Extension:Labeled Section Transclusion/vi

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Labeled Section Transclusion
Trạng thái phát hành: ổn định
Cài đặt Tag , Parser function
Mô tả Enables marked sections of text to be transcluded
Tác giả Steve Sanbeg
Compatibility policy Snapshots releases along with MediaWiki. Master is not backward compatible.
MediaWiki >= 1.35.0
Database changes Không
Giấy phép GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
Tải xuống
Translate the Labeled Section Transclusion extension if it is available at translatewiki.net

Check usage and version matrix.

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The Labeled Section Transclusion extension allows selective transclusion of marked-off sections of text, parsing wikitext as normal. Its functionality is similar to an enhanced version of the ‎<onlyinclude> tag with normal wiki transclusion, which selects sections for inclusion. It is enabled on all Wikimedia wikis.

While normal transclusion is primarily intended to transclude large portions of small templates, labeled section transclusion is intended for small portions of large pages.

However, there are some differences. In the native template transclusion, sections are marked by behavior; thus you can have only one (possibly non-contiguous) section to be included or skipped.

Here, sections are marked by name, and behavior is chosen by the caller, which can include or skip sections as needed. Different pages can include or exclude selected sections; there can be arbitrary numbers of sections, which can also overlap arbitrarily.

Marking sections by name rather than behavior allows edit section links to be rendered more appropriately for getting excerpts from larger texts, since the extension can now account for sections that are skipped in the beginning of the page, allowing transcluded sections to be offset appropriately.

Cách thức hoạt động

Bước 1: Đánh dấu đề mục

Mark off sections in the text using ‎<section> tags like this:

<section begin="chapter1" />this is a chapter 1<section end="chapter1" />

Note that these tags are not HTML/XML, and do not use the normal attribute syntax. For this reason, and because the begin and end markers are individual, rather than normal XML open/close tags, this allows nested or overlapping sections. This allows you to insert section tags without worrying about interfering with other sections.

Bước 2a: Nhúng đề mục

Call the parser function #lst to transclude it, i.e. to transclude a section called chapter1 from a page called articleX:


The target article defines the location of the section; its behavior is determined by the parser function.

Step 2b: Transclude the page but excluding the section

Để nhúng một trang, nhưng bỏ qua một đề mục nhất định, dùng hàm #lstx:


Optionally, you may add replacement text to the excluded section.


Ví dụ:

{{#lstx:articleX|chapter1|See chapter 1 in [[articleX]].}}

Nội dung thay thế sẽ xuất hiện trong đoạn mà đề mục bị bỏ qua (không hiện lên)

Các tính năng khác

Các đề mục không liên tục

It is possible to have multiple sections with the same name; in this case, every section with that name will be included/excluded. This is especially useful to mark various discussions.

Vùng đề mục

These functions have an additional, optional argument to specify a section range; i.e. {{#lst:articleX|chapter1|chapter3}}, to include everything from the beginning of chapter 1 to the end of chapter 3. This allows using empty marker pairs to mark one end of the section, possibly in a template. A similar mechanism is currently used at the French Wikisource.

Thay thế

This also works with substitution; it's even possible for an article to substitute a section of itself. One use of this provides a neat way to archive talk pages: Mark the text to be archived using <section begin=archive />, etc. Then create an archive page with the text, using {{subst:#lst:talk_page|archive}}, which copies archived sections. Lastly, replace the contents of talk_page with {{subst:#lstx:talk_page|archive}} to remove those sections.

Transcluding sections by headings

There is optional support for transcluding sections of text marked with the normal headings, i.e. ==this section==. If installed, this is done with the lsth function.

Transclude the introduction

To transclude the introduction of a page (i.e. the content before the first heading), use


Transclude a specific section

You can also transclude the whole content of the sectionX (which includes all its sub-sections but excludes the heading of sectionX itself).


Things to note:

  1. Only the first occurrence of the sectionX is transcluded if you have more than one section with the same name.
  1. Make sure you type what the heading of sectionX is in wikitext, not how it is displayed. For example if the heading of the section is ==List of [[Extension]]==, you should type "List of [[Extension]]" not "List of Extension".
  1. When transcluding a section from a page marked for translation using the translate extension, transclude from the language-specific version.

E.g. from pagename/en rather than from pagename.

  1. The matching is case insensitive, to prevent links from breaking due to case changes.

Transclude multiple sections

You can also transclude from the first occurrence of sectionX (excluding the heading of sectionX itself) until it reaches the next occurrence of sectionY. Note that sectionY acts as a stop point so the transclusion doesn't contain the content of sectionY.


Notes about skipped headings

Since the traditional transclusion in MediaWiki isn't intended to transclude sections, it doesn't account for skipped headings. As a result, if you were to transclude a template with multiple headings, and skip the first heading, then all of the edit sections links would point to the wrong section in the template.

When this extension is used (with MediaWiki 1.9 or later), the #lst and #lsth functions count headings in the "skipped" beginning part, and offset transcluded headings appropriately. This will allow these links to point to the correct section in the simple case.

Note that #lstx does not count skipped headings, and that skipped headings within discontiguous sections are not offset.

But it seems it has been fixed now (likely when ported to MediaWiki's new preprocessor). The transcluded headings can be linked to the correct sections.


Internally, the parser functions all use the lst prefix, for consistency with the name of the extension. Since this acronym may be confusing to non-developers, readable English variants have been introduced, so the functions can currently be called from either name.

function Tiếng Anh Tiếng Đức Tiếng Do Thái (RTL) Tiếng Bồ Đào Nha
#lst #section #Abschnitt
#lstx #section-x #Abschnitt-x
#בלי קטע
#lsth #section-h

Additionally, the tag can now be localised; currently:

Tiếng Anh, Tiếng Đức, Tiếng Do Thái, Tiếng Bồ Đào Nha; i.e.:

Tiếng Anh
<section begin=x/> ... <section end=x/>
Tiếng Đức
<Abschnitt Anfang=x/> ... <Abschnitt Ende=x/>
Tiếng Do Thái (RTL)
<קטע התחלה=א> ... <קטע סוף=א> ("start" code to the right and "end" code to the left)
Tiếng Bồ Đào Nha
<trecho começo=x/> ... <trecho fim=x/>

Hạn chế

  • While it is possible to use this extension across namespaces, interwiki references are not resolved. It is not yet possible, for example, to include part of a Wikisource page into a remote MediaWiki installation.
  • Section tags cannot themselves be transcluded in order to work on other pages. {{#lst:}} and {{#lstx:}} work only if section tags appear directly in the wikitext of the transcluded page. This means, for instance, that these tags cannot be embedded in a template using template parameters and parser functions. The #tag magic word does not work with section tags.
  • As of 2014, section tags don't have any effect when used inside a template parameter. If page A contains a text {{B|X}}, there's no way {{#lst:A|...}} can access X.

Tải xuống

The extension can be retrieved directly from Git [?]:

  • Browse code
  • Some extensions have tags for stable releases.
  • Each branch is associated with a past MediaWiki release. There is also a "master" branch containing the latest alpha version (might require an alpha version of MediaWiki).

Extract the snapshot and place it in the extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion/ directory of your MediaWiki installation.

If you are familiar with Git and have shell access to your server, you can also obtain the extension as follows:

cd extensions/ git clone https://gerrit.wikimedia.org/r/mediawiki/extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion.git

Cài đặt

  • Download and place the file(s) in a directory called LabeledSectionTransclusion in your extensions/ folder.
  • Thêm mã sau vào dưới cùng tệp LocalSettings.php của bạn:
    wfLoadExtension( 'LabeledSectionTransclusion' );
  •   Xong – Chuyển tới Special:Version trên wiki của bạn để xác nhận phần mở rộng được cài đặt thành công.

Dành cho những người đang dùng MediaWiki 1.27 trở xuống:

Những chỉ dẫn bên trên diễn tả cách mới để cài phần mở rộng này sử dụng wfLoadExtension(). Nếu bạn muốn cài đặt phần mở rộng này trong những phiên bản cũ hơn, thay vì wfLoadExtension( 'LabeledSectionTransclusion' );, bạn cần dùng:

require_once "$IP/extensions/LabeledSectionTransclusion/LabeledSectionTransclusion.php";

There is also a Gadget in use on various Wikisources that makes it possible to define sections with a simplified ## label ## syntax. Its code can be found at Wikisource:MediaWiki:Gadget-Easy_LST.js.

Ví dụ

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