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擴展:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)

This page is a translated version of the page Extension:DynamicPageList (Wikimedia) and the translation is 48% complete.

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MediaWiki扩展手册
OOjs UI icon advanced.svg
DynamicPageList
发布状态: 稳定版
DynamicPageList extension example.PNG
实现 Tag , Parser function
描述 輸出最近進入分類項目的符號列表,或多個分類的交集。
作者 IlyaHaykinson and Amgine
最新版本 Continuous updates
MediaWiki 1.23+
PHP 5.4+
数据更新
许可协议 GNU General Public License 2.0 or later
下载
例子
<DynamicPageList>
翻译DynamicPageList (Wikimedia)扩展
检查使用和版本矩阵。
问题 开放的工作 · (Wikimedia) 报告错误
此擴展被Wikimedia使用,不要和Extension:DynamicPageList (third-party) 擴展或Extension:DynamicPageList3 混淆。

DynamicPageList擴展讓Wiki用戶建立頁面列表來列出一組分類中的頁面。有關一般信息請見m:幫助:DPL

Contents

Origin

It was originally developed for Wikinews. It is currently installed on all language Wikinews projects (see n:Wikinews:DynamicPageList), Meta, Wikibooks, and Wikiversity and can be installed on any small to medium sized Wikis (It is known to have scalability issues with very large wikis).

This extension was previously known as DynamicPageList/old and later Intersection. You may also be interested in the third-party DynamicPageList, which has more features.

安装和设置

安装

  • 下载文件,并将其放置在您extensions/文件夹中的intersection目录内。
  • 将下列代码放置在您的LocalSettings.php的底部:
    wfLoadExtension( 'intersection' );
    
  •   完成 – 在您的wiki上导航至Special:Version,以验证扩展已成功安装。

致使用MediaWiki 1.27或更早版本的用户:

上面的说明介绍的是安装此扩展的新方法,它使用wfLoadExtension()。 如果您需要在早期版本(MediaWiki 1.27和更早版本)中安装此扩展,而不是wfLoadExtension( 'intersection' );,您需要使用:

require_once "$IP/extensions/intersection/intersection.php";

配置

The extension also supports a couple of configuration variables. Normally you wouldn't want to change the default, but if you do you can add them to your "LocalSettings.php" after the require_once line. Here is the supported configuration variables along with their default values:

# Configuration variables. Warning: These use DLP instead of DPL
# for historical reasons (pretend Dynamic list of pages)
$wgDLPmaxCategories = 6;                // Maximum number of categories to look for
$wgDLPMaxResultCount = 200;             // Maximum number of results to allow
$wgDLPAllowUnlimitedResults = false;    // Allow unlimited results
$wgDLPAllowUnlimitedCategories = false; // Allow unlimited categories
// How long to cache pages using DPL's in seconds. Default to 1 day. Set to
// false to use the normal amount of page caching (most efficient), Set to 0 to disable
// cache altogether (inefficient, but results will never be outdated)
$wgDLPMaxCacheTime = 60*60*24;          // How long to cache pages in seconds

使用

DynamicPageList can be used with XML-like syntax in the wiki edit view. The parameters control the pages to list, order, and display mode. See the following sections for information on each parameter. For example, the following are the oldest five pages on this wiki that were recently moved to MediaWiki.org.

<DynamicPageList>
category             = Pages recently transferred from Meta
count                = 5
order                = ascending
addfirstcategorydate = true
</DynamicPageList>

An example of a really complex DynamicPageList:

<DynamicPageList>
category=foo
count=20
namespace=file
addfirstcategorydate=ymd
imagewidth=70
galleryshowfilesize=yes
galleryshowfilename=yes
imagesperrow=7
gallerycaption=Galleries!
ordermethod=sortkey
order=ascending
mode=gallery
offset=12
</DynamicPageList>

Lists the 12th to the 34th pages in the file namespace that are also in category foo, formatting them into an image gallery, with the date they were added to category foo in the caption in year month day format, and having the images have a width of 70px

選擇頁面

category

category列出要交集的分類。DynamicPageList將會列出在所有分類都能找到的頁面,要列出的最小和最大頁面數在擴展源代碼中被設定,你可以在分類名稱中使用魔術字,例如{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}。

語法為category = 分類名稱

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
category = Demo 1
</DynamicPageList>

notcategory

notcategory可以限制頁面列表不在特定分類中,你可以在分類名稱中使用魔術字,例如{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}。

<DynamicPageList>
category    = Demo
notcategory = Demo 1
</DynamicPageList>

namespace

namespace將上面指定的頁面列表限制在特定命名空間中,使用名稱或編號指定(請參閱預設命名空間列表)。任何無效名稱將等效於主條目命名空間。

<DynamicPageList>
category  = Demo
namespace = Help
</DynamicPageList>

redirects

redirects指定是否包含重定向頁面。值可以是「exclude」(預設,不列出重定向)、「include」(列出重定向)、「only」(不列出非重定向頁面)。

<DynamicPageList>
category  = Demo
redirects = only
</DynamicPageList>

stablepages

stablepages determines whether or not to include stable (flagged) pages when using Extension:FlaggedRevisions. The value can be exclude (don't list), include (list stable and non-stable. default), or only (only list stable pages). Requires FlaggedRevs to be installed to work.

qualitypages

qualitypages determines whether or not to include quality (flagged at the 'pristine' level) pages when using Extension:FlaggedRevisions. The value can be exclude (don't list), include (list both quality and non-quality), or only (only list quality pages).

Note: the behaviour of qualitypages changed from older versions. In older versions qualitypages=exclude automatically made stablepages=only be set. This is no longer the case.

count

count限制顯示的結果數。預設情況下會顯示最近添加到分類的頁面(請參閱排序)。請注意,該擴展不會列出比擴展源代碼中所定義的最大值更多的結果。

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
count    = 2
</DynamicPageList>

offset

offset能夠設定頁面項目列表的起始位置。例如能夠與count一起使用以進行多欄佈局。

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
offset    = 2
</DynamicPageList>

欄示例

<table>
<tr><th colspan="3"> recent articles in [[:category:Demo|:category:Demo]]</th></tr>
<tr><td>

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
count=5
</DynamicPageList>
</td>
<td>
<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
offset    = 5
count= 5
</DynamicPageList>
</td>
<td>

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
offset    = 10
count=5
</DynamicPageList>
</td></tr></table>

顯示細節

shownamespace

shownamespace顯示命名空間在頁面名稱中。此值可以是「true」(預設,顯示在名稱中:幫助:目录)或「false」(不顯示在名稱中:目录)。

<DynamicPageList>
category      = Demo
shownamespace = false
</DynamicPageList>

addfirstcategorydate

addfirstcategorydate顯示每個頁面加入分類的日期。此值可以是「true」(顯示日期)、「false」(預設,不顯示日期)或日期指示浮(ymd、md、dm、dmy、mdy或ISO 8601)。如果指定了多個分類,則使用第一個分類。在頁面名稱前方顯示的日期格式由您本地的MediaWiki日期格式偏好決定。

<DynamicPageList>
category             = Demo
addfirstcategorydate = true
</DynamicPageList>

mode

mode指定列表格式,此值可以是:

  • unordered — 項目符號列表
  • ordered — 編號列表
  • none — 帶有換行的純連結
  • gallery — 圖庫,就像是<gallery>
  • inline — 逗號分隔列表
  • unordered — bulleted list
  • ordered — numbered list
  • none — plain links with line breaks
  • gallery — image gallery, like <gallery>
  • inline — comma separated list
unordered:
<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
mode     = unordered
</DynamicPageList>

編號:

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
mode     = ordered
</DynamicPageList>

純連結:

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
mode     = none
</DynamicPageList>

逗號分隔:

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
mode     = inline
</DynamicPageList>
mode=gallery

Gallery is a special mode where the output is an image gallery. When using this mode, you would usually want to restrict the namespace to file.

<DynamicPageList>
category = Demo
mode     = gallery
namespace= file
</DynamicPageList>

Gallery mode also supports the options imagewidth (how wide the images should be in gallery, you may need to also set imageheight if using this), imageheight (how high the image should be) galleryshowfilesize (show the image size, like on category pages), galleryshowfilename (show filename like on category pages), imagesperrow (number of images per row in gallery), gallerycaption (caption for gallery).

If addfirstcategorydate is in use, the date is appended to the caption of the image.

Note, gallerycaption at the moment cannot accept links. (but it can accept things like {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}})

A complex gallery example might be:

<DynamicPageList>
count=20
namespace=file
addfirstcategorydate=ymd
imagewidth=70
galleryshowfilesize=yes
galleryshowfilename=yes
imagesperrow=7
gallerycaption=Look at my pretty gallery.
mode=gallery
</DynamicPageList>

suppresserrors

suppresserrors用以隱藏錯誤。此值可以為「true」(隱藏錯誤)或「false」(預設,顯示錯誤)。

true:
<DynamicPageList>
category       = Dem
suppresserrors = true
</DynamicPageList>

false:
<DynamicPageList>
category       = Dem
suppresserrors = false
</DynamicPageList>

nofollow

nofollow sets rel="nofollow" on the links. This prevents spiders from getting to the page through the link from the DynamicPageList. In general this is useless, as spiders will either be able to index the page from other links, or not at all due to robots.txt/$wgDefaultRobotPolicy . In general you should not use this option unless you know what you are doing, and have a good reason. The primary usecase is that on the English Wikinews, Google News considers anything linked from the main page to be an article.

<DynamicPageList>
category       = Demo
nofollow       = true
</DynamicPageList>

googlehack

This is a hack for wikinews. Previously, Google News only considered articles with numbers in them to be news articles [1], so this appends ?dpl_id=<id of article> to the end of the urls on the list. You shouldn't use this option unless you have a good reason to (however it won't hurt anything). This replaces the showcurid option that is no longer supported.

<DynamicPageList>
category       = Demo
googlehack       = true
</DynamicPageList>

排序

ordermethod

ordermethod指定排序及顯示日期,此值可以是:

  • categoryadd — 預設,以頁面加入第一個分類的日期排序
  • lastedit' — 以頁面最後編輯時間排序
  • length — 以頁面長度排序
  • created — 以頁面建立時間排序
  • categorysortkey — 基本上按照第一個分類的排序字以字母順序排序
  • sortkeycategorysortkey的別名
  • popularity — 以點擊次數排序
  • categoryadd — default, sort by date pages were categorised for first category
  • lastedit — sort by date pages were last edited
  • length — by article length
  • created — by article creation date
  • categorysortkey — essentially alphabetical order by the sort key of the first category
  • sortkey — alias of categorysortkey
  • popularity — by number of hits

It should be noted, that lastedit really sorts by the last time the page was touched. In some cases this is not equivalent to the last edit (for example, this includes permission changes, creation or deletion of linked pages, and alteration of contained templates). popularity is only enabled on wikis that have $wgDisableCounters set to false. As such it will not work on Wikimedia wikis. If you do not specify a category, some of these order methods will not work—specifically, categoryadd and categorysortkey fallback to created if there is no category clause.

<DynamicPageList>
category             = Demo
addfirstcategorydate = true
ordermethod          = lastedit
</DynamicPageList>

按字母順序範例:

<DynamicPageList>
category             = Demo
ordermethod          = sortkey
</DynamicPageList>

order

order決定排序方向。此值可以是「descending」(默認,最新到最舊)或「ascending」(最舊到最新)。

<DynamicPageList>
category  = Demo
order     = ascending
</DynamicPageList>

模板

To use inside a template and pass parameters, use parser functions etc., use the {{#tag: function:

{{#tag:DynamicPageList|
category = {{{1}}}
count    = {{#if: {{{2|}}} | 10 | 20 }}
ordermethod = sortkey
order = ascending
}}

The template page itself will display an error message because the category value is empty on the template page unless you put the template inside <includeonly> tags. Example:

错误:您需要去包含最少一个分类,或者指定一个空间名!

衍生扩展