Direct Import: You can use the importDump.php script provided in the maintenance folder. This method is reliable but may be resource-intensive.

b. Individual File Import: Alternatively, you can download and import each multipart XML file individually. While this approach allows for more manageable imports, it requires additional effort.

Managing Import Errors

Importing such a large file may result in errors, leading to interruptions in the process. To mitigate this, consider setting up cron jobs to import the XML dump in smaller batches over time. This approach ensures smoother processing and reduces the risk of failures.

Simple Cron Schedule Example


  1. The Wiki files are assumed to be located in the main Web Server folder, typically /var/www/html/.
  2. The XML dump file is also assumed to be located in the same directory.
  3. This cron job is executed by the root user, and log files are created in the /root/wikilogs folder.
  4. Replace {your-server} with the URL of your server in the --server argument.
  5. This schedule runs every 10 minutes, allowing for different import sections to be executed in different hours.

Please make changes to point to your specific folders, or create any folders you wish to use.

*/15 4 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 5 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 6 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 7 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 8 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 9 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 10 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 11 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 12 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 13 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 14 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 15 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 16 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 17 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 18 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 19 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 20 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 21 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
*/15 22 * * * /root/wikilogs/ > ~/wikilogs/import-$(date +\%Y\%m\%d_\%H\%M\%S)-cron.log 2>&1
0 0 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run updateArticleCount.php --use-master --globals --memory-limit default --profiler json --update > ~/wikilogs/articleCount-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1
30 1 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run update --quick > ~/wikilogs/update-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1
30 2 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run rebuildrecentchanges.php --globals --memory-limit default --profiler json > ~/wikilogs/recentChanges-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1
30 3 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run cleanupInvalidDbKeys.php --globals --memory-limit default --profiler json > ~/wikilogs/cleanupInvalidDbKeys-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1
0 4 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run rebuildall.php --use-master --globals --memory-limit default --profiler json --update > ~/wikilogs/rebuildAll-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1
0 5 * * * /var/www/html/maintenance/run cleanupUsersWithNoId.php --use-master --globals --memory-limit default --profiler json --update > ~/wikilogs/cleanupUsersWithNoId-`date +\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M\%S`-cron.log 2>&1

In the /root/wikilogs folder, I have created a simple shell script to help import the dump.


# Get the Wiki version to test for compatibility
# Get the BASH version to test for compatibility
# Get the current number of pages, round down to the nearest 1000's or 0 if less than 1000
# Get the server URL
# Start the import to the number of Articles
# Show total pages imported

# Function to convert HH:MM:SS to seconds
function time_to_seconds() {
    local time=$1
    local seconds=0
    IFS=":" read -r hours minutes seconds <<< "$time"
    seconds=$((hours*3600 + minutes*60 + seconds))
    echo "$seconds"

# Function to compare version numbers
function version_compare() {
    local version1="$1"
    local version2="$2"
    if [[ "$(printf '%s\n' "$version1" "$version2" | sort -V | head -n1)" == "$version1" ]]; then
        return 0
        return 1


# Get the currently installed Wiki Version
rawWikiVersion=$(${wikilocation}/maintenance/run version)
wikiVersion=$(echo "$rawWikiVersion" | awk -F': ' '{split($2,a," "); print a[1]}')

# Compare the version with 1.4.0
# if ! version_compare "$wikiVersion" "1.40.0"; then
#     echo "MediaWiki version is not greater than 1.40.0. Aborting import process."
#     exit 1
# fi

# Get the latest number of pages in the stats
totalStartPages=$(${wikilocation}/maintenance/run showSiteStats | awk '/Total pages/ {print $NF}')

# Round down
articleCount=$(echo "scale=0; (${totalStartPages} / 1000) * 1000" | bc)

# The URL to the wiki

# Location of the xml file

start_time=$(date +%s)
echo "Starting on page ${articleCount} at $(date '+%m-%d-%y %I:%M %p') - Wiki Version ${wikiVersion} with ${server} for the URL"
${wikilocation}/maintenance/run importDump --quiet --memory-limit default --skip-to "${articleCount}" --server "${server}" < ${inputFile} > /dev/null
end_time=$(date +%s)

# Calculate the total number of pages imported
totalEndPages=$(${wikilocation}/maintenance/run showSiteStats | awk '/Total pages/ {print $NF}')
pages_imported=$((totalEndPages - totalStartPages))

# Calculate the duration of the import process in seconds
duration=$((end_time - start_time))

# Convert duration to minutes
duration_minutes=$((duration / 60))

# Calculate pages per minute
pages_per_minute=$(awk "BEGIN {printf \"%.2f\", ${pages_imported} / ${duration_minutes}}")

echo "Completed ${pages_imported} pages in ${duration_minutes} minutes (${pages_per_minute} pages/minute) on $(date '+%m-%d-%y %I:%M %p')"
Monitoring and Troubleshooting

During the import process, monitor the server logs for any errors or warnings. Common issues may include database connection errors, memory exhaustion, or file permissions issues. Troubleshoot any encountered problems promptly to ensure a successful import.

Post-Import Tasks

Once the import is complete, perform any necessary post-import tasks, such as rebuilding the search index or updating site configurations. Verify the integrity of the imported content to ensure consistency with the original Wikipedia articles.


Utilizing a server equipped with 16 cores, 16GB of RAM, and a 2TB SSD, the average import rate over a two-week period stands at 96 pages per minute. This performance metric provides valuable insight into the expected efficiency of the import process, allowing for effective planning and scheduling of import tasks. By leveraging the capabilities of such a server configuration, you can successfully import the English Wikipedia XML dump into your MediaWiki installation, enriching your platform with a wealth of knowledge and resources for users to explore.

To calculate the approximate time it will take to import 59,795,345 pages at an average rate of 96 pages per minute, we can use the following formula:

Total pages ÷ Pages per minute ÷ Minutes per hour ÷ Hours per day ÷ Days per week

Plugging in the values: 59,795,345÷96÷(60×24)÷7 ≈11.87

Rounding up, it will take approximately 12 weeks to import 59,795,345 pages.

Utiliser Special:Import

Special:Import can be used by wiki users with import permission (by default this is users in the sysop group) to import a small number of pages (about 100 should be safe).

Trying to import large dumps this way may result in timeouts or connection failures.

You are asked to give an interwiki prefix. For instance, if you exported from the English Wikipedia, you have to type 'en'.

Modifier les autorisations

Voir Manuel:Droits utilisateurs .

To allow all registered editors to import (not recommended) the line added to "LocalSettings.php" would be:

$wgGroupPermissions['user']['import'] = true;
$wgGroupPermissions['user']['importupload'] = true;

Problèmes éventuels

For using Transwiki-Import PHP safe_mode must be off and "open_basedir" must be empty (both of them are variables in php.ini). Otherwise the import fails.

Si vous avez des erreurs de ce type :

Warning: XMLReader::open(): Unable to open source data in /.../wiki/includes/Import.php on line 53
Warning: XMLReader::read(): Load Data before trying to read in /.../wiki/includes/Import.php on line 399

And Special:Import shows: "Import failed: Expected <mediawiki> tag, got ", this may be a problem caused by a fatal error on a previous import, which leaves libxml in a wrong state across the entire server, or because another PHP script on the same server disabled entity loader (PHP bug). This happens on MediaWiki versions prior to MediaWiki 1.26, and the solution is to restart the webserver service (apache, etc), or write and execute a script that calls libxml_disable_entity_loader(false); (see tâche T86036).

Utiliser importDump.php, si vous avez accès au shell

Recommended method for general use, but slow for very big data sets.
See: Manuel:ImportDump.php , including tips on how to use it for large wikis.

Utiliser le script de maintenance importTextFiles.php

Version de MediaWiki :
Version de MediaWiki :

If you have a lot of content converted from another source (several word processor files, content from another wiki, etc), you may have several files that you would like to import into your wiki. In MediaWiki 1.27 and later, you can use the importTextFiles.php maintenance script.

You can also use the edit.php maintenance script for this purpose.


For large XML dumps, you can run rebuildall.php, but, it will take a long time, because it has to parse all pages. This is not recommended for large data sets.

Using pywikibot, and Nokogiri

pywikibot is a collection of tools written in python that automate work on Wikipedia or other MediaWiki sites. Once installed on your computer, you can use the specific tool '' which lets you upload a wiki file on Wikipedia or MediaWiki sites. The xml file created by dumpBackup.php can be transformed into a wiki file suitable to be processed by '' using a simple Ruby program similar to the following (here the program will transform all xml files which are on the current directory which is needed if your MediaWiki site is a family):

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# dumpxml2wiki.rb

require 'rubygems'
require 'nokogiri'

# This program dumpxml2wiki reads MediaWiki xml files dumped by dumpBackup.php
# on the current directory and transforms them into wiki files which can then 
# be modified and uploaded again by pywikipediabot using on a MediaWiki family site.
# The text of each page is searched with xpath and its title is added on the first line as
# an html comment: this is required by
Dir.glob("*.xml").each do |filename|
  input = Nokogiri::XML(, nil, 'UTF-8')

  puts filename.to_s  # prints the name of each .xml file"out_" + filename + ".wiki", 'w') {|f| 
    input.xpath("//xmlns:text").each {|n|
      pptitle = n.parent.parent.at_css "title" # searching for the title
      title = pptitle.content
      f.puts "\n{{-start-}}<!--'''" << title.to_s << "'''-->" << n.content  << "\n{{-stop-}}"

For example, here is an excerpt of a wiki file output by the command 'ruby dumpxml2wiki.rb' (two pages can then be uploaded by, a Template and a second page which is a redirect):


{{-start-}}#REDIRECT[[badania demograficzne]]<!--'''ilościowa demografia'''-->
[[Category:Termin wielojęzycznego słownika demograficznego (pierwsze wydanie)|ilościowa demografia]]
[[Category:Termin wielojęzycznego słownika demograficznego (pierwsze wydanie) (redirect)]]

The program accesses each xml file, extracts the texts within <text> </text> markups of each page, searches the corresponding title as a parent and enclosed it with the paired {{-start-}}<!--'''Title of the page'''--> {{-stop-}} commands used by 'pagefromfile' to create or update a page. The name of the page is in an html comment and separated by three quotes on the same first start line. Please notice that the name of the page can be written in Unicode. Sometimes it is important that the page starts directly with the command, like for a #REDIRECT; thus the comment giving the name of the page must be after the command but still on the first line.

Please remark that the xml dump files produced by dumpBackup.php are prefixed by a namespace:

<mediawiki xmlns="">

In order to access the text node using Nokogiri, you need to prefix your path with 'xmlns':


Nokogirist un analyseur HTML, XML, SAX, et Reader permettant de rechercher des documents via des sélecteurs XPath ou CSS3 et issu de la dernière génération des analyseurs XML utilisant Ruby.

Example of the use of 'pagefromfile' to upload the output wiki text file:

python -summary:"Reason for changes" -lang:pl -putthrottle:01

Comment importer les journaux ?

Exporting and importing logs with the standard MediaWiki scripts often proves very hard; an alternative for import is the script in the WikiDAT tool, as suggested by Felipe Ortega.

Résolution des problèmes

Fusionner les historiques, conflits de versions, modifier les résumés et autres difficultés

Liens interwikis

If you get the message

Page "meta:Blah blah" is not imported because its name is reserved for external linking (interwiki).

the problem is that some pages to be imported have a prefix that is used for Interwiki linking. For example, ones with a prefix of 'Meta:' would conflict with the interwiki prefix meta: which by default links to

You can do any of the following.

  • Remove the prefix from the interwiki table. This will preserve page titles, but prevent interwiki linking through that prefix.
    Example: you will preserve page titles 'Meta:Blah blah' but will not be able to use the prefix 'meta:' to link to (although it will be possible through a different prefix).
    How to do it: before importing the dump, run the query DELETE FROM interwiki WHERE iw_prefix='prefix' (note: do not include the colon in the prefix). Alternatively, if you have enabled editing the interwiki table, you can simply go to Special:Interwiki and click the 'Delete' link on the right side of the row belonging to that prefix.
  • Replace the unwanted prefix in the XML file with "Project:" before importing. This will preserve the functionality of the prefix as an interlink, but will replace the prefix in the page titles with the name of the wiki where they're imported into, and might be quite a pain to do on large dumps.
    Example: replace all 'Meta:' with 'Project:' in the XML file. MediaWiki will then replace 'Project:' with the name of your wiki during importing.

Voir aussi


  1. See Manual:XML Import file manipulation in CSharp for a C# code sample that manipulates an XML import file.