Help:مرتب‌سازی

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To make a sortable table, add the sortable class to a table. This class adds arrows displayed beside the header within each header cell. When you click on an arrow, the table rows are arranged according to the chosen column. Continuously clicking the arrow alters the sorting order in the following pattern: Ascending, Descending, and then Unsorted. You can perform secondary sorts by shift-clicking the arrows in different columns.

Each shift click will set the secondary sort based on the clicked column, and this capability extends to tertiary and further sorts.

Items are sorted based on the data type of the first few rows below the header. To determine the data type, the first five non-empty rows below the header are examined upon page loading, and the most suitable format is selected. Discrepancies can occur. Additionally, specific columns can have their sorting order forced, as explained in the relevant section below.

Currently, tags like span or sup don't affect how data types are determined, but reference numbers and visible comments do.

Dates

Different date formats are accepted, even those with month names in local languages. For instance, on the German Wikipedia, "16. März 2010" is appropriately sorted as 2010-03-16.

Different numerical formats, including ones with various separators like periods, commas, apostrophes, or slashes (such as . , ' /), are supported. The English Wikipedia typically uses the US date format, (e.g. month-day-year).

Numbers

The script can detect numbers that use either "." or "," as decimal separators, as well as numbers written in scientific notation (using "e" or "E"). By default, numbers will be sorted based on alphanumeric order by default, meaning that they will be sorted as strings rather than numerical values. This may result in unexpected sortings, such as "9" coming after "10". However, this default behavior can be overridden if desired.

Text

When lists are sorted alphabetically by MediaWiki, the order of characters is sorted with Intl.Collator. This sorts accented characters correctly based on PageContentLanguage.

Android Webviews don't support this, so fallback to the old sort routine is required. The order is the same as the order of Unicode code points. Some of the more common characters are ordered as follows (in ascending order):

 
! " # $ % & ' ( ) * + , - . / 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 : ; < = > ? @ A B C
D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [ \ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g
h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { | } ~
 
¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ¨ © ª « ¬
­
® ¯ ° ± ² ³ ´ µ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ð
Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö × Ø Ù Ú Û Ü Ý Þ ß à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ð ñ ò ó ô
õ ö ÷ ø ù ú û ü ý þ ÿ Ā ā Ă ă Ą ą Ć ć Ĉ ĉ Ċ ċ Č č Ď ď Đ đ Ē ē Ĕ ĕ Ė ė Ę
ę Ě ě Ĝ ĝ Ğ ğ Ġ ġ Ģ ģ Ĥ ĥ Ħ ħ Ĩ ĩ Ī ī Ĭ ĭ Į į İ ı IJ ij Ĵ ĵ Ķ ķ ĸ Ĺ ĺ Ļ ļ
Ľ ľ Ŀ ŀ Ł ł Ń ń Ņ ņ Ň ň ʼn Ŋ ŋ Ō ō Ŏ ŏ Ő ő Œ œ Ŕ ŕ Ŗ ŗ Ř ř Ś ś Ŝ ŝ Ş ş Š
š Ţ ţ Ť ť Ŧ ŧ Ũ ũ Ū ū Ŭ ŭ Ů ů Ű ű Ų ų Ŵ ŵ Ŷ ŷ Ÿ Ź ź Ż ż Ž ž ſ Ə ƒ Ǻ ǻ Ǽ
ǽ Ǿ ǿ Ș ș Ț ț ə ˆ ˇ ˉ ˘ ˙ ˚ ˛ ˜ ˝ ΄ ΅ Ά · Έ Ή Ί Ό Ύ Ώ ΐ Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ
Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω Ϊ Ϋ ά έ ή ί ΰ α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ ς σ τ υ φ χ ψ ω ϊ ϋ ό ύ ώ Ѐ Ё Ђ Ѓ Є Ѕ І Ї Ј Љ Њ Ћ Ќ Ѝ Ў Џ А Б В
Г Д Е Ж З И Й К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э Ю Я а б в г д е ж
з и й к л м н о п р с т у ф х ц ч ш щ ъ ы ь э ю я ѐ ё ђ ѓ є ѕ і ї ј љ њ
ћ ќ ѝ ў џ Ґ ґ
Ω

Forcing the sort mode of a column

Adding data-sort-type="..." to the header lets you control how a table is sorted. This feature is derived from tablesorter.com (webarchive). Valid values for "data-sort-type" include the following which are not case-sensitive:

  • currency
  • number
  • isoDate
  • time
  • IPAddress
  • usLongDate
  • date
  • text
  • url

For example:

Wikitext

{|class="wikitable sortable"
!data-sort-type="date"| Date !! Name !! Height !!data-sort-type="number"| Salary
|-
| 01.10.1977 || Smith || 1.85 || 1,000.000
|-
| 11.6.1972 || Ray || 1.89 || 900.000
|-
| 1.9.1992 || Bianchi || 1.72 || 2,000.50
|}

Rendering

Date Name Height Salary
01.10.1977 Smith 1.85 1,000.000
11.6.1972 Ray 1.89 900.000
1.9.1992 Bianchi 1.72 2,000.50


Specifying a sort key

You can adjust how cells are sorted or parsed if needed. For instance, if a cell says "John Smith" but should be sorted under "Smith", you can use the data-sort-value="..." attribute to achieve this.

Wikitext

{|class="wikitable sortable"
! Name and Surname !! Height
|-
|data-sort-value="Smith, John"| John Smith || 1.85
|-
|data-sort-value="Ray, Ian"| Ian Ray || 1.89
|-
|data-sort-value="Bianchi, Zachary"| Zachary Bianchi || 1.72
|}

Rendering

Name and Surname Height
John Smith 1.85
Ian Ray 1.89
Zachary Bianchi 1.72

Controlling sorting and display

To ensure certain text isn't sorted but still displayed, use data-sort-type="...". You can then append additional text after values, like "200 approx" or "100<sup style="color:blue" title="link to Reference">[1]". An empty cell sorts as "-Infinity". If a cell contains a range of dates or numbers (for example, from 2 to 5), use data-sort-value="...".

Examples

The first column sorts plain numbers. The second column sorts more content as numbers using data-sort-type="number" in the table header. The fourth column defines numeric sort values independently of cell content using data-sort-value="...".

numbers data-sort-type="number" data-sort-type="number"
-8e3 -8 e3 -8 e3
-3e-3 -3 e-3 -3 e-3
2.000 2-5 km² data-sort-value="3.5" 2-5 km²
3.99 3.99 km² 3.99 km²
4 4 km² 4 km²
90 % 90 Percent data-sort-value="90" about 90 Percent
1E2 100[1] 100[1]
1,000,000.0 1 000 000.0 data-sort-value="1e6" one Million

The way commas (,) and decimal points (.) are displayed in Mediawiki depends on the language settings. Currency symbols and the percentage (%) symbol are sorted numerically based on these settings.

currencies
$ 9
$ 80
$ 70
$ 600
currencies
9 €
80 €
70 €
600 €
currencies
£ 9
£ 80
£ 70
£ 600
currencies
¥ 9
¥ 80
¥ 70
¥ 600
percent
9 %
80 %
70 %
600 %
numbers
−7e270
-1.4285714285714E-13
999e9
7e270

Secondary sort key

You can sort data by columns, with Column A as the primary sort key. If Column A has equal values, use Column B as the secondary key. Click Column A's sort button once or twice, then while holding shift, click Column B's sort button once or twice for further refinement.

For example:

Click on the "Text" column first, then hold down the shift key and click on the "Numbers" column. You'll notice that the items are sorted based on text first and then numbers.

Numbers Text Dates Currency More text
4 a 01.Jan.2005 4.20 row 1
5 a 05/12/2006 7.15 row 2
1 b 02-02-2004 5.00 row 3
1 a 02-02-2004 5.00 row 4
2 x 13-apr-2005 row 5
2 a 13-apr-2005 row 6
3 a 17.aug.2006 6.50 row 7
3 z 25.aug.2006 2.30 row 8
3 z 28.aug.2006 5.50 row 9
3 z 31.aug.2006 3.77 row 10
3 z 01.sep.2006 1.50 row 11
Bottom

Additional features

Excluding the last row from sorting

You can skip sorting the last row of a table by marking it with class="sortbottom". You can also exclude it from sorting by declaring it as a footer with an exclamation mark (!).

Wikitext

{|class="wikitable sortable"
! Name !! Surname !! Height
|-
| John || Smith || 1.85
|-
| Ron || Ray || 1.89
|-
| Mario || Bianchi || 1.72
|- class="sortbottom"
! !! Average: || 1.82
|}

Rendering

Name Surname Height
John Smith 1.85
Ron Ray 1.89
Mario Bianchi 1.72
Average: 1.82

Excluding the first row from sorting

You can exclude the first row by using the class="sorttop".

Wikitext

{|class="wikitable sortable"
! Name !! Surname !! Height
|- class="sorttop"
! !! Average: || 1.82
|-
| John || Smith || 1.85
|-
| Ron || Ray || 1.89
|-
| Mario || Bianchi || 1.72
|}

Rendering

Name Surname Height
Average: 1.82
John Smith 1.85
Ron Ray 1.89
Mario Bianchi 1.72

Making a column unsortable

To stop a column from being sortable, use class="unsortable" in its header cell's attributes.

Wikitext

{|class="wikitable sortable"
! Numbers !! Alphabet !! Dates !! Currency !!class="unsortable"| Unsortable
|-
| 1 || Z || 02-02-2004 || 5.00 || This
|-
| 2 || y || 13-apr-2005 || || Column
|-
| 3 || X || 17.aug.2006 || 6.50 || Is
|-
| 4 || w || 01.Jan.2005 || 4.20 || Unsortable
|-
| 5 || V || 05/12/2006 || 7.15 || See?
|-
! Total: 15 !! !! !! Total: 29.55 !!
|-
|}

Rendering

Numbers Alphabet Dates Currency Unsortable
1 Z 02-02-2004 5.00 This
2 y 13-apr-2005 Column
3 X 17.aug.2006 6.50 Is
4 w 01.Jan.2005 4.20 Unsortable
5 V 05/12/2006 7.15 See?
Total: 15 Total: 29.55 Original example

Keeping some rows together

To allow an uncolumned row to always stay beneath the columned row above it, no matter how you sort them, use class="expand-child" in the row's attribute.

Wikitext

{| class="wikitable sortable"
!style="width:9em"| Country !!data-sort-type="number"| Area
|-
| France
| 674 843 km²
|- class="expand-child" style="font-size:85%; line-height:1.2; color:gray"
|colspan="2"| In Paris is the Eiffel Tower.
|-
| U.K.
| 242 495 km²
|- class="expand-child" style="font-size:85%; line-height:1.2; color:gray"
|colspan="2"| In the U.K. you cannot pay with euros.
|- class="expand-child" style="font-size:85%; line-height:1.2; color:gray"
|colspan="2"| And you drive on the left side of the road.
|-
| Germany
| 357 168 km²
|- class="expand-child" style="font-size:85%; line-height:1.2; color:gray"
|colspan="2"| Germany includes the former DDR.
|}

Rendering

Country Area
France 674 843 km²
In Paris is the Eiffel Tower.
U.K. 242 495 km²
In the U.K. you cannot pay with euros.
And you drive on the left side of the road.
Germany 357 168 km²
Germany includes the former DDR.

If you put in data-sort-value the same content as above row, keep this rows also together. The original mutual order of these rows is preserved. A better way for this is class expand-child, see above #Keeping some rows together.

Example where data-sort-value is used is the case for the rows about the Netherlands:

{|class="wikitable sortable"
! Country/province !! Capital
|-
| France || Paris
|-
| Netherlands || Amsterdam
|-
|data-sort-value="Netherlands"| South Holland ||data-sort-value="Amsterdam"| The Hague
|-
| U.K. || London
|}
Country/province Capital
France Paris
Netherlands Amsterdam
South Holland The Hague
U.K. London

Special dates

To represent years Before Christ (BC) subtract the BC year from 10,000. For instance, -62 BC would be 10,000 - 62 = 9938.

For example, September 23, 62 BC would be represented as 9938-09-23.

If a table column has incomplete dates, sorting won't be an issue. If only a year and month are provided, it's sorted before the first day of that month. Similarly, if only a year is given, it's sorted before the first month or day of that year.

Wikitext

{| class="wikitable sortable"
|-
! Date
|-
| 2022-01-01
|-
| 2023-12-31
|-
| 2024
|-
| 2024-04
|-
| 2024-04-00
|-
| 2024-05
|-
| 2024-05-00
|}

Rendering

Date
2022-01-01
2023-12-31
2024
2024-04
2024-04-00
2024-05
2024-05-00

Using #time

You can use the parser function #time and HTML tags to display a specific date range. By adding the HTML tag <span style="display:none">&{{#expr:3e11+{{#time:U|..}}}}</span> before the displayed date, you can manipulate the way the date is shown. This method works for dates between January 1, 111 CE, and December 31, 9999 CE, using the proleptic Gregorian calendar. The added value ensures all values are positive and uniform in length. Placing "&" before the expression forces string sorting mode.

You can input dates and times using any PHP format for date and time. Remember, if you're specifying just a year, you must include a month (usually January) in the background.

For example using date :

input date text date and time as interpreted, with hidden sort key input with visible sort key input with hidden sort key Unix time
010203 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۱:۰۲:۰۳ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 010203 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 010203 ۱۷۲۰۹۱۸۹۲۳
1/2 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۲ ژانویه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1/2 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1/2 ۱۷۰۴۱۵۳۶۰۰
1/2/3 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۲ ژانویه ۲۰۰۳ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1/2/3 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1/2/3 ۱۰۴۱۴۶۵۶۰۰
1-2-2003 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ فوریه ۲۰۰۳ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1-2-2003 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1-2-2003 ۱۰۴۴۰۵۷۶۰۰
1-2-3 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۹". ۰۳ فوریه ۲۰۰۱ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۹". 1-2-3 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۹". 1-2-3 ۹۸۱۱۵۸۴۰۰
2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ ژانویه ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 2007 ۱۱۶۷۶۰۹۶۰۰
1 Jan 111, 00:00:00 &241335609600 ۰۱ ژانویه ۰۱۱۱ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &241335609600 1 Jan 111, 00:00:00 &241335609600 1 Jan 111, 00:00:00 -58664390400
31 Dec 9999, 23:59:59 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". ۳۱ دسامبر ۹۹۹۹ ۲۳:۵۹:۵۹ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". 31 Dec 9999, 23:59:59 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". 31 Dec 9999, 23:59:59 ۲۵۳۴۰۲۳۰۰۷۹۹
Sep 1970 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". ۰۱ سپتامبر ۱۹۷۰ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". Sep 1970 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". Sep 1970 ۲۰۹۹۵۲۰۰
1970 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۰". ۰۱ ژانویه ۱۹۷۰ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۰". 1970 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۰". 1970 ۰
Jun 2007 or later &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ ژوئن ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ or later &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 or later &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 or later ۱۱۸۰۶۵۶۰۰۰ or later
Jun 2007 perhaps earlier &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ ژوئن ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ perhaps earlier &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 perhaps earlier &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 perhaps earlier ۱۱۸۰۶۵۶۰۰۰ perhaps earlier
2007-6 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ ژوئن ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 2007-6 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 2007-6 ۱۱۸۰۶۵۶۰۰۰
Jun 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۱ ژوئن ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Jun 2007 ۱۱۸۰۶۵۶۰۰۰
4 Jun 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۴ ژوئن ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 4 Jun 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 4 Jun 2007 ۱۱۸۰۹۱۵۲۰۰
3 Jul 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۳ ژوئیه ۲۰۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 3 Jul 2007 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 3 Jul 2007 ۱۱۸۳۴۲۰۸۰۰
12 Aug 2006 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۲ اوت ۲۰۰۶ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 12 Aug 2006 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 12 Aug 2006 ۱۱۵۵۳۴۰۸۰۰
1 Mar 2006 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۲۸ فوریه ۲۰۰۶ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2006 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2006 -1day ۱۱۴۱۰۸۴۸۰۰
1 Mar 2008 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۲۹ فوریه ۲۰۰۸ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2008 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2008 -1day ۱۲۰۴۲۴۳۲۰۰
1 Mar 2010 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۲۸ فوریه ۲۰۱۰ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2010 -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1 Mar 2010 -1day ۱۲۶۷۳۱۵۲۰۰
1 Mar 1900 -1day &297796022400 ۲۸ فوریه ۱۹۰۰ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &297796022400 1 Mar 1900 -1day &297796022400 1 Mar 1900 -1day -2203977600
1 Mar 1600 -1day &288329001600 ۲۹ فوریه ۱۶۰۰ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &288329001600 1 Mar 1600 -1day &288329001600 1 Mar 1600 -1day -11670998400
Jun 1607 &288557875200 ۰۱ ژوئن ۱۶۰۷ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &288557875200 Jun 1607 &288557875200 Jun 1607 -11442124800
20240714171818 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 20240714171818 &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 20240714171818 ۱۷۲۰۹۷۷۴۹۸
yesterday &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۳ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". yesterday &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". yesterday ۱۷۲۰۸۲۸۸۰۰
today &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". today &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". today ۱۷۲۰۹۱۵۲۰۰
tomorrow &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۵ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". tomorrow &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". tomorrow ۱۷۲۱۰۰۱۶۰۰
1week &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۲۱ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1week &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1week ۱۷۲۱۵۸۲۲۹۸
-1week &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۰۷ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1week &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1week ۱۷۲۰۳۷۲۶۹۸
1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۵ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1day ۱۷۲۱۰۶۳۸۹۸
-1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۳ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1day ۱۷۲۰۸۹۱۰۹۸
1month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ اوت ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1month ۱۷۲۳۶۵۵۸۹۸
-1month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئن ۲۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1month ۱۷۱۸۳۸۵۴۹۸
1year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۵ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 1year ۱۷۵۲۵۱۳۴۹۸
-1year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۳ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". -1year ۱۶۸۹۳۵۵۰۹۸
1000year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۳۰۲۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". 1000year &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". 1000year ۳۳۲۷۷۸۸۶۲۹۸
10000month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". ۱۴ نوامبر ۲۸۵۷ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". 10000month &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۲". 10000month ۲۸۰۱۸۵۴۵۴۹۸
1000000day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۸". ۱۱ ژوئن ۴۷۶۲ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۸". 1000000day &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۸". 1000000day ۸۸۱۲۰۹۷۷۴۹۸
10000000hour &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". ۰۱ مه ۳۱۶۵ ۰۹:۱۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". 10000000hour &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۳". 10000000hour ۳۷۷۲۰۹۷۷۴۹۸
1000000000minute &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۶". ۱۱ نوامبر ۳۹۲۵ ۰۳:۵۸:۱۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۶". 1000000000minute &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۶". 1000000000minute ۶۱۷۲۰۹۷۷۴۹۸
100000000000second &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۳۰ مه ۵۱۹۳ ۰۳:۰۴:۵۸ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 100000000000second &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". 100000000000second ۱۰۱۷۲۰۹۷۷۴۹۸
7980year &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Error: #time only supports years up to 9999. &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. 7980year &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. 7980year Error: #time only supports years up to 9999.
-1890year &242078279898 ۱۴ ژوئیه ۰۱۳۴ ۱۷:۱۸:۱۸ &242078279898 -1890year &242078279898 -1890year -57921720102
Mon &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۵ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Mon &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Mon ۱۷۲۱۰۰۱۶۰۰
Tue &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۶ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Tue &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Tue ۱۷۲۱۰۸۸۰۰۰
Wed &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۷ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Wed &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Wed ۱۷۲۱۱۷۴۴۰۰
Thu &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۸ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Thu &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Thu ۱۷۲۱۲۶۰۸۰۰
Fri &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۹ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Fri &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Fri ۱۷۲۱۳۴۷۲۰۰
Sat &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۲۰ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Sat &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Sat ۱۷۲۱۴۳۳۶۰۰
Sun &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". ۱۴ ژوئیه ۲۰۲۴ ۰۰:۰۰:۰۰ &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Sun &Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "۱". Sun ۱۷۲۰۹۱۵۲۰۰
&Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Error: Invalid time. &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Error: Invalid time.
unknown &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. Error: Invalid time. &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. unknown &Expression error: Unexpected < operator. unknown Error: Invalid time.

To use dates before 111 AD, add a multiple of 400 (like 6000) to all years. This shifts the range to start from January 1st, -5889, aat 00:00:00, and ends on December 31st, 3999, at 23:59:59, without altering the calendar system.

See also:

Cell spanning multiple rows/cells

A cell that extends across multiple rows or columns is considered equivalent to having multiple cells with identical values.

rowspan
Date Name Height
01.10.1977 Smith 1.85
11.06.1972 Adams
01.09.1992 Bianchi 1.72
colspan
A B C
A 2 1
B 1 3
C 2

Any missing cells at the end of a row will turn into empty cells after the first sort.

Colspanned cells

Sort modes are detected separately for each column containing colspanned cells. You can set a sort mode for all colspanned columns by including data-sort-type in the header.

To implement separate sort keys for each column within a colspanned cell, utilize a CSS trick described here: Ensure an equal number of cells in each row for sortable columns. If there's a mismatch, all columns become sortable. This rule should apply up to and including the last sortable column. However, employing a CSS workaround allows for a difference between the displayed number of cells in a row and the formal count. For instance, two formal cells can appear as one by adjusting the width of the first column, shifting the content of the second cell to the left, increasing its width by the same measure, and concealing the cell border that would typically be visible. Concealed sort keys enable managing the sorting order of specific rows in relation to each column.

For example:

Country Capital
France Paris
Z M
Sorting with respect to the first column this row sorts like Z, with respect to the second column like M
U.K. London

Static column

To make a static column, like one with row numbers, use two tables placed next to each other. Make sure each row in both tables has the same height. You can also use w:Template:Static row numbers to generate row numbers implicitly using CSS rather than creating another table.

Number
1
2
Country Capital
The Netherlands Amsterdam (although The Hague is the seat of government)
France Paris

The formatting can be modified to present everything in a unified table. If a row is too short for the text in a cell, the browser will expand it, disrupting the alignment.

Default order

You can't show a table sorted by a column without the user clicking on it. By default, table rows appear in the order as the wikitext. To display a table sorted by a specific column, you'll need to arrange the wikitext accordingly. One way of doing this is:

  1. Rearrange the table's wikitext without the top and bottom lines.
  2. Replace the cell separators with a unique code that doesn't contain a "|" by using "find and replace".
  3. Replace any pipes within table cells with a code, and then substitute that code with a newline character preceded by it (indicating the start of a new row).
  4. Use the Sort module on Special:ExpandTemplates. To sort the items between the pipes and produce the desired separator, expand templates and add {{#invoke:Sort|f||- | (with the newline) before and }} after the wikitext.
  5. Delete the items that begin with "-" and a newline.
  6. Change the temporary codes for the cell separators and pipes inside the cells to restore them.

This sorting method relies on the wikitext in each row, primarily sorting by the content of the first column. The second column serves as a secondary key. However, wikitext codes in the first column cells before the content can impact the order.

You can also use Snippets/Sort table on reload to automatically sort the table when it loads using JavaScript.

Persistent sort states using cookies

You can save the state of sortable tables across reloads using Snippets/Persistent sort order .

See also

Other examples: