This page is a translated version of the page Manual:CSS and the translation is 8% complete.
"CSS" redirects here. For the extension, see Extension:CSS.

Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) rules sets much of the look and feel of MediaWiki: font size, colors, spacing, the logo, and background image, even whether site content is displayed or is hidden.

To change the look and feel of MediaWiki's screen display (how it looks in a browser) you can put CSS into MediaWiki:Common.css. This file is a page in your wiki, not a file like index.php or load.php, so you cannot find it by looking at the directory structure on your server, nor is it linked to your Main Page or any other page initially. The page initially consists of just a one-line comment. To find it, type MediaWiki:Common.css in the search box on the main page of your wiki. It will appear as a file with an address something like (Requires the following permission to edit: "interface administrator")

If code added to MediaWiki:Common.css doesn't take effect immediately, you may have to do a hard refresh.

To change the way MediaWiki pages print, you put CSS into MediaWiki:Print.css on your wiki.

CSS can be used to change the style of the entire wiki, for example to make the background a different color, or you can use inline CSS to style specific pieces of text in your wiki. For example green text can be accomplished by doing <span style="color:green">green text</span>. If you want to make all text on the wiki larger you can add the code body { font-size: larger; } to MediaWiki:Common.css. For mobile version use MediaWiki:Mobile.css.

If $wgAllowUserCss is enabled on your wiki, individual users can create custom stylesheets just for themselves at Special:MyPage/<skin_name>.css (for example Special:MyPage/vector.css if they are using the vector skin). Special:MyPage/common.css allows the creation of personal stylesheets for all skins.

You can also create custom skins for MediaWiki.


CSS syntax, attributes and values, must be correct or stuff won't work right. World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an excellent reference for checking how to write CSS correctly directly from the standards:

Wikipedia gives a good overview of CSS.

If you prefer an easily consumable reference alongside demos of CSS features, MDN CSS Reference will provide you an "up-to-date" guide to syntax and basic usage of the various elements.


Be sure to keep your HTML markup semantic. Relying on styling to indicate meaning is a bad practice (e.g. for machine readability such as by search engines, screen readers using text-to-speech, and text browsers).

If necessary, custom style sheets can temporarily be deactivated using the safemode=1 URL parameter.

CSS Normalizzato

Much CSS today relies on a "reset" or "normalize" CSS to make all browsers work the same. MediaWiki does not have a reset per se, though there are built-in stylesheets such as common/commonElements.css, common/commonContent.css, common/commonInterface.css, and MediaWiki:Common.css.

Se copi CSS, guarda se dipende da altri CSS aggiuntivi.

For example, jsFiddle has a checkbox for "Normalized CSS". This sets margins to 0 and resets the numbers on ordered lists. Since none of this normalization CSS is running on MediaWiki sites, you should not use it when testing MediaWiki-related code.

jsfiddle has a feature to import CSS. If you're testing against the Vector skin on English Wikipedia, the primary sheets should be (in this order):

You can adjust the domain in the URL for other WMF wikis. By importing these, you can get a better idea how your CSS interacts with the CSS on WMF wikis.

Styles not working on Special:UserLogin or Special:Preferences?

By default, site CSS customizations (e.g. MediaWiki:Common.css) do not take effect on the login and preferences pages. This is to preserve the security of the login process, and to allow users to remove any unwanted customizations without being interfered with. If you are not concerned about the security risks, you can use the $wgAllowSiteCSSOnRestrictedPages configuration setting to allow custom CSS to work on these pages.

Using the url() function

For privacy reasons, Wikimedia sites are configured to reject loading resources from external servers using the url() CSS function. This includes resources encoded in data URLs.

However, you can load resources that are hosted in the Wikimedia servers. For example, you can load an image from Wikimedia Commons and use it as a background image via CSS:

.my-class {
	background: url("");

You can also use a custom font family provided by Wikimedia's Universal Language Selector extension (see the list of fonts available on Wikimedia wikis).

Example CSS to load the Gochi Hand font:

@font-face {
  font-family: 'GochiHand';
  src: local("Gochi Hand"),

If you wish to use custom fonts, they need to be installed locally on your system.

Vedi anche